Vickers Type 264 Valentia
- For the flying boat, see Vickers Valentia
|Type 264 Valentia|
|Primary user||Royal Air Force|
|Developed from||Vickers Victoria|
The Valentia (within the company known as the Type 264) was a British biplane cargo aircraft built by Vickers for the Royal Air Force. The majority built were conversions of the earlier Vickers Victoria.
Design and development
While the Napier Lion-powered Victoria served successfully with the RAF as a bomber transport, by 1932, the Lion engine was becoming obsolete and it was clear that it could use more power. It was therefore decided to re-engine the aircraft with more powerful Bristol Pegasus engines. It was decided to carry out a two-stage upgrade, with the first, which was designated the Victoria Mk VI or Configuration I having a limited maximum weight and Configuration 2 capable of taking full advantage of the greater power of the Pegasus engine by virtue of a strengthened airframe featuring a strengthened wing, strut rather than wire-braced landing gear, wheel brakes and a tailwheel in place of a skid. This became the Vickers Valentia Mk I which flew for the first time in 1934.
Like the preceding Vernons and Victorias, the Valentias were extensively used for transport operations in the Middle East, and when necessary used for bombing operations with bomb racks under the wings. Valentias were also experimentally fitted with loudspeakers used to address people being overflown (in this case potentially rebellious tribes during air policing duties). The Valentia was also used for experiments with aerial refuelling by Alan Cobham.
Valentias were used for night bombing operations over the Western Desert in 1940 and remained in service with the Iraq and Persia Communications Flight until 1944. The South African Air Force pressed a Valentia into service as a bomber in the East African Campaign in 1940-41.
- Valentia Mk I : Military transport aircraft for the RAF.
Specifications (Valentia Mk. I)
Data from Aircraft of the Royal Air Force
- Crew: 2
- Capacity: 22 troops
- Length: 59 ft 6 in (18.14 m)
- Wingspan: 87 ft 4 in (26.63 m)
- Height: 17 ft 9 in (5.41 m)
- Wing area: 2,178 ft² (202.4 m²)
- Empty weight: 10,944 lb (4,975 kg)
- Loaded weight: 19,500 lb (8,864 kg)
- Powerplant: 2 × Bristol Pegasus II L3 or M3 radial, 650 hp (485 kW) each
- Maximum speed: 113 kn (130 mph, 209 km/h) at 5,000 ft
- Cruise speed: 102 kn (117 mph, 188 km/h)
- Range: 696 nm (800 mi, 1,288 km)
- Service ceiling: 16,250 ft (4,950 m)
- Rate of climb: 700 ft/min (3.56 m/s)
- Wing loading: 8.95 lb/ft² (43.8 kg/m²)
- Power/mass: 0.067 hp/lb (0.11 kW/kg)
- Bombs: Could be fitted with underwing racks for 2,200 lb of bombs.
- Related lists
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vickers Type 264 Valentia.|
- Andrews, E.N.; Morgan, E.B. (1988). Vickers Aircraft Since 1908 (Second ed.). London: Putnam. pp. 163–171, 176. ISBN 0-85177-815-1.
- Thetford, Owen (1957). Aircraft of the Royal Air Force 1918-57 (1st ed.). London: Putnam. pp. 430–431.
- "Roll Out the Barrel". Time Magazine. 4 December 1944. Retrieved 2007-08-31.