Wargrave shown within Berkshire
|Area||16.28 km2 (6.29 sq mi)|
|Population||3,803 (2011 Census)|
|– density||234/km2 (610/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|Website||Wargrave Parish Council|
Wargrave // is a large village and civil parish in Berkshire, England. The village is primarily on the River Thames but also along the confluence of the River Loddon. The village is larger than the county average, having a railway station on its short branch line, off the Great Western Railway to/from London Paddington; the village is quickly accessible to nearby parts of the M4 corridor, particularly Berkshire and London Heathrow Airport and local major centres of employment include Reading and Bracknell, with smaller businesses and additional commercial facilities in nearby Henley on Thames and Wokingham. The town has many old listed buildings, two marinas with chandlery services for boats, a rowing club and rises steeply to the northwest in the direction of Bowsey Hill, with higher parts of the town generally known as Upper Wargrave. In Upper Wargrave is a Recreation Ground with a cricket club, bowls club and tennis club.
Original forms of name
It is in the Borough of Wokingham. The name Wargrave is derived from 'Weir-Grove', as was in the Assize Rolls and Patent rolls of the medieval times recorded as 'Weregreave', settling on a slightly different pronunciation after the Great Vowel Shift rendering it Wargrave.
The first documentary evidence of the settlement was recorded in 1061 which indicates that it was a village and had a manor in the feudal system. The Domesday Book of 1086 records the settlement as having a population of 250. In the 13th century the current High Street was lined with plots and backstreets developed.
Architecturally, Wargrave Court was erected in the early Tudor period, altered and extended in the Georgian to post-Edwardian period. Wargrave Manor occupies its medieval site on the northern outskirts, bounded by its lower meadow that overlooks Wargrave Marsh below it, which is drained farmland downstream and the local primary floodplain. However this building, while also grade II listed, is larger, with a modest landscaped park. It is late Georgian and altered later in a painted stucco with moulded, chamfered quoins, moulding over second floor windows, hipped slate roof with several chimneys, spread over three storeys save for the wings. The east front has a conical roof over a protrusion of similar shape with three sash windows flanked by single bays with similar windows: all windows have architrave surrounds, ground floor windows having Victorian panes. This section has a Doric veranda with coupled columns supporting entablature across the whole front. Flanking wings have two upper sash windows and venetian windows on their ground floor. Its Victorian south front has 5 bays repeating the design and a central porch of angle pilasters supporting entablature and blocking course, above the double door is a radiating fanlight. The west front has a large Victorian semi-circular terrace in front.
The village continued to develop into its current form in the 18th century growing up the hill from High Street eastwards so that by the end of the 19th century this axis, now Victoria Road, was fully settled.
Post-Industrial Revolution History
In the 20th century the village's population grew significantly, especially in the 1970s and '80s as new developments on farmland inside the parish boundaries responded to demand for housing for commuters working in and on the increasingly commercial western outskirts of London.
The village encloses in its west the confluence of the Loddon and the Thames. It is on the A321 north-south road between Twyford and Henley-on-Thames. On the opposite bank of the River Thames are the villages of Shiplake and Lower Shiplake. When taken as its civil parish, such as in all of its history and in civil parish council provision of footpath maintenance and annual village events, it includes Hare Hatch and Cockpole Green. These largest hamlets rely on Wargrave's businesses (such as post office, shops, hairdressing and other usual large village services) and for education.
Wargrave railway station is on the Henley Branch Line between Twyford (the next station south) and Henley-on-Thames. The railway operator provides trains at least every 30 minutes each way Monday-Friday and allows connections to Reading and London Paddington if a change of train is made at Twyford: the time to the capital is 53–70 minutes. A large proportion of the residents in employment commute to outlying areas, as the village itself supports a small range of shops and businesses, but the average commute is more than five miles to support the local economy as at the 2011 census.
Christian buildings and memorials
The Church of England parish church of Saint Mary dates from the 12th century and has the wide ecclesiastical parish of Wargrave with Knowl Hill. It is situated on Mill Green, off the High Street. In 1914 it was set on fire and gutted as a result of a mistakenly targeted direct action by the Suffragette Movement. The north door remains from the 12th century, the tower from 1635 and the remaining structure was built following the fire. This is a Grade II* listed building.
In the gardens of the churchyard is the Hannen Columbarium, a columbarium built to house the remains of the Hannen family. It was designed by Edwin Lutyens and is considered an interesting example of his early work.
There are marinas and Wargrave Boating Club for those who use the River Thames for leisure and sport.
In August, the Wargrave & Shiplake Regatta is held over two days on the Shiplake riverbank opposite. The regatta combines serious and light-hearted racing in canoes, dinghies, dongolas and skiffs. It is the largest community event of the year having taken place since 1867. The event ends with a large firework display on the Saturday night.
We caught a breeze, after lunch, which took us gently up past Wargrave and Shiplake. Mellowed in the drowsy sunlight of a summer's afternoon, Wargrave, nestling where the river bends, makes a sweet old picture as you pass it, and one that lingers long upon the retina of memory.
The “George and Dragon" at Wargrave boasts a sign, painted on the one side by Leslie, R.A., and on the other by Hodgson of that ilk. Leslie has depicted the fight; Hodgson has imagined the scene, "After the Fight"— George, the work done, enjoying his pint of beer.Day, the author of Sandford and Merton, lived and—more credit to the place still—was killed at Wargrave.— Jerome K. Jerome, Three Men in a Boat, Chapter XIV
At one time there were seven public houses on High Street, serving the stage coaches travelling between Henley-on-Thames and Reading; there are now only three. The pubs remaining today are the Bull, the Greyhound and the St George and Dragon. The Queen Victoria public house in Upper Wargrave recently closed and is being redeveloped into housing.
Wargrave has its own primary school, which is split into the infant school and junior school, and a secondary academy school – The Piggott School formerly a comprehensive school, now an academy. Each is a Church of England voluntary controlled school and are also feeder schools to each other. They are all named after Robert Piggott.
Wargrave is recorded since at least the Norman Conquest as covering the land right up to the crest of the hills to the east, (but only in terms of the civil parish since the building of chapels of ease in the outlying parts after the 19th century secular/religious split). At the level of local government above this, the Wargrave ward is redrawn typically every 12 years to roughly even out population between such wards. It covers a similar area. As common across the UK, the RG10 postcode of the mid-county-covering Reading post town is for postal convenience and bears a slight relation to the largest administrative border as currently drawn.
Key statistics from both administrative areas are shown in the table below together with the nucleus of Wargrave twin census Lower Level Super Output Areas which omits a few communities of Wargrave which are isolated by buffering fields and woodlands.
|Output area||Population||Homes||% Owned outright||% Owned with a loan||km²||km² Greenspace[n 1]||km² gardens||km² road and rail|
|Wargrave (civil parish)||3803||1570||41.2%||35.8%||16.28||13.76||1.45||0.41|
|Wargrave (Wokingham 001B and 1C)||3025||1234||41.2%||37.3%||6.41||4.84||0.82||0.23|
|Remenham, Wargrave and Ruscombe (ward)||5421||2272||41.6%||34.1%||30.12||26.42||2.02||0.73|
Notable residents - past & present
- Dave Allen, comedian
- Angela Baddeley, actress
- Richard Barry, 7th Earl of Barrymore
- Raymond Baxter, television presenter
- Bert Bushnell, athlete 1948 Olympic Gold medalist at double sculls
- Paul Daniels and Debbie McGee, magician and his wife/assistant
- Peter Davison, actor
- Sandra Dickinson, actress
- Nicholas "Beau" Hannen, actor (son of Sir Nicholas Hannen)
- Sir Nicholas John Hannen, Chief Justice of the British Supreme Court for China and Japan
- Mary Hopkin, singer
- Sir Morell Mackenzie, physician and surgeon
- Robert Morley, actor
||Henley-on-Thames||Remenham||Hurley (part of)|
|Charvil (including Borough Marsh)||Ruscombe
|Waltham St Lawrence|
Notes and references
- Comprises cultivated fields, pasture, woodland, public parks and a little marshland at the confluence of the River Loddon.
- Wargrave Local History Society: A Potted History of the Village
- David Nash Ford's Royal Berkshire History: Wargrave
- Wargrave Court Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1290406)". National Heritage List for England.
- Wargrave Manor Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1155057)". National Heritage List for England.
- Association of Train Operating Companies – official timetable
- 2011 Census: Quick Statistics: Population Density, Key statistics: Tenure and Commuting Distance, Physical Environment:Land Use United Kingdom Census 2011 and 2005 Land Use Statistics Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 25 November 2014
- "Parish Churches". St Mary's Wargrave with Knowl Hill. Retrieved 19 September 2012.
- St Mary's Church Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1155023)". National Heritage List for England.
- See description of the Hannen Mausoleum at http://www.mausolea-monuments.org.uk.
- Wargrave & Shiplake Regatta: History of the Wargrave & Shiplake Regatta
Gray, R. and Griffiths, S. (eds) (1986), The Book of Wargrave, Wargrave: Wargrave Local History Society, ISBN 0 9511878 05
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