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|Centuries:||13th century – 14th century – 15th century|
|Decades:||1350s 1360s 1370s – 1380s – 1390s 1400s 1410s|
|Years:||1380 1381 1382 – 1383 – 1384 1385 1386|
|1383 by topic|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1383 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2136|
|Bahá'í calendar||-461 – -460|
|English Regnal year||6 Ric. 2 – 7 Ric. 2|
|Chinese calendar||壬戌年 (Water Dog)
4079 or 4019
— to —
癸亥年 (Water Pig)
4080 or 4020
|- Vikram Samvat||1439–1440|
|- Shaka Samvat||1305–1306|
|- Kali Yuga||4484–4485|
|Japanese calendar||Eitoku 3
|Minguo calendar||529 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1926|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1383.|
- May 17 – King John I of Castile and Leon marries Beatrice of Portugal
- July 7 – The childless James of Baux, ruler of Taranto and Achaea and titular Latin Emperor, dies. As a result:
- Charles III of Naples becomes ruler of Achaea (now southern Greece).
- Otto, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen, the widower of Joan I of Naples, becomes ruler of Taranto (now eastern Italy).
- Duke Louis I of Anjou inherits the claim to the Latin Empire (now western Turkey) but never uses the title of Emperor.
- October 22 – King Fernando I of Portugal dies and is succeeded by his daughter, Beatrice of Portugal. A period of civil war and anarchy, known as the 1383-1385 Crisis, begins in Portugal due to Beatrice being married to the King John I of Castile and Leon.
- The Teutonic Knights recommence war against pagan Lithuania.
- Rao Chanda succeeds Rao Biram Dev as Rathore ruler of Marwar (now in western India).
- Löwenbräu beer is first brewed.
- Wat Phrathat Doi Suthep Temple is built in present-day Thailand by King Kuena of Lanna.
- Construction of the Bastille is completed in Paris.
- April 30 – Anne of Gloucester, granddaughter of King Edward III of England (d. 1438)
- September 4 – Amadeus VIII, Duke of Savoy (d. 1451)
- November 9 – Niccolò III d'Este, Marquess of Ferrara (d. 1441)
- date unknown – Pope Eugene IV (d. 1447)
- March 1 – Amadeus VI of Savoy (b. 1334)
- March 3 – Hugh III of Arborea
- June 5 – Dmitry Konstantinovich, Russian prince (b. 1324)
- June 8 – Thomas de Ros, 5th Baron de Ros, English Crusader (b. 1338)
- June 15 – John VI Cantacuzenus, former Byzantine Emperor
- October 22 – King Fernando I of Portugal (b. 1345)
- December 7 – Wenceslaus I of Luxembourg (b. 1337)