World Oceans Day

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World Oceans Day
Белая ночь над Белым морем.JPG
A sunset in the White Sea
Observed by All UN member states
Date June 8
Next time 8 June 2018 (2018-06-08)
Frequency annual

World Oceans Day takes place every June 8. It has been celebrated unofficially since its original proposal in 1992 by Canada's International Centre for Ocean Development (ICOD) and the Ocean Institute of Canada (OIC) at the Earth Summit - UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.[1] The Brundtland Commission, i.e. the World Commission on Environment and Development, provided the inspiration for a global oceans day. The 1987 Brundtland Report noted that the ocean sector lacked a strong voice compared to other sectors. At the first world Oceans Day in 1992, the objectives were to move the oceans from the sidelines to the centre of the intergovernmental and NGO discussions and policy and to strengthen the voice of ocean and coastal constituencies world wide.

World Oceans Day was officially recognized by the United Nations in late 2008.[2] The Ocean Project, working in partnership with the World Ocean Network, Association of Zoos and Aquariums, and many other partners in its network of 2,000 organizations, has been promoting World Oceans Day since 2002 and led a three-year global petition movement to secure official UN recognition. World Oceans Day events are celebrated on June 8, the closest weekend, the week, and the month of June. The day is marked in a variety of ways, including launching new campaigns and initiatives, special events at aquariums and zoos, outdoor explorations, aquatic and beach cleanups, educational and conservation action programs, art contests, film festivals, and sustainable seafood events. Youth have been playing an increasingly important role since 2015, including the development in 2016 of a World Oceans Day Youth Advisory Council.

The 2017 World Oceans Day will coincide with the United Nations Ocean Conference.

Purpose[edit]

World Oceans Day is an annual observation to honor, help protect, and conserve the world’s oceans. The ocean provides us with many resources and services including oxygen, climate regulation, food sources, medicine, and more. World Oceans Day also provides an opportunity to take personal and community action to conserve the ocean and its resources.

By year[edit]

2017[edit]

The theme for World Oceans Day 2017 was "Our Oceans, Our Future", and the conservation action focus is on encouraging solutions to plastic pollution and preventing marine litter for a healthier ocean and a better future.[3][4][5][6][7][8] For World Oceans Day 2017, hundreds of events are planned around the world, including the first United Nations Ocean Conference being held in New York City during the week of World Oceans Day.

2016[edit]

The theme for World Oceans Day 2016 was "Healthy Oceans, Healthy Planet."[9] World Oceans Day 2016 was celebrated in over 100 countries with over 700 registered events. World Oceans Day trended second on Twitter. Instagram posts about World Oceans Day reached over 290 million people, and over 65 million people were reached on Twitter. Celebrities like Richard Branson, Ellie Goulding, Pharrell Williams, Adrian Grenier, Nelson Mandela and more shared photos and tweeted their support for our oceans. Notable organizations such as the United Nations, CNN, National Geographic, LIFE, the White House and more joined in spreading messages of ocean conservation.[10]

In the coordination of World Oceans Day, The Ocean Project continued to place a strong focus on youth engagement in 2016. The Ocean Project recognizes the impact youth can have in ocean conservation, and provides youth with the resources and networks needed to have their voices heard. For World Oceans Day 2016, the World Oceans Day Youth Advisory Council was established. There are 11 members on the council all coming from different countries around the world. The new advisory council will help expand the reach and impact of World Oceans Day, on June 8, and year-round.[11] The Ocean Project plans to focus increasing attention on youth engagement and -leadership.

The Ocean Project also teamed up with Youth Ocean Conservation Summit and The Big Blue and You to create Sea Youth Rise Up, which brought seven youth ocean conservation leaders to NYC and Washington DC.[12] The youth spoke about pressing ocean issues and solutions in a live google hangout at the New York Aquarium.[13] The youth then headed to Washington DC to meet with ocean leaders at the White House.

2015[edit]

The world celebrated "Healthy oceans, healthy planet" in the first year of a two-year theme for World Oceans Day.[14][15][16] Nearly 1,000 events were held at aquariums, zoos, museums, recreational centers, youth clubs, schools, businesses, and countless individuals marked the day by doing something to keep our ocean healthy. Thousands took The Better Bag Challenge for World Oceans Day – promising to use reusable bags rather than disposable plastic bags for a year to help address the problem of marine debris.

Action online increased signficantly around World Oceans Day 2015. Millions learned about the Day and ways to help through social media, and tens of thousands were talking about it. The volume of discussion online doubled again in 2015.[citation needed]

More high-profile events were held, including celebrities getting more involved:

United Nations Headquarters in New York City. The Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea held a reception honoring the Day and the winners of the 2nd Annual World Oceans Day Photo Contest.

UNESCO in Paris: The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO organized a full day dedicated to the critical role of the ocean for a healthy climate. The program brought together scientists, political decision-makers, civil society, and youth to develop strategies to reduce climate pollution.

The UNEP report on microplastics in cosmetics was released. The study, entitled Plastic in Cosmetics: Are We Polluting the Environment Through our Personal Care: Plastic ingredients that contribute to marine microplastic litter is a compilation of currently available knowledge on the linkages between cosmetics and plastic pollution in the oceans.

The Economist in Lisbon, Portugal: The Economist’s third World Ocean Summit was held just prior to World Oceans Day with the aim to set a new global agenda for the ocean economy. The Summit convened more than 250 leaders from various sectors and ignited a constructive dialogue on developing a blue economy in which economic opportunity is balanced by responsible investment in sustainability.

The US Department of State, in 16 cities worldwide: The US Department of State’s annual Fishackathon event was organized to make fishing more sustainable through a weekend of connection and coding. Coders volunteered their talents at institutions including aquariums and universities to develop new tools that help fishers work smarter, more safely, and more sustainably.

Support from great ambassadors: Jack Johnson celebrated with 5 Gyres and youth in the Bahamas, SpongeBob SquarePants went on a tour to zoos and aquariums across the US, Jeff Corwin and Jack Hanna made a splash on TV through a World Oceans Day campaign with Litton Entertainment, and the Octonauts were in many locations and highlighted in numerous publications around the planet to celebrate World Oceans Day.

2014[edit]

The World Oceans Day 2014 theme was "Together we have the power to protect the ocean", and focused on raising awareness and promoting personal and community action in fun and positive ways, leading to a more aware, engaged, and sustainable society, and a healthier ocean.[17][18][19][20] More than 700 events took place.

2013[edit]

The World Oceans Day 2013 & 2014 theme was "Together we have the power to protect the ocean." Events totaled more than 600.

2012[edit]

The World Oceans Day 2012 theme was "Youth: the Next Wave for Change".[21][22]

The Ocean Project launched a completely revamped site for World Oceans Day 2012. There were over 500 events in 55 countries.

2011[edit]

The World Oceans Day 2011 theme was the same as its 2012 celebration. Events increased worldwide.

2010[edit]

World Oceans Day 2010's theme was "Oceans of Life: Pick your favorite * Protect your favorite." It partnered with Dr. Seuss and the Census of Marine Life.

The Ocean Project and World Ocean Network recorded over 300 events for WOD 2010, a 26% increase over 2009. Participation in the United States increased by 32% (with participation in 37 states, as compared to 25 states the previous year). 45 countries participated in World Oceans Day 2010, including Bangladesh, Belgium, French Polynesia, Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya, Malta, Malaysia, Venezuela, and Portugal.

2009 (first recognized by the UN)[edit]

On the first UN-recognized World Oceans Day events number over 200 worldwide, and the Secretary-General of the United Nations gave the following message:[23][24]

The first observance of World Oceans Day allows us to highlight the many ways in which oceans contribute to society. It is also an opportunity to recognize the considerable challenges we face in maintaining their capacity to regulate the global climate, supply essential ecosystem services and provide sustainable livelihoods and safe recreation.

Indeed, human activities are taking a terrible toll on the world’s oceans and seas. Vulnerable marine ecosystems, such as corals, and important fisheries are being damaged by over-exploitation, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, destructive fishing practices, invasive alien species and marine pollution, especially from land-based sources. Increased sea temperatures, sea-level rise and ocean acidification caused by climate change pose a further threat to marine life, coastal and island communities and national economies.

Oceans are also affected by criminal activity. Piracy and armed robbery against ships threaten the lives of seafarers and the safety of international shipping, which transports 90 per cent of the world’s goods. Smuggling of illegal drugs and the trafficking of persons by sea are further examples of how criminal activities threaten lives and the peace and security of the oceans.

Several international instruments drawn up under the auspices of the United Nations address these numerous challenges. At their centre lies the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. It provides the legal framework within which all activities in the oceans and seas must be carried out, and is the basis for international cooperation at all levels. In addition to aiming at universal participation, the world must do more to implement this Convention and to uphold the rule of law on the seas and oceans.

The theme of World Oceans Day, “Our oceans, our responsibility”, emphasizes our individual and collective duty to protect the marine environment and carefully manage its resources. Safe, healthy and productive seas and oceans are integral to human well-being, economic security and sustainable development.[25]

2008[edit]

Annual participation increased to over 100 events.[citation needed]

2002-2007[edit]

In the early years of coordinated efforts by The Ocean Project, with World Ocean Network, events numbered in the dozens. During this time, www.WorldOceansDay.org launched, to help promote the event and generate more involvement through dissemination of resources, ideas, and tools free for everyone to use to celebrate World Oceans Day. Also during this time, TOP and WON launched a petition to the United Nations to officially recognize June 8 as World Oceans Day (UN General Assembly passed resolution in December 2008 officially recognizing the Day).[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ World Oceans Day History The Ocean Project
  2. ^ Resolution adopted by the General Assembly, 63/111. Oceans and the law of the sea, paragraph 171: "Resolves that, as from 2009, the United Nations will designate 8 June as World Oceans Day". 5 December 2008
  3. ^ "A healthier planet". The Nation. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  4. ^ http://fijisun.com.fj/2017/05/28/a-wave-of-pacific-partnerships-in-action-for-our-ocean-health/. Retrieved 8 June 2017.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ RAMANI, VARSHA. "SAVE our moana". The Hindu. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  6. ^ "South Africa: Minister Edna Molewa - United Nations Ocean Conference". Government of South Africa (Pretoria). 7 June 2017. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  7. ^ Neill, Peter (16 May 2017). "United Nations Ocean Conference: Our Ocean, Our Future". Huffington Post. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  8. ^ "Seeking a more sustainable future for our oceans". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  9. ^ "World Oceans Day - 8 June". www.un.org. Retrieved 2016-06-14. 
  10. ^ Thanks to those who celebrated World Oceans Day 2016 World Oceans Day
  11. ^ Introducing the World Oceans Day Youth Advisory Council World Oceans Day
  12. ^ [1] Sea Youth Rise Up
  13. ^ Sea Youth Rise Up LIVE Broadcast World Oceans Day Sea Youth Rise Up
  14. ^ "UN calls for global action to protect health of oceans - Xinhua | English.news.cn". news.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  15. ^ "Saving oceans for a healthy planet". The Hindu. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  16. ^ "Under the sea". Nature. 16 June 2016. pp. 296–296. doi:10.1038/534296a. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  17. ^ [2] IUCN finds empowering local communities key to ocean conservation
  18. ^ "World Oceans Day 2014: Together, We Have the Power to Protect the Ocean". National Geographic Society (blogs). 6 June 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  19. ^ "Protecting the world's oceans". The Nation. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  20. ^ "Together We Have the Power to Protect the Ocean: Celebrate World Oceans Day". UICN (in Spanish). 8 June 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  21. ^ "World Oceans Day 2011: Youth are the Next Wave for Change". UICN (in Spanish). 28 April 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  22. ^ "Pinoy marine biologists lauded by leading coral scientist". GMA News Online. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  23. ^ "World Oceans Day". www.un.org. Retrieved 7 June 2017. 
  24. ^ Wu, Shicun; Valencia, Mark (2016). UN Convention on the Law of the Sea and the South China Sea. Routledge. ISBN 9781317005612. Retrieved 7 June 2017. 
  25. ^ https://www.un.org/depts/los/reference_files/oceansday2009.pdf Message of the Secretary-General

External links[edit]