|Born: September 22, 1890|
|Died: September 9, 1928 (aged 37)|
|April 24, 1916, for the New York Yankees|
|Last MLB appearance|
|May 30, 1928, for the New York Yankees|
|Earned run average||3.17|
|Career highlights and awards|
Urbain Jacques Shockcor (September 22, 1890 – September 9, 1928), known as Urban James Shocker, was an American professional baseball pitcher. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the New York Yankees and St. Louis Browns between 1916 and 1928.
Shocker, known as one of the last legal spitball pitchers, led the American League (AL)—and set the Browns record—in 1921 with 27 wins, and won 20 games in four consecutive seasons from 1920 to 1923. At the time of his retirement he was the Browns all-time leader in wins with 126 and shutouts with 23.
Shocker was born in Cleveland, Ohio to Anna and William Shockcor and relocated to Michigan some time later. Shocker began his career in the Border League where he played as a catcher. In 1913, when he played for the Windsor team in the Border League, he broke one of his fingers on his right hand; when the finger healed it became hooked which allowed him to throw a breaking ball as well as his spitter. As a prelude to his major league career, Shocker was demoted by the Yankees for seasoning and improvement, and he spent most of the 1916 season playing for the Toronto Maple Leafs in the International League, where he posted a 15–3 record and strung together 54 consecutive scoreless innings. His scoreless inning streak and 1.31 ERA for the campaign both still stand as International League records. He was called up by the Yankees and played with them through the 1917 season. That winter, Miller Huggins engineered a trade of Shocker to the Browns, eventually returning to the Yankees in 1925. In March 1918 his draft number came up and he reported for service on May 31 of that year. After he served overseas he returned to the Browns in April 1919.
The right-handed hurler had four consecutive 20-win seasons with the Browns in the early 1920s, during which he was one of the most dominant pitchers in baseball. Urban was the last Yankees pitcher to legally throw a spitball, as he and a handful of other pitchers were grandfathered to continue the practice after it was banned by baseball in 1920.
Shocker lived with a heart condition so severe some books say he had to sleep either sitting or standing up. By the early fall of 1927, he was too ill to maintain his place in the starting lineup.
His career totals for 412 games include a 187–117 record, a .615 winning percentage, 317 games started, 200 complete games, 28 shutouts, 72 games finished, 25 saves, and an ERA of 3.17 in 2,681.2 innings pitched. He compiled a career .209 batting average (167–798) with 89 runs scored, 70 RBI and 139 bases on balls. He was a good fielding pitcher in his era, committing only 15 errors in 769 total chances for a .980 fielding percentage.
After his release from the Yankees in 1928, Shocker entered an exhibition tournament in Denver. He pitched in one game on August 6, 1928, against a team from Cheyenne, Wyoming and fared poorly in that outing.
- List of Major League Baseball annual saves leaders
- List of Major League Baseball annual strikeout leaders
- List of Major League Baseball annual wins leaders
- Faber, Charles (2014). Spitballers: The Last Legal Hurlers of the Wet One. McFarland. ISBN 9780786482627. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
- Huhn, Rick (2013). The Sizzler: George Sisler, Baseball's Forgotten Great. University of Missouri Press. ISBN 978-0826264213.
- Spatz, Lyle (2010). 1921: The Yankees, the Giants, and the Battle for Baseball Supremacy in New York. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 9780803229945.
- Trachtenberg, Leo (1995). The Wonder Team: The True Story of the Incomparable 1927 New York Yankees. Popular Press. ISBN 9780879726782.
- Urban Shocker at the SABR Bio Project, by Joseph Wancho, retrieved October 30, 2019
- "Urban Shocker Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
- "Baltimore Orioles Pitching Career Records". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
- Trachtenberg, Leo, pp. 88
- Huhn, David, pp. 69
- Faber, Charles, pp. 68
- "Urban Shocker, Old Yanks Star, Dies in Denver". The Brooklyn Eagle. September 10, 1928. p. 24. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
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