User:Michael C Price/mega
- 1 Ruddiman ice age
- 2 Deceit
- 3 References
- 4 The cat
- 5 Archiving
- 6 Me
- 7 SUSY
- 8 Sterile neutrino
- 9 LHC purpose
- 10 Particle
- 11 Pati-Salam
- 12 In popular culture
- 13 Free lunch
- 14 Ask
- 15 Linkers
- 16 Tombe Brews result
- 17 Finance
- 18 References
Ruddiman ice age
- Humanity Blamed for 9,000 Years of Global Warming
- Nothing new under the sun: Anthropogenic global warming started when people began farming Economist review
- How Did Humans First Alter Global Climate? Scientific American 2005
- Methane: A Scientific Journey from Obscurity to Climate Super-Stardom NASA
- Eisenman: RMPrice
- Tabor 
JTB and Essene origins
John the Baptist may have been the first leader of the Ebionites, with Jesus initially amongst his followers. The Ebionites, through the leadership of John the Baptist, shared many doctrines and practices with the Essenes, including, possibly, those at Qumran.
In the Gospel of the Ebionites, as quoted by Epiphanius, John the Baptist and Jesus are portrayed as a vegetarians. It is a matter of debate whether John was in fact a vegetarian (a notion reinforced by the "Slavonic version" of Josephus) or whether some Ebionites (or the related Elchasaite sect which Epiphanius may have mistaken for Ebionites) were projecting their vegetarianism onto him.
Patristic sources agree that the Ebionites rejected Paul of Tarsus. Epiphanius claims that some Ebionites gossiped that Paul was a Greek who converted to Judaism in order to marry the daughter of (Annas?) a High Priest of Israel, and apostasized when she rejected him;.
James vs Paul
- Eisenman (1997), pp. 4, 6, 34, 278, 342, 468, 836-7 Cite error: Invalid
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- Jeff Poplin, Post-Biblical Traditions on John the Baptizer and Essays on John the Baptizer
- W. Barnes Tatum. John the Baptist and Jesus: A Report of the Jesus Seminar., Sonoma, California: Polebridge Press, 1994, ISBN 0944344429, ff. 93, Chapter 5 John and Jesus: The Two Baptists subsection: Jesus as John's Disciple; 
- Crossan, John Dominic (1998). The Essential Jesus. Edison: Castle Books; p. 146
- Funk, et al. (1993), refer to John as Jesus' precursor and mentor. Funk, Robert W.;Hoover, Roy W. Hoover; & the Jesus Seminar. The Five Gospels. San Francisco: Harper. "Stages in the Development of Early Christian Tradition", p. 128
- International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
- The Qumran community referred to themselves by many epithets, including "the poor".
- Harris, Stephen L. (1985) Understanding the Bible. Palo Alto: Mayfield, ISBN 1-55934-655-8 John 1:36–40
- J Verheyden, Epiphanius on the Ebionites, in The image of the Judaeo-Christians in ancient Jewish and Christian literature, eds Peter J. Tomson, Doris Lambers-Petry, ISBN 3161480945, pp. 188 "The vegetarianism of John the Baptist and of Jesus is an important issue too in the Ebionite interpretation of the Christian life. "
- Eisenman (1997), pp. 240 "John (unlike Jesus) was both a ‘Rechabite’ or ‘Nazarite’ and vegetarian", 264 "John would have been one of those wilderness-dwelling, vegetable-eating persons", 326 "They [the Nazerini] ate nothing but wild fruit milk and honey - probably the same food that John the Baptist also ate.", 367 "We have already seen how in some traditions "carobs" were said to have been the true composition of John's food.", 403 "his [John's] diet was stems, roots and fruits. Like James and the other Nazirites/Rechabites, he is presented as a vegetarian ..", cf 295, 300, 331-2,.
- Tabor (2006) p.134 and footnotes p.335
- Bart D. Ehrman (2003). Lost Christianities: The Battles for Scripture and the Faiths We Never Knew. Oxford University Press. pp. 102, 103. ISBN 0-19-514183-0. referring to Epiphanius quotation from the Gospel of the Ebionites in Panarion 30.13, "And his food, it says, was wild honey whose taste was of manna, as cake in oil".
- Bart D. Ehrman (2003). Lost Scriptures: Books that Did Not Make It into the New Testament. Oxford University Press. p. 13. ISBN 0-19-514182-2.
- Cite error: The named reference
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- The Slavonic Josephus' Account of the Baptist and Jesus
- Pines, Shlomo (1966). The Jewish Christians Of The Early Centuries Of Christianity According To A New Source. Proceedings of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities II, No. 13. ISBN 102-255-998 Check
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- Second Epistle to the Corinthians 11:5, 11:13-15, 12:11
- Epiphanius, Panarion 16.9
- Jeffrey Butz, The Secret Legacy of Jesus, ISBN 978-159477307-5, "What is most revealing here is that Peter bowed to James's wishes, another piece of evidence that James, rather than Peter, was the highest authority in the Jerusalem Chuch", pg 100; "... after Jesus's crucifixion, with James succeeding to the leadership of the community...", pg 101; "...it is beyond question that the succession of the leadership of the Nazarene community stayed with Jesus's family, perhaps even into the mid-second century...", pg 120; "In fact, the Ebionites and the Nazarenes are one and the same." pg 124; "Following the devastation of the Jewish War, the Nazarenes took refuge in Pella, a community in exile, where they lay in anxious wait with their fellow Jews. From this point on it is preferable to call them the Ebionites. There was no clear demarcation or formal transition from Nazarene to Ebionite; there was no sudden change of theology or Christology.", pg 137; "While the writings of later church fathers speak of Nazarenes and Ebionites as if they were different Jewish Christian groups, they are mistaken in that assessment. The Nazarenes and the Ebionites were one and the same group, but for clarity we will refer to the pre-70 group in Jerusalem as Nazarenes, and the post-70 group in Pella and elsewhere as Ebionites.", pg 137;
Lee Smolin: The Trouble with Physics: pg 77 Meanwhile, a great many theorists appear to believe in supersymmetry......... no wonder that so many theorists cannot imagine the world is not supersymmetric..... 78... The possible choices for a quantum theory of gravity would not be narrowed, because the leading theories are all consistent with the world's being supersymmetric. If the LHC does find supersymmetry, this would be one of the greatest achievements in the history of theoretical physics.
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It is anticipated that the collider will either demonstrate or rule out the existence of the elusive Higgs boson, the last unobserved particle among those predicted by the Standard Model. Experimentally verifying the existence of the Higgs boson would shed light on the mechanism of electroweak symmetry breaking, through which the particles of the Standard Model are thought to acquire their mass. In addition to the Higgs boson, new particles predicted by possible extensions of the Standard Model might be produced at the LHC.
- Is the Higgs mechanism for generating elementary particle masses in the Standard Model indeed realised in nature? If so, how many Higgs bosons are there, and what are their masses?
- Are electromagnetism, the strong nuclear force and the weak nuclear force just different manifestations of a single unified force, as predicted by various Grand Unification Theories?
- Why is gravity so many orders of magnitude weaker than the other three fundamental forces? See also Hierarchy problem.
- Is supersymmetry realised in nature, implying that the known Standard Model particles have supersymmetric partners?
- Are there additional sources of quark flavour violation beyond those already predicted within the Standard Model?
- Why are there apparent violations of the symmetry between matter and antimatter? See also CP violation.
- What is the nature of dark matter and dark energy?
- Are there extra dimensions, as predicted by various models inspired by string theory, and can we detect them?
Of the discoveries the LHC might make, the possibility of the discovery of the Higgs particle and supersymmetric partners have been keenly awaited by physicists for over 30 years, although neither of these can be considered certainties. Of the Higgs, Stephen Hawking said in a 2008 BBC interview that "I think it will be much more exciting if we don't find the Higgs. That will show something is wrong, and we need to think again. I have a bet of one hundred dollars that we won't find the Higgs." Of supersymmetry it has been said "If the LHC does find supersymmetry, this would be one of the greatest achievements in the history of theoretical physics", which Hawking says "would be a key confirmation of string theory" and adds that "Whatever the LHC finds, or fails to find, the results will tell us a lot about the structure of the universe."
The expectation that the Higgs boson will be discovered at the LHC is reinforced by the impressive agreement between the precise measurements of particle processes at the LEP and the Tevatron and the predictions of the Standard Model (formulated under the assumption that the Higgs boson exists). Moreover, there are strong theoretical reasons leading physicists to expect that the LHC will discover new phenomena beyond those predicted by the Standard Model. Referring to the so-called hierarchy problem, namely the fact that the Higgs boson mass is subject to quantum corrections that — barring extremely precise cancellations — would make it so large as to undermine the internal consistency of the Standard Model, Chris Quigg writes: "Physicists have learned to be suspicious of immensely precise cancellations that are not mandated by deeper principles. Accordingly, in common with many of my colleagues, I think it highly likely that both the Higgs boson and other new phenomena will be found with the LHC." He then goes on presenting supersymmetry as a leading candidate for physics beyond the Standard Model, together with composite-Higgs models and large extra dimensions.
is the 3rd component of weak isospin.
The Cartan group generators are:
In popular culture
- The main villainess of the Parasite Eve series is named Mitochondria Eve.
- In the "reimagined" Battlestar Galactica television series, Hera Agathon (the Cylon-human hybrid) is the Mitochondrial Eve as revealed in the series finale.
- Mitochondrial Eve is a science fiction story by Greg Egan that revolves around the concept of Mitochondrial Eve and Y-chromosomal Adam.
A generic property of inflation is the balancing of the negative gravitational energy, within the inflating region, with the positive energy of the inflaton field to yield a post-inflationary universe with negligible or zero energy density. It is this balancing of the total universal energy budget that enables the open-ended growth possible with inflation; during inflation energy flows from the gravitational field (or geometry) to the inflaton field -- the total gravitational energy decreases (becomes more negative) and the total inflaton energy increases (becomes more positive). But the respective energy densities remain constant and opposite since the region is inflating. Consequently inflation explains the otherwise curious cancellation of matter and gravitational energy on cosmological scales which is a feature of a zero-energy free-lunch universe, which is consistent with astronomical observations.
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Tombe Brews result
As shown by John Savard, using the common official definitions of the mile (1609.344 metres), the yard (0.9144 metres), the foot (0.3048 metres) and the inch (0.0254 metres) the speed of light can be expressed exactly in imperial units as 186,282 miles, 698 yards, 2 feet, and 5 21⁄127 inches per second or 186,282 39937⁄100584 miles per second. To verify the latter, note that 39937⁄100584 miles is 25157 21⁄127 inches.
1972 value: m/s
- "Why the LHC". CERN. 2008. Retrieved 2009-09-28.
- "Zeroing in on the elusive Higgs boson". US Department of Energy. March 2001. Retrieved 2008-12-11.
- Brian Greene (11 September 2008). "The Origins of the Universe: A Crash Course". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-04-17.
- "...in the public presentations of the aspiration of particle physics we hear too often that the goal of the LHC or a linear collider is to check off the last missing particle of the Standard Model, this year's Holy Grail of particle physics, the Higgs boson. The truth is much less boring than that! What we're trying to accomplish is much more exciting, and asking what the world would have been like without the Higgs mechanism is a way of getting at that excitement." – Chris Quigg (2005). "Nature's Greatest Puzzles". arXiv:hep-ph/0502070
- Lisa Randall (2002). "Extra Dimensions and Warped Geometries" (PDF). Science. 296: 1422–1427.
- Alexander Belyaev (2009). "Supersymmetry status and phenomenology at the Large Hadron Collider". Pramana. 72 (1): 143–160. doi:10.1007/s12043-009-0012-0.
- Chris Quigg (February 2008). "The coming revolutions in particle physics". Scientific American. pp. 38–45. Retrieved 2009-09-28.
- "Hawking's hopes for CERN switch-on" (Audio interview). BBC News. 9 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-10.
- Shaaban Khalil (2003). "Search for supersymmetry at LHC". Contemporary Physics. 44 (3): 193–201. doi:10.1080/0010751031000077378.
- "On the hunt for the Higgs boson". BBC News. 9 September 2008. Retrieved 2009-04-17.
- The McGuffin Review: BATTLESTAR GALACTICA The Series Finale
- Review of Greg Egan story, Mitochondrial Eve
- "The Inflationary Universe" (ISBN 0224044486) Appendix A) Since the negative energy of a gravitational field is crucial to the notion of a zero-energy universe, it is a subject worth examining carefully. In this appendix I will explain how the properties of gravity can be used to show that the energy of a gravitational field is unambiguously negative. The argument will be described [in the appendix] in the context of Newton's theory of gravity, although the same conclusion can be reached using Einstein's theory of general relativity.
- S Hawking, (page p129, A Brief History of Time)