Oyo State cover approximately an area of 28,454 square kilometers and ranked 14th by size. The landscape consists of old hard rocks and dome shaped hills, which rise gently from about 500 meters in the southern part and reaching a height of about 1,219m above sea level in the northern part. Some principal rivers such as Ogun river, Oba, Oyan, Otin, Ofiki, Sasa, Oni, Erinle and Osun river take their sources from this highland.
The Climate is equatorial, notably with dry and wet seasons with relatively high humidity. The dry season lasts from November to March while the wet season starts from April and ends in October. Average daily temperature ranges between 25 degrees Celsius and 35 degrees Celsius, almost throughout the year.
Government and politics
Under the Nigerian 1999 constitution the government of Oyo State, and those of the other 35 Nigerian States, is divided into three branches to be in line with the government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria which is also three tier: the executive branch, the legislative branch and the judiciary. The executive branch of Oyo State govenment is headed by an elected executive governor who presides over the State Executive Council made up of appointed cabinet members. The present governor of Oyo State is Adebayo Alao-Akala with Taofeek Oladejo Arapaja as deputy governor. The legislative branch is headed by an elected Speaker of the House of Assembly. The current Speaker is Moroof Atilola. And lastly, the judiciary is headed by the Chief Judge of Oyo State High Court. The present and acting Chief Judge of the state is Olagoke Ige.
|Taofeek Oladejo Arapaja||Deputy Governor|
|Layiwola Ayoade Olakojo||Secretary to the State Government|
|Saka Adegbite Balogun||Chief of Staff|
|Rasak Gbadegesin Kareem||Deputy Chief of Staff|
|Ebenezer Olusola Okebukola||Head of Service|
|Samson Lekan Latinwo||Commissioner for Lands, Housing & Survey|
|Michael Folorunso Lana||Attorney-General & Commissioner for Justice|
|Adekunle O. Ishola||Commissioner for Agriculture,
Natural Resources & Rural Development
|Adebayo Johnson Bankole||Commissioner for Finance, Budget & Planning|
|Isaac Babalola Owolabi||Commissioner for Health|
|Muhammed Tajudeen Ishola Lawal||Commissioner for Industry,
Applied Science & Technology
|Nureni Olayide Olawore||Commissioner for Education|
|Deborah Oyelade||Commissioner for Women Affairs,
Community Development and Social Welfare
|Makanjuola Ayoola||Commissioner for Youth & Sports|
|Raheem Oyedemi Musliu||Commissioner for Works & Transport|
|Kola Balogun||Commissioner for Commerce and Cooperatives|
|Hosea Ayoola Agboola||Commissioner for Local Government
& Chieftaincy Matters
|Risikat Oyebimpe Alabi||Commissioner for Information,
Culture and Tourism
|Majekodunmi A. Aborode||Commissioner for Environment
& Water Resources
|Moshood Kola Oyebamji||Commissioner for Establishment,
Training & Poverty Alleviation
Local Government Areas
Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of Oyo State. The climate in the state favours the cultivation of crops like maize, yam, cassava, millet, rice, plantains, cocoa, palm produce, cashew etc. There are a number of government farm settlements in Ipapo, Ilora, Eruwa, Ogbomosho, Iresaadu, Ijaiye, Akufo and Lalupon. There is abundance of clay, kaolin and aquamarine. There are also vast cattle ranches at Saki, Fasola and Ibadan, a dairy farm at Monatan in Ibadan and the state-wide Oyo State Agricultural Development Programme with headquarters at Saki. A number of international and federal agricultural establishment are located in the state.