Volvo Modular engine

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Volvo Modular Engine
B5252S.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Volvo Cars
Production 1990–2016[1]
Combustion chamber
Configuration I4, I5, I6
Displacement 1.6L–2.9L
Cylinder block alloy Aluminum
Cylinder head alloy Aluminum
Valvetrain DOHC
Combustion
Fuel system Fuel injection
Management Bosch LH-Jetronic[2]
Bosch Motronic[3][4]
Bosch ME Motronic[5]
Siemens Fenix[6]
Siemens EMS 2000[7]
Denso EMS[8]
Fuel type Petrol
LPG
CNG
Oil system Wet sump
Cooling system Water-cooled
Chronology
Predecessor PRV[9] (6cyl)
Redblock (4cyl)
Successor VEA (general replacement)
SI6[10][11] (6cyl)

The Volvo Modular Engine was a family of straight-four, straight-five, and straight-six automobile piston engines produced by Volvo Cars in Skövde,[12] Sweden from 1990[13] until 2016. All engines feature an aluminium engine block and aluminium cylinder head, forged steel connecting rods, aluminum pistons and double overhead camshafts.[13]

History[edit]

The Volvo Modular Engine was developed as part of Project Galaxy[14][15] which began in the late 1970s.[16][17] The prototype engines called X-100[18] had only four cylinders[19] but already featured the sandwich and all aluminum construction of the later production variants.[20][21] Early prototypes of the X-100 were designed similar to the existing redblock engines with a single camshaft and the oilfilter mounted on the side of the engine rather than the bottom.[22]

The first available engine was the B6304F[23] which debuted in August 1990 in the Volvo 960.[13] A year later, with the introduction of the Volvo 850 in June 1991, the first five-cylinder variant in form of the B5254F[13][24][25] hit the market. It was equipped with V-VIS[26] (Volvo Variable Intake System) which was designed to improve engine response between 1500–4100 rpm. V-VIS was only available on the 2,5L 20V naturally aspirated engines and was discontinued after 1994. In 1995[27] with the launch of the Volvo S40 the four-cylinder B4184S and B4204S engines[28] were released.[29] In 1998, with the introduction of the 1999 model year S80,[30] Volvo began to transition to updated versions of their 'N'-series engines, now called 'RN',[31] short for revised 'N'.[32] Drive-by-wire, coil-on-plug systems and variable valve timing (VVT)[33] were introduced along with new engine management systems.[33][34] 10 valve engines were slowly phased out in favour of detuned 20 valve versions.[35]

With the introduction of the second generation Volvo S40 in 2003 another update to the engine family took place. The new engine was called 'RNC',[36] the 'C' standing for 'compact' to emphasise the decrease in overall dimensions. Compared to the previous generation the new engine was 200mm slimmer[nb 1] and 25mm shorter. On turbocharged engines the exhaust manifold and turbine housing were now combined into one part; all engines were equipped with plastic intake manifolds and continuously variable valve timing (CVVT).[37]
The 'RN' engines remained in production alongside the 'RNC' engines and were slowly phased out, beginning with the introduction of the second generation Volvo S80 in 2006. The new SI6 engine family[38] was introduced to replace the 6-cylinder variants of the Volvo Modular Engine at the same time.[39]

Nomenclature[edit]

The engine codes consist of a series of letters and digits:

  • 1st: (B/D/GB) B = Bensin (Petrol), D = Diesel, GB[40] = Gas & Bensin[nb 2]
  • 2nd: (4/5/6) # of cylinders
  • 3rd & 4th: Approximate displacement in deciliters, may be rounded up or down. (23 ~= 2.3L)
  • 5th: (2/4) Valves per cylinder
  • 6th: (S/T/F/G/GS/FS/FT/SG) S = standard (naturally aspirated), T = turbocharged, F = fuel injection with catalytic converter, G[41] = leaded fuel compatible, GS[42] = leaded fuel compatible, naturally aspirated, FS = fuel injected standard (naturally aspirated) with catalytic converter, FT = fuel injected, turbocharged with catalytic converter, SG[43] = standard (naturally aspirated) compatible with alternative fuels (LPG / CNG)
  • 7th: (2/3/4/5/6/7/8/9/10/11) engine generation or engine variant

Engine codes are not necessarily unique to a specific engine as power levels can vary depending on market, manufacturer and model.

1.6[edit]

B4164S[edit]

The B4164S[44] is a 1.6 L (1,588 cc) straight-four.[45] Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 77 mm (3.0 in) with a compression ratio of 10.5:1. It is naturally aspirated with a power output of 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) at 5500 rpm with 143 N·m (105 lb·ft) of torque at 4200 rpm.

B4164S2[edit]

The B4164S2[46] is a 1.6 L (1,587 cc) straight-four. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 77 mm (3.0 in) with a compression ratio of 10:1. It is naturally aspirated with a power output of 109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp) at 5800 rpm with 145 N·m (107 lb·ft) of torque at 4000 rpm. It features intake cam VVT.

Applications:

1.8[edit]

B4184S[edit]

The B4184S[48] is a 1.8 L (1,731 cc) straight-four. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 82.4 mm (3.2 in) with a compression ratio of 10.5:1. It is naturally aspirated with a power output of 115 hp (86 kW; 117 PS) at 5500 rpm with 165 N·m (122 lb·ft) of torque at 4100 rpm.

Applications:

  • 1995–1999 Volvo S40 badged as S40 1.8 or S40 1.8 16V
  • 1995–1999 Volvo V40 badged as V40 1.8 or V40 1.8 16V

B4184S2[edit]

The B4184S2 is a 1.8 L (1,783 cc) straight-four. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 82.4 mm (3.2 in). It is naturally aspirated with a power output of 122 hp (91 kW; 124 PS) at 5800 rpm with 170 N·m (130 lb·ft) of torque at 4000 rpm. It features intake cam VVT.

Applications:

  • 1999–2004 Volvo S40 badged as S40 1.8i or S40 1.8i SE
  • 1999–2004 Volvo V40 badged as V40 1.8i or V40 1.8i SE

B4184S3[edit]

The B4184S3 is a 1.8 L (1,783 cc) straight-four. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 82.4 mm (3.2 in). It is naturally aspirated with a power output of 116 hp (87 kW; 118 PS) at 5500 rpm with 170 N·m (130 lb·ft) of torque at 4000 rpm.

Applications:

1.9[edit]

B4194T[edit]

The B4194T is a 1.9 L (1,855 cc) straight-four. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 90 mm (3.5 in). It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 200 hp (149 kW; 203 PS) at 6000 rpm with 300 N·m (220 lb·ft) of torque at 2500 rpm. Two version of turbo: LPT is a Mitsubishi TD04L-12T, HPT engine with TD04L-14T they called T4.

Specifications:

  • Bore: 81 mm (3.2 in)
  • Stroke: 90 mm (3.5 in)
  • Rod length: 139.5 mm (5.5 in)

Applications:

B4204S[edit]

The B4204S/ B4204S2 is a 1.9 L (1,948 cc) straight-four. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 90 mm (3.5 in) with a compression ratio of 10.5:1. It is naturally aspirated with a power output of 134 hp (100 kW; 136 PS) at 5800 rpm with 190 N·m (140 lb·ft) of torque at 4000 rpm.

Applications:[49]

B4204T2[edit]

The B4204T2 is a 1.95 L (1,948 cc) straight-four. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 90 mm (3.5 in). It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 160 hp (119 kW; 162 PS) at 5100 rpm[50] with 230 N·m (170 lb·ft)[50] of torque at 1800–4800 rpm. Applications:[50]

B4204T3[edit]

The B4204T3[51] is a 1.9 L (1,948 cc) straight-four. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 90 mm (3.5 in). It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 161 hp (120 kW; 163 PS) at 5250 rpm with 240 N·m (180 lb·ft) of torque at 1800–4500 rpm.

Applications:[52]

B4204T4[edit]

The B4204T4[53] is a 1.95 L (1,948 cc) straight-four. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 90 mm (3.5 in). It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 170 hp (127 kW; 172 PS) at 5500 rpm[53] with 240 N·m (180 lb·ft) of torque at 1800–5000 rpm.[53]

Applications:

B4204T5[edit]

The B4204T5 is a 1.9 L (1,948 cc) straight-four.[56] Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 90 mm (3.5 in). It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 197 hp (147 kW; 200 PS) at 5500 rpm with 300 N·m (220 lb·ft) of torque at 2500–4000 rpm.

Applications:[57]

2.0[edit]

B5202S[edit]

The B5202S[58] is a 2.0 L (1,984 cc) straight-five. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 77 mm (3.0 in) with a compression ratio of 10:1. It naturally aspirated with a power output of 126 PS (93 kW; 124 hp) at 6250 rpm and produces 170 N·m (125 lb·ft) of torque at 4800 rpm. It was equipped with Siemens Fenix 5.2 engine management.

Applications:[59][60]

B5202FS[edit]

The B5202FS is a 2.0 L (1,984 cc) straight-five. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 77 mm (3.0 in). It is naturally aspirated and was equipped with Siemens Fenix 5.2 engine management.

Applications:

B5204S[edit]

The B5204S[61] is a 2.0 L (1,984 cc) straight-five. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 77 mm (3.0 in). It is naturally aspirated.

Applications:

B5204FS[edit]

The B5204FS is a 2.0 L (1,984 cc) straight-five. It is naturally aspirated

Applications:

B5204FT[edit]

The B5204FT is a 2.0 L (1,984 cc) straight-five. It is turbocharged and intercooled.

Applications:

B5204T[edit]

The B5204T[62] is a 2.0 L (1,984 cc) straight-five. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 77 mm (3.0 in) with a compression ratio of 0.0:1. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 210 PS (154 kW; 207 hp) and 300NM of torque. It's equipped with Bosch Motronic 4.3 engine management. It was offered only in Italy[62] and Taiwan[62] due to local tax laws.

Applications:

  • 1994–1997 Volvo 850 badged as 850 T-5 (2.0)

B5204T2[edit]

The B5204T2[58] is a 2.0 L (1,984 cc) straight-five. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 77 mm (3.0 in) with a compression ratio of 8.4:1. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 163 PS (120 kW; 161 hp).

Applications:

B5204T3[edit]

The B5204T3[63] is a 2.0 L (1,984 cc) straight-five. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 77 mm (3.0 in) with a compression ratio of 8.4:1. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 225 PS (165 kW; 222 hp) at 5700 rpm and 319 N·m (235 lb·ft) of torque at 2700–5100 rpm. It was equipped with Bosch Motronic 4.4 engine management until the first half of 1998, it was upgraded to Bosch ME 7 for the remaining years. It was only offered in Italy[62] and Taiwan[62] due to high taxes on cars with more than 2000 cc engine capacity.

Applications:

B5204T4[edit]

The B5204T4[63] is a 2.0 L (1,984 cc) straight-five. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 77 mm (3.0 in) with a compression ratio of 9.5:1.[66] It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 163 PS (120 kW; 161 hp) at 5100 rpm, and produces 230 N·m (170 lb·ft) of torque at 1800–5000 rpm.

Applications:[67]

B5204T5[edit]

The B5204T5 is a 2.0 L (1,984 cc) straight-five. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 77 mm (3.0 in) with a compression ratio of 0.0:1. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) at 5300 rpm, and produces 240 N·m (180 lb·ft) of torque at 2000–5300 rpm.

Applications:[69]

B5204T8[edit]

The B5204T8 is a 2.0 L (1,984 cc) straight-five. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 77 mm (3.0 in),compression ratio of 10.5:1. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 180 hp (134 kW; 182 PS) at 5000 rpm, and produces 300 N·m (221 lb·ft) of torque at 2700–4200 rpm.[72]

Applications:[73]

B5204T9[edit]

The B5204T9 is a 2.0 L (1,984 cc) straight-five. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 77 mm (3.0 in) with a compression ratio of 10.5:1. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 213 hp (159 kW; 216 PS)[75] at 6000 rpm, and produces 300 N·m (221 lb·ft) of torque at 2700–5000 rpm. For the 2014 model year, power output was increased to 233 hp (175 kW).

Applications:[76]

2.3[edit]

B5234FS[edit]

The B5234FS is a 2.3 L (2,319 cc) straight-five. It is naturally aspirated and was only available on Thai market cars.

Applications:

B5234T[edit]

The B5234T[77] is a 2.3 L (2,319 cc) straight-five. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 225 PS (165 kW; 222 hp)[78] at 5200 rpm and 300 N·m (221 lb·ft) of torque between 2000–5200 rpm.[77]

Applications:

B5234T2[edit]

The B5234T2 is a 2.3 L (2,319 cc) straight-five. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 218 hp (163 kW; 221 PS)[62] at 5100 rpm and 243 lb·ft (329 N·m) of torque at 2700–4500 rpm.[62] It was only available on Thai market cars.

Applications:

B5234T3[edit]

The B5234T3[58] is a 2.3 L (2,319 cc) straight-five. It is turbocharged and intercooled. Early engines had a power output of 225 hp (168 kW; 228 PS) at 5200 rpm and 221 lb·ft (300 N·m) of torque at 2000–5200 rpm. From mid 1998 on variable valve timing for the exhaust cam was added and the engine management upgraded to a Bosch ME7 system.
In 2001 Power output was increased to 250 PS (184 kW; 247 hp) at 5200 rpm with 243 lb·ft (329 N·m) of torque at 2400–5200 rpm.

Applications:[80]

B5234T4[edit]

The B5234T4 is a 2.3 L (2,319 cc) straight-five. It is turbocharged and intercooled. Features a TD04HL-16T turbo in the 850 R and a TD04HL-18T turbo in the S/V70 R. Standard turbo for the 850 T-5 and automatic R was a TD04HL-15G and for the S/V70 T5 a TD04HL-16T. The larger turbos along with different ECU mapping allowed the B5234T4 to produce a published 250 PS (184 kW; 247 hp) at 6000 rpm. and 350 N·m (260 lb·ft) at 2400 rpm. All cars equipped with the B5234T4 used Motronic 4.4 engine management.

  • 1996–1997 Volvo 850 badged as 850 R[83] (models with manual[84] transmission)
  • 1998 Volvo S70 badged as S70 R (models with manual transmission)
  • 1998 Volvo V70 badged as V70 R (models with manual transmission)

B5234T5[edit]

The B5234T5 is a 2.3 L (2,319 cc) straight-five. It is turbocharged and intercooled. This version of the B5234 features a TD04-15g turbo, and produced 225-250 hp. It was equipped with Bosch Motronic 4.3 engine management.

Applications:

B5234T7[edit]

The B5234T7 is a 2.3 L (2,319 cc) straight-five. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 197 hp.

Applications:

B5234T8[edit]

The B5234T8 is a 2.3 L (2,319 cc) straight-five. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 90 mm (3.5 in) with a compression ratio of 8.5:1. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 250 PS (184 kW; 247 hp) at 5700 rpm and 310 N·m (230 lb·ft) of torque at 2700–5100 rpm.

Applications:

B5234T9[edit]

The B5234T9 is a 2.3 L (2,319 cc) straight-five. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 245 hp.

Applications:

2.4[edit]

B5244S[edit]

The B5244S is a 2.4 L (2,435 cc) straight-five. It is naturally aspirated with a power output of either 142 hp (106 kW; 144 PS) at 5400 rpm with 152 lb·ft (206 N·m) of torque at 3600 rpm, or 168 hp (125 kW; 170 PS) at 6100 rpm,[81] with 170 lb·ft (230 N·m) of torque at 4500 rpm. For 2000 it was equipped with intake cam VVT.

Applications:

B5244S2[edit]

The B5244S2 is a 2.4 L (2,435 cc) straight-five. It is naturally aspirated with a power output of 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) at 5700 rpm with 220 N·m (160 lb·ft) of torque at 3750 rpm. It features intake cam VVT.

Applications:[89]

B5244S4[edit]

The B5244S4 is a 2.4 L (2,435 cc) straight-five. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 90 mm (3.5 in) with a compression ratio of 10.3:1. It is naturally aspirated with a power output of 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) at 6000 rpm with 230 N·m (170 lb·ft) of torque at 4400 rpm. It features intake cam VVT.

Applications:[90]

B5244S5[edit]

The B5244S5 is a 2.4 L (2,435 cc) straight-five. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 90 mm (3.5 in) with a compression ratio of 10.3:1. It is naturally aspirated with a power output of 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) at 5000 rpm with 220 N·m (160 lb·ft) of torque at 4000 rpm.

Applications:[92]

B5244S6[edit]

SULEV+ engine variant for California

B5244S7[edit]

SULEV+ engine variant with PremAir for California[96]

B5244SG[edit]

The B5244SG is a 2.4 L (2,435 cc) straight-five. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 90 mm (3.5 in) with a compression ratio of 10.3:1. It is naturally aspirated with a power output of 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) at 5800 rpm with 192 N·m (142 lb·ft) of torque at 4500 rpm. This particular engine is a Bi-Fuel variant that is optimized for CNG.[70]

Applications:

  • 2001–2006[70] Volvo S80[86] badged as S80 Bi-Fuel
  • 2002–2008 Volvo S60 badged as S60 Bi-Fuel[97]
  • 2000 Volvo V70 badged as V70 Bi-Fuel
  • 2001–2008 Volvo V70 II badged as V70 Bi-Fuel

B5244SG2[edit]

The B5244SG2 is a 2.4 L (2,435 cc) straight-five. Bore is 0 mm (0.0 in) and stroke 0 mm (0.0 in) is with a compression ratio of. It is naturally aspirated with a power output of 138 hp (103 kW; 140 PS) at 5800 rpm with 192 lb·ft (260 N·m) of torque at 4500 rpm. This particular engine is a Bi-FUel variant that is optimized for LPG.

Applications:

  • 2001–2005 Volvo S80[86] badged as S80 Bi-Fuel
  • 2002–2005 Volvo S60 badged as S60 Bi-Fuel[97] (LPG variant)
  • 2000 Volvo V70 badged as V70 Bi-Fuel
  • 2002–2005 Volvo V70 II badged as V70 Bi-Fuel

B5244T[edit]

The B5244T[66] is a 2.4 L (2,435 cc) straight-five. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 90 mm (3.5 in) with a compression ratio of 9:1. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 193 PS (142 kW; 190 hp)[81][98] at 5100 rpm[98] with 270 N·m (200 lb·ft)[99] of torque between 1600–5000 rpm. It is equipped with Bosch ME7 engine management.

Applications:

B5244T2[edit]

The B5244T2 is a 2.4 L (2,435 cc) straight-five. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 90 mm (3.5 in) with a compression ratio of 8.5:1. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 265 PS (195 kW; 261 hp) at 5700 rpm with 350 N·m (258 lb·ft) of torque at 2400 rpm. It uses ME7 engine management.

Applications:

B5244T3[edit]

The B5244T3 is a 2.4 L (2,435 cc) straight-five. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 197 hp (147 kW; 200 PS) with 210.2 lb·ft (285.0 N·m) of torque at 1800 rpm. It features exhaust cam VVT.

Applications:

B5244T4[edit]

The B5244T4 is a 2.4 L (2,435 cc) straight-five. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 208 hp (155 kW; 211 PS) at 5000 rpm with 236 lb·ft (320 N·m) of torque at 1500 rpm. It features VVT for both intake and exhaust cam.

Applications:

B5244T5[edit]

The B5244T5 is a 2.4 L (2,401 cc) straight-five. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 93.2 mm (3.7 in). It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 256 hp (191 kW; 260 PS) at 5500 rpm with 258 lb·ft (350 N·m) of torque at 2100 rpm. It features VVT for both intake and exhaust cam.

Applications:[100]

B5244T7[edit]

Applications:

2.5[edit]

B5252S[edit]

The B5252S[58] is a 2.4 L (2,435 cc) straight-five. It was equipped with Siemens Fenix 5.2 engine management. Output is 142 hp (106 kW; 144 PS) at 5400 rpm with 152 lb·ft (206 N·m) of torque at 3600 rpm.

Applications:[105]

B5252FS[edit]

The B5252FS is a 2.4 L (2,435 cc) straight-five. It was equipped with Siemens Fenix 5.2 engine management.

Applications:

B5254S[edit]

The B5254S[84] is a 2.4 L (2,435 cc) straight-five. It was equipped with Bosch LH 3.2 Jetronic engine management. Output is 168 hp (125 kW; 170 PS) at 6100 rpm with 162 lb·ft (220 N·m) of torque at 4700 rpm.

Applications:

B5254F[edit]

The B5254F is a 2.4 L (2,435 cc) straight-five. It was equipped with Bosch LH 3.2 Jetronic engine management and featured a variable intake system called Volvo Variable Induction System or V-VIS for short. Output is 168 hp (125 kW; 170 PS) at 6100 rpm with 162 lb·ft (220 N·m) of torque at 4700 rpm.

Applications:

B5254FS[edit]

The B5254FS is a 2.4 L (2,435 cc) straight-five. It was equipped with Bosch M 4.4 Motronic engine management.

Applications:

B5254T[edit]

The B5254T is a 2.5 L (2,435 cc) straight-five. It is turbocharged with a low pressure turbo (LPT) producing a maximum of 6 psi (41 kPa)[111] and intercooled. Output is 190 hp (142 kW; 193 PS)[112] at 5100 rpm[85] with 199 lb·ft (270 N·m) of torque at 1800–5000rpm.[85] It was equipped with Bosch M 4.4 Motronic engine management until the end of model year 1998, for 1999 it used a variant of the Bosch ME 7.0 engine management.

Applications:

B5254T2[edit]

The B5254T2 has dual VVT and is turbocharged and intercooled. It produces 6 psi of "boost." Output is 210 hp (157 kW; 213 PS) at 5000 rpm with 320 N·m (240 lb·ft)[114] of torque at 1500–4500 rpm. The B5254T2 has a compression ratio of 9.0:1

Applications:

[118]

B5254T3[edit]

The B5254T3 is a 2.5 L (2,522 cc) straight-five. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 93.2 mm (3.7 in) with a compression ratio of 9.0:1. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 220 PS (162 kW; 217 hp) at 5000 rpm with 320 N·m (240 lb·ft) of torque at 1500–4800 rpm. On cars with the AW55-51 automatic transmission, torque is limited in first and second gear.[119] It has VVT and uses the Bosch ME 9.0[120] engine management system.[121] Unlike previous designs, the turbocharger is integral with the exhaust manifold.

Adaptations of this engine were used by Ford, with power levels ranging from 220PS (217 bhp)[122] to 350PS (345 bhp).[123] At Ford the engine was called "Duratec-ST",[124] "Duratec ST"[125] or "Duratec RS".[126]

Applications:[127]

B5254T4[edit]

The B5254T4[135] is a 2.5 L (2,522 cc) straight-five. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 93.2 mm (3.7 in) with a compression ratio of 9.0:1. It is turbocharged and intercooled and equipped with dual VVT. It produces 300 PS (221 kW; 296 hp) at 5500 rpm with 400 N·m (295 lb·ft) of torque at 2000–5250 rpm with the 6-speed manual transmission[nb 3];[103] 300 PS (221 kW; 296 hp) at 6000 rpm with 350 N·m (258 lb·ft) of torque at 1850–6000 rpm[136] with the 5-speed automatic transmission[nb 4]. Cars with the 6–speed automatic transmission[nb 5] were not torque limited.

Applications:

[138]

B5254T5[edit]

The B5254T5 is a 2.5L (2,522 cc) straight-five. It is turbocharged and intercooled. Power peaks 247 hp (184 kW; 250 PS) at 5500rpm while the torque peaks at 360 N·m (266 lb·ft) from 1800-4020rpm.

Applications:

B5254T6[edit]

The B5254T6 is a 2.5 L (2,521 cc) straight-five. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 93.2 mm (3.7 in) with a compression ratio of 9.0:1. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 200 PS (147 kW; 197 hp) at 4800 rpm, and produces 300 N·m (221 lb·ft) of torque at 1500–4500 rpm.

Applications:

B5254T7[edit]

The B5254T7 is 2.5L cc straight-five. a slight adaptation of the B5254T3. Bore is and stroke is with a compression ratio of 9.0:1. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of Using the M66W (FWD) or M66C (AWD) manual transmission output is 227 hp (169 kW; 230 PS) at 5000 rpm and 320 N·m (240 lb·ft) of torque at 1500-5000 rpm. With the AW55-51 automatic transmission, torque is limited in first and second gear. The turbocharger is still integrated into the exhaust manifold, but is of a different design.

Applications:[143]

B5254T8[edit]

The B5254T8 is a 2.5 L (2,435 cc) straight-five. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of X at and Y of torque between rpm.

Applications:

B5254T10[edit]

The B5254T10 is a 2.5 L (2,521 cc) straight-five. Bore is 1 mm (0.0 in) and stroke is 1 mm (0.0 in) with a compression ratio of 1.1:1. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 231 hp (172 kW; 234 PS) at 4800 rpm and 251 lb·ft (340 N·m) of torque at 1700–4800 rpm.

Applications:[145]

B5254T11[edit]

The B5254T11 is a 2.5 L (2,521 cc) straight-five. Bore is 1 mm (0.0 in) and stroke is 1 mm (0.0 in) with a compression ratio of 1.1:1. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 228 hp (170 kW; 231 PS) at 4800 rpm and 251 lb·ft (340 N·m) of torque at 1700–4800 rpm.

Applications:[147]

B5254T12[edit]

The B5254T12 is a 2.5 L (2,497 cc) straight-five. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 923 mm (36.3 in) with a compression ratio of 9.5:1. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 250 PS (184 kW; 247 hp) at 5400 rpm and 360 N·m (266 lb·ft) of torque at 1800–4800 rpm. The TF-80SD is the only transmission available with this engine.

Applications:

B5254T14[edit]

The B5254T14 is a 2.5 L (2,497 cc) straight-five. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 92.3 mm (3.6 in) with a compression ratio of 9.5:1. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 249 PS (183 kW; 246 hp) at 5400 rpm and 360 N·m (266 lb·ft) of torque at 1800-4200 rpm.

Applications:

B6254FS[edit]

The B6254FS is a 2.5L (2,473 cc) straight-six. It is naturally aspirated. A new, small 2.5-litre engine, known as the B6254 FS, was introduced for the 1995 Volvo 960. It developed 170 bhp (130 kW) at 5700 rpm and maximum torque of 230 N·m (170 lb·ft) at 4400 rpm. This engine was identical in every way to the larger B6304S, apart from the stroke being reduced to 80 mm (3.1 in) and the bore to 81 mm (3.2 in), producing a displacement of 2,473 cc. Like other Volvo engines, it was optimised for low-end and middle range torque.[154] The 180 hp (130 kW) version of this engine was called B6244 FS.

Applications:

B6254G[edit]

Non-catalyst, leaded-fuel compatible version of the B6254S, for regions with limited availability of unleaded fuel.

2.8[edit]

B6284T[edit]

The B6284T is a 2.8 L (2,783 cc)[156] straight-six. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 90 mm (3.5 in) with a compression ratio of 8.5:1. It is twin-turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 268 hp (200 kW; 272 PS) at 5400 rpm, with 380 N·m (280 lb·ft) of torque at 2000–5000 rpm.[156]

Applications:

2.9[edit]

B6294S[edit]

The B6294S is a 2.9 L (2,922 cc) straight-six. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 90 mm (3.5 in) with a compression ratio of 10.3:1. It is naturally aspirated with a power output of 196 PS (144 kW; 193 hp) at 5200 rpm[70] with 280 N·m (210 lb·ft) of torque at 4200 rpm.

Applications:

B6294S2[edit]

The B6294S is a 2.9 L (2,922 cc) straight-six. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 90 mm (3.5 in). Output is 194 hp (145 kW; 197 PS) at 6000 rpm with 207 lb·ft (281 N·m) of torque at 4200 rpm. This engine is based on the B6304 (see below), but refined for transverse mounting and variable valve timing.

Applications:

B6294T[edit]

The B6294T is a 2.9 L (2,922 cc) straight-six. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 90 mm (3.5 in) with a compression ratio of 8.5:1. It is twin-turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 272 PS (200 kW; 268 hp) at 5200 rpm with 380 N·m (280 lb·ft) of torque at 1800–5000 rpm. It features dual VVT.

Applications:[159]

B6304S[edit]

The B6304S is a 2.9 L (2,922 cc) straight-six. the first generation of modular inline-6 engines. It has the same bore and stroke (83x90 mm) as the B6294, but the deciliter number was rounded up (i.e. 2,922 cc to 3,000 cc). These engines produced 204 hp (152 kW; 207 PS) at 6000 rpm, and 197 lb·ft (267 N·m) of torque at 4300 rpm. Engine output was reduced to 180 hp (134 kW; 182 PS) and 199 lb·ft (270 N·m) by changing the cam profile (back then without variable valve timing) in favour of emissions regulations.

Applications:

B6304S2[edit]

Applications:

  • Volvo 960 later model years / various

B6304S3[edit]

The B6304S3 was the second version of the first generation of modular inline-6 engines. It has the same bore and stroke (83x90 mm) as the B6294, but the deciliter number was rounded up (i.e. 2,922 cc to 3,000 cc). These engines produced 204 hp (152 kW; 207 PS) at 6000 rpm, and 197 lb·ft (267 N·m) of torque at 4300 rpm. Engine output was reduced to 180 hp (134 kW; 182 PS) and 199 lb·ft (270 N·m) by changing the cam profile (back then without variable valve timing) in favour of emissions regulations.

Applications:

B6304G[edit]

The B6304G produced 204 hp (152 kW; 207 PS) at 6000 rpm, and 197 lb·ft (267 N·m) of torque at 4300 rpm. It was adapted to run on leaded gasoline as well as lead free gasoline.

Applications:

  • 1997–1998 Volvo S90 badged as S90 3.0 24_V
  • 1997–1998 Volvo V90 badged as V90 3.0 24_V

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Total width including manifolds
  2. ^ First generation Bi-Fuel models with NECAM & Fenix 5.2 engine management
  3. ^ Volvo M66C AWD transmission
  4. ^ Aisin AW55-51 transmission
  5. ^ Aisin TF 80-SC AWD transmission

References[edit]

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  46. ^ https://www.volvoclub.org.uk/tech/data/40SeriesDataSheet-2b.pdf
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  60. ^ Volvo TP 0302207
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  79. ^ a b c http://www.volvotips.com/brochures/850/Volvo-850-modelyear-1996-NL-Dutch-brochure.pdf
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  82. ^ https://www.volvoclub.org.uk/tech/C70Specifications1997.pdf
  83. ^ http://www.r-modelle.info/850%20R.html
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  88. ^ http://www.autoweek.nl/autoreview/20271/renault-safrane-rxe-25
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  90. ^ Cars with the B5244S4 engine - Carfolio.com
  91. ^ http://az685612.vo.msecnd.net/pdfs/2d2bb6f4b4b2474c4c182b19e60ad80a8f5743b1/C30_owners_manual_MY07_DE_tp8790.pdf
  92. ^ Cars with the B5244S5 engine - Carfolio.com
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  94. ^ http://az685612.vo.msecnd.net/pdfs/534784bf53d88a13c30fdc5192ca07953c760730/C70_owners_manual_MY10_DE_tp10879.pdf
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  97. ^ a b http://az685612.vo.msecnd.net/pdfs/12393bca5bcab29dc10098ec8da6e65f03a63c21/S60_owners_manual_MY05_DE_tp7507.pdf
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  108. ^ part number 9133198
  109. ^ http://new.volvocars.com/ownersdocs/1993/1993_VIN-VIC/vin1993.html
  110. ^ http://new.volvocars.com/ownersdocs/1994/1994_VIN-VIC/vin1994.html
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  118. ^ Cars with the B5254T2 engine - Carfolio.com
  119. ^ https://www.volvoclub.org.uk/tech/S40MY2005-Engines.pdf
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  132. ^ http://www.focus.de/auto/fahrberichte/tid-6044/fahrbericht-ford-focus-st_aid_59042.html
  133. ^ a b http://www.autoeder.de/media/image/Preisliste%20Focus%20RS.pdf
  134. ^ http://www.autobild.de/marken-modelle/ford/focus-rs/mk-2/
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  138. ^ Cars with the B5254T4 engine - Carfolio.com
  139. ^ http://esd.volvocars.com/local/us/2012-Volvo-S60-Owners-Manual.pdf
  140. ^ http://az685612.vo.msecnd.net/pdfs/62d225b5b06189ad40147a4237a0db74cda0bdb0/S80_owners_manual_MY07_DE_tp8854.pdf
  141. ^ http://www.berliner-zeitung.de/archiv/ford-mondeo-turnier-2-5-t--titanium--im-test-ausnahmsweise,10810590,10492134.html
  142. ^ http://www.evo.co.uk/ford/s-max
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  144. ^ http://volvornt.harte-hanks.com/manuals/2009/2009_S40/S40_OM_US_MY09-web.pdf
  145. ^ Cars with the B5254T10 engine - Carfolio.com
  146. ^ http://esd.volvocars.com/site/owners-information/MY12/V70/OM_1146/V70_XC70_owners_manual_MY12_DE_tp14097.pdf
  147. ^ Cars with the B5254T11 engine - Carfolio.com
  148. ^ Cars with the B5254T12 engine - Carfolio.com
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  153. ^ http://az685612.vo.msecnd.net/pdfs/2d998e36e3c397672c395b1744574467ecd335c9/S60_owners_manual_MY14_de-DE_TP_16650.pdf
  154. ^ "Press launch information pack - Volvo 960 1995" (PDF). Volvo Car Corporation. June 1994. 
  155. ^ http://accessories.volvocars.com/LegacyCatalog/Pdf/X90_total_FR_GB_NL_DE.pdf
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  158. ^ http://new.volvocars.com/ownersdocs/2002/2002_S80/02s80_09.htm#pg126
  159. ^ Cars with the B6294T engine - Carfolio.com
  160. ^ http://new.volvocars.com/ownersdocs/2003/2003_S80/03s80_09.htm#pg130
  161. ^ http://new.volvocars.com/ownersdocs/1996/1996_960/96960_901.htm#pg9:3
  162. ^ http://teknikensvarld.se/svenska-sportbilen-jc-indigo-3000-ateruppstar-169350/