Washington Park station (TriMet)
|MAX Light Rail station|
|Location||Washington Park near the Oregon Zoo entrance on SW Zoo Road|
Portland, Oregon, U.S.
|Platforms||1 island platform|
|Depth||260 ft (79 m)|
|Opened||September 12, 1998|
Washington Park is a light rail station in Portland, Oregon, United States, that is served by TriMet as part of the MAX Light Rail system. Situated between Sunset Transit Center and Goose Hollow/Southwest Jefferson Street station, it is the 17th and 3rd eastbound station on the Blue Line and the Red Line, respectively. The station's two tracks and island platform are part of the Robertson Tunnel beneath Portland's West Hills. Its head house and surface-level plaza are located in the middle of a parking lot surrounded by the Hoyt Arboretum, Oregon Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Oregon Zoo, Portland Children's Museum, and World Forestry Center. Washington Park is the only completely underground station in the MAX system. At 260 feet (79 m) below ground, it is the deepest transit station in North America.
The station opened in September 1998 as part of the Westside MAX extension to downtown Hillsboro. Connections include TriMet bus route 63–Washington Park/Arlington Heights and a free seasonal shuttle. Various hiking trails, some a part of Portland's 40-Mile Loop, connect the station to other parts of Washington Park, including the International Rose Test Garden and the Portland Japanese Garden.
Plans to build a light rail line to serve Portland's western suburbs in Washington County emerged in 1979 with a Metro regional government proposal to extend what would become the Metropolitan Area Express (MAX) from its inaugural terminus in downtown Portland father west to the cities of Beaverton and Hillsboro. During early planning, several alternative alignments through the West Hills were determined, including routes along the Sunset Highway, Beaverton–Hillsdale Highway, and Multnomah Boulevard.:2–4 A majority of jurisdictions had selected a Sunset Highway light rail alternative by June 1982, with the Portland City Council the last to adopt a resolution supporting this route in July 1983. Metro subsequently moved forward with this alternative, and the Urban Mass Transportation Administration (UMTA) authorized $1.3 million in funds to begin a preliminary engineering study.:P-1 Soon afterwards, TriMet suspended the project to focus on the completion of the first MAX segment.
Planning for the westside extension resumed in January 1988.:P-1 Prior to the start of preliminary engineering efforts, the Portland City Council asked TriMet to consider building a rail tunnel through the West Hills instead of following the Sunset Highway alternative's proposal to run tracks on the surface alongside Canyon Road. TriMet's engineers noted that this surface option would carry a steep six- to seven-percent grade as opposed to only two percent in a tunnel. That May, TriMet awarded a $230,000 contract to surveying firm Spencer B. Gross of Portland to map out the proposed area and another $200,000 contract to a partnership between Cornforth Consultants of Tigard and tunneling firm Law/Geoconsult International International of Atlanta to determine alternative tunnel routes. After several months of soil testing, TriMet announced that a tunnel would be feasible. In October, the agency released a report that identified three tunnel options: a 3-mile (4.8 km) "long tunnel" with a station serving the Oregon Zoo, the same long tunnel without a station, and a .5-mile (0.80 km) "short tunnel". Both long tunnels featured a western portal west of Sylvan while the short tunnel featured one on Canyon Road, and all three had an eastern portal near Jefferson Street in Portland's Goose Hollow neighborhood. These proposals were immediately met with opposition from West Hills residents who feared that tunneling activity would trigger landslides.
The station was designed by the Zimmer Gunsul Frasca Partnership (ZGF) architecture firm and built by Hoffman Construction Company, with engineering by Parsons Brinckerhoff. It opened in 1998 along with the rest of the westside MAX Line. Building Design & Construction named the station as its top public works project in 1999 in its Building Team Project of the Year competition.
In 2018, TriMet completed a $2.1 million renovation of the station's platform level. The agency partnered with ZGF for the renovation, which included mounting energy-efficient LED lighting and installing patterned tiles along the platform-side and elevator lobby walls. Artists from Mayer/Reed painted large-scale murals over the 300-foot-long (91 m) walls across the tracks from the platform.
|Street level||Exits/Entrances, ticket vending machines, bus stop, paid surface parking|
|Platform level||Westbound||← Blue Line toward Hatfield Government Center (Sunset Transit Center)|
|← Red Line toward Beaverton Transit Center (Sunset Transit Center)|
|Island platform, doors will open on the left; elevators|
|Eastbound||→ Blue Line toward Cleveland Avenue (Goose Hollow/Southwest Jefferson Street) →|
|→ Red Line toward Portland International Airport (Goose Hollow/Southwest Jefferson Street) →|
The surface portion includes a public plaza named in honor of Les AuCoin, a former member of the U.S. House of Representatives who supported the project. The entrance to the zoo is located just across a parking-lot road from the station plaza, having been moved north from its previous location the weekend after the station opened. Two high-speed elevators are located at either end of the underground station; visitors to the Oregon Zoo are directed to the east elevators while people going to the World Forestry Center are pointed to the west.
The Robertson Tunnel consists of two single-track tubes, one for each direction of travel. The 200-foot (61 m) station platform is between the rails, accessed from the left side of trains. A geological timeline—created from a drilling core sample—runs along the platform walls. The eastbound platform is marked by yellow roof girders, symbolizing the sunrise; the westbound platform has orange roof girders, symbolizing the sunset. The platforms were nicknamed Sunrise and Sunset, respectively, by TriMet.
Trains entering the tunnel more than a mile away can be heard from the platforms. They move at up to 55 mph (89 km/h) and push a stream of constant-temperature air into the station. This, coupled with the surrounding rock, keeps the platform at a natural average temperature of 50 °F (10 °C) year round.
A memorial to the only worker killed during the construction of the Robertson Tunnel is located on the wall next to the tunnel portal at the east end of the "Sunset" (westbound) platform.
The elevators stop at only two levels, surface and platform level, with no intermediate stops. As a part of the station's geological theme, the signs inside the elevators refer to these two levels not by conventional floor numbers but by "the present" and "16 million years ago"—for the surface level and platform level, respectively. During ascent and descent, a moving indicator display inside each elevator shows the current position expressed as elevation above sea level in feet. The elevators allow selecting two floors, "S" and "T", for "surface" and "tunnel" (or possibly "street" and "track"). The 26-story (28 for the west elevators) equivalent ride takes about 25 seconds. Due to the hillside surface slope, the west elevators are 20 feet (6.1 m) taller than the east elevators.
Bus line connections
This underground MAX station is served by the following bus lines:
- 63 – Washington Park/Arlington Heights
- Washington Park Free Shuttle (runs May–October only)
- "Westside MAX Tour Fact Sheet" (PDF). TriMet. November 2009. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- "Livable Portland: Land Use and Transportation Initiatives" (PDF). TriMet. November 2010. p. 83. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
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- Federman, Stan (May 23, 1982). "Public gets chance to contribute to transportation planning". The Sunday Oregonian. p. B4. Retrieved December 15, 2020 – via NewsBank.
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- Heinz, Spencer (July 13, 1983). "Council leans to Sunset light-rail plan". The Oregonian. p. B1. Retrieved December 15, 2020 – via NewsBank.
- Hillsboro Corridor Alternatives Analysis Draft Environmental Impact Statement (Report). Federal Transit Administration, United States Department of Transportation. April 1993. Retrieved December 16, 2020 – via Google Books.
- "Westside MAX Blue Line Extension" (PDF). TriMet. July 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 2, 2019. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
- Federman, Stan (November 7, 1987). "Tri-Met heats up study for westside light rail". The Oregonian. p. E14. Retrieved December 16, 2020 – via NewsBank.
- Federman, Stan (January 21, 1988). "West side light rail seen years away". The Oregonian. p. C8. Retrieved December 16, 2020 – via NewsBank.
- Federman, Stan (May 5, 1988). "Tri-Met studies westside tunnel". The Oregonian. p. C4. Retrieved December 16, 2020 – via NewsBank.
- Federman, Stan (September 15, 1988). "Tests find rail tunnel feasible". The Oregonian. p. C2. Retrieved December 16, 2020 – via NewsBank.
- Federman, Stan (October 27, 1988). "Light-rail tunnel called feasible". The Oregonian. p. A1. Retrieved December 16, 2020 – via NewsBank.
- Federman, Stan (October 31, 1988). "West Hills groups split on light-rail tunnel". The Oregonian. p. D13. Retrieved December 16, 2020 – via NewsBank.
- Miller, Brian K. (July 4, 1999). "Local team honored for work on light-rail station". Portland Business Journal. Retrieved 21 May 2014.
- "2017 Washington Park Rehabilitation Project". TriMet. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
- "TriMet, Washington Park Station Improvements". ZGF Architects. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
- Hamilton, Don (February 24, 1997). "Light rail station at zoo unfolds". The Oregonian. p. B4.
- Shrag, John (August 19, 1998). "Humble pi". Willamette Week.
- "Pieces of pi at Washington Park Station". DocBug. November 20, 2006. Archived from the original on August 2, 2007. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
- Washington Park Free Shuttle Explore Washington Park/Metro. Retrieved August 31, 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Washington Park station (Portland).|
- MAX Light Rail Stations – TriMet page