User:Jnestorius/Anglo-Irish Treaty Dáil vote

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Anglo-Irish Treaty Dáil vote

Dáil Éireann voted on 7 January 1922 to approve the Anglo-Irish Treaty which had been signed in London on 6 December 1921. The vote was 64 in favour, 57 against, with the Ceann Comhairle and 3 other TDs not voting. The contentious debate lasted from 14 December 1921 until the day of the vote; the outcome split the Sinn Féin party and led to the Irish Civil War from June 1922 to May 1923.

Background[edit]

The Second Dáil was formed by the Sinn Féin candidates elected in June 1921 in simultaneous elections to the House of Commons of Southern Ireland and the House of Commons of Northern Ireland. Unionist and Nationalist Party members elected were invited to the Dáil but did not recognise it as legitimate. 124 of 128 members returned for Southern constituencies, and 6 of 52 for Northern constituencies, were from Sinn Féin. 125 different Sinn Féin candidates were elected, including five returned for both a Northern and a Southern constituency. The election happened shortly before a truce on 12 July 1921 marked the end of fighting in Irish War of Independence between the Irish Republican Army, loyal to the Dáil, and security forces of the United Kingdom. In September confidential negotiations began between the British government and plenipotentiaries authorised by the Dáil ministry. In the early hours of 6 December 1922, both teams of negotiators signed "Articles of Agreement for a Treaty Between Great Britain and Ireland", commonly called the Anglo-Irish Treaty. It envisaged the creation of an "Irish Free State", a political compromise between Irish nationalism and British unionism. When the details of the Treaty were published, Sinn Féin supporters were divided between moderates, who saw it as an honourable stepping stone towards ultimate full independence, and diehards, who saw it as a betrayal of the party's Republican principles. The Dáil reassembled on 14 December to debate ratification of the Treaty.

Votes[edit]

Of the 125 Teachtaí Dála (TDs), 121 voted on 7 January: 64 in favour of the Treaty and 57 against. In accordance with standing orders, Ceann Comhairle Eoin MacNeill (elected for both Londonderry and National University of Ireland) had only a casting vote, which was not required. MacNeill ruled that the four other TDs who had been elected for two constituencies would each cast only one vote; of the four, Michael Collins, Arthur Griffith, and Seán Milroy voted for the Treaty, and Éamon de Valera against. Three TDs eligible to vote did not do so:

  • Frank Drohan resigned his seat on 5 January 1922, because he was personally anti-Treaty while his local Sinn Féin Comhairle Ceanntair was pro-Treaty.[1]
  • Laurence Ginnell (anti-Treaty) was absent
  • Thomas Kelly (pro-Treaty) was ill

The following table lists all members of the Dáil on 5 January 1922; how they voted in the Treaty ratification; what party they stood for in the subsequent general elections of 1922, 1923, and June 1927, and whether they were elected; and any part they played in the Civil War of 1922–23.

Name Constituency Vote Party
1922
Success
1922
Civil War Party
1923
Success
1923
Party
1927
Success
1927
Notes Refs
Drohan , FrankFrank Drohan Waterford–Tipperary East Did not vote
(resigned)
[e 1]
Ginnell, LaurenceLaurence Ginnell Longford–Westmeath Did not vote
(absent)
Anti Yes Yes No Yes No [e 2]
Kelly, ThomasThomas Kelly Dublin South Did not vote
(ill)
Pro Yes Yes No Yes No Fianna Fáil TD in the 1930s [e 3]
Macneill, EoinEoin MacNeill Londonderry[fn 1] [fn 1] [fn 1] [fn 1] [fn 1]
Macneill, EoinEoin MacNeill National University of Ireland Did not vote
(Ceann Comhairle)
Pro Yes CnaG Yes[fn 2] CnaG No [e 4]
Barton, RobertRobert Barton Kildare–Wicklow For Anti Yes Yes No Yes No [e 5]
Beaslai, PiarasPiaras Béaslaí Kerry–Limerick West For Pro Yes CnaG Yes Yes No [e 6]
Blythe , ErnestErnest Blythe Monaghan For Pro Yes CnaG Yes CnaG Yes In the 1940 associated with Ailtirí na hAiséirghe [e 7]
Brennan , PatrickPatrick Brennan Clare For Pro Yes Resigned Dáil seat 11 December 1922 [e 8]
Bulfin , FrancisFrancis Bulfin Leix–Offaly For Pro Yes CnaG Yes CnaG No [e 9]
Burke, SeamusSéamus Burke Tipperary Mid, North and South For Pro Yes CnaG Yes CnaG Yes [e 10]
Byrne , ChristopherChristopher Byrne Kildare–Wicklow For Pro Yes CnaG Yes Ind No Fianna Fáil TD 1943 [e 11]
Carter , ThomasThomas Carter Leitrim–Roscommon North For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 12]
Collins, MichaelMichael Collins Armagh[fn 3] [fn 3] [fn 3] [fn 3] [fn 3]
Collins, MichaelMichael Collins Cork Mid, North, South, South East and West For[fn 3] Pro Yes Killed 22 August 1922 [e 13]
Corish , RichardRichard Corish Wexford For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 14]
Cosgrave , PhilipPhilip Cosgrave Dublin North East For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 15]
Cosgrave , W. T.W. T. Cosgrave Carlow–Kilkenny For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 16]
Crowley , JamesJames Crowley Kerry–Limerick West For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 17]
Deroiste, LiamLiam de Róiste Cork Borough For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 18]
Dolan, JamesJames Dolan Leitrim–Roscommon North For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 19]
Derham , MichaelMichael Derham Dublin County For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 20]
Duggan, EamonnEamonn Duggan Louth–Meath For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 21]
Dwyer, SeamusSéamus Dwyer Dublin County For Yes No Killed 20 December 1922 [e 22]
Fitzgerald, DesmondDesmond FitzGerald Dublin County For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 23]
Galligan , PeterPeter Galligan Cavan For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 24]
Gavan Duffy , GeorgeGeorge Gavan Duffy Dublin County For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 25]
Griffith , ArthurArthur Griffith Cavan For[fn 4] Yes No Died 12 August 1922 [e 26]
Griffith , ArthurArthur Griffith Fermanagh and Tyrone[fn 4] [fn 4] [fn 4] [fn 4] [fn 4]
Hales, SeanSeán Hales Cork Mid, North, South, South East and West For Pro Yes Killed 6 December 1922 [e 27]
Hayes, MichaelMichael Hayes National University of Ireland For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 28]
Hayes, RichardRichard Hayes Limerick City–Limerick East For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 29]
Hayes, WilliamWilliam Hayes Limerick City–Limerick East For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 30]
Hayes, SeanSeán Hayes Cork Mid, North, South, South East and West For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 31]
Hogan, PatrickPatrick Hogan Galway For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 32]
Hughes, PeterPeter Hughes Louth–Meath For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 33]
Lavin , AndrewAndrew Lavin Leitrim–Roscommon North For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 34]
Lawless , FrankFrank Lawless Dublin County For Died 16 April 1922 [e 35]
Liddy , SeanSean Liddy Clare For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 36]
Lynch, FionanFionán Lynch Kerry–Limerick West For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 37]
Lynch, JosephJoseph Lynch Leix–Offaly For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 38]
Macbride , JosephJoseph MacBride Mayo North and West For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 39]
Maccabe, AlexanderAlexander McCabe Sligo–Mayo East For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 40]
Maccartan, PatrickPatrick McCartan Leix–Offaly For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 41]
Maccarthy, DanielDaniel McCarthy Dublin South For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 42]
Maceoin, SeanSeán Mac Eoin Longford–Westmeath For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 43]
Macgarry, SeanSeán McGarry Dublin Mid For Pro Yes His son died 10 December 1922 when his house was firebombed Yes No Yes No [e 44]
Macginley, JosephJoseph McGinley Donegal For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 45]
Macgoldrick, PatrickPatrick McGoldrick Donegal For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 46]
Macgrath, JosephJoseph McGrath Dublin North East For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 47]
Macguinness, JosephJoseph McGuinness Longford–Westmeath For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No Died 31 May 1922 [e 48]
Mackenna, JustinJustin McKenna Louth–Meath For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 49]
Milroy, SeanSeán Milroy Cavan For[fn 5] Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 50]
Milroy, SeanSeán Milroy Fermanagh and Tyrone[fn 5] [fn 5] [fn 5] [fn 5] [fn 5]
Mulcahy, RichardRichard Mulcahy Dublin North East For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 51]
Murphy, JamesJames Murphy Louth–Meath For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 52]
Nicolls, GeorgeGeorge Nicolls Galway For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 53]
Odonnell, ThomasThomas O'Donnell Sligo–Mayo East For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 54]
Oduffy, EoinEoin O'Duffy Monaghan For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No Resigned Dáil seat 11 December 1922 [e 55]
Ohiggins, KevinKevin O'Higgins Leix–Offaly For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 56]
Okeeffe, PatrickPatrick O'Keeffe Cork Mid, North, South, South East and West For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 57]
Omaille, PadraicPádraic Ó Máille Galway For Pro Yes Wounded 6 December 1922 Yes No Yes No [e 58]
Orourke, DanielDaniel O'Rourke Mayo South–Roscommon South For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 59]
Osullivan, GearoidGearóid O'Sullivan Carlow–Kilkenny For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 60]
Robbins, LorcanLorcan Robbins Longford–Westmeath For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 61]
Sears , WilliamWilliam Sears Mayo South–Roscommon South For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 62]
Staines , MichaelMichael Staines Dublin North East For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 63]
Sweeney , JosephJoseph Sweeney Donegal For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 64]
Walsh , JamesJames Walsh Cork Borough For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 65]
Ward , PeterPeter Ward Donegal For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 66]
Whelehan , JosephJoseph Whelehan Galway For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 67]
White, VincentVincent White Waterford–Tipperary East For Pro Yes CnaG Yes No Yes No [e 68]
Aylward, EdwardEdward Aylward Carlow–Kilkenny Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 69]
Boland, HarryHarry Boland Mayo South–Roscommon South Against Anti Yes Died of wounds 31 July 1922 [e 70]
Brugha, CathalCathal Brugha Waterford–Tipperary East Against Anti Yes Killed 7 July 1922 [e 71]
Cahill, PatrickPatrick Cahill Kerry–Limerick West Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 72]
Carty, FrankFrank Carty Sligo–Mayo East Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 73]
Childers, Robert ErskineRobert Erskine Childers Kildare–Wicklow Against Yes No Executed 24 November 1922 [e 74]
Clarke, KathleenKathleen Clarke Dublin Mid Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 75]
Colivet, MichaelMichael Colivet Limerick City–Limerick East Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 76]
Collins, ConCon Collins Kerry–Limerick West Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 77]
Corkery, DanielDaniel Corkery Cork Mid, North, South, South East and West Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 78]
Crowley, JohnJohn Crowley Mayo North and West Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 79]
Cusack, BryanBryan Cusack Galway Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 80]
Dee, EamonEamon Dee Waterford–Tipperary East Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 81]
Devalera, EamonÉamon de Valera Clare Against[fn 6] Anti No R No Yes No [e 82]
Devalera, EamonÉamon de Valera Down[fn 6] [fn 6] [fn 6] [fn 6] [fn 6]
Derrig, ThomasThomas Derrig Mayo North and West Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 83]
Devins, JamesJames Devins Sligo–Mayo East Against Anti Yes Killed 20 September 1922 [e 84]
Doyle, SeamusSéamus Doyle Wexford Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 85]
English , AdaAda English National University of Ireland Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 86]
Etchingham, SeanSeán Etchingham Wexford Against Yes No Died in prison 23 April 1923 Yes No Yes No [e 87]
Fahy, FrankFrank Fahy Galway Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 88]
Ferran, FrancisFrancis Ferran Sligo–Mayo East Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 89]
Fitzgerald, SeamusSéamus Fitzgerald Cork East and North East Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 90]
Hunter, ThomasThomas Hunter Cork East and North East Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 91]
Kent , DavidDavid Kent Cork East and North East Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 92]
Lennon, JamesJames Lennon Carlow–Kilkenny Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 93]
Macentee, SeanSeán MacEntee Monaghan Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 94]
Macdonagh, JosephJoseph MacDonagh Tipperary Mid, North and South Against Anti Yes Died on hunger strike 25 December 1922 [e 95]
Macswiney, MaryMary MacSwiney Cork Borough Against Anti No R No Yes No Signed the 1938 transfer of authority to the IRA Army Council [e 96]
Macswiney, SeanSeán MacSwiney Cork Mid, North, South, South East and West Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 97]
Maguire , TomTom Maguire Mayo South–Roscommon South Against Anti No R No Yes No Signed the 1938 transfer of authority to the IRA Army Council; supported the Provisional IRA in the 1969 split and the Continuity IRA in the 1986 split. [e 98]
Markiewicz, ConstanceConstance Markiewicz Dublin South Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 99]
Mellows, LiamLiam Mellows Galway Against Yes No Executed 6 December 1922 [e 100]
Moloney , P. J.P. J. Moloney Tipperary Mid, North and South Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 101]
Moylan, SeanSeán Moylan Cork Mid, North, South, South East and West Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 102]
Nolan, SeanSeán Nolan Cork Mid, North, South, South East and West Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 103]
Obyrne, PatrickPatrick O'Byrne Tipperary Mid, North and South Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 104]
Ocallaghan, DanielDaniel O'Callaghan Cork Borough Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 105]
Ocallaghan, KathleenKathleen O'Callaghan Limerick City–Limerick East Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 106]
Oconnor, ArtArt O'Connor Kildare–Wicklow Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 107]
Odoherty, JosephJoseph O'Doherty Donegal Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 108]
Odonoghue, ThomasThomas O'Donoghue Kerry–Limerick West Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 109]
Oflaherty, SamuelSamuel O'Flaherty Donegal Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 110]
Ohiggins, BrianBrian O'Higgins Clare Against Anti No R No Yes No Signed the 1938 transfer of authority to the IRA Army Council [e 111]
Okelly, John J.John J. O'Kelly Louth–Meath Against Anti Yes SF No Signed the 1938 transfer of authority to the IRA Army Council [e 112]
Okelly, Sean T.Seán T. O'Kelly Dublin Mid Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 113]
Omahony, SeanSeán O'Mahony Fermanagh and Tyrone Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 114]
Omurchadha, CathalCathal Ó Murchadha Dublin South Against Anti No R No Yes No Signed the 1938 transfer of authority to the IRA Army Council [e 115]
Pearse, MargaretMargaret Pearse Dublin County Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 116]
Plunkett , George NobleGeorge Noble Plunkett Leitrim–Roscommon North Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 117]
Robinson, SeamusSéamus Robinson Waterford–Tipperary East Against Anti No R No Yes No Signed the 1938 transfer of authority to the IRA Army Council [e 118]
Roche , EdmundEdmund Roche Kerry–Limerick West Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 119]
Ruttledge, P. J.P. J. Ruttledge Mayo North and West Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 120]
Ryan, JamesJames Ryan Wexford Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 121]
Shanahan, PhilipPhilip Shanahan Dublin Mid Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 122]
Stack, AustinAustin Stack Kerry–Limerick West Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 123]
Stockley, WilliamWilliam Stockley National University of Ireland Against Anti No R No Yes No Signed the 1938 transfer of authority to the IRA Army Council [e 124]
Uabuachalla, DomhnallDomhnall Ua Buachalla Kildare–Wicklow Against Anti No R No Yes No [e 125]
Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e MacNeill was elected for two constituencies. For comparability, some details are listed only in the row for his Southern constituency
  2. ^ Elected in two constituencies
  3. ^ a b c d e f Collins was elected for two constituencies, but had only one vote. For comparability, some details are listed only in the row for his Southern constituency
  4. ^ a b c d e f Griffith was elected for two constituencies, but had only one vote. For comparability, some details are listed only in the row for his Southern constituency
  5. ^ a b c d e f Milroy was elected for two constituencies, but had only one vote. For comparability, some details are listed only in the row for his Southern constituency
  6. ^ a b c d e f De Valera was elected for two constituencies, but had only one vote. For comparability, some details are listed only in the row for his Southern constituency

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Treaty Debates". Dáil debates (in Irish). Oireachtas. 5 January 1922. pp. Vol.T No.12 p.3 cc.268–9. Retrieved 24 April 2011. 

Elections Ireland[edit]

References from the Elections Ireland website:

  1. ^ Frank Drohan
  2. ^ Laurence Ginnell
  3. ^ Thomas Kelly1
  4. ^ Eoin MacNeill
  5. ^ Robert Barton
  6. ^ Pierce Beasley
  7. ^ Ernest Blythe
  8. ^ Patrick Brennan1
  9. ^ Francis Bulfin
  10. ^ Seamus Bourke
  11. ^ Christopher Byrne
  12. ^ Thomas Carter
  13. ^ Michael Collins1
  14. ^ Richard Corish
  15. ^ Philip Cosgrave
  16. ^ W T Cosgrave
  17. ^ James Crowley
  18. ^ Liam De Roiste
  19. ^ James Dolan
  20. ^ Michael Derham
  21. ^ Edmund Duggan
  22. ^ Seamus J Dwyer1
  23. ^ Desmond Fitzgerald
  24. ^ Peter Galligan1
  25. ^ George Duffy
  26. ^ Arthur Griffith
  27. ^ Sean Hales
  28. ^ Michael Hayes
  29. ^ Dr Richard Hayes
  30. ^ William Hayes1
  31. ^ Sean Hayes1
  32. ^ Patrick J Hogan2
  33. ^ Peter Hughes
  34. ^ Andrew Lavin
  35. ^ Frank J Lawless
  36. ^ Sean Liddy
  37. ^ Fionan Lynch
  38. ^ Joseph P Lynch
  39. ^ Joseph McBride
  40. ^ Alex McCabe
  41. ^ Dr Patrick McCartan1
  42. ^ Daniel McCarthy1
  43. ^ General Sean MacEoin1
  44. ^ Sean McGarry
  45. ^ Joseph P McGinley
  46. ^ McGoldrick
  47. ^ Joseph McGrath
  48. ^ Joseph P McGuinness
  49. ^ Justin McKenna
  50. ^ Sean Milroy
  51. ^ General Richard Mulcahy
  52. ^ James Murphy1
  53. ^ George Nicolls
  54. ^ Tom O'Donnell1
  55. ^ Eoin O'Duffy
  56. ^ Kevin O'Higgins
  57. ^ Patrick O'Keeffe
  58. ^ Padraic O Maille
  59. ^ Daniel O'Rourke
  60. ^ General Gerald O'Sullivan
  61. ^ Laurence Robbins
  62. ^ William Sears
  63. ^ Michael Staines
  64. ^ Joseph Sweeney
  65. ^ James Walsh1
  66. ^ Peter Ward1
  67. ^ Joseph Whelehan
  68. ^ Dr Vincent White
  69. ^ Edward Aylward
  70. ^ Harry Boland
  71. ^ Cathal Brugha
  72. ^ Patrick J Cahill
  73. ^ Frank Carty
  74. ^ Robert Childers
  75. ^ Kathleen Clarke
  76. ^ Michael P Colivet
  77. ^ Conor Collins
  78. ^ Daniel Corkery
  79. ^ Dr John Crowley
  80. ^ Dr Bryan Cusack
  81. ^ Eamon Dee
  82. ^ Eamon de Valera
  83. ^ Thomas Derrig
  84. ^ James Devins1
  85. ^ Seamus Doyle
  86. ^ Dr Ada English
  87. ^ Sean R Etchingham
  88. ^ Frank Fahy
  89. ^ Francis Ferran
  90. ^ Seamus Fitzgerald1
  91. ^ Thomas Hunter
  92. ^ David Kent
  93. ^ James Lennon
  94. ^ Sean MacEntee
  95. ^ Joseph MacDonagh
  96. ^ Mary MacSwiney
  97. ^ Sean MacSwiney
  98. ^ Thomas Maguire
  99. ^ Countess Constance de Markievicz
  100. ^ Liam Mellows
  101. ^ Patrick Moloney
  102. ^ Sean Moylan
  103. ^ Sean Nolan2
  104. ^ Patrick S O'Byrne
  105. ^ Donal O'Callaghan1
  106. ^ Kate O'Callaghan
  107. ^ Art O'Connor
  108. ^ Joseph O'Doherty
  109. ^ Thomas O'Donoghue2
  110. ^ Samuel O'Flaherty
  111. ^ Brian O'Higgins
  112. ^ "Sceilg" O'Kelly
  113. ^ Sean T O'Kelly1
  114. ^ Sean O'Mahony1
  115. ^ Charles Murphy
  116. ^ Margaret Pearse1
  117. ^ Count George Plunkett
  118. ^ Seamus Robinson
  119. ^ Edmund Roche
  120. ^ Patrick J Ruttledge
  121. ^ Dr James Ryan1
  122. ^ Philip Shanahan
  123. ^ Austin Stack
  124. ^ Prof William Stockley
  125. ^ Donal Buckley1

Category:1922 in Ireland Category:Assembly votes Category:Irish Free State