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This article is about the year 1890.
|Centuries:||18th century – 19th century – 20th century|
|Decades:||1860s 1870s 1880s – 1890s – 1900s 1910s 1920s|
|Years:||1887 1888 1889 – 1890 – 1891 1892 1893|
|1890 in topic:|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature – Music|
|Australia – Brazil - Canada – France – Germany – Mexico – Philippines – South Africa – United Kingdom – United States|
|Rail Transport – Science – Sports|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial Governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2643|
|British Regnal year||53 Vict. 1 – 54 Vict. 1|
|Chinese calendar||己丑年 (Earth Ox)
4586 or 4526
— to —
庚寅年 (Metal Tiger)
4587 or 4527
|- Vikram Samvat||1946–1947|
|- Shaka Samvat||1812–1813|
|- Kali Yuga||4991–4992|
|Japanese calendar||Meiji 23
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 12 days|
|Minguo calendar||22 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2432–2433|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1890.|
- January 1
- January 2
- January 11 – 1890 British Ultimatum: the United Kingdom demands Portugal withdraw its forces from the land between the Portuguese colonies of Mozambique and Angola (most of present-day Zimbabwe and Zambia)
- January 15 – The Sleeping Beauty with music by Tchaikovsky is premiered at the Imperial Mariinsky Theatre in St Petersburg, Russia.
- January 25
- February 9 – The Weather Bureau is established within the United States Department of Agriculture.
- February 17[dubious ] – The British steamship Duburg is wrecked in the South China Sea: 400 lives are lost.
- February 24 – Chicago is selected to host the Columbian Exposition
- March 1
- March 3 – The first American football game in Ohio State University history is played in Delaware, Ohio, against Ohio Wesleyan, with the Ohio State Buckeyes winning 20–14.
- March 4 – The Forth Bridge across the Firth of Forth in Scotland is opened to rail traffic.
- March 8 – North Dakota State University is founded in Fargo.
- March 20 – Kaiser Wilhelm II dismisses Otto von Bismarck.
- March 27 – A tornado strikes Louisville, Kentucky, killing 76 people and injuring 200.
- March 28 – Washington State University is founded in Pullman.
- April 14 – Commercial Bureau of the American Republics.
- May 12 – The first ever official English County Championship cricket match begins in Bristol; Yorkshire beats Gloucestershire by 8 wickets.
- May 20 – Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh moves to Auvers-sur-Oise on the edge of Paris in the care of Dr Paul Gachet where he will produce around seventy paintings in as many days.
- May 31 – The 5-story skylight Arcade opens in Cleveland, Ohio.
- June 1 – The United States Census Bureau begins using Herman Hollerith's tabulating machine to tabulate census returns using punched card input, a landmark in the history of computing hardware. Hollerith's company eventually becomes IBM.
- June 12 – In Michigan, the wooden steamer Ryan is lost near Thunder Bay Island.
- June 20 – The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde published by Philadelphia-based Lippincott's Monthly Magazine (dated July).
- June 27 – Canadian-born boxer George Dixon defeats the British bantamweight champion in London, giving him claim to be the first black world champion in any sport.
- July – Politics of Japan: In the first general election for the House of Representatives of Japan, about 5% of the adult male population elect a lower house of the Diet of Japan.
- July 1 – Heligoland–Zanzibar Treaty is signed by Great Britain and Germany.
- July 2 – The Sherman Antitrust Act and Sherman Silver Purchase Act become United States law.
- July 3 – Idaho is admitted as the 43rd U.S. state.
- July 10 – Wyoming is admitted as the 44th U.S. state.
- July 13 – In Minnesota, storms result in the Sea Wing disaster on Lake Pepin, killing 98.
- July 14 – First recorded use of lime-green to describe a color.
- July 26 – In Buenos Aires, the Revolution of the Park takes place, forcing President Juárez Celman's resignation.
- July 27 – Death of Vincent van Gogh: van Gogh apparently shoots himself, dying two days later.
- August 6 – At Auburn Prison in New York, William Kemmler becomes the first person to be executed in the electric chair.
- August 20 – Treaty of London: Portugal and the United Kingdom define the borders of the Portuguese colonies of Mozambique and Angola.
- August Kaiser Wilhelm II and Tsar Alexander III meet at Narva.
- September 19 – The Turkish frigate Ertuğrul founders off Japan; 540 lives are lost.
- October 9 – The first brief flight of Clément Ader's steam-powered fixed-wing aircraft Ader Éole takes place in Satory, France. It flies uncontrolled approximately 50 m (160 ft) at a height of 20 cm, the first take-off of a powered airplane solely under its own power.
- October 11 – In Washington, D.C., the Daughters of the American Revolution is founded.
- October 12 – In Uddevalla, the Uddevalla Suffrage Association is founded. Formal founding event on November 2 a month later.
- October 13
- November 4 – The first deep level London Underground (Tube) Railway named the City and South London Railway opens officially.
- November 21 – Edward King, Anglican bishop of Lincoln, is convicted of using ritualistic practices.
- November 23 – King William III of the Netherlands dies without a male heir, and his daughter Princess Wilhelmina becomes Queen, causing Luxembourg (who required a male heir) to declare independence.
- November 29
- November – Scotland Yard, headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service, moves to a building on London's Victoria Embankment, as the New Scotland Yard.
- December 15 – Hunkpapa Lakota leader Sitting Bull killed on Standing Rock Indian Reservation.
- December 27 – The British steamship Shanghai burns in the East China Sea off the coast of Anhui Province; 101 lives are lost.
- December 29 – Wounded Knee Massacre: At Wounded Knee, South Dakota, a Native American camp, the U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment tries to disperse the non-violent "Ghost-Dance" which was promised to usher in a new era of power and freedom to Native Americans but was feared as a potential rallying tool for violent rebellion by some in the U.S. government. Shooting begins, and 153 Lakota Sioux and 25 troops are killed; about 150 flee the scene. This was the last tribe to be defeated and confined to a reservation as well as the beginning of the decline of both the American Indian Wars and the American frontier.
- The folding carton box is invented by Robert Gair, a Brooklyn printer who developed production of paper-board boxes in 1879.
- The United States city of Boise, Idaho, drills the first geothermal well.
- Brown trout are introduced into the upper Firehole River in Yellowstone National Park.
- High School Cadets is written by John Philip Sousa.
- William II of Prussia opposes Bismarck's attempt to renew the law outlawing the Social Democratic Party.
- Blackwall Buildings, Whitechapel, noted philanthropic housing, is built in the East End of London.
- English archaeologist Flinders Petrie excavates at Tell el-Hesi, Palestine (mistakenly identified as Lachish), the first scientific excavation of an archaeological site in the Holy Land, during which he discovers how tells are formed.
- American geostrategist Alfred Thayer Mahan publishes his influential book The Influence of Sea Power upon History, 1660-1783.
- Francis Galton announces a statistical demonstration of the uniqueness and classifiability of individual human fingerprints.
- Alfred Tucker becomes Anglican Bishop of Eastern Equatorial Africa.
- January 1 – Anton Melik, Slovenian geographer (d. 1966)
- January 5 – Sarah Aaronsohn, member of the Jewish spy ring Nili (d. 1917)
- January 4 – Victor Lustig, Bohemian-born con artist (d. 1947)
- January 9
- January 11 – Oswald de Andrade, Brazilian Modernist writer (d.1954)
- January 19 – Élise Rivet, French Roman Catholic nun and war heroine (d. 1945)
- January 22 – Fred M. Vinson, Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1953)
- January 28 – Robert Franklin Stroud, Birdman of Alcatraz (d. 1963)
- February 10 – Boris Pasternak, Russian writer (Doctor Zhivago), Nobel Prize laureate (declined) (d. 1960)
- February 14 – Nina Hamnett, Welsh artist (d. 1956)
- February 15 – Matome Ugaki, Japanese admiral (d. 1945)
- February 16 – Francesco de Pinedo, Italian aviator (d. 1933)
- February 17 – Ronald Fisher, English biologist (d. 1962)
- February 18
- February 24 – Marjorie Main, American actress (d. 1975)
- February 25 – Dame Myra Hess, English pianist (d. 1965)
- February 27 – Freddie Keppard, American jazz musician (d. 1933)
- March 3 – Norman Bethune, Canadian doctor and humanitarian (d. 1939)
- March 9
- March 11 – Vannevar Bush, American engineer, inventor, and politician (d. 1974)
- March 20
- March 28 – Paul Whiteman, American bandleader (d. 1967)
- March 31 – William Lawrence Bragg, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1971)
- April 6 – Anthony Fokker, Dutch aircraft manufacturer (d. 1939)
- April 7
- April 13 – Dadasaheb Torne, Indian filmmaker (d. 1960)
- April 11 – Rachele Mussolini, Italian, wife of Benito Mussolini (d. 1979)
- April 15 – Percy Shaw, British inventor (d. 1976)
- April 16
- April 17 – Victor Chapman, French-American fighter pilot (d. 1916)
- April 20
- April 21 – Michitaro Totsuka, Japanese admiral (d. 1966)
- April 26 – Edgar Kennedy, American comedic actor (d. 1948)
- May 1 – Laurence Wild, 1913 NCAA Men's Basketball All-American, former head coach for the Navy Midshipmen men's basketball, and 30th Governor of American Samoa (d. 1971)
- May 4 – Franklin Carmichael, Canadian artist (d. 1945)
- May 10 – Alfred Jodl, German general (executed) (d. 1946)
- May 11 – Woodall Rodgers, mayor of Dallas, Texas (d. 1961)
- May 15 – Katherine Anne Porter, American author (d. 1980)
- May 19 – Ho Chi Minh, Prime minister/President of North Vietnam (d. 1969)
- May 23 – Herbert Marshall, English actor (d. 1966)
- June 1 – Frank Morgan, American actor (d. 1949)
- June 6 – Ted Lewis, American jazz musician and entertainer (d. 1971)
- June 10 – William A. Seiter, American film director (d. 1964)
- June 12 – Junius Matthews, American actor (d. 1978)
- June 16 – Stan Laurel, British actor (d. 1965)
- June 25 – Charlotte Greenwood, American actress (d. 1977)
- June 26
- June 28 – William H. P. Blandy, American admiral (d. 1954)
- June 30 – Paul Boffa, 5th Prime Minister of Malta (d. 1962)
- July 18 – Frank Forde, Australian Prime Minister (d. 1983)
- July 20 – Verna Felton, American character actress (d. 1966)
- July 22 – Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, American philanthropist and matriarch of the Kennedy family (d. 1995)
- July 26
- August 2 – Marin Sais, American film actress (d. 1971)
- August 3 – Konstantin Melnikov, Russian avant-garde architect (d. 1974)
- August 4 – Erich Weinert, German writer and political activist (d. 1953)
- August 5 – Erich Kleiber, Austrian conductor (d. 1956)
- August 10
- August 15
- August 18 – Walther Funk, German politician (d. 1960)
- August 20 – H. P. Lovecraft, American writer (d. 1937)
- August 22 – Hans-Joachim Buddecke, German World War I fighter pilot and ace (d. 1918)
- August 24 – Duke Kahanamoku, American swimmer (d. 1968)
- September 7 – Harland Sanders, Founder of KFC (d. 1980)
- September 8 – Dorothy Price, Irish physician (d. 1954)
- September 10
- September 15
- September 20
- September 21 – Max Immelmann, German World War I fighter ace (d. 1916)
- September 23
- October 1
- October 2 – Groucho Marx, American comedian (d. 1977)
- October 8 – Eddie Rickenbacker, American WWI fighter pilot (d. 1973)
- October 13 – Conrad Richter, American novelist and short story writer (d. 1968)
- October 14 – Dwight David Eisenhower, U.S. general and 34th President of the United States (d. 1969)
- October 16
- October 17 – Roy Kilner, English cricketer (d. 1928)
- October 25 – Floyd Bennett, American aviator and explorer (d. 1928)
- October 29 – Hans-Valentin Hube, German army general (d. 1944)
- November 7 – Jan Matulka, American painter (d. 1972)
- November 20 – Leon Cadore, American baseball pitcher (d. 1968)
- November 22 – Charles de Gaulle, President of France (d. 1970)
- November 23 – El Lissitzky, Russian artist and architect (d. 1941)
- December 5
- December 6 – Dion Fortune, British writer (d. 1946)
- December 8 – Bohuslav Martinů, Czech composer (d. 1959)
- December 10 – Henry Louis Larsen, American Marine Corp General; Governor of American Samoa and Governor of Guam (d. 1962)
- December 11 – Carlos Gardel, Argentine tango singer (d. 1935)
- December 12– Charles Basil Price, Canadian soldier and politician (d. 1975)
- December 20 – Jaroslav Heyrovský, Czech chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1967)
- December 21 – Hermann Joseph Muller, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1967)
- December 25 – Robert Ripley, collector of odd facts (d. 1949)
- December 26 – Uncle Charlie Osborne, Appalachian fiddler (d. 1992)
- December 30 – Lanoe Hawker, British fighter pilot (d. 1916)
- January 7 – Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, Empress Consort of William I, German Emperor (b. 1811)
- January 18 – King Amadeus I of Spain (b. 1845)
- February 22
- March 3 – Innocenzo da Berzo, Capuchin friar (b. 1844)
- March 7 – Karl Rudolf Friedenthal, Prussian statesman (b. 1827)
- March 9 – Sir Mangaldas Nathubhoy, Indian politician (b. 1832)
- March 16 – Princess Zorka of Montenegro (b. 1864)
- April 1 – David Wilber, American politician (b. 1820)
- April 1 – Alexander Mozhaysky, Russian aeronautical pioneer (b. 1825)
- April 11 – Joseph Merrick (The Elephant Man), English oddity (b. 1862)
- June 24 – Subba Row, Hindu theosophist (b. 1856)
- June 30 – Samuel Parkman Tuckerman, American composer (b. 1819)
- July 7 – Henri Nestlé, Swiss confectioner and the founder of Nestlé (b. 1814)
- July 9 – Clinton B. Fisk, American philanthropist and temperance activist (b. 1828)
- July 13
- July 15 – Gottfried Keller, Swiss writer (b. 1819)
- July 29 – Vincent van Gogh, Dutch painter (b. 1853)
- August 11 – John Henry Newman, English Roman Catholic Cardinal (b. 1801)
- October 4 – Catherine Booth, Mother of The Salvation Army (b. 1829)
- October 20 – Richard Francis Burton, English explorer, linguist, soldier (b. 1820)
- October 26 – Carlo Collodi, Italian writer (The Adventures of Pinocchio) (b. 1826)
- November 3 – Ulrich Ochsenbein, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1811)
- November 4 – Félix du Temple de la Croix, French Army Captain & aviation pioneer (b. 1823)
- November 8 – César Franck, Belgian composer and organist (b. 1822)
- November 11 – Marie-Charles David de Mayréna, French adventurer and self-styled King of Sedang (b. 1842)
- November 23 – King William III of the Netherlands (b. 1817)
- November 24 – August Belmont, Sr., Prussian-born financier (b. 1816)
- December 15 – Sitting Bull, Native American chief (b. c. 1831)
- December 21 – Johanne Luise Heiberg, Danish actress (b. 1812)
- December 26 – Heinrich Schliemann, German archaeologist (b. 1822)
- December 31 – Pancha Carrasco, Costa Rican war heroine (b. 1826)
- Comanche, horse, survivor of Custer's cavalry at the Battle of the Little Bighorn
- Ann Leah Underhill, one of the Fox sisters (b. 1814)
- "Full List of Thunder Bay Region Shipwrecks (by name)". MSU Sea Grant Extension, Northeast District, Michigan State University. 2000.
- "Many Great Liners Paid Toll Of The Sea; Republic Was First to Utilize the Wireless in Calls for Aid". The New York Times. 16 April 1912. Retrieved 2011-09-14.
- "This Day in History: 1890". History.com. A&E Television Networks. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
- "A Steamer and 400 Lives Lost". Otago Times. 17 January 1890. Retrieved 2012-05-06.
- "Dixon, George (Little Chocolate)". Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online. University of Toronto; Université Laval. 2000. Retrieved 2012-01-23.
- The Daily News (London). "lime, n2.". Oxford English Dictionary online version. Oxford University Press. September 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-15. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Crouch, Tom D. "Clément Ader". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2011-03-03.
- Gray, Carroll (1998–2003). "Clement Ader 1841–1925". Flying Machines. Retrieved 2011-03-03.
- Gibbs-Smith, Charles H. (1959). "Hops and Flights: A Roll Call of Early Powered Take-offs". Flight 75: 468. Retrieved 2011-03-03.
- "Read And Others V. The Lord Bishop Of Lincoln: Court Of The Archbishop Of Canterbury, Lambeth Palace, Nov. 21". The Times (33176) (London). 1890-11-22. p. 4.
- Two Hundred Drowned - Panic among the Chinese on the burned steamer Shanghai
- Galton, Francis (1891). "The Patterns in Thumb and Finger Marks – On Their Arrangement into Naturally Distinct Classes, the Permanence of the Papillary Ridges that Make Them, and the Resemblance of Their Classes to Ordinary Genera". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 182: 1–23. doi:10.1098/rstb.1891.0001. JSTOR 91733.
- "Eighteen Years in Uganda and East Africa". World Digital Library. 1908. Retrieved 2013-09-24.