Salonica Vilayet

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ولايت سلانيك
Vilâyet-i Selânik
Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire




Location of Salonica Vilayet
Salonica Vilayet in 1900
Capital Saloniki[1]
 •  Established 1867
 •  First Balkan War 1912
 •  1911[2] 1,347,915 
Today part of  Greece
Contemporary Turkish map or the Salonica Vilayet

The Vilayet of Salonica[3] (Ottoman Turkish: ولايت سلانيك‎, Vilâyet-i Selânik, Selanik Vilayeti) was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire from 1867[4] to 1912. In the late 19th century it reportedly had an area of 12,950 square miles (33,500 km2).[5]

The vilayet was bounded by the Principality (later Kingdom), of Bulgaria on the north; Eastern Rumelia on the northeast (after the Treaty of Berlin); Edirne Vilayet on the east; the Aegean Sea on the south; Monastir Vilayet and the independent sanjak of Serfije on the west (after 1881); the Kosovo Vilayet on the northwest.

The vilayet consisted of present Central and Eastern parts of Greek Macedonia and Pirin Macedonia in Bulgaria. Present Pirin Macedonia part of it was administrated as kazas of Cuma-yı Bala, Petriç, Nevrekop, Menlik, Ropçoz and Razlık.[citation needed] It was dissolved after Balkan Wars and divided among Kingdom of Greece, Kingdom of Serbia and Tsardom of Bulgaria in 1913.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Sanjaks of the Vilayet:[6]

1) Sanjak of Selanik (Thessaloniki, Kesendire, Karaferye, Vodina, Yenice-i Vardar, Langaza, Kılkış (It was also called Avrathisar), Katrin, Aynaroz, Doyran, Usturumca, Tikveş, Gevgili)

2) Sanjak of Siroz (Serez, Zihne, Demirhisar, Razlık, Cuma-yı Bala, Menlik, Nevrekop)

3) Sanjak of Drama (Drama, Kavala, Sarışaban, Taşoz (It was laterly promoted to sanjak), Pravişte, Dövlen)

4) Sanjak of Taşoz (It was initially part of Sanjak of Drama, its center was Vulgaro)


A publication from December 21, 1912 in the Belgian magazine Ons Volk Ontwaakt (Our Nation Awakes) estimated 922,000 inhabitants:[7]



  1. ^ Geographical Dictionary of the World, p. 1626, at Google Books
  2. ^ Teaching Modern Southeast European History Archived 2012-03-20 at the Wayback Machine.. Alternative Educational Materials, p. 26
  3. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Macedonia". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  4. ^ Rumelia at Encyclopædia Britannica
  5. ^ Europe by Éliseé Reclus, page 152
  6. ^ Selanik Vilayeti | Tarih ve Medeniyet
  7. ^ Published on December 21, 1912 in the Belgian magazine Ons Volk Ontwaakt (Our Nation Awakes) - view the table of Vilajet Manastir: Skynet GodsdBalkan


External links[edit]