Zuglio

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Zuglio
Zui  (Friulian)
Comune
Comune di Zuglio
Coat of arms of Zuglio
Coat of arms
Zuglio is located in Italy
Zuglio
Zuglio
Location of Zuglio in Italy
Coordinates: 46°27′44″N 13°1′30″E / 46.46222°N 13.02500°E / 46.46222; 13.02500Coordinates: 46°27′44″N 13°1′30″E / 46.46222°N 13.02500°E / 46.46222; 13.02500
Country Italy
Region Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Province Udine (UD)
Frazioni Fielis, Formeaso, Sezza
Government
 • Mayor Stelio Dorissa
Area
 • Total 8.3 km2 (3.2 sq mi)
Elevation 425 m (1,394 ft)
Population (2006)[1]
 • Total 633
 • Density 76/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 33020
Dialing code 0433
Website Official website

Zuglio (Friulian: Zui) is a comune (municipality), former bishopric and Latin Catholic titular see in the Province of Udine in the northeastern Italian autonomous region Friuli-Venezia Giulia, located about 110 kilometres (68 mi) northwest of Trieste and about 45 kilometres (28 mi) northwest of Udine in the Val Bût.

Its territory includes the Pieve of San Pietro in Carnia, one of the oldest churches in Friuli. Zuglio is also home to an archaeological museum including remains from the old Roman town (Iulium Carnicum) and the whole Carnia.

Ecclesiastical history[edit]

The Church S. Pietro in Carnia
  • The Diocese of Zuglio (Italian) or Iulium Carnicum (in Latin) was established in 380 AD (or later according to the source) on territory -originally Cadorna and Carnia - split off from the then Diocese of Aquileia and became its suffragan at its elevation to (metropolitan) Patriarchate of Aquileia in 560. The strategic position on the Iulia Augusta (connecting Aquileia, by Monte Croce Carnico, to Aguntum in Noricum) brought wealth and extended jurisdiction
  • The barbaric invasions made the inhabitants flee the city, first probably translating their basilica and episcopal see up to San Pietro mount but abandoning Zuglio in 705 after a terrible raid by the Avars. The Longobard historian Paulus Diaconus notes that bishop Fidentius transferred his see' to Cividale but his successor, Amatore, was chased there to in 737 by Patriarch Callixtus of Aquileia, who made Cividale his patriarchal see.
  • It was suppressed in 740 at bishop Amatore's death, its territory being merged into the Patriarchate of Aquileia, but retained the right to a cathedral chapter until the Napoleonic era. Its former Cathedral, S. Pietro in Carnia, in Zuglio, was not granted co-cathedral status. Carnia ended up in the Archdiocese of Udine, Cadore went in 1846 to the Diocese of Belluno.

Residential Ordinaries[edit]

Suffragan Bishops of Zuglio

(Roman Rite) (incomplete)

  • Amantius = Amanzio(393 – death 413)
  • ...
  • Januarius = Ianuario (480 – death 490)
  • ...
  • Maxentius = Massensio (571? – 591?) [2]
  • ...
  • Fidenzio = Fidentius (705? – ?)
  • Amator(e) (737? – death ?740).

Titular see[edit]

In 1967 the diocese was nominally restored as Latin Catholic Titular bishopric of Zuglio (Italian) alias Iulium Carnicum.

It has had the following incumbents, of the fitting episcopal (lowest) rank or the higher archiepiscopal (intermediary) rank :

Twin towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  2. ^ Various traditional authors, following Italia sacra by Ferdinando Ughelli, list him (also named Maximus) as bishop of the Croatian Diocese of Pola

Sources and external links[edit]

Bibliography
  • Francesco Lanzoni, Le diocesi d'Italia dalle origini al principio del secolo VII (an. 604), vol. II, Faenza 1927, pp. 895–896