Vistaprint

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Vistaprint
Industry E-commerce
Founder Robert Keane
Products business cards, marketing materials, signs & posters, invitations & stationery, clothing & bags, digital market products, promotional products
Parent Cimpress (1999–present)
Website www.vistaprint.com

Vistaprint is a Dutch global, e-commerce brand that produces physical and digital marketing products for small and micro businesses. It was one of the first businesses to offer its customers the capabilities of desktop publishing through the internet when it first launched in 1999. Vistaprint is wholly owned by Cimpress N.V., a publicly traded company based in the Netherlands.[1]

Business[edit]

The company is based in Venlo, Netherlands and employs over 5,100 employees globally in its offices and printing facilities.[2] The company’s U.S. offices are in Waltham, Massachusetts, while its European offices are in Barcelona, Spain. Its three printing facilities, which total almost 74,000 square metres (800,000 sq ft) of production space, are in Deer Park, Victoria, Australia; Windsor, Ontario, Canada; and Venlo, Netherlands.

In 2007 the company was listed in the annual Graphic Arts Monthly 101 listing, as the 40th largest (by revenue) and the 4th fastest growing printing company in North America.[3]

Through the use of its own patented technology, Cimpress aggregates large numbers of customized orders from each of its brands and print them in automated production facilities in North America and Europe.[4] The company maintains a customer service call center, Vistaprint Jamaica Ltd., in Montego Bay, Jamaica. It has been staffed by company employees since it was opened in November 2003.[5]

History[edit]

Vistaprint founder Robert Keane founded a company in Paris, France in 1995 called Bonne Impression, a direct marketer of desktop publishing software and pre-printed laser-printer-compatible specialty papers that helped small businesses produce printing brochures, stationery and business cards. In 1999, the company adopted an internet-based business model and changed its name to Vistaprint.[6]

In September 2005, the company filed its initial public offering and began trading on the Nasdaq.[7] It opened a European office in Barcelona,[8] Spain in September 2006 and in 2009 relocated to Venlo, the Netherlands.[9]

In November 2014, the company announced it would reorganize with the intention of clarifying the distinction between the corporate entity's manufacturing platform and the company’s portfolio of customer-facing brands.[10] Vistaprint continued operating under the Vistaprint brand while the parent company became Cimpress. As a result of the change, the company's ticker symbol was change from VPRT to CMPR.[11]

Printing process[edit]

Orders are processed online and jobs gang printed using a formula based on type of job, paper stock type, print run quantity, finishing (if any) and ship-by dates, among other factors.[12][13] User-selectable options are minimized, printing standard types of printed materials, such as business cards or postcards. Within each category, only specific sizes, paper stocks and ink colors are supported. This results in higher numbers of similar jobs which can be ganged together. Changeover time is reduced because there's less need to change paper or inks between jobs.[14]

Self-service design, proofing and ordering are handled at the front-end through the web, with controlled printing, cutting, packing and dispatching handled at the back-end through printing plants.[15] Cimpress' proprietary process involves multiple software components, and the management of multiple production components, in an end-to-end production workflow from "click to ship".[16] Vistaprint is vertically integrated with production facilities for North America in Windsor, Ontario[17] and for Europe in Venlo, Netherlands.[18][19] The company uses presses such as the manroland 700 as part of its printing assembly line.[20][21]

Computer-integrated manufacturing techniques help minimize human intervention and labor costs.[22] Using browser-based desktop publishing environment, customers design and proofread the job. Jobs are routed for printing without intervention. The printing is done in a single pass on automated, high-volume, large format professional quality presses. Once printed, the products are cut down to size using a computerized robotic cutter, assembled, packaged and addressed using proprietary software driven processes, and shipped to the customer.[23]

In a form of mass customization using as little as 60 seconds of production labor per order versus an hour or more for traditional printers, orders are printed faster and at lower costs than traditional printers.[14] Their strategy is to target small-run orders usually excluded from conventional large printers.[13]

Patents[edit]

One of the company's early hires was an in-house patent attorney.[24] and currently holds over 100 patents worldwide.[25] The company has described its objective as a "minefield of patents" and has been active in pursuing companies that it considers to be infringing on those patents.[26]

In 2006, the company filed a patent infringement suit against Print24 GmbH and UnitedPrint.com AG. A German court ruled in favor of Vistaprint in July 2007.[27] However, after appealing, the German Federal Patent Court ruled in favor of Unitedprint.com, rescinding Vistaprint’s controversial software patent in March 2009.[28]

Separately, in May 2007, the company filed a patent infringement suit against two Taylor Corporation subsidiaries 123Print and DrawingBoard.[29]

Partnerships[edit]

In 2007, a strategic partnership was announced with OfficeMax to provide an in-store station in up to 900 OfficeMax stores in the US and Mexico.[30][31] OfficeMax ImPress is an OfficeMax-branded web site for small business printing based on Vistaprint technologies. In 2008, Vistaprint announced a strategic partnership with Intuit, a supplier of accounting software, tying their service into Intuit's QuickBooks software using an Intuit-branded web site.[32] In 2009, the company also announced it will supply services for the FedEx Office brand.[33] The company announced in 2012 that it had entered into a strategic partnership with Staples Inc..[34]

Founder[edit]

Robert Keane founded Vistaprint to help small businesses market themselves professionally and affordably. Keane's vision for the company emerged from his experience with the development of a retail kiosk design and printing system and from his in-depth knowledge of the small business desktop publishing software market. He developed the idea further and wrote the business plan while pursuing his MBA at INSEAD.[35]

Controversies[edit]

Rewards program[edit]

In the US, Vistaprint has been accused of enrolling customers into Vertrue's paid-membership reward plan without the customer's agreement. Credit card details are passed on to Vertrue (formerly Memberworks Incorporated) by Vistaprint, and charges are then made on those credit cards by Vertrue without the owner's consent. Numerous complaints have been received by ConsumerAffairs.com[36] and The Better Business Bureau by consumers objecting to these charges including the complaints of still being charged after canceling and that more than a year after cancelling membership, the charges began again.[37]

Vistaprint's partnerships in the United Kingdom have attracted criticism.[38][39] Critics have stated that Vistaprint's customers are enrolled without their knowledge in a reward voucher operated by an associated company, VPrewards.com, at a cost of £9.95 a month, and that no information is provided to customers subsequently. Additionally, it is up to the customers to detect the fact that they have been enrolled as members and to cancel unwanted membership.[40]

In August 2008, four class-action lawsuits were filed against Vistaprint. The four complaints alleged that the defendants were in violation of the Electronic Funds Transfer Act (which protects from unauthorized charges) and the federal Electronic Communications and Privacy Act (which prohibits the unlawful access of financial information) for charging relatively small amounts from customers accounts "hoping that consumers just won't notice."[41]

On November 30, 2009, the company announced that it had terminated its contract with an affiliate of Vertrue Inc., effective December 20, 2009, and that, it had ended all membership rewards or similar programs.[42]

ASA investigations[edit]

In 2011, following complaints from UK customers, the Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) investigated pricing irregularities on Vistaprint's UK website and leaflet distributions.[43] The ASA also upheld a complaint that Vistaprint was misleading customers in its '£40 worth of printing for a £10 spend' promotion.[44]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Adams, Dan (November 17, 2014). "Vistaprint parent to reorganize, expand systems". The Boston Globe. Retrieved May 8, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Vistaprint N.V. (VPRT)". Yahoo Finance. 
  3. ^ "VistaPrint Named to Graphic Arts Monthly Top 101 North American Printers List". PRWeb. 
  4. ^ "Patent 6,976,798: "Method for processing aggregate print jobs"". Patft.uspto.gov. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  5. ^ "VistaPrint Opens Call Centre in MoBay". Jamaica Gleaner. November 21, 2003. Archived from the original on December 7, 2008. 
  6. ^ "How VistaPrint deals with this economy; Interview with Robert Keane, CEO". WhatTheyThink. 5 December 2008. Retrieved 10 January 2017. 
  7. ^ "VistaPrint raises $120M in IPO". Boston Business Journal. 30 September 2005. Retrieved 10 January 2017. 
  8. ^ "VistaPrint To Open European Marketing Office; Barcelona Office is Sixth for Company World-Wide". 6 September 2006. Retrieved 10 January 2017. 
  9. ^ "CIMPRESS N.V. filed this Form DEF 14A on 06/30/2009". SEC. 9 September 2009. Retrieved 10 January 2017. 
  10. ^ "Form 10-K". Cimpress Investor Relations. Cimpress. Retrieved 10 January 2017. 
  11. ^ "Vistaprint (VPRT) Changes Name & Ticker to Cimpress (CMPR) - Analyst Blog". Nasdaq. 18 November 2014. 
  12. ^ "Vistaprint — Small Orders Mean Big Business". Printing Impressions. November 1, 2008. 
  13. ^ a b Gang Run Archived December 7, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ a b "Vistaprint - Web Masters". Piworld.com. 2006-03-01. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  15. ^ "Vistaprint — Small Orders Mean Big Business". Printing Impressions. November 1, 2008. 
  16. ^ "Vistaprint Grows". Manroland.us. Archived from the original on 2012-02-22. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  17. ^ At the Forefront of Innovation - Windsor, Canada
  18. ^ At the Forefront of Innovation - Venlo, the Netherlands
  19. ^ "Vistaprint Announces Opening of North American Printing Plant". Hcp.com. 2005-06-22. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  20. ^ "MAN Roland 700". Printweek.com. 2007-10-04. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  21. ^ "Vistaprint Closes $52 million Equity Financing". Findarticles.com. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  22. ^ Vistaprint - Manufacturing
  23. ^ Interview: Paul Tasker Archived May 13, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  24. ^ The Patented Path To Profits Archived February 6, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  25. ^ "Patents Held by Vistaprint". Retrieved March 14, 2015. 
  26. ^ "An Empire of Portals". Web.archive.org. 2008-05-07. Archived from the original on May 7, 2008. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  27. ^ "Vistaprint: German Court finds that print24 and unitedprint.com infringed Vistaprint patent". Reuters.com. 2007-07-31. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  28. ^ "Final judgment in the case of Unitedprint v. Vistaprint". Pr-inside.com. Archived from the original on 2012-11-08. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  29. ^ "Vistaprint files patent infringement suit against Taylor Subsidiaries 123Print and Drawing Board". Reuters.com. 2007-05-15. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  30. ^ Tedeschi, Bob (August 20, 2007). "Building a Brand Name, via Business Cards". The New York Times. Retrieved May 27, 2010. 
  31. ^ [1][dead link]
  32. ^ "VistaPrint Chases Away the Gloom". Business Week. January 25, 2008. 
  33. ^ VistaPrint FY2009 Q3 Pre-Recorded Earnings Conference Call - Final Fair Disclosure Wire. Waltham: Apr 30, 2009
  34. ^ "Vistaprint Reports First Quarter Fiscal Year 2012 Financial Results". Bloomberg.com. November 30, 2009. 
  35. ^ Mitra, Sramana. "From Startup To 500 Million Dollars: VistaPrint CEO Robert Keane (Part 1)". One Million By One Million. Retrieved 10 January 2017. 
  36. ^ "974 Complaints and Reviews about Vistaprint". Consumeraffairs.com. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  37. ^ "15 Complaints and Reviews about Vertrue, ex-MWI". Consumeraffairs.com. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  38. ^ Dibben, Margaret (2007-09-23). "Ski firm says I booked online - but I was only browsing". London: The Observer. 
  39. ^ "Scamwatch - Small Business". Federation of Small Businesses. Retrieved 2008-05-15. 
  40. ^ "Consumer complaints about Vistaprint.com". consumeraffairs.com. Retrieved 2008-05-23. 
  41. ^ "VistaPrint Named in Four Federal Class-Action Lawsuits". Advertising Specialty Institute. August 28, 2008. 
  42. ^ "Vistaprint Terminates All Membership Program Offerings and Reaffirms Financial Guidance". November 30, 2009. 
  43. ^ "ASA Adjudication on VistaPrint Ltd - Advertising Standards Authority". Asa.org.uk. 2011-02-23. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  44. ^ "Ad watchdog raps daily deals sites LivingSocial and kgb". Campaign. November 16, 2011. Retrieved 2015-05-10. 

External links[edit]