Twenty-Second Air Force
|Twenty-Second Air Force|
A member of the 94th Airlift Control Flight marshals Lockheed C-130H-LM Hercules, AF Ser. No. 81-0629, after a training mission at Dobbins Air Reserve Base
|Active||28 December 1941 – present|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Type||Numbered Air Force|
|Role||Provide combat-ready reserve air forces|
|Part of||Air Force Reserve Command|
|Garrison/HQ||Dobbins Air Reserve Base, Georgia|
|Major General John P. Stokes|
|Emblem of Twenty-Second Air Force|
In the event of mobilization, some of the Twenty-Second Air Force's subordinate units would come under the operational control (OPCON) of the Air Mobility Command's (AMC) 21st Expeditionary Mobility Task Force, headquartered at McGuire Air Force Base, New Jersey, while others would come under OPCON of Air Education and Training Command's 19th Air Force at Randolph AFB, Texas.
22 AF is responsible for recruiting and training reservists and for maintaining subordinate units at the highest level of combat readiness. A by-product of training is to coordinate daily support of the active duty air force.
22 AF's wartime mission is to provide combat-ready airlift and support units and augments personnel requirements to Air Mobility Command in the United States.
Twenty-Second Air Force manages more than 25,000 Reservists and has 149 unit-equipped aircraft. Reserve crews in 22 AF fly the C-130 Hercules, including the WC-130 "Hurricane Hunter" aircraft, which are located at nine different Air Force Reserve wings. The wings, flying squadrons and support units are spread throughout nine states – from New York to Mississippi, Ohio and Minnesota, with its westernmost wing in Colorado Springs, Colorado.
Established as the Domestic Division, Air Corps Ferrying Command in the early days of World War II, the organization's mission was the transport of newly produced aircraft from points within the United States to Ports of Embarkation for shipment to Britain and other overseas Allies. In 1946, the organization was transferred to Air Transport Command and became, in essence, a military airline its Continental Division, managing transport routes within the United States.
When the USAF was created as a separate service in 1947, Military Air Transport Service was established to support the new Department of Defense, with responsibility for its support falling to the Department of the Air Force. Redesignated Western Transport Air Force (WESTAF), the organization managed all MATS operations from the Mississippi River west to the east coast of Africa until MATS was replaced by the Military Airlift Command in 1966. When MATS became MAC, WESTAF was redesignated 22d AF, with headquarters at Travis AFB, CA.
During the 1960s, Twenty-Second Air Force transports flew missions worldwide, supporting the efforts of the United States in Southeast Asia, Europe and other places around the world. In December 1974, the Twenty-Second Air Force absorbed Tactical Air Command's Twelfth Air Force C-130 Hercules tactical airlift operations.
On 29 March 1979, the Twenty-Second Air Force assumed responsibility for managing Military Airlift Command resources in the Pacific. For this mission, the unit provided a single commander for MAC airlift units in the Pacific theater; command and control of theater-assigned airlift forces for Pacific Air Forces; theater tactical airlift war planning and Pacific exercise planning; and aerial ports in the Pacific area to support the air movement of personnel, cargo, equipment, patients, and mail. The division participated in tactical exercises such as Team Spirit, Ulchi Focus Lens, and Capstan Dragon.
The unit was relieved from assignment to Military Airlift Command and assigned to Air Mobility Command on 1 June 1992. Activated the same day at Dobbins ARB, GA, with a change in assignment to the Air Force Reserve. It is under the peacetime command of Headquarters Air Force Reserve Command at Robins Air Force Base, GA.
- Established as Domestic Division, ACFC, and activated, on 28 December 1941
- Redesignated: Domestic Wing, ACFC, on 26 February 1942
- Redesignated: Ferrying Division, ATC, 20 June 1942
- Redesignated: Continental Division, ATC, 28 February 1946
- Discontinued on 31 October 1946
- Established as Continental Division, MATS, 1 July 1948
- Redesignated: Western Transport Air Force, 1 July 1958
- Redesignated: Twenty-Second Air Force, 8 January 1966
- Inactivated 1 July 1993
- Activated 1 July 1993
- Air Corps Ferrying Command, 28 December 1941
- Army Air Forces Ferry Command, 9 March 1942
- Army Air Forces Ferrying Command, 31 March 1942
- Air Transport Command, 20 June 1942
- Military Air Transport Service, 1 July 1948
- Military Airlift Command, 1 January 1966
- Air Mobility Command, 1 June 1992
- Air Force Reserve, 1 July 1993
- Air Force Reserve Command, 17 February 1997
World War II
United States Air Force
- 323d Air Division, 1 Jul 1958 – 8 May 1960
- 834th Air (later Airlift) Division, 1 – 31 Dec 1974, 1 Oct 1978 – 1 Apr 1992
- 16th Air Transport (later 1254 Air Transport) Squadron, 1 Sep 1948 – 12 Mar 1951
- 1726th Air Transport Squadron (Special), 1 Oct 1948 – 23 Apr 1949
- 1737th Ferrying Squadron, 24 Sep 1950 – 16 Jul 1951
- Air Transport Squadron (VR-3), USN, 1 Oct 1948-c. Dec 1948, 1 Dec 1949 – 1 Jul 1957.
- Bolling Airfield, Washington D.C., 28 December 1941
- Lunken Airport, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1 February 1943
- Kelly Air Force Base, Texas, 1 July 1948
- Travis Air Force Base, California, 25 June 1958
- Dobbins ARB, Georgia, 1 July 1993