1606 in literature
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The year 1606 in literature involved some significant events.
- Spring – Ben Jonson's satiric play Volpone is first performed, by the King's Men at the Globe Theatre in London.
- May 27 – The English Parliament passes An Act to Restrain Abuses of Players, which tightens the censorship controls on public theatre performances, most notably on the question of profane oaths.
- August 7 – Possible first performance of Shakespeare's Macbeth amongst a series of plays presented by the King's Men before Kings James I of England and Christian IV of Denmark (his brother-in-law) at Hampton Court Palace in England.
- December 26 (St. Stephen's Day) – Shakespeare's King Lear is performed at Court before King James I of England.
- Sir Thomas Craig becomes church procurator.
- The theatre scandal of John Day's The Isle of Gulls sends several of the young actors from the Children of the Chapel to prison for short periods of time.
- Thomas Dekker
- The Double PP
- News From Hell
- Salvator Fabris – Lo Schermo, overo Scienza D'Arme
- Philemon Holland – The Historie of Twelve Caesars, a translation of Suetonius's De vita Caesarum
- Anonymous – The Return from Parnassus (published)
- Anonymous – Wily Beguiled (published)
- Anonymous (probably Thomas Middleton) – The Revenger's Tragedy
- George Chapman (attributed to) – Sir Giles Goosecap (published)
- John Day – The Isle of Gulls
- Lope de Vega
- Ben Jonson – Volpone; Hymenaei
- John Marston
- Thomas Middleton (attributed) – The Puritan, or, The Widow of Watling-Street (probable date)
- William Shakespeare – Macbeth (possible first performance); King Lear (first recorded performance)
- Edward Sharpham – The Fleir
- Hieronim Morsztyn - Światowa Rozkosz ("Worldly Pleasure")
- Jean Passerat (posthumous) - Recueil des oeuvres poétiques
- February 28 – William Davenant, English poet and dramatist (died 1668)
- May 12 – Joachim von Sandrart, German art historian (died 1688)
- June 6 – Pierre Corneille, French dramatist (died 1684)
- date unknown
- May 17 - Niccolò Orlandini, Jesuit writer (born 1554)
- September 28 - Nicolaus Taurellus, philosopher and theologian (born 1547)
- October 5 – Philippe Desportes, poet (born 1546)
- November - John Lyly, dramatist and novelist (born c.1553)
- November 13 – Geronimo Mercuriali, philologist and medical writer (born 1530)
- November 22 – Sir Henry Billingsley, translator
- Sutherland, John; Fender, Stephen (2011). "7 August". Love, Sex, Death & Words: surprising tales from a year in literature. London: Icon. pp. 297–8. ISBN 978-184831-247-0.
- Scholars date completion of these plays as between 1603 and 1606. Boyce, Charles (1990). Encyclopaedia of Shakespeare. New York: Roundtable Press.