1948 United States elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from United States elections, 1948)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
1948 United States elections
Presidential election year
Election dayNovember 2
Incumbent presidentHarry S. Truman (Democratic)
Next Congress81st
Presidential election
Partisan controlDemocratic Hold
Popular vote marginDemocratic +4.5%
Electoral vote
Harry S. Truman (D)303
Thomas E. Dewey (R)189
Strom Thurmond (SRD)39
1948 United States presidential election in California1948 United States presidential election in Oregon1948 United States presidential election in Washington (state)1948 United States presidential election in Idaho1948 United States presidential election in Nevada1948 United States presidential election in Utah1948 United States presidential election in Arizona1948 United States presidential election in Montana1948 United States presidential election in Wyoming1948 United States presidential election in Colorado1948 United States presidential election in New Mexico1948 United States presidential election in North Dakota1948 United States presidential election in South Dakota1948 United States presidential election in Nebraska1948 United States presidential election in Kansas1948 United States presidential election in Oklahoma1948 United States presidential election in Texas1948 United States presidential election in Minnesota1948 United States presidential election in Iowa1948 United States presidential election in Missouri1948 United States presidential election in Arkansas1948 United States presidential election in Louisiana1948 United States presidential election in Wisconsin1948 United States presidential election in Illinois1948 United States presidential election in Michigan1948 United States presidential election in Indiana1948 United States presidential election in Ohio1948 United States presidential election in Kentucky1948 United States presidential election in Tennessee1948 United States presidential election in Mississippi1948 United States presidential election in Alabama1948 United States presidential election in Georgia1948 United States presidential election in Florida1948 United States presidential election in South Carolina1948 United States presidential election in North Carolina1948 United States presidential election in Virginia1948 United States presidential election in West Virginia1948 United States presidential election in Maryland1948 United States presidential election in Delaware1948 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania1948 United States presidential election in New Jersey1948 United States presidential election in New York1948 United States presidential election in Connecticut1948 United States presidential election in Rhode Island1948 United States presidential election in Maryland1948 United States presidential election in Vermont1948 United States presidential election in New Hampshire1948 United States presidential election in Maine1948 United States presidential election in Massachusetts1948 United States presidential election in Maryland1948 United States presidential election in Delaware1948 United States presidential election in New Jersey1948 United States presidential election in Connecticut1948 United States presidential election in Rhode Island1948 United States presidential election in Massachusetts1948 United States presidential election in Vermont1948 United States presidential election in New HampshireElectoralCollege1948.svg
About this image
1948 presidential election results. Red denotes states won by Dewey, blue denotes states won by Truman, and orange denotes states won by Thurmond. Numbers indicate the electoral votes won by each candidate.
Senate elections
Overall controlDemocratic Gain
Seats contested33 of 96 seats
(32 Class 2 seats + 2 special elections)[1]
Net seat changeDemocratic +9
Us 1948 senate election map.svg
1948 Senate results

  Democratic gain   Democratic hold
  Republican gain   Republican hold

House elections
Overall controlDemocratic Gain
Seats contestedAll 435 voting members
Popular vote marginDemocratic +7.2%
Net seat changeDemocratic +75
Gubernatorial elections
Seats contested33
Net seat changeDemocratic +6
USgubernatorial1948.png
1948 gubernatorial election results

  Democratic gain   Democratic hold
  Republican gain   Republican hold

The 1948 United States elections was held on November 2, 1948. The election took place during the beginning stages of the Cold War. Democratic incumbent President Harry S. Truman was elected to a full term, defeating Republican nominee New York Governor Thomas E. Dewey and two erstwhile Democrats. The Republicans, who had just won both the House and the Senate two years earlier, ceded control of both chambers of Congress to the Democrats. Puerto Rico also elected Luis Muñoz Marín of the Popular Democratic Party as its first democratically elected governor.

President[edit]

In what is considered by most historians as the greatest upset in the history of American presidential politics, Democratic incumbent President Harry S. Truman defeated Republican nominee Thomas E. Dewey. Going into Election Day, virtually every prediction (with or without public opinion polls) indicated that Truman would lose. Truman took most states outside the Northeast and Deep South, and won the popular vote by four points. Dewey won his party's nomination for the second straight election, defeating Ohio Senator Robert A. Taft and former Minnesota Governor Harold Stassen on the Republican convention's second ballot. Truman won the Democratic nomination on the first ballot, but the party's platform on civil rights caused a third party run by Dixiecrat Strom Thurmond, the Governor of South Carolina. Thurmond took four states in the Deep South. Former Vice President and former Democrat Henry A. Wallace ran as the Progressive nominee, but took only two percent of the popular vote.

United States House of Representatives[edit]

As in the Senate, Truman's labeling of the Republican-controlled Congress as "obstructionist" helped the Democrats win a net gain of 75 seats in the House, giving them control of the chamber.

United States Senate[edit]

The Democrats gained nine seats in the Senate, enough to give them control of the chamber over the Republicans. Truman successfully campaigned against an "obstructionist" Congress that had blocked many of his initiatives. In addition, the U.S. economy had recovered from the postwar recession of 1946-1947.[2][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ One Class 2 Senate seat held both a regularly-scheduled election and a special election in 1948. This seat is not double-counted for the number of total seats.
  2. ^ "1948 Presidential Election". The American Presidency Project. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
  3. ^ "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 2, 1948" (PDF). U.S. House of Reps, Office of the Clerk. Retrieved 9 April 2017.