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Logo of the Turok comic series
|Publisher||Western Publishing, Dell Comics|
|First appearance||Four Color Comics #596 (October/November 1954)|
|Place of origin||Earth|
Turok is a fictional American comic book character that first appeared in books published by Western Publishing through licensee Dell Comics. He first appeared in Four Color Comics #596 (October/November 1954). After a second Four Color appearance (#656 October 1955), the character graduated to his own title – Turok, Son of Stone (#3 March-May 1956) — published by both Dell and then Gold Key Comics from 1956 to 1982. Subsequently, he appeared in titles published by Valiant Comics, Dark Horse Comics and Dynamite Comics.
The character also inspired a popular video game series, starting with Turok: Dinosaur Hunter, published by Acclaim Entertainment in 1997. Several sequels would be released in the following years for various gaming consoles.
- 1 Publishing history
- 2 Fictional character biography
- 3 Collected editions
- 4 In other media
- 5 References
- 6 External links
The original comic, titled Turok, Son of Stone, was illustrated by Rex Maxon. The writer-creator credit for the characters of Turok and Andar is disputed, with historians citing Matthew H. Murphy, Gaylord Du Bois and Paul S. Newman as the feature's earliest writers.
The Western Publishing version of Turok was a pre-Columbian Native American (identified as Mandan in the first issue, on page 21 and 32 of Dell Four Color #596) who, along with his brother, Andar, became trapped in an isolated canyon valley populated by dinosaurs, which they refer to in general as "hoppers", "monsters" and more often than not, beginning in Dell issue number 9, page 35 as "honkers", as well as by their most obvious characteristics (Tyrannosaurs are called "Runners", Pterosaurs are called "Flyers", Velociraptors are "Screamers", Plesiosaurs are "Sea Demons", Triceratops are "Rammers", etc.). The Du Bois stories involve Turok and Andar seeking a way out of the canyon. Du Bois was influenced by his visits to Carlsbad Caverns New Mexico and developed the "Lost Valley" from his visits to the area.
After two appearances in Four Color #596 and #656, the title ran 27 issues (#3-29) published by Dell Comics (1956–62); then issues #30-125 (1962–80) from Gold Key Comics; and finally issues #126-130 (1981–82) under Western's Whitman Comics imprint.
The first Turok one-shot (Four Color #596) was originally written by Du Bois as a "Young Hawk" story. "Young Hawk" was an earlier Native American comic book feature Du Bois created, which appeared in Dell's The Lone Ranger comic-book series.
Although the artists had long since established Turok as an adult, Du Bois's last scripts for the series (Turok #8) still introduced stories by describing Turok and Andar as "youths," more befitting Young Hawk than Turok (though Andar was depicted as a youth). The first story in that issue begins, "Turok and Andar, Indian youths, have found their way into a strange network of deep canyons in the Carlsbad area, where ancient forms of life still exist...They have found no way to get out." The second story begins, "Trapped in a deep canyon in the Carlsbad area of New Mexico, Turok and Andar, two Indian youths, have met ancient forms of life which have disappeared from all other parts of the world."
In Du Bois' last Turok story (issue #8, "Turok Seeks the Trail to Freedom", in which Turok encounters a herd of horses, which he calls "slim-legged creatures," having no word for them, as the horse had not yet been introduced to the Americas by the Spanish), Turok scales the cliffs, and escapes the Lost Valley. He is out, but he returns for Andar, who was wounded. Then an avalanche permanently seals the way out, and the series begins anew. Paul S. Newman began writing the Turok stories afterward.
In 1992, Valiant Comics introduced a revamped Turok, debuting him in Magnus: Robot Fighter #12. With this version, the concept and setting were altered. Turok and Andar were now 18th century Native Americans. The isolated valley became "The Lost Lands" — a land where Demons, Dinosaurs and Aliens flourish and where "Time has no meaning". A cosmic anomaly causes time in The Lost Lands to move in a self-contained loop (which means that while millions of years pass outside of it, inside it, time barely moves at all). "Unity", a line-wide Valiant Comics crossover storyline, altered the concept even further. The crossover's main villain, a psychotic super-powered being known as Mothergod, uses the Lost Land as the base of operations. She outfits Dinosaurs with intelligence-boosting implants, turning them into "bionisaurs".
In the aftermath of the final battle between Mothergod and Valiant Universe heroes, the Lost Lands begin to disappear. Turok and Andar are tossed into a post-apocalyptic future Earth, and a group of bionisaurs make it to Earth along with them. Following this, they become ruthless hunters trying to contend with the demons and aliens that exist in the future world as well as various Lovecraftian abominations and high-tech future warriors. Mothergod seizes power in this future and, with the help of The Campaigner, The Longhunter, Thunder (a biomechanical Tyrannosaur) and Mantid (a 30-foot robot praying mantis), begins to rebuild her empire and attempt to hunt down and kill Turok and Andar.
A new volume of Turok's own comic, titled Turok: Dinosaur Hunter, was launched in 1993. Valiant published a total of 53 issues before Acclaim purchased the company, including Turok: Dinosaur Hunter #0-47, Original Turok: Son of Stone #1 & 2, Turok Dinosaur Hunter Yearbook in 1994, and the two-issue mini-series Turok the Hunted in 1996. Turok: Dinosaur Hunter #1 was the 6th best-selling comic of the month, surpassed only by the first five installments of "Reign of the Supermen!".
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A new Turok series, titled simply Turok, was published by Acclaim Comics in 1998. In the revamped Acclaim Comics universe, Turok is not the character's name, but rather a title meaning "Son of Stone". The Turok must protect the barriers between this dimension and the others—the axis of all worlds being the Lost Lands, a place where creatures from across time and space had been dragged and where "time has no meaning". Joshua Fireseed, the latest Turok, must travel between alternate universes stopping those who would try to conquer the Lost Lands, and thus all of the multiverse with it. This series inspired the video game series of the same name.
Dark Horse Comics
On October 13, 2010 a new Turok series, again titled Turok: Son of Stone, was launched by Dark Horse Comics, under license by Classic Media. The title was written by former Valiant Comics writer Jim Shooter and illustrated by Eduardo Francisco. This was one of a series of titles released by Dark Horse that year based on classic Gold Key Comics properties. The entire line, including Turok, was short-lived, with Turok lasting only four issues.
On October 11, 2013 Dynamite Entertainment announced plans for a new Turok comic series, titled Turok: Dinosaur Hunter, as well as books based on other Gold Key Comics properties, as part of a licensing deal with DreamWorks Classics. The creative team on the title is Greg Pak and Mirko Colak. The first issue was published on February 5 2014. The series ended after 12 issues. 
Turok will appear in a mini-series called Gold Key Alliance. Written by Phil Hester and illustrated by Brent Peeples, the book will star heroes from multiple Gold Key Comics titles. The first issue will be published on April 6, 2016.
Fictional character biography
Turoks have included, in chronological order from earliest to most recent:
- Turok: Native American warrior trapped in Lost Valley. Hero of the original comics, Dark Horse comic series, Dynamite Entertainment series and animated film.
- Tal'Set: Saquin warrior who became Turok in the 1800s. Hero of the Valiant Comics, Turok: Evolution and Turok: Dinosaur Hunter.
- Carl Fireseed, uncle of Joshua Fireseed, Turok from 1982 to 1997.
- Joshua Fireseed, nephew of Carl Fireseed, Turok since 1997, hero of the Acclaim Comics and Turok 2: Seeds of Evil.
- Danielle Fireseed and Joseph Fireseed, younger sister and brother of Joshua Fireseed, heroes of Turok 3: Shadow of Oblivion.
- Joseph Turok, Half-Kiowa Space Marine and hero of Turok.
In 2009, Dark Horse Comics started an archive series to reprint the original comics:
- Turok: Son of Stone Archives:
- Volume 1 (collects Four Color Comics #596 and #656 & Turok #3-6, 224 pages, March 2009, ISBN 1-59582-275-5)
- Volume 2 (collects Turok #7-12, 224 pages, July 2009, ISBN 1-59582-275-5)
- Volume 3 (collects Turok #13-18, 224 pages, August 2009, ISBN 1-59582-281-X)
- Volume 4 (collects Turok #19-24, 224 pages, November 2009, ISBN 1-59582-343-3)
- Volume 5 (collects Turok #25-30, 224 pages, March 2010, ISBN 1-59582-442-1)
- Volume 6 (collects Turok #31-35,37, 224 pages, July 2010, ISBN 1-59582-484-7)
- Volume 7 (collects Turok #38-43, 216 pages, November 2010, ISBN 1-59582-565-7)
- Volume 8 (collects Turok #44–50, 232 pages, April 2011, ISBN 1-59582-641-6)
- Volume 9 (collects Turok #51-53,55-56,58-59, 232 pages, November 2010, ISBN 1-59582-789-7) (#54 reprinted issue #26 and #57 reprinted issue #17)
- Volume 10 (collects Turok #60-67, March 2012, ISBN 1-59582-861-3)
- Turok: Son of Stone (by Tony Bedard, 88 pages, September 2008, ISBN 1-59582-201-1) Adaptation of the 2008 DVD film.
- Turok: Son of Stone, Volume 1: Aztlan (by Jim Shooter, 96 pages, January 4, 2012, ISBN 1-59582-690-4) Collects the four-issue 2010 Dark Horse Comics series.
- Turok: Dinosaur Hunter, Vol. 1: Conquest (by Greg Pak, Mirko Colak, and Cory Smith, 128 pages, September 9, 2014, ISBN 1606905201) Collects issues #1-4 of the 2014 Dynamite Comics series.
In other media
The first Turok video game, titled Turok: Dinosaur Hunter, was released in 1997 for the Nintendo 64 console. The game was followed by numerous sequels, released for Nintendo 64, Game Boy, PC, PlayStation 2, Xbox, and GameCube and also the Game Boy Advance. The most recent game, titled simply Turok, was released in 2008 for PlayStation 3, PC and Xbox 360.
The initial mobile game was developed by Disney's Living Mobile Studios and released by Touchstone in 2008. In it, Joseph Turok is a member of the Whiskey Company's elite squad. Turok survives an airplane crash, and must fend off dinosaurs.
After the success of the Turok video games, a series of non-canon Turok novels written by Michael Teitelbaum was released, dealing with the same storyline as the games. The first book was titled Way of the Warrior. The second and third books, Seeds of Evil and Arena of Doom, concerned Joshua Fireseed's fight against the Primagen and Campaigner, respectively. A fourth novel, Path of Destruction, was published in November 1998.
In early 2008, a 70-minute animated DVD titled Turok: Son of Stone was released by Classic Media. The screen story was written by Evan Baily and Tony Bedard, with a screenplay by Bedard. In this version, Andar is Turok's nephew not his brother. Adam Beach provides the voice of Turok, with Irene Bedard as the voice of Catori (the wife of Turok's brother, Nashoba), Robert Knepper as the villain Chichak, and Cree Summer as the voice of Sepinta. Curt Geda, Dan Riba, and Frank Squillace each directed a third of the movie. Ex-Disney (Aladdin & Hercules) producer Tad Stones was the supervising director.
In June 2008, actor Adam Beach said he was involved in a planned Turok live-action film. He had voiced the character in the animated film Turok: Son of Stone. Beach added that work was underway on the script.
- "Top 10: December 1992". Wizard (Wizard Entertainment) (17): 108. January 1993.
- "Wizard Market Watch". Wizard (22). June 1993. pp. 134–5.
- Johnson, Rich. "Solar, Magnus, Turok, Dark Horse’s Gold Key Line To Be Cancelled". Bleeding Cool. Retrieved 7 May 2011.
- Wilson, Matt D. "New Turok, Magnus, Solar And Doctor Spektor Comics Coming From Dynamite In 2014 [NYCC 2013]". ComicsAlliance. Retrieved 11 Oct 2011.
- Gerding, Stephen. "EXCLUSIVE: Dynamite Debuts First "Turok" Pages, New Variants". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 10 Dec 2013.
- "Dynamite® Turok: Dinosaur Hunter #12". Dynamite - The Official Site. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
- "Dynamite® Gold Key Alliance #1 (of 5)". Dynamite - The Official Site. Retrieved 24 February 2016.
- "Turok Evolution for Xbox". GameStop. Retrieved 2011-06-16.
- "Turok Evolution - PlayStation 2 Preview at IGN". Ps2.ign.com. 2002-01-23. Retrieved 2011-06-16.
- "Joshua Fireseed (video game character)". Giantbomb.com. Retrieved 2011-06-16.
- Dynamite® Turok: Dinosaur Hunter Vol. 1: Conquest Tpb at Dark Horse.com
- "Turok: Son of Stone (Video 2008)".
- Adler, Shawn. "Exclusive: Adam Beach To Star In Live Action Turok Movie". MTV. Archived from the original on September 9, 2015. Retrieved 2011-06-16.
- Turok, Son of Stone at Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on September 9, 2015.
- Turok at the International Catalogue of Superheroes
- Turok at the Grand Comics Database
- Turok at the Comic Book DB
- Turok at the Internet Movie Database
- Turok comic book sales figures at The Comics Chronicles