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|Centuries:||14th century – 15th century – 16th century|
|Decades:||1400s 1410s 1420s – 1430s – 1440s 1450s 1460s|
|Years:||1436 1437 1438 – 1439 – 1440 1441 1442|
|1439 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Architecture - Art|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1439 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2192|
|Bahá'í calendar||−405 – −404|
|English Regnal year||17 Hen. 6 – 18 Hen. 6|
|Chinese calendar||戊午年 (Earth Horse)
4135 or 4075
— to —
己未年 (Earth Goat)
4136 or 4076
|- Vikram Samvat||1495–1496|
|- Shaka Samvat||1361–1362|
|- Kali Yuga||4540–4541|
|Japanese calendar||Eikyō 11
|Minguo calendar||473 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1982|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1439.|
- May 4 – Battle of Grotnik: The Hussite movement is defeated in Poland.
- June 29 – supposed date of Venerable Macarius' Miracle of the Moose, according to Russian hagiographers.
- September 8 – Cardinal Giovanni Vitelleschi captures Foligno, ending Trinci's signoria.
- September 29 or October 1 – Eric of Pomerania, King of Sweden, Denmark and Norway is declared deposed in Sweden. Karl Knutsson Bonde continues to serve as Regent of Sweden.
- November 12 – In England, Plymouth becomes the first town incorporated by the English Parliament.
- Johannes Gutenberg develops printing with movable type at Mainz at about this date.
- The Great Ordinance is adopted by the French Estates-General. This measure grants the king the exclusive right to raise troops, and establishes the taxation measure known as the taille in support of a standing army.
- Council of Florence is moved to Florence.
- At the Portuguese Cortes, Peter, Duke of Coimbra is appointed Regent of the Kingdom.
- May 9 – Pope Pius III (d. 1503)
- July 26 – Sigismund of Bavaria (d. 1501)
- date unknown – Hua Sui, Chinese inventor and printer (d. 1513)
- April 30 – Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick, English military leader (b.1382)
- May 5 – Spytek z Melsztyna, Polish nobleman (in battle; b. 1398)
- June 24 – Duke Frederick IV of Austria (b. 1382)
- October 20 – Ambrose the Camaldulian, Italian theologian
- October 27 – Albert II of Germany, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1397)
- date unknown – Pietro Loredan, Italian nobleman and admiral