Żory

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Żory
Market place (rynek)
Market place (rynek)
Flag of Żory
Flag
Coat of arms of Żory
Coat of arms
Żory is located in Poland
Żory
Żory
Coordinates: 50°3′N 18°42′E / 50.050°N 18.700°E / 50.050; 18.700Coordinates: 50°3′N 18°42′E / 50.050°N 18.700°E / 50.050; 18.700
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Silesian
County city county
Town rights 1272
Government
 • Mayor Waldemar Socha
Area
 • City 64.64 km2 (24.96 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • City 62,110
 • Density 960/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
 • Metro 659,000
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 44-240
Area code(s) +48 32
Car plates SZO
Website www.zory.pl

Żory [ˈʐɔrɨ] (German: Sohrau) is a town and city county in Silesian Voivodeship, Poland with 62,625 inhabitants (2006). Previously it was in Katowice Voivodeship (1975–1998). It is located in the historic Upper Silesia region about 30 kilometres (19 mi) southwest of Katowice.

History[edit]

Saints Philip and Jacob parish church

The settlement on the road from Cieszyn to Kraków was first mentioned in a 1258 deed. Żory is one of the oldest towns in Silesia, it was granted city rights according to Magdeburg Law on 24 February 1272 by Duke Władysław of Opole. It remained part of the Upper Silesian Duchy of Opole, since 1327 a Bohemian fief, until in 1532 it was incorporated into the Lands of the Bohemian Crown. After the First Silesian War it was annexed by Prussia in 1742.


In the 18th century it was centre of cloth manufacturing, later of metal and machining industry. Upon the 1921 Upper Silesia plebiscite, Sohrau fell to the Silesian Voivodeship of the Second Polish Republic, though 69.4% of the citizens had voted for Germany. Occupied by Nazi Germany during the 1939 Invasion of Poland, it was re-conquered in the Vistula-Oder Offensive of the Red Army in 1945 and the German population was expelled.

Education[edit]

Sport[edit]

International relations[edit]

Żory is twinned with:

Notable people[edit]

External links[edit]