Volvo Modular engine

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Volvo Modular engine
B5252S.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Volvo Cars
Production 1990–2015
Combustion chamber
Configuration I4, I5, I6
Displacement 1.6L–2.9L
Cylinder block alloy Aluminum
Cylinder head alloy Aluminum
Valvetrain DOHC
Combustion
Fuel system Fuel injection
Management Bosch LH-Jetronic[1]
Bosch Motronic[2][3]
Bosch ME Motronic[4]
Siemens Fenix[5]
Siemens EMS 2000[6]
Denso EMS[7]
Fuel type Gasoline
LPG
CNG
Oil system Wet sump
Cooling system Water-cooled
Chronology
Predecessor PRV[8] (6cyl)
Redblock (4cyl)
Successor VEA (general replacement)
SI6[9][10] (6cyl)

The Volvo Modular engine was a family of straight-four, straight-five, and straight-six automobile piston engines produced by Volvo Cars in Skövde,[11] Sweden from 1990[12] until 2015. All engines feature an aluminium engine block and aluminium cylinder head, forged steel connecting rods, aluminum pistons and double overhead camshafts.[12]

History[edit]

The Volvo Modular Engine was developed as part of Project Galaxy[13][14] which began in the late 1970s.[15][16] The prototype engines called X-100[17] had only four cylinders[18] but already featured the sandwhich and all aluminum construction of the later production variants.[19][20]

The first available engine was the B6304F[21] which debuted in August 1990 in the Volvo 960.[12] A year later, with the introduction of the Volvo 850 in June 1991, the first five-cylinder variant in form of the B5254F[12][22][23] hit the market. It was equipped with V-VIS[24] (Volvo Variable Intake System) which was designed to improve engine response between 1500-4100 rpm. V-VIS was only available on the 2,5L 20V naturally aspirated engines and was discontinued after 1994. In 1995[25] with the launch of the Volvo S40 the four-cylinder B4184S and B4204S engines[26] were released.[27] In 1998, with the introduction of the 1999 model year S80,[28] Volvo began to transition to updated versions of their 'N'-series engines, now called 'RN',[29] short for revised 'N'.[30] Drive-by-wire, coil-on-plug systems and variable valve timing (VVT)[31] were introduced along with new engine management systems.[32][33] 10 valve engines were slowly phased out in favour of detuned 20 valve versions.[34]

With the introduction of the second generation Volvo S40 in 2003 another update to the engine family took place. The new engine was called 'RNC',[35] the 'C' standing for 'compact' to emphasise the decrease in overall dimensions.

Nomenclature[edit]

The engine codes consist of a series of letters and digits:

  • 1st: (B/D/GB) B = Bensin (Petrol), D = Diesel, GB = Gas & Bensin[nb 1]
  • 2nd: (4/5/6) # of cylinders
  • 3rd & 4th: Approximate displacement in deciliters, may be rounded up or down. (23 ~= 2.3L)
  • 5th: (2/4) Valves per cylinder
  • 6th: (S/T/F/G/GS/FS/FT/SG) S = standard (naturally aspirated), T = turbocharged, F = fuel injection with catalytic converter, G[36] = leaded fuel compatible, GS[37] = leaded fuel compatible, naturally aspirated, FS = fuel injected standard (naturally aspirated) with catalytic converter, FT = fuel injected, turbocharged with catalytic converter, SG[38] = standard (naturally aspirated) compatible with alternative fuels (LPG / CNG)
  • 7th: (2/3/4/5/6/7/8/9/10/11) engine generation or engine variant

Engine codes are not necessarily unique to a specific engine as power levels can vary depending on market, manufacturer and model.

1.6[edit]

B4164S[edit]

The B4164S[39] is a 1.6 L (1,588 cc) straight-four.[40] BORE/STROKE/POWER here.

B4164S2[edit]

The B4164S2[41] is a 1.6 L (1,587 cc) straight-four. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 77 mm (3.0 in). Output is 109 hp (81 kW; 111 PS) at 5800 rpm with 145 N·m (107 lb·ft) of torque at 4000 rpm. It features intake cam VVT.

Applications:

1.8[edit]

B4184S[edit]

The B4184S is a 1.8 L (1,731 cc) straight-four. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 82.4 mm (3.2 in). Output is 115 hp (86 kW; 117 PS) at 5500 rpm with 165 N·m (122 lb·ft) of torque at 4100 rpm.

Applications:

  • 1995–1999 Volvo S40 badged as S40 1.8 or S40 1.8 16V
  • 1995–1999 Volvo V40 badged as V40 1.8 or V40 1.8 16V

B4184S2[edit]

The B4184S2 is a 1.8 L (1,783 cc) straight-four. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 82.4 mm (3.2 in). Output is 122 hp (91 kW; 124 PS) at 5800 rpm with 170 N·m (130 lb·ft) of torque at 4000 rpm. It features intake cam VVT.

Applications:

  • 1999–2004 Volvo S40 badged as S40 1.8i or S40 1.8i SE
  • 1999–2004 Volvo V40 badged as V40 1.8i or V40 1.8i SE

B4184S3[edit]

The B4184S3 is a 1.8 L (1,783 cc) straight-four. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 82.4 mm (3.2 in). Output is 116 hp (87 kW; 118 PS) at 5500 rpm with 170 N·m (130 lb·ft) of torque at 4000 rpm.

Applications:

1.9[edit]

B4194T[edit]

The B4194T is a 1.9 L (1,855 cc) straight-four. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 90 mm (3.5 in). Output is 200 hp (149 kW; 203 PS) at 6000 rpm with 300 N·m (220 lb·ft) of torque at 2500 rpm. It is turbocharged and intercooled. Two version of turbo: LPT is a Mitsubishi TD04L-12T, HPT engine with TD04L-14T they called T4.

Specifications:

  • Bore: 81 mm (3.2 in)
  • Stroke: 90 mm (3.5 in)
  • Rod length: 139.5 mm (5.5 in)

Applications:

B4204S[edit]

The B4204S/ B4204S2 is a 1.9 L (1,948 cc) straight-four. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 90 mm (3.5 in). Output is 134 hp (100 kW; 136 PS) at 5800 rpm with 190 N·m (140 lb·ft) of torque at 4000 rpm.

Applications:[43]

B4204T2[edit]

The B4204T2 is a 1.95 L (1,948 cc) straight-four. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 90 mm (3.5 in). Output is 160 hp (119 kW; 162 PS) at 5100 rpm[44] with 230 N·m (170 lb·ft)[44] of torque at 1800-4800 rpm. It is turbocharged and intercooled.

Applications:[44]

B4204T3[edit]

The B4204T3[45] is a 1.9 L (1,948 cc) straight-four. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 90 mm (3.5 in). Output is 161 hp (120 kW; 163 PS) at 5250 rpm with 240 N·m (180 lb·ft) of torque at 1800-4500 rpm. It is turbocharged and intercooled.

Applications:[46]

B4204T4[edit]

The B4204T4[47] is a 1.95 L (1,948 cc) straight-four. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 90 mm (3.5 in). Output is 170 hp (127 kW; 172 PS) at 5500 rpm[47] with 240 N·m (180 lb·ft) of torque at 1800-5000 rpm.[47] It is turbocharged and intercooled.

Applications:

B4204T5[edit]

The B4204T5 is a 1.9 L (1,948 cc) straight-four. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 90 mm (3.5 in). Output is 197 hp (147 kW; 200 PS) at 5500 rpm with 300 N·m (220 lb·ft) of torque at 2500-4000 rpm. It is turbocharged and intercooled.

Applications:[50]

2.0[edit]

B5202S[edit]

The B5202S[51] is a 2.0 L (1,984 cc) straight-five with 2 valves per cylinder. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 77 mm (3.0 in) with a compression ratio of 10:1. It has a power output of 126 hp (94 kW; 128 PS) at 6250 rpm and produces 170 N·m (125 lb·ft) of torque at 4800 rpm. It was equipped with Siemens Fenix 5.2 engine management.

Applications:[52][53]

B5202FS[edit]

The B5202FS is a 2.0 L (1,984 cc) straight-five. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 77 mm (3.0 in). It was equipped with Siemens Fenix 5.2 engine management.

Applications:

B5204S[edit]

The B5204S[54] is a 2.0 L (1,984 cc) straight-five with four valves per cylinder. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 77 mm (3.0 in).

Applications:

B5204FS[edit]

The B5204FS is a 2.0 L (1,984 cc) straight-five with four valves per cylinder.

Applications:

B5204FT[edit]

The B5204FT is a 2.0 L (1,984 cc) straight-five with four valves per cylinder. It is turbocharged and intercooled.

Applications:

B5204T[edit]

The B5204T[55] is a 2.0 L (1,984 cc) straight-five. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 77 mm (3.0 in). It is turbocharged and intercooled, and produces 210 hp (157 kW; 213 PS). It's equipped with Bosch Motronic 4.3 engine management. It was offered only in Italy[55] and Taiwan[55] due to local tax laws.

Applications:

  • 1996–1997 Volvo 850 badged as 850 T-5 (2.0)

B5204T2[edit]

The B5204T2[51] is a 2.0 L (1984 cc) straight-five. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 77 mm (3.0 in). It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 163 hp (122 kW; 165 PS).

Applications:

B5204T3[edit]

The B5204T3[56] is a 2.0 L (1,984 cc) straight-five. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 77 mm (3.0 in). It is turbocharged and intercooled, with a power output of 222 hp (166 kW; 225 PS) at 5500 rpm, and produces 229 lb·ft (310 N·m) of torque at 2700-5000 rpm. It was equipped with Bosch Motronic 4.4 engine management until the first half of 1998, it was upgraded to Bosch ME 7 for the remaining years. It was only offered in Italy[55] and Taiwan[55] due to high taxes on cars with more than 2000 cc engine capacity.

Applications:

B5204T4[edit]

The B5204T4[56] is a 2.0 L (1,984 cc) straight-five. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 77 mm (3.0 in). It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 163 hp (122 kW; 165 PS) at 5,100 rpm, and produces 170 lb·ft (230 N·m) of torque at 1,800-5,000 rpm.

Applications:[59]

B5204T5[edit]

The B5204T5 is a 2.0 L (1,984 cc) straight-five. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 77 mm (3.0 in). It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 178 hp (133 kW; 180 PS) at 5,300 rpm, and produces 177 lb·ft (240 N·m) of torque at 2,000-5,300 rpm.

Applications:[61]

B5204T8[edit]

The B5204T8 is a 2.0 L (1984 cc) straight-five. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 77 mm (3.0 in). It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 180 hp (134 kW; 182 PS) at 5,000 rpm, and produces 300 N·m (221 lb·ft) of torque at 2,700-4,200 rpm.[63]

Applications:[64]

B5204T9[edit]

The B5204T9 is a 2.0 L (1984 cc) straight-five. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 77 mm (3.0 in). It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 213 hp (159 kW; 216 PS)[66] at 6,000 rpm, and produces 300 N·m (221 lb·ft) of torque at 2,700-5,000 rpm. For the 2014 model year, power output is increased to 233 hp (175 kW).

Applications:[67]

2.3[edit]

B5234FS[edit]

The B5234FS is a 2.3 L (2,319 cc) straight-five. It was only available on Thai market cars.

Applications:

B5234T[edit]

The B5234T[68] is a 2.3 L (2,319 cc) straight-five. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 225 hp (168 kW; 228 PS) at 5,200 rpm and 300 N·m (221 lb·ft) of torque between 2,000-5,200 rpm.[68]

Applications:

  • 1993–1996 Volvo 850 badged as 850 T-5, also badged as 850 Turbo.[68]

B5234T2[edit]

The B5234T2 is a 2.3 L (2,319 cc) straight-five. produces 218 hp (163 kW; 221 PS)[55] at 5,100 rpm and 243 lb·ft (329 N·m) of torque at 2,700-4,500 rpm.[55] It was only available on the thai market cars.

Applications:

B5234T3[edit]

The B5234T3[51] is a 2.3 L (2,319 cc) straight-five. features exhaust cam variable valve timing (in later engine revisions), a single turbocharger, and an intercooler. Output ranges from 225 hp (168 kW; 228 PS) at 5200 rpm and 221 lb·ft (300 N·m) of torque from 2000 to 5200 rpm in the pre-VVT engines to 247 hp (184 kW; 250 PS) at 5,200 rpm with 243 lb·ft (329 N·m) of torque at 2,400-5,200 rpm with VVT. Also features a drive-by-wire electronic throttle and Bosch ME7 engine management from 1999 onwards

Applications:[69]

B5234T4[edit]

The B5234T4 is a 2.3 L (2,319 cc) straight-five. Features a TD04HL-16T turbo in the 850 R and a TD04HL-18T turbo in the S/V70 R. Standard turbo for the 850 T-5 and automatic R was a TD04HL-15G and for the S/V70 T5 a TD04HL-16T. The larger turbos along with different ECU mapping allowed the B5234T4 to produce a published 250 hp (186 kW; 253 PS) at 6,000 rpm. and 350 N·m (260 lb·ft) at 2400 rpm. All cars equipped with the B5234T4 used Motronic 4.4 engine management.

  • 1996–1997 Volvo 850 badged as 850 R[72] (models with manual[73] transmission)
  • 1998 Volvo S70 badged as S70 R (models with manual transmission)
  • 1998 Volvo V70 badged as V70 R (models with manual transmission)

B5234T5[edit]

The B5234T5 is a 2.3 L (2,319 cc) straight-five. This version of the B5234 features a TD04-15g turbo, and produced 225-250 hp. It was equipped with Bosch Motronic 4.3 engine management.

Applications:

B5234T7[edit]

The B5234T7 is a 2.3 L (2,319 cc) straight-five. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of ??.

Applications:

B5234T9[edit]

The B5234T9 is a 2.3 L (2,319 cc) straight-five. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of ??.

Applications:

2.4[edit]

B5244S[edit]

The B5244S is a 2.4 L (2,435 cc) straight-five. It is naturally aspirated with a power output of either 142 hp (106 kW; 144 PS) at 5400 rpm with 152 lb·ft (206 N·m) of torque at 3600 rpm, or 168 hp (125 kW; 170 PS) at 6100 rpm,[70] with 170 lb·ft (230 N·m) of torque at 4500 rpm. For 2000 it was equipped with intake cam VVT.

Applications:

B5244S2[edit]

The B5244S2 is a 2.4 L (2,435 cc) straight-five. It is naturally aspirated with a power output of 138 hp (103 kW; 140 PS) at 5700 rpm with 162 lb·ft (220 N·m) of torque at 3750 rpm. It features intake cam VVT.

Applications:[77]

B5244S4[edit]

Naturally Aspirated. The B5244S4 produces 168 hp (125 kW; 170 PS) at 6000 rpm with 170 lb·ft (230 N·m) of torque at 4400 rpm. It features intake cam VVT.

Applications:[78]

B5244S5[edit]

Naturally Aspirated. The B5244S5 produces 138 hp (103 kW; 140 PS) at 5000 rpm with 162 lb·ft (220 N·m) of torque at 4000 rpm.

Applications:[80]

B5244S6[edit]

SULEV+ engine variant for California

B5244S7[edit]

SULEV+ engine variant with PremAir for California[84]

B5244SG[edit]

Naturally Aspirated. The B5244SG produces 138 hp (103 kW; 140 PS) at 5800 rpm with 192 lb·ft (260 N·m) of torque at 4500 rpm. This was a bi-fuel variant.

Applications:

B5244SG2[edit]

Naturally Aspirated. The B5244SG produces 138 hp (103 kW; 140 PS) at 5800 rpm with 192 lb·ft (260 N·m) of torque at 4500 rpm. This was a bi-fuel variant.

Applications:

B5244T[edit]

The B5244T is a 2.4 L (2,435 cc) straight-five. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power out put of 190 hp (142 kW; 193 PS)[70][86] at 5100 rpm[86] with 199 lb·ft (270 N·m)[87] of torque between 1600–5000 rpm.

Applications:

B5244T2[edit]

The B5244T2 is a 2.4 L (2,435 cc) straight-five. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 265 PS (195 kW; 261 hp) at 5700 rpm with 350 N·m (258 lb·ft) at 2400 rpm.

Applications:

B5244T3[edit]

The B5244T3 is a 2.4 L (2,435 cc) straight-five. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 197 hp (147 kW; 200 PS) with 210.2 lb·ft (285.0 N·m) of torque at 1800 rpm. It features exhaust cam VVT.

Applications:

B5244T4[edit]

The B5244T4 is a 2.4 L (2,435 cc) straight-five. It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power output of 208 hp (155 kW; 211 PS) at 5000 rpm with 236 lb·ft (320 N·m) of torque at 1500 rpm. It features VVT for both intake and exhaust cam.

Applications:

B5244T5[edit]

The B5244T5 is a 2.4 L (2,435 cc) straight-five. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 93.2 mm (3.7 in). It is turbocharged and intercooled with a power utput of 256 hp (191 kW; 260 PS) at 5500 rpm with 258 lb·ft (350 N·m) of torque at 2100 rpm. It features VVT for both intake and exhaust cam.

Applications:[88]

B5244T7[edit]

Applications:

2.5[edit]

B5252S[edit]

The B5252S[51] was a 2,435 cc (148.6 cu in) naturally-aspirated variant of the B525. It was equipped with Siemens Fenix 5.2 engine management. Output is 142 hp (106 kW; 144 PS) at 5400 rpm with 152 lb·ft (206 N·m) of torque at 3600 rpm.

Applications:[93]

B5252FS[edit]

The B5252FS was a 2,435 cc (148.6 cu in) naturally-aspirated variant of the B525. It was equipped with Siemens Fenix 5.2 engine management.

Applications:

B5254S[edit]

The B5254S[73] was a 2,435 cc (148.6 cu in) naturally-aspirated variant of the B525. It was equipped with Bosch LH 3.2 Jetronic engine management. Output is 168 hp (125 kW; 170 PS) at 6100 rpm with 162 lb·ft (220 N·m) of torque at 4700 rpm.

Applications:

B5254F[edit]

The B5254F was a 2,435 cc (148.6 cu in) naturally-aspirated variant of the B525. It was equipped with Bosch LH 3.2 Jetronic engine management and featured a variable intake system called Volvo Variable Induction System or V-VIS for short. Output is 168 hp (125 kW; 170 PS) at 6100 rpm with 162 lb·ft (220 N·m) of torque at 4700 rpm.

Applications:

B5254FS[edit]

The B5254FS was a 2,435 cc (148.6 cu in) naturally-aspirated variant of the B525. It was equipped with Bosch M 4.4 Motronic engine management.

Applications:

B5254T[edit]

The B5254T is turbocharged with a low pressure turbo (LPT) producing a maximum of 6 psi (41 kPa).[99] Output is 190 hp (142 kW; 193 PS)[100] at 5100 rpm[101] with 199 lb·ft (270 N·m) of torque between 1800rpm and 5000rpm.[101] It was equipped with Bosch M 4.4 Motronic engine management until the end of model year 1998, for 1999 it used a variant of the Bosch ME 7.0 engine management.

Applications:

B5254T2[edit]

The B5254T2 has dual VVT and is turbocharged and intercooled. It produces 6 psi of "boost." Output is 210 hp (157 kW; 213 PS) at 5000 rpm with 320 N·m (240 lb·ft)[103] of torque at 1500-4500 rpm. The B5254T2 has a compression ratio of 9.0:1

Applications:

[106]

B5254T3[edit]

It has VVT and is turbocharged and intercooled. Unlike previous designs, the turbocharger is integral with the exhaust manifold. It uses the Bosch ME 9.0[107] engine management system.[108]

Using the M66W (FWD) or M66C (AWD) manual transmission output is 217 hp (162 kW; 220 PS) at 5000 rpm with 236 lb·ft (320 N·m) of torque at 1500-4800 rpm. With the AW55-51 automatic transmission, torque is limited in first and second gear.[109]

Adaptations of this engine were used by Ford, with power levels ranging from 217bhp[110] to 345bhp.[111] At Ford the engine was called "Duratec-ST", "Duratec ST"[112] or "Duratec RS".[113]

Applications:[114]

B5254T4[edit]

The B5254T2-R has dual VVT and is turbocharged and intercooled. The B5254T4[124] has a compression ratio of 8:5:1

Output is 300 hp (224 kW; 304 PS) at 5500 rpm with 295 lb·ft (400 N·m) of torque at 1950-5250 rpm with the 6 speed M66AWD manual transmission.

When paired with the 5 speed AW51AWD Aisin Warner automatic transmission, output is reduced to 295 hp (220 kW; 299 PS) at 6000 rpm with 258 lb·ft (350 N·m) of torque between 1850 and 6000 rpm when in first or second gear (2004–2005).

The 6 speed TF-80SC automatic transmission is not limited (2006–2007).

Applications:

[125]

B5254T5[edit]

The B5254T5 is a 2.5L 2,521 cc (153.8 cu in) straight five. It is turbocharged and intercooled. Power peaks 247 hp (184 kW; 250 PS) at 5500rpm while the torque peaks at 360 N·m (266 lb·ft) from 1800-4020rpm.

Applications:

B5254T6[edit]

Applications:

B5254T7[edit]

The B5254T7 is a slight adaptation of the B5254T3. It has VVT and is turbocharged and intercooled. The turbocharger is still integrated into the exhaust manifold, but is of a different design.

Using the M66W (FWD) or M66C (AWD) manual transmission output is 227 hp (169 kW; 230 PS) at 5000 rpm with 236 lb·ft (320 N·m) of torque at 1500-5000 rpm. With the AW55-51 automatic transmission, torque is limited in first and second gear.

Applications:[127]

B5254T8[edit]

Applications:

B5254T10[edit]

The T10 version has a displacement of 2521cc, a power output of 231 hp (172 kW; 234 PS) at 4800 rpm, and a maximum torque output of 251 lb·ft (340 N·m) between 1700-4800 rpm.

Applications:[128]

B5254T11[edit]

The T11 version has a displacement of 2521cc, a power output of 228 hp (170 kW; 231 PS) at 4800 rpm, and a maximum torque output of 251 lb·ft (340 N·m) between 1700-4800 rpm.

Applications:[130]

B5254T12[edit]

The B5254T12 is a 2.5L (2497 cc) straight five. It is turbocharged and intercooled. Power peaks at 250.7 hp (187 kW; 254 PS) at 5400 rpm while torque peaks at 266 lb·ft (361 N·m) from 1800-4800 rpm. The TF-80SD is the only transmission paired with this engine.

Applications:

B5254T14[edit]

<- research in progress ->

Applications:

B6254FS[edit]

A new, small 2.5-litre engine, known as the B6254 FS, was introduced for the 1995 Volvo 960. It developed 170 bhp (130 kW) at 5,700 rpm and maximum torque of 230 N·m (170 lb·ft) at 4,400 rpm. This engine was identical in every way to the larger B6304S, apart from the stroke being reduced to 80 mm (3.1 in) and the bore to 81 mm (3.2 in), producing a displacement of 2,473 cc. Like other Volvo engines, it was optimised for low-end and middle range torque.[134] The 180 hp (130 kW) version of this engine was called B6244 FS.

Applications:

B6254G[edit]

Non-catalyst, leaded-fuel compatible version of the B6254S, for regions with limited availability of unleaded fuel.

2.8[edit]

B6284T[edit]

The B6284T is a 2.8 L (2783 cc),[136] twin-turbocharged straight-six. Bore is 81 mm (3.2 in) and stroke is 90 mm (3.5 in). Output is 268 hp (200 kW; 272 PS) at 5400 rpm, with 280 lb·ft (380 N·m) of torque at 2100-5000 rpm.[136]

Applications:

2.9[edit]

B6294S[edit]

The B6294S is a 2.9 L (2922 cc) straight-six. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 90.3 mm (3.6 in). Output is 194 hp (145 kW; 197 PS) at 6000 rpm with 207 lb·ft (281 N·m) of torque at 4200 rpm. This engine is based on the B6304 (see below), but refined for transverse mounting and variable valve timing.

Applications:

B6294S2[edit]

The B6294S is a 2.9 L (2922 cc) straight-six. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 90.3 mm (3.6 in). Output is 194 hp (145 kW; 197 PS) at 6000 rpm with 207 lb·ft (281 N·m) of torque at 4200 rpm. This engine is based on the B6304 (see below), but refined for transverse mounting and variable valve timing.

Applications:

B6294T[edit]

The B6294T is a 2.9 L (2922 cc), twin-turbocharged and intercooled version of the B6294S. Bore is 83 mm (3.3 in) and stroke is 90.3 mm (3.6 in). Output is 272 hp (203 kW; 276 PS) at 5200 rpm with 280 lb·ft (380 N·m) of torque at 1800-5000 rpm.

Applications:[139]

B6304S[edit]

The B6304S was the first generation of modular inline-6 engines. It has the same bore and stroke (83x90 mm) as the B6294, but the deciliter number was rounded up (i.e. 2,922 cc to 3,000 cc). These engines produced 204 hp (152 kW; 207 PS) at 6000 rpm, and 197 lb·ft (267 N·m) of torque at 4300 rpm. Engine output was reduced to 180 hp (134 kW; 182 PS) and 199 lb·ft (270 N·m) by changing the cam profile (back then without variable valve timing) in favour of emissions regulations.

To develop this new, modular engine type, Volvo had a cooperation project with Porsche / Weissach.

Applications:

B6304S2[edit]

Applications:

  • 960 later model years / various

B6304S3[edit]

The B6304S3 was the second version of the first generation of modular inline-6 engines. It has the same bore and stroke (83x90 mm) as the B6294, but the deciliter number was rounded up (i.e. 2,922 cc to 3,000 cc). These engines produced 204 hp (152 kW; 207 PS) at 6000 rpm, and 197 lb·ft (267 N·m) of torque at 4300 rpm. Engine output was reduced to 180 hp (134 kW; 182 PS) and 199 lb·ft (270 N·m) by changing the cam profile (back then without variable valve timing) in favour of emissions regulations.

Applications:

B6304G[edit]

The B6304G produced 204 hp (152 kW; 207 PS) at 6000 rpm, and 197 lb·ft (267 N·m) of torque at 4300 rpm. It was adapted to run on leaded gasoline as well as lead free gasoline.

Applications:

  • 1997–1998 Volvo S90 badged as S90 3.0 24_V
  • 1997–1998 Volvo V90 badged as V90 3.0 24_V

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ First generation Bi-Fuel models with NECAM & Fenix 5.2 engine management

References[edit]

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  69. ^ Cars with the B5234T3 engine - Carfolio.com
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  76. ^ http://www.autoweek.nl/autoreview/20271/renault-safrane-rxe-25
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  78. ^ Cars with the B5244S4 engine - Carfolio.com
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  80. ^ Cars with the B5244S5 engine - Carfolio.com
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  82. ^ http://az685612.vo.msecnd.net/pdfs/534784bf53d88a13c30fdc5192ca07953c760730/C70_owners_manual_MY10_DE_tp10879.pdf
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  87. ^ a b http://new.volvocars.com/ownersdocs/2002/2002_C70/02c70c_09.htm#pg131
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  89. ^ https://www.volvoclub.org.uk/press/pdf/presskits/S60_MY2005.pdf
  90. ^ http://new.volvocars.com/ownersdocs/2005/2005_V70/05v70_09.htm#pg163
  91. ^ http://esd.volvocars.com/site/owners-information/MY06/V70/V70_owners_manual_MY06_DE_tp8172.pdf
  92. ^ http://new.volvocars.com/ownersdocs/2004/2004_C70/04c70c_09.htm#pg127
  93. ^ Cars with the B5252 engine - Carfolio.com
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  96. ^ part number 9133198
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  98. ^ http://new.volvocars.com/ownersdocs/1994/1994_VIN-VIC/vin1994.html
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  131. ^ Cars with the B5254T12 engine - Carfolio.com
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