12th G7 summit

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12th G7 summit
State Guesthouse, Akasaka Palace[1]
Host country Japan
Dates May 4–6, 1986
Follows 11th G7 summit
Precedes 13th G7 summit

The 12th G7 Summit was held in Tokyo, Japan between May 4 and May 6, 1986. The venue for the summit meetings was the State Guesthouse in Tokyo, Japan.[2]

The Group of Seven (G7) was an unofficial forum which brought together the heads of the richest industrialized countries: France, West Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada (since 1976)[3] and the President of the European Commission (starting officially in 1981).[4] The summits were not meant to be linked formally with wider international institutions; and in fact, a mild rebellion against the stiff formality of other international meetings was a part of the genesis of cooperation between France's President Giscard d'Estaing and West Germany's Chancellor Helmut Schmidt as they conceived the first Group of Six (G6) summit in 1975.[5]

Leaders at the Summit[edit]

The G7 is an unofficial annual forum for the leaders of Canada, the European Commission, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States.[4]

Core G7 participants[edit]

These summit participants are the current "core members" of the international forum:[6]

Core G7 members
Host nation and leader are indicated in bold text.
Member Represented by Title
Canada Canada Brian Mulroney [2] Prime Minister
France France François Mitterrand [2] President
Germany West Germany Helmut Kohl [2] Chancellor
Italy Italy Bettino Craxi [2] Prime Minister
Japan Japan Yasuhiro Nakasone [2] Prime Minister
United Kingdom United Kingdom Margaret Thatcher [2] Prime Minister
United States United States Ronald Reagan [2] President
European Union European Commission Jacques Delors [7] President


The summit was intended as a venue for resolving differences among its members. As a practical matter, the summit was also conceived as an opportunity for its members to give each other mutual encouragement in the face of difficult economic decisions.[5]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Cabinet Office, Government of Japan; State Guest House, Akasaka Palace; retrieved 2013-6-19.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Japan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA): Summit Meetings in the Past.
  3. ^ Saunders, Doug. "Weight of the world too heavy for G8 shoulders," Globe and Mail (Toronto). July 5, 2008 -- n.b., the G7 becomes the Group of Eight (G7) with the inclusion of Russia starting in 1997.
  4. ^ a b Reuters: "Factbox: The Group of Eight: what is it?", July 3, 2008.
  5. ^ a b Reinalda, Bob and Bertjan Verbeek. (1998). Autonomous Policy Making by International Organizations, p. 205.
  6. ^ Rieffel, Lex. "Regional Voices in Global Governance: Looking to 2010 (Part IV)," Brookings. March 27, 2009; "core" members (Muskoka 2010 G-8, official site).
  7. ^ MOFA: Summit (12); European Union: "EU and the G8"


External links[edit]