Villa Lugano

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Villa Lugano
The General Manuel Savio Housing Complex, one of the largest public housing works in Latin America
The General Manuel Savio Housing Complex, one of the largest public housing works in Latin America
Location of Villa Lugano within Buenos Aires
CountryArgentina
Autonomous CityBuenos Aires
ComunaC8
Area
 • Total9.2 km2 (3.6 sq mi)
Population
 • Total114,253
 • Density12,000/km2 (32,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-3 (ART)

Villa Lugano is a barrio (neighbourhood) in Buenos Aires, Argentina, located in the south of the city. It has a population of approximately 114,000 people. It is delimited by Avenida Eva Perón, Avenida General Paz, Calle José Barros Pazos, Avenida Lisandro de la Torre, Avenida Coronel Roca and Avenida Escalada. To the south-east it limits with La Matanza Partido.

Generally a working-class neighbourhood, Villa Lugano is characterised by its numerous public housing complexes built in the late 20th century, such as Barrio General Manuel Savio (commonly known as Lugano 1 y 2), Barrio Cardenal Antonio Samoré, Barrio Cardenal Copello, and Barrio Comandante Luis Piedrabuena.[1]

History[edit]

Villa Lugano was founded in 1908, when Swiss citizen José Ferdinando Francisco Soldati (founder of Sociedad Comercial del Plata) established a settlement named for his hometown of Lugano. Soldati was born on 30 May 1864 in Neggio, Canton of Ticino, Switzerland, near Lugano. He bought a farm near the current location of Calle Murguiondo and Avenida Riestra. The lots were subdivided and with the sale of the first parcels, Villa Lugano was founded on 18 October 1908.

The Villa Lugano station of the French-owned Ferrocarril Compañía General en la Provincia de Buenos Aires was inaugurated in 1910; about 40 families lived in Villa Lugano by 1912. The low-lying area, known originally as the Bañado de Flores ("Flores Wetlands") grew slowly until flood control works were completed along the Cildañez Stream in the 1960s. It had developed a working class profile by then, and became the site of one of the city's largest villa miseria slums. Villa Lugano was chosen as the site of the General Manuel Savio housing development. Built by the Municipal Housing Commission between 1970 and 1973, the complex was the largest public housing development built in Buenos Aires, including over 12,000 housing units and becoming home to nearly 30,000 people.[2] Bordering Villa Soldati to the east, Villa Lugano was separated from the former by municipal edict in 1972. The district was connected to the Buenos Aires Underground by the Pre-Metro, inaugurated in 1987.

Education[edit]

The neighbourhood counts with a number of educational institutions ranging from primary schools to universities and other terciary education institutions. Villa Lugano is home to the main Buenos Aires regional campus of the National Technological University (UTN), Argentina's leading engineering-oriented university.[3] Villa Lugano is also home to the University of Buenos Aires-affiliated Escuela Técnica, a high school specializing in technical education and one of the university's five secondary education institutions.[4]

Sports[edit]

Numerous sports institutions have their seat within Villa Lugano's borders, including the Club Social y Deportivo Yupanqui and the Club Atlético Lugano, both of which are known for their men's football teams in the Primera D Metropolitana and constitute the "Lugano derby", although neither club's stadia are located in the neighbourhood itself.[5][6]

Transport[edit]

Within the Greater Buenos Aires commuter rail network, Villa Lugano is served by the Lugano station of Belgrano Sur Line.[7] In addition, most of the Premetro line of the Buenos Aires Underground runs through Villa Lugano, connecting the neighbourhood to the Underground network through Line E.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leblanc, Fernando; Pellegrino, Marcelo; Degano, Daniela (June 2018). La problemática de integración de los grandes conjuntos con su entorno urbano (PDF). 3° Congreso Internacional Vivienda y Ciudad: Debate en torno a la Nueva Agenda Urbana (in Spanish). Córdoba, Argentina. Retrieved 2 March 2022.
  2. ^ "La ciudad-pueblo que mira al sur". Clarín.
  3. ^ "Comunicado Oficial sobre la inundación en Campus". utn.edu.ar (in Spanish). 3 April 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  4. ^ Lacroze, Lucrecia (9 October 2017). "Villa Lugano: la escuela que depende de la UBA y busca formar ingenieros". La Nación (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  5. ^ "El clásico de barrio". Clarín (in Spanish). 27 September 1997. Retrieved 23 December 2022.
  6. ^ "El clásico de Villa Lugano fue para Yupanqui: venció 1-0 a Lugano". TyC Sports (in Spanish). 9 July 2022. Retrieved 23 December 2022.
  7. ^ "Recorrido del Tren Belgrano Sur". Tren Belgrano (in Spanish). Retrieved 2 March 2022.
  8. ^ "Premetro E2". Buenos Aires (in Spanish). Retrieved 2 March 2022.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°41′S 58°28′W / 34.683°S 58.467°W / -34.683; -58.467