Vishnupad Mandir

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Vishnupada Mandir
Vishnupadh Temple.jpg
Vishnupada Mandir is located in Bihar
Vishnupada Mandir
Vishnupada Mandir
Location in Bihar
Name
Proper name Vishnupada Mandir
Geography
Coordinates 24°36′37″N 85°0′33″E / 24.61028°N 85.00917°E / 24.61028; 85.00917Coordinates: 24°36′37″N 85°0′33″E / 24.61028°N 85.00917°E / 24.61028; 85.00917
Country India
State Bihar
Location Gaya
Culture
Primary deity Lord Vishnu
Architecture
Architectural styles Shikhara
History and governance
Date built 1787
Creator Queen Ahilya Bai Holkar of Indore

Vishnupada Mandir (Hindi: विष्णुपद मंदिर) is an ancient temple in Gaya, India. It is a Hindu temple, dedicated to Lord Vishnu.

This temple is located along the Falgu River, marked by a footprint of Lord Vishnu known as Dharmasila, incised into a block of basalt. The Bhumihar Brahmins have been the traditional priests at Vishnupad Mandir in Gaya as Gayawal Pandas and in the adjoining districts like Hazaribagh.[1] Several legendary saints as Ramanujacharya, Madhvacharya, Sankaradeva and Chaitanya Mahaprabhu have visited this shrine.

Legend[edit]

Vishnu foot print inside the Vishnupada Mandir, the 40 cm long footprint of Lord Vishnu is imprinted in solid rock and surrounded by a silver-plated basin.

Once a demon known as Gayasura, did a heavy penance and sought a boon that whoever see him should attain salvation (Moksham). Since salvation is achieved through being righteous in one's lifetime, people started obtaining it easily. To prevent immoral people from attaining salvation Lord Vishnu asked Gayasura to go beneath the earth and did so by placing his right foot on asura's head. After pushing Gayasura below the surface of earth, Lord Vishnu's foot print remained on the surface that we see even today. The footprint consists of nine different symbols including Shankam, Chakram and Gadham. These are believed to be weapons of the lord. Gayasura now pushed into earth pleaded for food. Lord Vishnu gave him a boon that every day, someone will offer him food. Whoever does so, their souls will reach heaven. The day Gayasura doesn't get food, it is believed that he will come out. Every day, one or the other from different parts of India will pray for welfare of his departed and offer food, feeding Gayasura.[2]

History and location[edit]

The construction date of temple is unknown and it is believed that Rama along with Sita had visited this place.[3] The present day structure was rebuilt by Devi Ahilya Bai Holkar, the ruler of Indore, in 1787, on the banks of the Falgu river. A flight of 1000 stone steps leads to the top of the Brahmajuni hill, 1 km southwest of the Vishnupad mandir. Visitors prefer to go to the top of Brahmajuni hill see the view of temple from top.[4] There are many small temples near this temple.

Architecture[edit]

This is believed that the temple was built with the footprints of Lord Vishnu in the centre. In Hinduism, this footprint marks the act of Lord Vishnu subduing Gayasur by placing his foot on his chest. Inside the Vishnupad Mandir, the 40 cm long footprint of Lord Vishnu is imprinted in solid rock and surrounded by a silver plated basin.[5] The height of this temple is 30 meters and it a has 8 rows of beautifully carved pillars which support the pavilion. The temple is built of large gray granite blocks jointed with iron clamps. The octagonal shrine faces east. Its pyramidal tower rises up a 100 feet. The tower has sloping sides with alternately indented and plain sections. The sections are set at an angle to create a series of peaks joined at the top.[6] Within the temple stands the immortal banyan tree Akshayabat where the final rituals for the dead takes place. On top of the temple is a gold flag weighing approx 51 kg. Inside the temple is a (Garv ghiri ) a silver coated hexagon railing also known as (pahal).[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ {{cite book Janshruti }}
  2. ^ Bhoothalingam, Mathuram (2016). S., Manjula, ed. Temples of India Myths and Legends. New Delhi: Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. pp. 92–93. ISBN 978-81-230-1661-0. 
  3. ^ "History of Vishnupad". Department of Tourism, Government of Bihar. Retrieved 2 March 2017. 
  4. ^ "Vishnupad Temple Gaya | Location | History | Best Time to Visit". Travel News India. 2016-09-25. Retrieved 2017-03-08. 
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 24, 2009. Retrieved December 26, 2009. 
  6. ^ "Vishnupaada Temple". India9.com. Retrieved 2 March 2017. 

External links[edit]