United Nations Security Council Resolution 1583
|UN Security Council|
|Date||28 January 2005|
|Subject||The situation in the Middle East|
|Security Council composition|
United Nations Security Council resolution 1583, adopted unanimously on 28 January 2005, after recalling previous resolutions on Israel and Lebanon, including resolutions 425 (1978), 426 (1978) and 1553 (2004), the council extended the mandate of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) for a further six months until 31 July 2005 and condemned violence along the Blue Line.
The security council recalled the Secretary-General Kofi Annan's conclusion that Israel had withdrawn its forces from Lebanon as of 16 June 2000, in accordance with Resolution 425. It emphasised the temporary nature of the UNIFIL operation and noted that it had completed two out of three parts of its mandate, while expressing concern at tensions along the Blue Line and the possibility of escalation.
The Lebanese government was called upon to restore its authority in southern Lebanon through the deployment of Lebanese forces. The parties were urged to ensure UNIFIL's full freedom of movement and to ensure its safety. Both Israel and Lebanon were called upon to fulfill commitments to respect the withdrawal line identified by the United Nations and all air, sea and land violations of the line were condemned, in addition to drawing the concern of the council. It particularly condemned recent incidents along the line, which resulted in the deaths of United Nations peacekeepers.
The resolution supported efforts by UNIFIL to monitor violations of the withdrawal line and efforts in demining, encouraging the need for additional maps to be provided of the location of land mines. The secretary-general was requested to continue consultations with the Lebanese government and troop-contributing countries concerning the implementation of the current resolution. It further directed him to report on the activities of UNIFIL and on tasks conducted by the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO).
- Blue Line
- Israeli–Lebanese conflict
- List of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1501 to 1600 (2003–2005)
- 2000–2006 Shebaa Farms conflict
- "Security Council condemns violence along Blue Line between Israel and Lebanon, extends mandate of UNIFIL until 31 July". United Nations. 28 January 2005.
- Ruys, Tom (2010). 'Armed Attack' and Article 51 of the UN Charter: Evolutions in Customary Law and Practice. Cambridge University Press. p. 505. ISBN 978-0-521-76664-7.