Unadilla River

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Unadilla River
River
Country United States
State New York (state)
Tributaries
 - left Campbell Brook, Wharton Creek, Butternut Creek, Rogers Hollow Brook
 - right North Winfield Creek, West Branch Unadilla River, Button Creek, Beaver Creek, Tallette Creek, Center Brook, Kent Brook, Guilford Creek
Length 71 mi (114 km)

The Unadilla River in New York State flows 71 miles (114 km)[1] from south of Utica to the village of Sidney, where it flows into the Susquehanna River, which eventually empties into the Chesapeake Bay, an arm of the Atlantic Ocean.

Most of the length of the Unadilla forms the western border of Otsego County and the eastern borders of Chenango and Madison counties, all in New York. This border made up a significant portion of the Fort Stanwix Treaty Line of 1768. It was meant to establish the border for an Indian reserve, beyond which European-American settlers were not supposed to go. Settlers resented British efforts to control their movements, and continued to encroach on Native American territories.

Branches[edit]

The Unadilla has two branches which join at Unadilla Forks on the Otsego-Madison County border.

Tributaries[edit]

The Unadilla's tributaries, from north to south, include:

Alternate names and spellings[edit]

Unadilla has had various spellings and alternate names, particularly in the 18th century:[2]

  • Che-on-a-dill-ha: Oneida dialect
  • Teyonadelhouogh: Gideon Hawley, Journey to Broome County, Oquaga (Onaheghgwage), 1753
  • Tiona-derha: Guy Johnson's 1768 map
  • Tienaderha: Guy Johnson's 1771 map and Southeir's 1779 map
  • Tianaderaha: Surveyor-General, Simeon De Witt's map c.1790
  • Tianaderha: Fort Stanwix Treaty of 1768
  • Tunadilla: Common spelling 18th century correspondence
  • Susquehannock: Vaughan's 18th century Chorographical Map

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The National Map". U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved Feb 11, 2011. 
  2. ^ History of Chenango County, Ch. 7

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°45′46″N 75°16′38″W / 42.7629°N 75.2771°W / 42.7629; -75.2771