Province of Viterbo
|Province of Viterbo|
Viterbo, the Palace of the Popes.
Map with the province of Viterbo, in red, in Italy
|• President||Mauro Mazzola|
|• Total||3,615.24 km2 (1,395.85 sq mi)|
|Population (January 2017)|
|• Density||88/km2 (230/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||01100, 010xx|
|Telephone prefix||0761, 0763, 0766, 06|
The province of Viterbo (Italian: provincia di Viterbo) is a province in the region of Lazio in Italy. Its provincial capital is the city of Viterbo. In the north, the province is bordered by the provinces of Grosseto and Siena, in the north-east with the provinces of Rieti and Terni, in the west with the Tyrrhenian Sea, and to the south by the province of Rome.
As of 2015, the province has a total population of 321,955 inhabitants over an area of 3,615.24 square kilometres (1,395.85 sq mi), giving it a population density of 89.05 inhabitants per square kilometre. The provincial president is Marcello Meroi and the province contains 60 comuni.
The area of the province of Viterbo contained a number of Etruscan cities including Tuscania, Vetralla, Tarquinia, and Viterbo. Viterbo was conquered by the Roman Republic in 310 BCE; despite this, minimal information is known of Viterbo until it was utilised in 773 CE by King of the Lombard Kingdom Desiderius as a base against the Holy Roman Empire. Matilda of Tuscany gifted the city to the papacy in the eleventh century. Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor was based in Viterbo as he planned to invade Rome in 1153, and Frederick I conquered the city in 1160 while preparing to attack Rome.
Despite Viterbo containing a papal couin the thirteenth century, rule over the city was desired by both the Holy See and the Holy Roman Empire; the papacy later established their rule over the region. The Knights of Saint John were expelled from Rhodes in the 16th century and were temporarily granted refuge in Viterbo before they could travel to Malta. Pope Paul III described himself as a citizen of Viterbo and formed a university in the city. It joined the Kingdom of Italy on 12 September 1870 and during World War II, Viterbo was heavily bombed.
- "Presidente della Provincia" (in Italian). La Provincia di Viterbo on-line. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
- "Provincia di Viterbo" (in Italian). Tuttitalia.it. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
- "Statistiche demografiche ISTAT" (in Italian). Demo.istat.it. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
- "Provincia di Viterbo". Tutt Italia. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- "Viterbo". Italia.it. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Roy Palmer Domenico (2002). The Regions of Italy: A Reference Guide to History and Culture. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 151. ISBN 978-0-313-30733-1.
- Official website (in Italian)