Wearmouth Bridge

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Wearmouth Bridge
Wearmouth bridge.jpg
The current Wearmouth Bridge, constructed in 1929. The bridge in the background is the Monkwearmouth Railway Bridge and is still in use.
Coordinates54°54′36″N 1°22′58″W / 54.91°N 1.3828°W / 54.91; -1.3828Coordinates: 54°54′36″N 1°22′58″W / 54.91°N 1.3828°W / 54.91; -1.3828
OS grid referenceNZ396574
Carries
CrossesRiver Wear Edit this on Wikidata
LocaleWearside Edit this on Wikidata
Official nameWearmouth Bridge Edit this on Wikidata
Maintained bySunderland City Council Edit this on Wikidata
Heritage statusGrade II listed building Edit this on Wikidata
Next upstreamMonkwearmouth Railway Bridge Edit this on Wikidata
Characteristics
DesignThrough arch bridge
MaterialIron Edit this on Wikidata
Total length375 ft (114 m) Edit this on Wikidata
Width48 ft (15 m) Edit this on Wikidata
Longest span240 ft (73 m) Edit this on Wikidata
Clearance below105 ft (32 m) Edit this on Wikidata
No. of lanes
  • 5
  • 3 northbound
  • 2 southbound
History
DesignerMott, Hay and Anderson Edit this on Wikidata
Constructed bySir William Arrol & Co. Edit this on Wikidata
Construction start1927
Construction end1929
Construction cost£231,943 Edit this on Wikidata
Opened1929 Edit this on Wikidata
Inaugurated31 October 1929 Edit this on Wikidata
ReplacesWearmouth Bridge Edit this on Wikidata
Wearmouth Bridge is located in Tyne and Wear
Wearmouth Bridge
Wearmouth Bridge
Location in Tyne and Wear

Wearmouth Bridge is a through arch bridge across the River Wear in Sunderland. It is the final bridge over the river before its mouth with the North Sea.


Original bridge[edit]

The original Wearmouth Bridge was designed by Thomas Paine and opened in 1796. In 1805 the bridge was repaired, and between 1857-1859 it was reconstructed by Robert Stephenson.

History[edit]

The Wearmouth Bridge from the south.

To accommodate the growing volume of traffic, construction began on the current bridge in 1927. It was designed by Mott, Hay and Anderson and fabricated by the famous bridge building firm of Sir William Arrol & Co. at their Dalmarnock Ironworks in Glasgow (they also built the famous Forth Rail Bridge and the steel structure of Tower Bridge in London).[1] The new bridge was built around the old one to allow the road to remain open.[2] It was opened on 31 October 1929 by the Duke of York (who would later become King George VI).[3]

The cost of the bridge amounted to £231,943 of which £12,000 was spent on dismantling the old bridge.[3]

The adjoining Monkwearmouth Railway Bridge was built in 1879, and extended the railway south from Monkwearmouth to the centre of Sunderland.[4]

The bridge carries the A183 road between Chester-le-Street and South Shields and the A1018 which was the old route of the A19 until the bypass was built leading to the Tyne Tunnel. It is a Grade II listed building.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 'The Sir William Arrol Collection', Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland contains many pictures of Wearside Bridge under Construction
  2. ^ "LOCAL STUDIES CENTRE FACT SHEET NUMBER 7: The Wearmouth Bridge". Local Studies Centre collection, Sunderland Public Library Service. Archived from the original on 7 August 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2011.
  3. ^ a b Vickers, Alex. "The second Wearmouth Bridge". National Grid for Learning. Retrieved 24 September 2006.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "Historic Structures: Wearmouth Bridge". Sunderland City Council. Archived from the original on 8 May 2005. Retrieved 24 September 2006.
  5. ^ Historic England. "WEARMOUTH BRIDGE (1279911)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 June 2015.

External links[edit]


Next bridge upstream River Wear Next bridge downstream
Monkwearmouth Bridge
Durham Coast Line & Tyne and Wear Metro
Wearmouth Bridge
Grid reference NZ396574
None
North Sea