Valley View Center Mall

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Valley View Center
Valley View Center logo.png
Location13331 Preston Road
Dallas, Texas 75240 U.S.
Coordinates32°55′46″N 96°48′30″W / 32.92944°N 96.80833°W / 32.92944; -96.80833Coordinates: 32°55′46″N 96°48′30″W / 32.92944°N 96.80833°W / 32.92944; -96.80833
Opening dateAugust 1973[1]
Closing dateMay 2019
DeveloperGeneral Growth Properties
ManagementBeck Ventures
OwnerBeck Ventures
No. of stores and services134[2]
No. of anchor tenants0 (space for 4)
Total retail floor area1,635,449 sq ft (151,938 m2)[3]
No. of floors2 (anchors have 3 except Sears, third and unused 4th floor in AMC Theaters and fourth floor penthouse in Dillard's)
Websiteshopvalleyviewcenter.com

Valley View Center is a super-regional shopping mall located at Interstate 635 and Preston Road in north Dallas, Texas, U.S.[4] It is owned and managed by Dallas-based Beck Ventures. It has an AMC Theatres, the only anchor remaining in operation.

Originally developed in 1973, the mall flourished and expanded in the 1980s, but began to encounter financial difficulties in the 1990s. Bloomingdale's closed its location in 1990, which triggered a court battle when Montgomery Ward attempted to acquire the anchor space once occupied by Bloomingdale's, which resulted in the space remaining empty until JCPenney opened there in 1996. The original movie theater closed in 1991, stayed empty for over a decade, and was eventually renovated and replaced with studio spaces for radio stations KBFB and KZMJ. A new, larger AMC movie theater later opened in 2004. The addition of the new theater slowed, but did not halt, the mall's falling fortunes. Macy's (who acquired the department store Foleys only blocks away) closed in March 2008, and Dillard's closed their location in December 2008 and JCPenney later closed its location in April 2013. All three respective anchor spaces have remained vacant despite differing proposed plans for renovation.

The 2010s saw the mall change ownership and management multiple times. Nearby demographic shifts and the continuing decline of occupancy led the owners to announce plans to redevelop the mall and surrounding area. In mid 2012, the mall began a new effort to create an artistic community. Dubbed "The Gallery at Midtown and Artists Studios," the wings remaining open were occupied by local artists' studios, galleries, and other creative groups.

Beginning December 2016, the mall site would be slated to begin demolition (with a few exceptions noted below) and the surrounding real estate would be set to be redeveloped into a mixed-use development that would be called Dallas Midtown. Much of these plans, however, have been indefinitely stalled due to ongoing legal conflicts, zoning, and the loss of public sector incentives from the City of Dallas.[5]

On July 16, 2017, the longest running anchor Sears closed its location, which makes AMC Theatres the last remaining anchor.

Demolition of the mall stopped in 2017, with the only areas that got demolished being a former parking garage & the former Sanger-Harris/Foleys/Macy's.

As of February 2019, the tenants in the corridor to the former Sears & AMC Theatres were forced to leave Valley View Center before March 2019. The mall is predicted to be completely demolished before the end of 2019. However, AMC Theatres will remain open until 2021.

As of March 1, 2019, the former sites of JCPenney, Macy's, Dillard's, Sears, and the corridors to each are closed off from public access, and the first floor, which includes the former food court, are also inaccessible. Only the AMC Theatre site remains publicly accessible.

In May 2019, the former JCPenney and former Dillards were halfway through demolition. The former Sears corridor is now being blocked off from public access and is being prepared for demolition. There is an entrance that will be reopening for accessibility to the AMC Theatres due to the closure of the entrance by former Sears. Construction for new Dallas Midtown is predicted to begin in 2020.

As for AMC Theatres, it is predicted to remain open until 2021 similar to JCPenney remaining open through Plano's Collin Creek Mall development which closed on July 31, 2019.

History[edit]

East entrance, June 2012

The mall was originally developed around 1973 when Homart Development Company, the real estate development subsidiary of Sears, Roebuck & Co. at the time,[6] added a Sanger-Harris and several smaller stores to the existing Sears store that had been built in 1965.[1] In August 1973, as part of the mall's grand opening celebration, the Thom McAn Shoe Store offered a free 8-ounce steak with any purchase of $5 or more.[7] This promotion drew local and national media attention.[7]

LaSalle Street Fund bought the mall in the early 1980s and oversaw continued expansion, including the addition of a fourth anchor store.[8] September 1, 1985, marked the first legal Sunday shopping day in the State of Texas.[9] It, like other area malls, celebrated the end of the state's 24-year-old blue law with entertainment and special promotions. Some smaller retailers objected to the new hours but mall officials informed them in writing of their contractual obligations to operate while the mall is open.[10] January 1, 1987, was the first New Year's Day that the anchor stores were open for business on the holiday.[11] Many smaller stores in the mall followed their lead, although it would be a few years before every store would be obligated to be open on the first day of the new year.[11]

The Macerich Company, a Santa Monica, California-based shopping center operator, purchased the mall in 1996 for a reported $85.5 million in cash and debt.[12] Beginning around 2000, the neighborhoods near the mall became notably younger, poorer, and more ethnically diverse. According to the 2010 census, the surrounding neighborhood was 60% Hispanic with the percentage of white residents dropping from about 35% in 2000 to just under 25%.[13] Around 2003, Steve & Barry's opened in a junior anchor space next to Foley's, which closed in 2008. In 2010, LNR Partners, Inc., of Miami, Florida, took possession of the mall when Macerich defaulted on $125 million in debt.[14] Jones Lang LaSalle became responsible for mall management. The former space of Steve & Barry's reopened as Bontera Bazzar circa 2011, and was renamed El Mercado the following year. The second floor of the space was closed as of May 2014 and El Mercado closed in early 2017. With the 2012 change in ownership, Jones Lang LaSalle ended their management involvement as Beck Ventures took management in-house.[15] With exceptions for AMC Theaters, Sears, and the then-current studios for radio stations KBFB and KZMJ, the rest of the mall site was slated to be demolished beginning in December 2016, with the mall site space and surrounding properties being redeveloped into a mixed-use development called "Dallas Midtown." But as of June 2018, much of these redevelopment plans have yet to come to fruition due to multiple, ongoing conflicts.[5]

Current Anchors and Features[edit]

AMC Valley View 16[edit]

AMC 16 from the south side of the mall, June 2012

In 2000, as part of a general redevelopment of the mall, Valley View Center announced the addition of a 20-screen AMC movie theater as a fifth anchor.[16] After several delays, construction for a 16-screen AMC movie theater began in June 2003 and officially opened on May 14, 2004.[17][18] The grand opening was marked by a ceremonial "ticket-tearing" featuring Dat Nguyen and Jason Witten of the Dallas Cowboys.[19] The stadium-style seating theater complex was built on top of the Sears anchor store so that no parking or retail space would be given up for the addition.[16] As a result, this addition created a third, and even an unused fourth, floor of the mall.

As of March 2019, it is the last remaining anchor still in operation.

The Gallery at Midtown and Artists Studios[edit]

As part of a cultural experiment, Beck Ventures began talks in mid 2012 with key local artists about creating a thriving, artistic community, along with North Texas' largest local artist cooperative gallery, later known as "The Gallery at Midtown and Artist Studios," located at the center of the western portion of Valley View Center. By 2014, this comprised over 90% of three upstairs wings of the mall. Surrounding the main gallery are several artist-run studios and showrooms, experimental galleries, private galleries, work spaces, a movie school, an actor's studio, and other artist groups. Every third Saturday of the month from 6:00 p.m. to 10:00 p.m., the Gallery at Midtown and Artists Studios is open to the public for an "Art Walk."

Former Anchors and Features[edit]

Sears (1965-2017)[edit]

The 235,055 square feet (21,837 m2) Sears, Roebuck and Company anchor pre-dates the mall itself having been built in 1965.[20] This Sears was built as a freestanding store on what was then the far north fringe of Dallas County and the location was largely surrounded by pasture land.[1] Seven years later, the Homart Development Company built a Sanger-Harris department store on the site and connected it to Sears with a corridor of specialty retailers, creating Valley View Center.[1]

In April 2017, it was announced that Sears would be closing as part of a plan to close 30 stores nationwide. The store officially closed on July 16, 2017; but, unlike the other closed anchor sites, the interior corridor to the former store remains publicly accessible.

In December 2017, New York City-based Seritage Growth Properties, which was formed in 2015 when Sears Holdings spun of 235 of its properties, including the Sears at Valley View Center, in partnership with Dallas-based KDC, announced plans to build two towers with up to a combined one million square feet of office space on 23 acres of the former Sears site.[21][22] Jared operates an outparcel on the Seritage site.

Sanger-Harris (1973-1987) / Foley's (1987-2006) / Macy's (2006-2008)[edit]

The former Macy's (originally Sanger-Harris) in June 2012

The mall's second anchor (300,196 square feet (27,889 m2)[3]) opened in August 1973 as a two-level Sanger-Harris department store as part of the original Valley View Center development.[1][23] A third floor was added to the store circa 1976. Sanger-Harris was merged with Foley's and renamed in 1987; then, the combined company was sold to May Department Stores in 1988.[23][24] The store was renamed Macy's on September 9, 2006 as a result of Federated Department Stores' purchase of the May Company in 2005.[23] This location closed on March 15, 2008. The front parking lot was later fenced off from public access for automobiles April–December 2016. In September 2011, the building's owner at the time, Montfort Mall LLC, announced plans to fill the building with a "general merchandise" store. This particular plan never materialized.[25][26]

In February 2017, the mosaic murals remaining from Sanger-Harris were removed and demolition on the site was officially commenced by the site's owner, EF Properties, with plans to redevelop the site for mixed-use redevelopment in partnership with Ross Perot Jr.'s Hillwood Urban. Total demolition, however, was not completed after Beck Ventures sued to prevent the site from being demolished completely. A trial on the fate of this particular plan is set for August 2018.[5] However, as of March 2019, the store has been completely demolished.

Valley View Cinema 1 & 2 (1975-1991) / Radio One (2002-2017)[edit]

In 1975, a twin-screen movie theater owned and operated by General Cinema Corporation was added to the northeast corner of the mall.[18] The theater, formally known as Valley View Cinema 1 & 2,[27] closed in 1991. The facade of the movie theater was then boarded up and the interior furnishings were stripped out.[28] The 13,240 square feet (1,230 m2) space remained empty until it was renovated in late 2001 by Radio One to house radio stations KBFB and KSOC.[29] Renovation included leveling the sloping floors in the theater and installing new air-conditioning and heating units.[28] Officially opened in January 2002, the broadcast studios, located on the mall's second level, are in what were originally the former theater's projection rooms.[28] The area that originally housed the box office counters became the reception desk and part of one movie theater was retained as a 150-seat auditorium.[29] The facility also includes a small basketball court,[30] two production studios, a mix room, a newsroom, and office space.[31]

Dillard's (1979-2008)[edit]

The mall's third anchor, a Dillard's department store (302,268 square feet (28,082 m2)), opened in 1979 as a two-level store accompanied by further expansion of the mall.[8] In October 1985, A third sales floor and a fourth floor storage room and penthouse were added to the Valley View Center store.[32] Linens, furniture, electronics and housewares were relocated to the new third level and several clothing departments on the original two levels were expanded. A candy and cookie department as well as a juniors' department were added.[32] On July 2, 2008, Dillard's announced that it would close this location effective August 30, 2008.[2] After the store closed, the Dillard's signage on the building, and on the mall's road sign, still remained for a few months until they were removed by management, respectively. The entrances were shuttered and the mall's parking deck has been fenced off twice since closing: once from 2009 to 2013, and once again after November 2016. Asbestos removal in the Dillard's space occurred in March 2019 and demolition has begun as of April 2019.

Bloomingdales (1983-1990) / JCPenney (1996-2013)[edit]

JCPenney (originally Bloomingdale's) in June 2012

LaSalle Street Fund purchased Valley View Center and expanded the mall again with more interior stores, including a fourth anchor store in 1982-1983.[8] This (220,378 square feet (20,474 m2)) anchor location was for a Bloomingdale's, which opened its doors in early 1983.

On August 18, 1990, Bloomingdale's closed this location due to declining sales and increased market competition.[33] After the store's closure, the mall, which identified store locations by anchor store quadrants, furnished the former Bloomingdale's corridor with a grand piano, added landscaping and artwork, and branded the area as "The Conservatory."[34] In August 1990, Montgomery Ward & Co. Inc. attempted to acquire the ground lease for this anchor space from Federated Department Stores Inc. through a bankruptcy court proceeding.[35] The company had plans to buy the 200,000-square-foot (19,000 m2) building for a new Montgomery Ward location. Valley View Center's owner at the time, Chicago, Illinois-based LaSalle Street Fund Inc. of Delaware, filed an objection to this plan.[36] In March 1991, a U.S. Bankruptcy Court judge in Cincinnati, Ohio, ruled that Federated may withdraw from its deal to sell the building in favor of a deal from the LaSalle Street Fund to "avoid further costs of litigation" and as it would be "a sound business decision."[37] JCPenney opened a store at the location on October 19, 1996.[38] The former Bloomingdales space was gutted in 1995-1996.[39]

From 1996 to 2012, this location was the region's largest JCPenney store.

This particular store was the planned location of the "secret" prototype JCPenney store. The third floor was closed from public access in March 2012 and a new logo was placed on one side of the building four months later. In February 2013, JCPenney announced that this location would be closed on May 1, 2013, but did not actually undergo a liquidation sale because supposedly the store would reopen the next year.[40] Everything on the second floor except the styling salon was closed off from the public in January and the store did close on May 1, 2013, as planned.[41] This "store of the future" prototype was scheduled to open in the same space in 2014, but this never occurred because the company decided ultimately to not carry out their original plan.

The store closure signs were removed from the west entrance in early October 2016. Because of the failure to follow through with the "store of the future" reopening, from October 14–19, 2016, the location finally began its liquidation of the space's remaining items: furniture, office items, display cases, lighting fixtures, planters, shelving units, mannequins, holiday decor, and leftover merchandise. However, the "JCPenney 1902" carvings on the mall entrances still remain and have yet to be removed or covered up. As of April 2019, the JCPenney space is now being demolished.

Smart Shoppers Club (1994-2000)[edit]

In April 1994, Valley View Center added a frequent-shopper rewards program called the Smart Shoppers Club.[42] Mall management said they planned to spend roughly $500,000 over the first two years of the program in a bid to increase mall traffic while collecting invaluable demographic data about mall shoppers.[43] Within five months, 9,000 shoppers had joined the club and the mall announced a goal of 20,000 members by the end of 1994.[43] Shoppers logged their visits by swiping their membership card and entering a personal identification number at one of the mall's three touch-screen kiosks.[44] Member benefits included special discount coupons, free gifts, and the chance to win prizes.[44] Club members also received a periodic Shopping Smart newsletter, a Valley View Center shopping bag, plus a birthday card and gift. The Smart Shoppers Club was terminated in late 2000 when it was replaced by a cardless web-based system called Centerlinq.[45] Customers were then able to redeem their old Smart Shoppers Club cards at the mall's customer service desk for a Valley View Center T-shirt.

Dallas Children's Museum (2000-2006)[edit]

Originally opened in August 1998 at the Inwood Village shopping center,[46][47] the Dallas Children's Museum relocated to Valley View Center in June 2000.[48] The new museum, double the size of the previous location, was on the second level of the mall between the former JCPenney and the space once occupied by the Disney Store.[49] For six years, the museum hosted both touring cultural exhibits and permanent features, including a play hospital and kid-sized grocery store.[48] In September 2006, the Museum of Nature & Science and the Dallas Children's Museum announced their merger and closed the Valley View Center location.[50] The museum reopened in Fair Park as the Children's Museum at the Museum of Nature & Science in October 2006.[51]

Current Status and Future Plans[edit]

Beginning in 2011, the North Dallas Chamber of Commerce become involved in an effort to coordinate the redevelopment of the mall and the surrounding area.[25] In April 2012, then-new owners Beck Ventures announced a $2 billion redevelopment plan for the mall and surrounding property dubbed "Dallas Midtown" that will include retail, condominiums, and a "five star" hotel.[14][52] To fill vacant spaces, storefronts were soon converted into artist studios and a gallery, which remain in place as of June 2018. A mercado was set to be constructed in cooperation with a local Spanish-language radio station, and multiple food court restaurants would become home to test kitchens for local food trucks.[15] Since 2012 however, various problems arose that have prevented much of the redevelopment plans from being carried out.

Approximately $36 million in tax incentives from the City of Dallas were rescinded when Beck Ventures failed to raze the original mall site in its entirety by the end of June 2016, as first planned.[5] A later proposal in 2017 by Beck Ventures of $50 million in new incentives was rejected by the Dallas City Council.

In September 2017, 100 acres of the original mall site was proposed in a joint venture to be the location for Amazon HQ2.[53]

Honors and awards[edit]

In November 2007, the International Council of Shopping Centers presented a Maxi award in the Community Relations category to Valley View Center for work with the Tejas Council of Girls Scouts.[54]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Massey, Tom (January 2000). "Mannequins in Dallas: Valley View Center Mall". Fashion Windows. Retrieved June 24, 2009.
  2. ^ a b Halkias, Maria (July 2, 2008). "Dillard's at Valley View Center to close". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved August 7, 2008.
  3. ^ a b Coppola, Arthur M. (February 27, 2008). "Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007". Macerich 2007 Annual Report (PDF). The Macerich Company. Retrieved August 10, 2008.
  4. ^ Halkias, Maria (December 16, 2003). "Some Older Malls Remain Significant Players on Dallas-Area Retail Landscape". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved August 9, 2008.
  5. ^ a b c d Wilonsky, Robert (December 12, 2017). "Valley View Center — and the plan to revive the area — is in shambles". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
  6. ^ Hansard, Donna Steph (April 23, 1986). "Construction to begin on mall". The Dallas Morning News.
  7. ^ a b Fulton, Edward A. (August 3, 1973). "Store offers filet of sole". Bucks County Courier Times.
  8. ^ a b c Massey, Tom (January 2000). "Mannequins in Dallas: Valley View Center Mall II". Fashion Windows. Retrieved June 24, 2009.
  9. ^ Hansard, Donna Steph (September 2, 1985). "Blue Law's End Brings Lookers, Fewer Buyers". The Dallas Morning News.
  10. ^ Hansard, Donna Steph (August 21, 1985). "Sunday Pressure Irks Small Retailers". The Dallas Morning News.
  11. ^ a b Hansard, Donna Steph (December 21, 1986). "New Year's a day for shoppers to celebrate". The Dallas Morning News. [M]ore stores plan to join the ranks this season, including Sanger Harris, Macy's and Sears, Roebuck & Co., all three of which remained staunchly closed last Jan. 1.
  12. ^ Hopper, Kathryn (October 23, 1996). "Investment trust buys Valley View Center mall". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. p. 1.
  13. ^ Young, Michael E. (May 1, 2012). "Valley View changes could reshape North Dallas neighborhood". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
  14. ^ a b Wilonsky, Robert (April 23, 2012). "Beck Ventures has big plans for Dallas' Valley View Center mall". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
  15. ^ a b Wilonsky, Robert (July 10, 2012). "As Valley View's new owners get settled in, a new look emerges, from the MEGA Mercado to food truck test kitchens". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
  16. ^ a b "Dallas-Area Mall to Add 20-Screen AMC Theater". Tribune Business News. April 7, 1999. Retrieved August 12, 2008.
  17. ^ Halkias, Maria; Kirkpatrick, John (July 4, 2003). "Movie theaters' tale keeps on twisting; One area megaplex just closed, but another is under construction". The Dallas Morning News.
  18. ^ a b Wuntch, Philip (May 14, 2004). "Megaplex opens at Valley View". The Dallas Morning News.
  19. ^ "'Cans Film Festival' will benefit food bank". The Dallas Morning News. May 13, 2004.
  20. ^ "Store History – Texas: Dallas and Fort Worth". Sears Archives. September 27, 2004. Retrieved August 12, 2008.
  21. ^ http://www.seritage.com/retail/property/13131-preston-rd/3312636/landing
  22. ^ Carlisle, Candace (December 5, 2017). "Seritage, KDC to develop 1M SF high-rise office campus at Dallas Midtown". Dallas Business Journal. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
  23. ^ a b c Halkias, Maria (December 28, 2007). "Macy's Valley View Center store among 9 to be closed". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved August 12, 2008.
  24. ^ Hansard, Donna Steph (July 19, 1987). "Foley's signs spreading through local stores". The Dallas Morning News. Workmen began replacing the Sanger Harris signs on the chain's Valley View Center store with Foley's this week.
  25. ^ a b Wilonsky, Robert (October 13, 2011). "New Owners of Former Macy's at Valley View Want to Fill Space With Retail of Some Kind". Unfair Park. Dallas Observer. Retrieved October 13, 2011. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  26. ^ Halkias, Maria (March 16, 2008). "Valley View Center mall has shot at renewal after Macy's closing". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved August 7, 2008.
  27. ^ "1983 GCC Locations". General Cinema Corporation. Retrieved August 10, 2008.
  28. ^ a b c Brown, Steve (March 8, 2002). "Old Theater Buildings Get Second Chance With Different Businesses". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved August 9, 2008.
  29. ^ a b "Deserted movie theaters breathe new life: Dallas, Fort Worth cinemas find new operators". Dallas Business Journal. November 16, 2001. Retrieved August 13, 2008.
  30. ^ "One Day In Dallas". Women's Wear Daily. May 30, 2002. Retrieved August 11, 2008.
  31. ^ "Radio One, Inc. Creates Innovative Home at Local Mall; Valley View Center in Dallas Houses 97.9 The Beat and Magic 94.5" (Press release). PR Newswire. February 14, 2002. Retrieved August 11, 2008.
  32. ^ a b Hansard, Donna Steph (October 15, 1985). "Hallmark closing up 'creative outpost' in Dallas". The Dallas Morning News.
  33. ^ Baldwin, Pat (June 6, 1990). "Bloomingdale's closing in Dallas". The Dallas Morning News.
  34. ^ "Business Notebook". The Dallas Morning News. September 23, 1990.
  35. ^ Baldwin, Pat (August 10, 1990). "Ward's seeks Bloomingdale space". The Dallas Morning News. Montgomery Ward & Co. Inc., the nation's ninth-largest retailer, is eyeing the 200,000-square-foot Bloomingdale's building in Valley View Center to expand its Dallas-Fort Worth presence -- over the objections of Valley View's owner.
  36. ^ Baldwin, Pat (September 9, 1990). "Court to decide Ward's future at Valley View". The Dallas Morning News.
  37. ^ Baldwin, Pat (March 28, 1991). "Valley View free to buy back lease; Court ruling involves old Bloomingdale's site". The Dallas Morning News.
  38. ^ Halkias, Maria (November 30, 1995). "Penney to fill Valley View spot; Retailer plans store at site vacated by Bloomingdale's in 1990". The Dallas Morning News.
  39. ^ Halkias, Maria (October 14, 1996). "A new level of store; One-of-a kind Penney to debut at Valley View". The Dallas Morning News.
  40. ^ http://bizbeatblog.dallasnews.com/2013/02/valley-view-centers-j-c-penney-is-closing-by-may-1-as-the-company-uses-the-space-to-build-its-store-of-the-future.html/
  41. ^ http://bizbeatblog.dallasnews.com/2013/04/j-c-penneys-valley-view-center-store-closes-on-sunday.html/
  42. ^ Vozzella, Laura (November 22, 1994). "Frequent-shopper programs have a number just for you". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. p. 1.
  43. ^ a b Halkias, Maria (September 6, 1994). "Valley View pleased with frequent-shopper club". The Dallas Morning News.
  44. ^ a b Gattuso, Greg (October 1, 1994). "Kiosks build mall loyalty and database". Direct Marketing. Retrieved August 11, 2008.
  45. ^ "Centerlinq Network Goes Live in Additional Malls, Beginning a New Phase of Growth" (Press release). PR Newswire. November 2, 2000.
  46. ^ Taitte, Lawson (March 28, 1998). "Children's museum moves closer to reality; Group planning to open in Inwood Village by fall". The Dallas Morning News. According to board president Becky Wadsworth, the 3,700-square-foot site at 5330 W. Lovers Lane will house a farm-to-market exhibit, a kids' TV studio and cultural attractions related to art and music.
  47. ^ Hall, Barbara (August 25, 1998). "Children's museums enjoying boom years". The Dallas Morning News.
  48. ^ a b Imherr, Kris (June 9, 2000). "A world of their own; Museum's new play areas will include a hospital and a grocery store". The Dallas Morning News.
  49. ^ Miller, Robert (June 7, 2000). "Robert Miller Column". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved August 8, 2008.
  50. ^ Pinson, Ann (September 19, 2006). "New name, space for kids' museum". The Dallas Morning News.
  51. ^ Pinson, Ann (September 19, 2006). "Dallas Children's Museum (closed)". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved August 8, 2008.
  52. ^ Vega, Cynthia (April 24, 2012). "Development plans for Valley View mall unveiled". WFAA-TV. Archived from the original on April 27, 2012. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
  53. ^ Carlisle, Candace (September 28, 2017). "Dallas Midtown developers propose 100-acre urban campus by 'Amazon Park'". Dallas Business Journal. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
  54. ^ "Kudos: Honors and awards in the Dallas-area business community". The Dallas Morning News. November 5, 2007. Retrieved August 9, 2008.

External links[edit]