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This article is about the year 1451. For the number, see 1451 (number).
|Centuries:||14th century – 15th century – 16th century|
|Decades:||1420s 1430s 1440s – 1450s – 1460s 1470s 1480s|
|Years:||1448 1449 1450 – 1451 – 1452 1453 1454|
|1451 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Architecture - Art|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1451 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2204|
|Bahá'í calendar||−393 – −392|
|English Regnal year||29 Hen. 6 – 30 Hen. 6|
|Chinese calendar||庚午年 (Metal Horse)
4147 or 4087
— to —
辛未年 (Metal Goat)
4148 or 4088
|- Vikram Samvat||1507–1508|
|- Shaka Samvat||1373–1374|
|- Kali Yuga||4552–4553|
|Japanese calendar||Hōtoku 3
|Minguo calendar||461 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1994|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1451.|
- February 3 – Murad II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, dies and is succeeded by his son Mehmed II.
- February 14 – Louis XI of France marries Charlotte of Savoy.
- April 11 – Celje acquires market-town status and town rights by orders from Count Frederic II of Celje.
- April 19 – In the Delhi Sultanate, the Afghan Lodi dynasty succeeds the Turkish Sayyid dynasty.
- June 30 – French troops under the Comte de Dunois invade Guyenne and capture Bordeaux.
- August 20 – The French capture Bayonne, the last English stronghold in Guyenne.
- October 28 – Revolt of Ghent: Ghent takes up arms against Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy.
- The University of Glasgow is founded.
- Nicholas of Cusa invents concave lens spectacles to treat myopia.
- January 14 – Franchinus Gaffurius, Italian composer (d. 1522)
- April 22 – Queen Isabella I of Castile (d. 1504)
- May 2 – René II, Duke of Lorraine (d. 1508)
- September 5 – Isabella Neville (d. 1476)
- date unknown – Christopher Columbus, Italian explorer (d. 1506)
- February 3 – Murad II, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1404)
- June – ‘Abdullah, Timurid Empire ruler
- July 11 – Barbara of Cilli, Slovenian noblewoman
- November 7 – Count Amadeus VIII of Savoy (b. 1383)
- date unknown