Weinan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Weinan," "Weinan City" redirect here. For other uses, see Weinan (disambiguation).
Weinan
渭南市
Prefecture-level city
WeiNan.JPG
Location of Weinan City jurisdiction in Shaanxi
Location of Weinan City jurisdiction in Shaanxi
Country China
Province Shaanxi
Settled 668 BC
Divisions
County-level:


Township-level:

1 district
2 county-level cities
8 counties

143 towns and villages
Government
 • CPC Ctte Secretary Lu Zhiyuan
 • Mayor Li Mingyuan
Area
 • Land 13,134 km2 (5,071 sq mi)
 • Urban 41 km2 (16 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Prefecture-level city 5,520,772
Demonym(s) Guanzhong dialect
Postal code 714000
Area code(s) 0913
GDP 2011
 - Total CNY1,119.0 billion
(USD177.6 billion)
 - Per capita CNY19,424
(USD3,007)
Licence plate prefixes 陕E
Website (Chinese) www.weinan.gov.cn
(English) top.weinan.gov.cn/en

Weinan (Chinese: 渭南; pinyin: Wèinán) is a prefecture-level city in the east of Shaanxi province, China. The Grand Historian Sima Qian was born in Weinan.

Etymology[edit]

The name "Weinan" (渭南) describes its location south of the Wei River, although the name, approximately a large area of the city lies north of the Wei River.

History[edit]

Xiyue Temple was first build in the Han Dynasty

As a significant area between the ancient Chinese capital Xi'an an Luoyang, Weinan has a long history.

Ancient[edit]

The ancient Dali Man live in the modern area of Weinan. The Xiagui county was settled in the year of 668 BC by the state of Qin. Weinan got its name in the year of 360 by the Former Qin regiem. In the Tang Dynasty, 10 of the emperors were buried in Weinan after their death. On the morning of 23 January 1556, the deadliest earthquake on record with its epicenter in Huaxian killed approximately 830,000 people, making an 840-kilometre-wide (520 mi) destroy.[1]

Modern[edit]

The Weinan prefecture-level city was established in 1995, in replace of the Weinan prefecture. Due to the construction of the Sanmenxia Dam, the economy of the city was restricted only in the agricultural section and therefore the developing level of the city was much lower than the other cities in the province. The city develops rapidly after the economic reform in China. Now the east part Guanzhong Plain belong to the city, making Weinan the second populated city in the Shaanxi province, only after the capital Xi'an.

Administration[edit]

The municipal executive, legislature and judiciary are in Linwei District, together with the CPC and Public Security bureaux.

Administrative divisions of Weinan City
ISO 3166-2[2] English name Chinese name Pinyin Area
(km)
Seat Postal code Subdivisions[3]
Subdistricts Towns Residential communities Villages
610500 Weinan City 渭南市 Wèinán Shì 13030.56 Linwei District 714000 12 130 215 3218
610502 Linwei District 临渭区 Línwèi Qū 1263.76 Duqiao Subdistrict(杜桥街道) 714000 8 16 56 514
610521 Hua County 华县 Huà Xiàn 1132.46 Huazhou Town(华州镇) 714100 10 15 242
610522 Tongguan County 潼关县 Tóngguān Xiàn 427.35 Chengguan Town(城关镇) 714300 6 15 78
610523 Dali County 大荔县 Dàlì Xiàn 1690.60 Chengguan Town(城关镇) 715100 18 26 400
610524 Heyang County 合阳县 Héyáng Xiàn 1317.15 Chengguan Town(城关镇) 715300 12 19 353
610525 Chengcheng County 澄城县 Chéngchéng Xiàn 1121.64 Chengguan Town(城关镇) 715200 10 14 266
610526 Pucheng County 蒲城县 Púchéng Xiàn 1579.81 Chengguan Town(城关镇) 715500 17 8 373
610527 Baishui County 白水县 Báishuǐ Xiàn 983.95 Chengguan Town(城关镇) 715600 10 11 194
610528 Fuping County 富平县 Fùpíng Xiàn 1245.99 Chengguan Town(城关镇) 711700 17 9 337
610581 Hancheng City 韩城市 Hánchéng Shì 1591.60 Xincheng Subdistrict(新城街道) 715400 2 10 26 275
610582 Huayin City 华阴市 Huàyīn Shì 676.26 Taihua Road Subdistrict(太华路街道) 714200 2 4 16 186
Note:The statistic of Linwei District inclouds the 2 subdistricts of Weinan High-Tech Industrial Development Zone.

Demographics[edit]

Breakdown of Weinan population by district and county (2010 census)
Division Permanent residents[4](November 2010) Hukou residents[5]
(by ende of 2010)
Total Percentage Population density (persons/km2)
Weinan City 5286077 100 405.67 5600599
Linwei District 877142 16.59 694.07 976822
Hua County 322148 6.09 284.47 347913
Tongguan County 155463 2.94 363.79 165860
Dali County 693392 13.12 410.15 718340
Heyang County 436441 8.26 331.35 451983
Chengcheng County 386150 7.31 344.27 404663
Pucheng County 743000 14.06 470.31 782571
Baishui County 279679 5.29 284.24 294823
Fuping County 743385 14.06 596.62 791246
Hancheng City 391164 7.40 245.77 399696
Huayin City 258113 4.88 381.68 266682
Note:The permanent residents of Linwei district include the 49209 permanent residents of Weinan High-Tech Industrial Development Zone.

According to the sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China, there are 5,286,077 people resident in Weinan.[6] Compared to the previous census data from 2000, the population has decreased by 108,729 persons. Among the residents, 50.75% are males and 49.25% are females. The number of male and female residents are separately 2,682,710 and 2,603,367. The sex ratio is 103.05.[6]

Transportation[edit]

Due to its location on the plain, Weinan is well connected to the outside, especially to the provincial capital Xi'an.

Public Transportation[edit]

As of March 2015, there are 20 bus routes operated in the urban area of the city. Apart the line 1 and 2 with air-conditioning with a fare of 2 RMB, all other bus routes fare is 1 RMB. There are also 1000 taxis in the urban city, The base fare is currently ¥5 which covers the first 2.5 km. Additional kilometers cost ¥1.4 or ¥1.5 each.

Roads[edit]

China National Highway 108 and China National Highway 310 pass through the city. Major expressway in the city are G5 Beijing–Kunming Expressway, G30 Lianyungang–Khorgas Expressway and G65E Yulin–Lantian Expressway. 5 bridges connect north and south part of the city on the Wei River, there are also 3 road bridges connect the city to the neighboring Shanxi Province on the Yellow River.

Rail[edit]

Weinan North Railway Station is connected by 2 high-speed railways.

The urban city of Weinan owns 4 railway stations. Weinan Railway Station was open in 1934. located on the important Longhai Railway, it can reach almost all Chinese major cities through the train. Weinan North Railway Station is a station for high-speed rail located on the Xuzhou–Lanzhou High-Speed Railway and Datong–Xi'an Passenger Railway, it is also a part of the Weinan Weihe Grand Bridge, one of the longest bridges in the world. Weinan South Railway Station and Weinan West Railway Station are on the Nanjing–Xi'an Railway, they are both only severed by the slowest rails. In the suburban area, there are also stations for high-speed rail like Huashan North Railway Station and Dali Railway Station as well as stations for normal rail like Huashan Railway Station and Hancheng Railway Station.

Air[edit]

There is no commercial passage airport in Weinan, the nearest airport is Xi'an Xianyang International Airport, a shuttle bus connect the Weinan Railway Station with the airport frequently in the day. There is also intention to build a small airport in Tongguan Country to serve the tourism of Hua Mountain.

Education[edit]

Schools[edit]

As of end in 2012, there are 2859 schools of all kinds, among which 75 high schools, 70 vocational schools, 310 junior high schools, 1266 primary schools, 1002 kindergartens and 7 special education schools.

Universities[edit]

Weinan has 3 higher educational institutions. The Weinan Normal University is comprehensive multi-discipline research university. Weinan The other 2 institions are Shaanxi Railway Institute and Weinan Vocational and Technical College.

Notable People[edit]

Twin towns[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "China's History of Massive Earthquakes". 12 May 2008. Archived from the original on 14 May 2008. Retrieved 16 June 2008. 
  2. ^ 国家统计局统计用区划代码 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of China. Retrieved 2015-06-26. 
  3. ^ Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People's Republic of China. 《中国民政统计年鉴2014》. 中国统计出版社. ISBN 978-7-5037-7130-9. 
  4. ^ National Bureau of Statistics of China. 《中国2010年人口普查分县资料》. 中国统计出版社. ISBN 978-7-5037-6659-6. 
  5. ^ Ministry of Public Security of China. 《中华人民共和国全国分县市人口统计资料2010》. 群众出版社. ISBN 978-7-5014-4917-0. 
  6. ^ a b "渭南市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报 (Weinan population)". Bereau of Health and Family Planning of Weinan City, in Chinese. Retrieved 2015-06-26. 


Coordinates: 34°30′N 109°30′E / 34.500°N 109.500°E / 34.500; 109.500