Wikipedia:On this day/Today
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- 1857 – Indian Rebellion: An eight-day siege by a force of more than 10,000 against a fortified outbuilding occupied by 68 British troops ended when a relief party dispersed the besiegers.
- 1936 – African-American athlete Jesse Owens (pictured) won the first of his four gold medals at the Berlin Olympics, dashing Nazi leaders' hopes of Aryan domination at the games.
- 1940 – World War II: Italian forces began a conquest of British Somaliland, capturing the region in 16 days.
- 2005 – Former mayor of Tehran Mahmoud Ahmadinejad took office as the sixth president of Iran.