North American Sega Genesis cover art
Electric Spectacle Productions (Jaguar)
|Producer(s)||I. Kenneth Miller|
|Artist(s)||Ian J. Bowden|
|Mode(s)||Single-player, multiplayer (Only on Game Boy)|
Zoop is a puzzle computer and console video game originally developed by Hookstone Productions and published by Viacom New Media for many platforms in 1995. It has some similarities to Taito's 1989 arcade game Plotting (known as Flipull in other territories and on other systems) but Zoop runs in real-time instead.
In Zoop, players are tasked with the goal of eliminating pieces that spawn from one of the sides of the screen, before they reach the center of the playfield, by pointing at a specific piece and shooting it to either swap it with the current player color and thus arrange the same color pieces in a row or column, or else shooting it to match the color.
A month before its actual release, Zoop was featured as one of four titles played in the preliminary rounds of the Blockbuster World Video Game Championship II competition, a rare instance of an as-yet-unreleased game being used in a video game competition. The game was officially published across various consoles and personal computers at the time of its release (e.g. Sega Genesis, Super Nintendo (SNES), MS-DOS, PlayStation, Game Boy, and Atari Jaguar). Shortly after its release, to spark interest in the game, the SNES version was offered as part of a limited "rent one, get one free" promotion by Blockbuster.
Zoop is a real-time puzzle game, like Plotting, where the player controls a triangle in the center of the screen. Every second (or more often in advanced levels), a piece comes in from the side and possibly pushes other pieces forward. Two consecutive pieces will never come in from the same quadrant, and runs of consecutive identical pieces on one row are longer, statistically, than one might expect. If a piece falls into the center square, the game is over.
If the player shoots a piece of the same color as their triangle, it will be "zooped" (cleared) and points are earned. If the piece behind the target piece is also of the same color, it is also "zooped". The same goes for the next piece, and so on. If a piece of a different color from the player's current piece is shot, the player's piece will switch colors with it. This is also what happens when a piece of a different color is encountered after zooping one or more pieces of the same color. When the quota of "zooped" pieces is met, the game speeds up, and (before level 10) the background changes. Various special pieces do different things, such as a proximity bomb (shaped like a lightning bolt) that blows up pieces in a 3×3 area centered at the target piece, or a line bomb (often shaped like a gear) that clears a whole target line of pieces.
To make gameplay more difficult, the game also employed what was referred to as "Opti-Challenge" backgrounds. As the levels progressed, the backgrounds would become increasingly distracting. Early on, this would involve the use of contrasting colors and increasingly intricate color schemes. Background patterns would also become more intricate and would make subtle use of asymmetrical elements. Although the "Opti-Challenge" technique of the game was used as a selling point, very little information exists about the technique itself, and no other game on the market has ever claimed to use "Opti-Challenge" graphics. The sound effects have a cartoonish tone to match the vivid colors used through the stages, while the music is smooth jazz and "evolves" with the game. As the levels get harder, the music becomes more tense, adding to the fast-paced atmosphere of the game.
Development and release
Along with Dracula Unleashed, Zoop is one of the few original properties that were released by Viacom New Media, who only published games that are based on existing intellectual properties (including Viacom Media Networks' programming) until their closure in 1997. The title was extensively marketed by Viacom, who wanted the game to replicate the level of success of Tetris, which can be evidenced by its release on many platforms, as well as the game's slogan, "America's Largest Killer of Time!". Before it was officially released to the general public, the game was featured and played during the preliminary rounds on the Blockbuster World Video Game Championship II competition, along with other titles featured at the event such as Donkey Kong Country, Kirby's Avalanche and NBA Live 95.
The team at Hookstone Productions stated in an interview with Spanish magazine PC Manía that Zoop spent various years under development and that the concept initially proved to be difficult to explain for their producers and as such, the team presented a nearly-finished build. According to Aaron Fothergill, one of the programmers for the Atari Jaguar version of Zoop, Electric Spectacle Productions wanted the Jaguar version to have more advanced visuals than the PlayStation version, however, Viacom requested the developer to disable the extra graphics to make the latter version more appealing than the former version. As of 2018, the rights to Zoop are held by Viacom International. Even though the company formed a gaming division named 345 Games in 2011, the game is unlikely to have any future re-releases or sequels.
Both the Sega Genesis and Super Nintendo versions of Zoop are identical in terms of gameplay, aside from graphical and audio differences between the two. The MS-DOS version of the game has support for various sound cards, and it features wavetable-like MIDI music. The PlayStation version was released a month after the system was launched, and it features more advanced visuals compared to the 16-bit versions. The Game Boy port is the only version across all platforms that features a multiplayer mode. It also received a port to the Atari Jaguar that was developed by Electric Spectacle Productions and published by Atari Corporation on January 5, 1996, with graphics that are more in line with the previously released versions but sporting a more jazz-style soundtrack, in addition to being one of the last releases for the system. Zoop was also only released in Japan for the Sega Saturn by Media Quest on November 29, 1996, featuring similar visuals to those found in the PlayStation port.
The four reviewers of Electronic Gaming Monthly criticized the Game Gear version as having poor audio even by Game Gear standards but otherwise were divided about the game. One of them said "It is more like work than anything else, and it certainly isn't addictive", two of them said it lacks anything special but is still addictive and enjoyable for players of all skill levels, and the fourth called it "A must-try".
Reviewing the SNES version, a critic for Next Generation found the gameplay to be too complicated, concluding that "It's not bad really, but the idea isn't that intuitive, and once you get past the learning curve it lacks the addictive quality this kind of game needs." GamePro's The Axe Grinder similarly said that, while the game is fun and has good graphics and music, it lacks the addictive pull that an action puzzler needs to distinguish itself.
Sega Saturn Magazine (previously Sega Magazine) gave the Genesis/Mega Drive version a 62%, saying the game "has the curious compulsiveness of Tetris to a degree", but that it is overshadowed by more complex and graphically impressive games then on the market. Cover Girl of GamePro was pleased with the music and graphics, particularly the use of eye-tricking background contrasts in the later levels. She found the level select and five difficulty modes broaden the accessibility, but criticized that the game sends the player back to the beginning whenever they lose. She concluded that while falling short of classics like Tetris, Zoop is an enjoyable enough puzzler to merit a buy.
Reviewing the Jaguar version, GamePro noted that it made no changes from previous versions of the game. They said of the game itself: "A classic? No. Addictive? Yes." Next Generation similarly stated that "while Zoop is an enjoyable game, it's not exactly the second puzzling. ... Games like Tetris and Bust-a-Move have undeniable magic, and while Zoop has the mechanics of a great puzzle game, it lacks that magic." They praised the pace of the action, in that the game demands the player's full attention from the beginning.
GamePro's brief review of the PlayStation version called it "an uncomplicated puzzle game that's only slightly hampered by squirrelly controls" and "a great addiction for puzzle fans." A brief review from Next Generation commented, "Action puzzle games should be simple but addicting; Zoop is complicated but kind of compulsive." IGN rated the PlayStation version of the game a 5/10, stating, "Zoop has all the makings of a good puzzle game, it just doesn't deliver the goods."
On September 2003, the trademark renewal for Zoop was canceled.
- "PlayStation Soft > 1996". GAME Data Room. Archived from the original on 2018-08-17. Retrieved 2018-11-09.
- "GAMEBOY Soft > 1997". GAME Data Room. Archived from the original on 2018-01-13. Retrieved 2018-11-09.
- Castle, Justin (July 21, 2018). "Historical Atari Jaguar UK Magazine Advert/Reviews Collection" (PDF). Issuu. p. 340. Retrieved 2018-11-09.
- Smith, Jason. "Atari Jaguar Timeline". jaguarsector.com. Archived from the original on 29 July 2013. Retrieved 2018-11-09.
- "SEGA SATURN Soft > 1996" (in Japanese). GAME Data Room. Archived from the original on 2018-09-23. Retrieved 2018-11-09.
- "Blockbuster World Video Game Championship II 1995 Strategy Guide". GamePro. No. 71. IDG. June 1995. pp. 121–135.
- Creature, The Feature (December 1995). "Special Feature - Blockbuster Champs Invade GamePro!". GamePro. No. 77. IDG. pp. 50–52.
- G., Evan (June 20, 2009). "Donkey Kong Country Competition Cart". snescentral.com. Archived from the original on 23 September 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-10.
- Jeanne (June 10, 2004). "Zoop - Ad Blurbs". MobyGames. Archived from the original on 8 February 2015. Retrieved 2018-11-10.
- "Full Coverage - Zoop". Nintendo Power. No. 78. Nintendo of America. November 1995. pp. 76–77.
- "Primera Línea - Entre Bytes: Zoop - Algo diferente". PC Manía (in Spanish). Vol. 4 no. 38. HobbyPress. December 1995. p. 14.
- Wallett, Adrian (October 12, 2018). "Aaron Fothergill (Amiga/Atari) – Interview". arcadeattack.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2018-11-12. Retrieved 2018-11-11.
- "Zoop for Genesis". GameRankings. Archived from the original on 2018-11-15. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
- "Zoop for Super Nintendo". GameRankings. Archived from the original on 2018-11-15. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
- "Zoop for PC". GameRankings. Archived from the original on 2018-11-15. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
- "Zoop for PlayStation". GameRankings. Archived from the original on 2018-11-15. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
- Alan Weiss, Brett. "Zoop (Genesis) - Review". AllGame. Archived from the original on 15 November 2014. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
- Alan Weiss, Brett. "Zoop (SNES) - Review". AllGame. Archived from the original on 15 November 2014. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
- "Zoop (MS-DOS) - Overview". AllGame. Archived from the original on 14 November 2014. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
- "Zoop (Macintosh) - Overview". AllGame. Archived from the original on 14 November 2014. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
- Couper, Chris. "Zoop (PlayStation) - Review". AllGame. Archived from the original on 15 November 2014. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
- "Zoop (Game Boy) - Overview". AllGame. Archived from the original on 14 November 2014. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
- Alan Weiss, Brett. "Zoop (Game Gear) - Overview". AllGame. Archived from the original on 14 November 2014. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
- Scoleri III, Joseph. "Zoop (Jaguar) - Overview". AllGame. Archived from the original on 14 November 2014. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
- "Review Crew - Game Gear - Zoop". Electronic Gaming Monthly. No. 76. EGM Media, LLC. November 1995. p. 52. Archived from the original on 2018-11-16. Retrieved 2018-11-16.
- "Viewpoint - Zoop - Playstation". GameFan. Vol. 4 no. 1. Shinno Media. January 1996. p. 18.
- Girl, Cover (December 1995). "ProReview: Genesis - Zoop". GamePro. No. 87. IDG. p. 86.
- Grinder, The Axe (December 1995). "ProReview: Super NES - Zoop". GamePro. No. 87. IDG. p. 104.
- Nihei, Wes (March 1996). "Quick Hits - ProReview: Zoop - PlayStation". GamePro. No. 80. IDG. p. 73. Archived from the original on 2019-01-04. Retrieved 2018-11-21.
- Nihei, Wes (April 1996). "Quick Hits - ProReview: Zoop - Jaguar". GamePro. No. 81. IDG. p. 89. Archived from the original on 2019-01-04. Retrieved 2018-11-21.
- "Zoop Review". IGN. November 26, 1996. Archived from the original on 25 July 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
- "Finals - Super NES - Zoop". Next Generation. No. 11. Imagine Media. November 1995. p. 191.
- "Every PlayStation Game Played, Reviewed, and Rated - Zoop". Next Generation. No. 25. Imagine Media. January 1997. p. 60.
- "Finals - Jaguar - Zoop". Next Generation. No. 17. Imagine Media. May 1996. p. 94.
- "Now Playing - Zoop". Nintendo Power. No. 78. Nintendo of America. November 1995. p. 107.
- Iida, Keith. "AGH Jaguar Review: ZOOP". atarihq.com. Archived from the original on 2015-08-02. Retrieved 2018-12-20.
- Snyder, Frank; Chapman, Ted; Honeywell, Steve (1996). "Zoop Is Good Food". Computer Game Review. Ziff-Davis. Archived from the original on 1996-12-21. Retrieved 2019-10-04.
- Strauss, Bob (November 10, 1995). "Article - Zoop". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on 2018-09-03. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
- R.I.P.; Salamander (December 1995). "The Final Word game review - Zoop -- Viacom". Game Zero Magazine. Game Zero. Retrieved 2019-10-02.
- EL Zipou (December 1995). "Tests - Super Nintendo / Megadrive - Zoop". Player One (in French). No. 59. Média Système Édition. pp. 102–103.
- "Sega 16-Bit Magazine - Review - Zoop". Sega Saturn Magazine. No. 2. EMAP. December 1995. p. 92.
- "Sega Saturn Soft Review - New Release Title Check! - ズープ". Sega Saturn Magazine (in Japanese). No. 32. SoftBank Creative. October 25, 1996. p. 223.
- Abramson, Marc (April 1996). "Cahier Loisirs / Jaguar - Nouveautés: Ça Continue! - Zoop". ST Magazine (in French). No. 104. Pressimage. pp. 53–55. Archived from the original on 2018-11-21. Retrieved 2018-11-21.
- "Zoop Back to basics?". Ultimate Future Games. No. 13. Future Publishing. December 1995. p. 75.
- Karels, Ralph (August 1999). "Special - Atari Jaguar - Komplettübersicht Jaguar-Modul-Games - Zoop". Video Games (in German). No. 93. Future-Verlag. p. 56. Archived from the original on 2018-08-04. Retrieved 2018-11-21.
- "The Nintendo Power Awards - 95 Winners - Best Puzzle Game". Nintendo Power. No. 84. Nintendo of America. May 1996. p. 42.
- "Special - Jahres Überflieger '95 - Hype Des Jahres". Power Play (in German). No. 95. Future-Verlag. February 1996. p. 170.
- Hallie, Michelena (September 20, 2003). "ZOOP - Trademark Details". justia.com. Retrieved 2019-05-15.
- "GamesMaster Series 5 Episode 4". YouTube. June 27, 2018. Archived from the original on January 5, 2019. Retrieved July 19, 2018.