Wubu in Yulin
Yulin in Shaanxi
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|County seat||Songjiachuan (宋家川镇)|
|• Total||418.5 km2 (161.6 sq mi)|
|• Density||190/km2 (500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
Wubu County (simplified Chinese: 吴堡县; traditional Chinese: 吳堡縣; pinyin: Wúbǔ Xiàn) is located in the southeastern corner of Yulin City, in the north of Shaanxi Province, China, and on the western bank of the Yellow River. It is opposite to Shanxi's Liulin County and also borders Jia County and Suide County. The typical landscape within the county is loess plateau and drought usually hovers in the area creating serious soil erosion.
Location: 176 kilometers from Yulin, 260 kilometers from Yan'an, and 628 kilometers from Xi'an, the capital of the province. Area: 418.5 square kilometers, the smallest county in northern Shaanxi. Population: 80,000 (2002) Code: 610829 Postal code: 718200 Government location: Songjiachuan Town Administrative divisions: 4 towns and 4 townships
- Towns: Songjiachuan, Koujiayuan, Guojiagou, Xinjiagou
- Township: Xuexiacun, Chakou, Gongjiawan, Zhangjiashan
Wubu is an impoverished county. A large-scale high-quality coal mine was discovered in 2005, and remains to be exploited. Other natural resources include coal-derived gas, fluorite, and phosphates. China National Highway 307 and the Tai-Zhong railway pass through the territory. Special local products are red dates and silkworm.
The area was used by Helian Bobo to detain the captives of Liu Yu of Song Dynasty of Southern Dynasty. So its former name was Wu'erbu (吴儿堡) In Northern Han Dynasty, a stone city was built in Wubu. At present, some buildings from Ming and Qing Dynasties are still preserved. Due to the difficulty of water intake on the hill, most residents have moved to the new town at hill foot. Wubu was a part of Shaan-Gan-Ning Border Area during Sino-Japanese War and Chinese Civil War
"Wubu County Estimated to have 20bn-ton Halite Reserve". AsiaInfo Services. August 19, 2008. Retrieved 2009-07-13.