1994 IndyCar season

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1994 IndyCar season
PPG Indy Car World Series
Season
Races 16
Start date March 20
End date October 9
Awards
Drivers' champion United States Al Unser, Jr.
Constructors' Cup United States Penske
Manufacturers' Cup United Kingdom Ilmor
Nations' Cup United States United States
Rookie of the Year Canada Jacques Villeneuve
Indianapolis 500 winner United States Al Unser, Jr.
Chronology
Previous season Next season
1993 1995

The 1994 IndyCar season, the sixteenth in the CART era of U.S. open-wheel racing, comprised 16 races, beginning in Surfers Paradise, Queensland, Australia on March 20 and concluding in Monterey, California on October 9. The PPG Indy Car World Series Drivers' Champion and Indianapolis 500 winner was Al Unser, Jr. Rookie of the Year was Jacques Villeneuve. The 78th Indianapolis 500 was sanctioned by USAC, but counted in the CART points standings.

Overview[edit]

The 1994 season was memorable for four main reasons: the dominance of Team Penske's PC-23 chassis, the retirement of the great Mario Andretti, the return of Michael Andretti after his unsuccessful season in Formula One, and the rise of young Canadian Jacques Villeneuve.

Teams and Drivers[edit]

  • Newman/Haas' Nigel Mansell was expected to contend once again. He was viewed as the greatest racer in the world at the time, as his back-to-back championships in two such diverse major racing series (Formula One in 1992 and IndyCar in 1993) were unprecedented. This feat remains unmatched today. His teammate Mario Andretti announced before the season that it would be his last, though he would later attempt Le Mans a few times (speculation was that he wanted to win the race just to settle that he was in fact greater than 1967 winner A. J. Foyt, who have both been argued as the greatest ever). Newman-Haas would continue to be the leading Lola team, using the new T9400.
  • Rahal-Hogan Racing tackled a major project: the new Honda engine. Team leader Bobby Rahal and teammate Mike Groff would face a great challenge enduring the "growing pains" of the new engine. Fledging Comptech Racing with rookie Parker Johnstone would be the only other entrant in 1994 to use the Honda engine, so Rahal and Groff would be providing the primary feedback.

Races[edit]

Rnd Date Race Name Circuit City/Location American TV
1 March 20 Australia Australian FAI Indy Car Grand Prix Surfers Paradise Street Circuit Surfers Paradise, Australia ABC Sports
2 April 10 United States Slick 50 200 Phoenix International Raceway Avondale, Arizona ESPN
3 April 17 United States Toyota Grand Prix of Long Beach Streets of Long Beach Long Beach, California ABC Sports
4 May 29 United States 78th Indianapolis 500 Indianapolis Motor Speedway Speedway, Indiana ABC Sports
5 June 5 United States Miller Genuine Draft 200 Milwaukee Mile West Allis, Wisconsin ABC Sports
6 June 12 United States ITT Automotive Grand Prix of Detroit The Raceway on Belle Isle Park Detroit, Michigan ABC Sports
7 June 26 United States Budweiser/G. I. Joe's 200 Portland International Raceway Portland, Oregon ESPN
8 July 10 United States Budweiser Grand Prix of Cleveland Cleveland Burke Lakefront Airport Cleveland, Ohio ABC Sports
9 July 17 Canada Molson Indy Toronto Exhibition Place Toronto, Ontario NBC Sports
10 July 31 United States Marlboro 500 Michigan International Speedway Brooklyn, Michigan ESPN
11 August 14 United States Pioneer Electronics 200 Mid-Ohio Sports Car Course Lexington, Ohio ABC Sports
12 August 21 United States Slick 50 200 New Hampshire International Speedway Loudon, New Hampshire ESPN
13 September 4 Canada Molson Indy Vancouver Streets of Vancouver Vancouver, British Columbia ESPN2
14 September 11 United States Texaco/Havoline 200 Road America Elkhart Lake, Wisconsin ESPN
15 September 18 United States Bosch Spark Plug Grand Prix Nazareth Speedway Nazareth, Pennsylvania ESPN/ESPN2
16 October 9 United States Toyota Grand Prix of Monterey Laguna Seca Raceway Monterey, California ESPN2
  Oval/Speedway
  Road Course/Street Circuit

Drivers and teams[edit]

The following teams and drivers competed in the 1994 Indy Car World Series season. All teams used Goodyear tyres; Firestone would return one year later after a hiatus lasting for two decades.

Team Chassis Engine(s) No(s) Drivers Sponsors Notes/Other
Newman/Haas Racing Lola T9400 Ford XB 1 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Texaco-Havoline
Kmart
6 United States Mario Andretti Texaco-Havoline
Kmart
Retired after the season
Marlboro Team Penske Penske PC-23 Ilmor D 265E
Mercedes-Benz 500I
2 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi Marlboro The 209 cid Mercedes-Benz 500I was used at Indianapolis only
3 Canada Paul Tracy Marlboro
31 United States Al Unser, Jr. Marlboro
Rahal-Hogan Racing Lola T9400
Lola T9300
Penske PC-22
Honda
Ilmor D
Ilmor C
4 United States Bobby Rahal Miller Genuine Draft Used the Penske/Ilmor combination at Indy after struggles with the Honda engine
10 United States Mike Groff Motorola Used the Penske/Ilmor combination at Indy after struggles with the Honda engine
Dick Simon Racing Lola T9400
Lola T9300
Ford XB 5 Brazil Raul Boesel Duracell
22 Japan Hiro Matsushita Panasonic
Duskin
79 Finland Tero Palmroth Unsponsored Indy 500 only
90 United States Lyn St. James J. C. Penney Indy 500 only
99 Japan Hideshi Matsuda Unsponsored Indy 500 only
Galles Racing Reynard 94I Ilmor D 7 Mexico Adrián Fernández Tecate
Quaker State
First full season
Target Chip Ganassi Racing Reynard 94I Ford XB 8 United States Michael Andretti Target
88 Brazil Maurício Gugelmin Hollywood First full season
Walker Racing Lola T9400
Lola T9300
Ford XB 9 United States Robby Gordon Valvoline
15 United States Mark Smith Craftsman
24 United States Willy T. Ribbs Service Merchandise
A. J. Foyt Enterprises Lola T9400
Lola T9300
Lola T9200
Ford XB 14 United States Davy Jones
United States Bryan Herta
United States Eddie Cheever
Copenhagen Driver Rotation
Jones: Surfers Paradise through Indianapolis
Herta: replaced Jones in mid-May and was injured at Toronto
Cheever: Michigan through Laguna Seca
33 United States John Andretti Bryant Indy 500 only
Jim Hall/VDS Racing Reynard 94I Ilmor D 11 Italy Teo Fabi Pennzoil
Bettenhausen Motorsports Penske PC-22 Ilmor D
Ilmor C
16 Sweden Stefan Johansson Alumax Aluminum
61 United States Gary Bettenhausen Unsponsored Indy 500 only (DNQ)
76 Australia Gary Brabham
United States Robbie Groff
United States Tony Bettenhausen, Jr.
Split Cycle
Condor
Driver Rotation
Brabham: Surfers Paradise
Groff: Long Beach and Portland
Bettenhausen Indy 500 (WD)
King Racing Lola T9400
Lola T9300
Ford XB 40 Canada Scott Goodyear Budweiser
60 Italy Andrea Montermini Budweiser Cleveland and Toronto only
Hayhoe Racing Reynard 94I Ford XB 18 United States Jimmy Vasser Conseco
STP
Team Menard (Indy 500 only) Lola T9300 Buick 27 United States Eddie Cheever Quaker State
51 United States Eddie Cheever Glidden
Menards
DNQ
59 United States Scott Brayton
Australia Geoff Brabham
Glidden Brabham DNQ
Euromotorsport Lola T9300
Lola T9200
Ilmor C
Ilmor A
50 Italy Alessandro Zampedri
United States Jeff Wood
Italy Giovanni Lavaggi
France Franck Fréon
Agip
Dinemo
Heroflon
Driver Rotation
Zampedri: Australia through Indy
Wood: remainder of the season barring Detroit, Vancouver, and Road America
Lavaggi: Detroit only (DNQ)
Freon: Vancouver and Road America
55 United States David Kudrave
United States Jeff Andretti
Italy Alessandro Zampedri
Agip
Hawaiian Tropic
Driver Rotation:
Kudrave: Surfers Paradise (DNQ)
Andretti: Phoenix
Zampedri: Long Beach
ProFormance Motorsports Lola T9300 Ilmor C 45 United States John Paul, Jr. Unsponsored Phoenix and Indy only
Payton/Coyne Racing Lola T9300
Lola T9200
Ford XB
Ilmor A
19 United States Robbie Buhl
United States Brian Till
United States Johnny Unser
Italy Mauro Baldi
Italy Alessandro Zampedri
Mi-Jack Driver Rotation
Buhl: Australia and Long Beach
Till: Phoenix and Indy
Unser: Milwaukee (DNQ) and New Hampshire
Zampedri: remainder of the season barring New Hampshire and Mid-Ohio
Baldi: replaced Zampedri at Mid-Ohio only
39 Italy Andrea Montermini
United States Johnny Unser
Canada Ross Bentley
Agfa Driver Rotation
Montermini: Australia (WD)
Unser: Phoenix and Long Beach (DNQ)
Bentley: remainder of the season
Arciero Racing Lola T9400 Ford XB 25 Brazil Marco Greco Unsponsored
Indy Regency Racing Lola T9400 Ilmor D 28 Netherlands Arie Luyendyk Eurosport
Boost Monaco
29 France Franck Fréon Unsponsored Laguna Seca only
PacWest Racing Lola T9400 Ford XB 17 United States Dominic Dobson Unsponsored Bank of America sponsored both cars at Laguna Seca after no funding all season
71 United States Scott Sharp Unsponsored Bank of America sponsored both cars at Laguna Seca after no funding all season
Leader Card Racing Lola T9300 Ilmor C 23 United States Buddy Lazier
Italy Giovanni Lavaggi
Financial World Magazine Lavaggi drove at Cleveland and Road America, and DNQ at Laguna Seca
Hemelgarn Racing Reynard
Lola T9100
Ford XB 91
95
United States Stan Fox Delta Faucets Indy 500 only (failed to qualify Car #95)
Fledging teams (did not compete in 1993), Indy 500-only entries, and other one-offs
Team Chassis Engines No(s) Drivers Sponsors Notes/Other
Forsythe/Green Racing Reynard 94I Ford XB 12 Canada Jacques Villeneuve Players Limited Rookie of the Year
Project Indy Lola T9300 Ford XB 64 France Franck Fréon
Belgium Didier Theys
Germany Christian Danner
Italy Domenico Schiattarella
Italy Andrea Montermini
Marcelo Group/No Touch Driver Rotation
Freon: Long Beach and Portland
Theys: Indy 500; DNQ
Danner: Detroit, Cleveland (WD), and Road America
Schiattarella: Toronto, Mid-Ohio, and Vancouver (WD)
Montermini: Laguna Seca only
Vitolo Racing Lola T9300 Ford XB 79 United States Dennis Vitolo Hooligan's Indy 500 only
Pagan Racing Lola T9200 Buick 21 Colombia Roberto Guerrero Pagan Racing Indy 500 only
Arizona Motorsport Lola T9400 Ford XB 44 Brazil Roberto Moreno
United States Al Unser
Finland Tero Palmroth
Unsponsored Indy 500 only; all three drivers DNQ (Unser retired after failing to qualify)
Tasman Motorsports Lola T9400 Ford XB 34 United States Bryan Herta Unsponsored Indy 500 only; Withdrew after Herta joined A.J. Foyt's team.
McCormack Motorsports Lola T9400 Ilmor D 30 Canada Claude Bourbonnais
Sweden Fredrik Ekblom
Players (Bourbonnais only) Bourbonnais: Long Beach, Toronto, Mid-Ohio, Vancouver, and Road America
Ekblom: Detroit only
Comptech Racing Lola T9400
Lola T9300
Honda 49 United States Parker Johnstone Comptech Portland, Cleveland, Toronto, Mid-Ohio, Vancouver, and Laguna Seca
Greenfield Racing Lola T93/01 Greenfield GC 209T 42 United States Michael Greenfield
United States Johnny Parsons Jr.
Unsponsored Indy 500 only; Greenfield missed Rookie Orientation, Parsons DNQ

Overview Part Two: Race Reports[edit]

Round One: Surfers Paradise[edit]

Round Two: Phoenix[edit]

  • This race was memorable for a scary incident at Lap 63. Hiro Matsushita, who had spent much time in the pits and was 18 laps down, and twice-lapped Teo Fabi touched in Turn 3. Leader Paul Tracy was caught in the outer groove and was an innocent victim. At least five seconds had passed before Jacques Villeneuve, in the upper lane and the resulting marbles, T-boned Matsushita, thankfully just behind the cockpit area. Dominic Dobson then struck Villeneuve's car. No drivers sustained injuries, but Matsushita complained about a sore shoulder.
    • Another dangerous incident involved Mario and Michael Andretti. Mario's car was crashed on the backstretch, and as the field came by, Michael slowed and clipped another car. This broke off his left front wheel, which bounced over the nose cone into Scott Goodyear's car on Michael's right and into the air to land in a spectator area. Amazingly, after two potentially fatal incidents, no injuries were reported. Emerson Fittipaldi scored the win ahead of Al Unser, Jr.. Third place Nigel Mansell was one lap down with Johansson and Vasser (both three laps back) completing the Top 5. Fittipaldi took the early championship lead with 37 PPG Cup points ahead of Johansson and Vasser with 22 each, Australia winner Andretti with 21, and Mansell at 19.

Round Three: Long Beach[edit]

  • Polesitter Paul Tracy was still looking for his first finish of the season. He scored his second pole of the year (and thus his second championship point) and planned to convert his speed into a victory. On Lap 21 while lapping Mike Groff, Tracy spun using too much rear brake, and ended Groff's day. Later on, Jacques Villeneuve passed Toronto's Scott Goodyear on the outside of Turn 1. ABC's Bobby Unser chuckled in disbelief as he commented, "That was an impossible pass!" Villeneuve later braked too late in Turn 7 (the end of the backstraight) and slammed the tyre barrier. Three seconds later, he re-fired the car and continued on without significant damage. He would finish five laps down in 15th. Tracy would spin again in Turn 1, this time while passing Mauricio Gugelmin. Gugelmin was more fortunate than Groff and continued without contact. Both Tracy and Fittipaldi would retire with separate transmission failures. Up front, Al Unser, Jr. reclaimed his throne as the "King of the Beach" by winning his 5th Long Beach event by 39 seconds over Nigel Mansell and 46 seconds up on Robby Gordon. The Californian became the 10th different leader in IndyCar's Long Beach history, such was the domination of Unser Jr. and the Andrettis in the first decade of the race. Raul Boesel and Mario Andretti capped the Top 5, as the championship battle was on. Fittipaldi and Unser were tied at 37 points each (both with a win and a second place), Mansell in third at 35 points, Michael Andretti with 29 points, Stefan Johansson (finishing 10th after running out of fuel) at 25 points, and Mario in sixth at 24 points as the teams prepared for the month of May.

Round Four: 78th Indianapolis 500 mile race[edit]

Round Five: Milwaukee[edit]

  • Raul Boesel started from the pole for the second year in a row. The race was run without incidents, but the racing was close and exciting. Marlboro Team Penske dominated the race with Emerson Fittipaldi and Indy 500 champion Al Unser, Jr.. Amazingly, all 26 starters finished the race, giving the leaders major headaches concerning traffic. Last place finisher Stefan Johansson finished 29 laps behind. The race was called eight laps from the end (192 of 200 laps) due to ensuing rain, with Unser in front winning his third consecutive race. Fittipaldi was second and Paul Tracy, two laps back, completed a Penske 1-2-3 sweep. Michael Andretti and Nigel Mansell rounded out the top five. Unser's lead increased to 25 points over Fittipaldi, 30 over Andretti, 34 ahead of Mansell, and 41 up on Robby Gordon.

Round Six: Detroit[edit]

  • Al Unser, Jr. looked to win four IndyCar races in a row coming to Detroit, a circuit at which he had never won. Unser himself was the most recent winner of four consecutive races, doing so in 1990 at Toronto, Michigan, Denver, and Vancouver. He also won the championship that year, and he was in prime position to win the title again. Nigel Mansell was on pole, and led the first lap. In Turn 3 Mike Groff slid off the course into the tyre barrier. He continued, but retired after seven laps, as did Raul Boesel due to engine failure. Late in Lap 2, Al Jr took the lead from Mansell entering Turn 13. On Lap 21 Dominic Dobson spun in Turn 1, collecting Alessandro Zampedri who was directly behind him. Mario Andretti spun off at Turn 8 on Lap 47, but hit the tyres and was able to continue. Not so lucky was Adrian Fernandez, who brought out the yellow on Lap 50. Following the restart, Unser led teammate Paul Tracy while combating traffic. In Turn 8 Unser slowed sooner than Tracy expected (he likely couldn't see Jimmy Vasser immediately in front of Unser) and touched the championship leader's right rear tire, sending him into a tire barrier. Unser kept the car running after hitting the tires, but his chance of his fourth straight win was over. Soon after in Turn 3, Nigel Mansell spun off behind Emerson Fittipaldi, who like Unser was contemplating his moves in traffic. Tracy won the race, and said that he would immediately apologize to Unser as soon as he found him. Fittipaldi was second, with Gordon, Teo Fabi, and Michael Andretti coming across the line in the top five. Emmo knocked Little Al's point lead down to 13 points. Michael Andretti was 24 behind, Robby Gordon 31 back, and Nigel Mansell 37 down, as his hopes of title defense were looking slim.

Round Seven: Portland[edit]

  • Al Unser, Jr. took pole position again, seeking to recover the ground he lost to Emerson Fittipaldi two weeks before. An incredible 32 cars took the green flag, showing the strength of the sport at the time. Lap 11 saw a dynamic exit for Michael Andretti, who collided with Jimmy Vasser in an attempt to pass him in Turn 1. Both were done; disappointing for both because Michael was 3rd in points and Vasser tied for 6th with Paul Tracy. The race saw little in the way of carnage, but after many successful passes were made by various drivers in Turn 1, the Lap 11 crash was reenacted by Bryan Herta and Scott Goodyear, who tried to overtake and paid the price on Lap 58. The battle for the win was again between Penske's Unser and Fittipaldi. On the final pit stop exchange, Emerson exited the pitlane and beat Al Junior into Turn 1. But on the exit of the corner, Junior accelerated sooner, properly anticipating Emmo's moves, and grabbed the lead. Unser's win was the sixth in a row for "The Captain", with Fittipaldi in second, Tracy third (another 1-2-3 sweep), and for fourth Robby Gordon edged Nigel Mansell. Both drivers crossed the line simultaneously (to the one-thousandth of a second), but the position was awarded to Gordon. Jacques Villeneuve was 6th, one lap back, followed by Alessandro Zampedri. His 7th place finish would be his career best in a CART-sanctioned race. Al Unser Jr's lead over Fittipaldi was now 105-86. Robby Gordon was third for Walker Racing with 64 points, while Michael and Mansell were 46 and 49 points behind. Paul Tracy's season was coming together, as he now had 50 championship points, but still a long way behind Unser.

Round Eight: Cleveland[edit]

  • Al Unser Jr claimed his third pole of the season. The first turn, which usually provides the most dramatic action at the Burke Lakefront Airport Circuit, saw Michael Andretti (who qualified a lowly 17th place) and Scott Goodyear spin. Bobby Rahal and the team had not yet eradicated the engine gremlins in the still-new Honda powerplant. Mario Andretti, whose season started well, had more struggles with a failed suspension after 31 laps. Emerson Fittipaldi, in desperate need of points to kep up with Unser, retired with a small fire in the rear of his car. Michael Andretti's engine quit with just eight laps remaining, and Al Unser Jr won his fifth race of the year; the seventh in a row for Penske. Runner-up Nigel Mansell had competed in the French Grand Prix for Williams during the off-weekend, with speculation that he may return to Formula One full-time for 1995. Tracy, Villeneuve, and Johansson completed the top five. Unser more than recovered what was lost at Detroit with a gruesome 41 point advantage over Fittipaldi, 55 over Mansell, 61 ahead of Gordon, and 63 points ahead of Tracy at the halfway point of the season.
  • This was Al Junior's 24th IndyCar win, and thus the 100th for the Unser family, adding to Al Senior's 39 wins, Uncle Bobby's 35, and 2 wins by Louis Unser, Al and Bobby's uncle. The Unsers are still the only family to win 100 or more IndyCar races combined, currently at 110.

Round Nine: Toronto[edit]

  • Indy Lights champion Bryan Herta had a season-ending accident in qualifying. A.J. Foyt did not find a replacement driver for the race, but Eddie Cheever would race the #14 for the remainder of the season.
  • Robby Gordon won his first career pole ahead of Nigel Mansell. Emerson Fittipaldi and Michael Andretti would also be in the hunt, but championship leader Al Unser Jr's bid for three wins in a row ended on Lap 3 with a blown engine. While still in the lead, Robby suffered a burst left rear tyre in Turn One, handing the lead to Mansell on Lap 13. On Lap 26 Michael Andretti seized the moment and pounced on Nigel in Turn 8. Mansell immediately slowed, as his right rear was flat. He later parked the car with handling issues. On Lap 69 Adrian Fernandez tried an unsuccessful pass on the inside of Willy T. Ribbs, the two touching in Turn 3 and collecting Mauricio Gugelmin who tried to sneak past on the outside. Mario Andretti easily passed by on the inside, where there was just enough room. Both Fittipaldi and Gordon (in third and fourth) had to stop because of their placements on the track in relation to the accident. Innocent bystander Mike Groff stalled the engine after having to stop. Michael Andretti took his record fourth Toronto win after problems with the air jack on the last pit stop. Bobby Rahal and Fittipaldi completed the podium, with Mario Andretti in fourth and home crowd favorite Paul Tracy one lap back in fifth. Fittipaldi whittled Unser's lead to 27, as the rest of the top six were as follows: Michael Andretti (-47 points), Robby Gordon (-52), Paul Tracy (-53), and Nigel Mansell (-55).

Round Ten: Marlboro 500 at Michigan[edit]

Round Eleven: Mid-Ohio[edit]

  • Al Unser, Jr. rebounded from the disappointment from Michigan by winning his fourth pole position of the season. Saturday was plagued by excessive rain, so times from the first session of qualifications held on Friday were used to determine the race lineup. Paul Tracy took the lead from second place in Turn 4, which was the first turn as the green flag was given as usual on the backstretch. Early on, Mike Groff and Michigan winner Scott Goodyear touched and spun into the Turn 2 gravel battling for the twelfth position. Great racing was prevalent throughout the field, much of which orbited around Michael Andretti and Robby Gordon, both known for aggressive driving styles. On Lap 44 Tracy made a "banzai" move to put Adrian Fernandez one lap down, because Unser was not far behind. The two got very close, possibly touching, but Tracy gained a time advantage over Unser thanks to his bravery. Later Teo Fabi spun off in Turn 2, causing a local yellow. Robby Gordon, right in front of Tracy, slowed and nearly spun to obey the flags. Tracy passed Gordon with his momentum in the corner and was assigned a stop-and-go penalty, as was Mario Andretti for likewise overtaking in the yellow zone. Unser took the win ahead of Tracy and Emerson Fittipaldi, who started and finished 1-2-3. Gordon and Andretti finished one lap behind the Penskes, with Adrian Fernandez getting his new best career finish of sixth. The Penske drivers were 1-2-3 in qualifying, the race, and the championship: Unser led Fittipaldi 153-117, Tracy moved up to third at 91 points, Andretti at 90, Gordon 87, Mansell 79, and rookie leader Jacques Villeneuve was seventh with 54 points.

Round Twelve: New Hampshire[edit]

Emerson Fittipaldi took his first pole in nearly a year. At the start, eighth place starter Adrian Fernandez spun across the track without contact. But in an effort to avoid him, Jacques Villeneuve and Arie Luyendyk crashed and were done for the day before taking the green flag, thus failing to start the race. Robby Gordon spun harmlessly. Luyendyk blamed the crash on the top qualifiers for bringing the field perhaps too slowly to the green flag. The resulting 25 car starting field was the smallest of the year, showing the strength of the sport at the time. A scary crash on Lap 13 involved Mike Groff and former Trans-Am champion Scott Sharp. Groff spun exiting Turn 2 and hit the outside wall; just behind him, Sharp spun to avoid him and was propelled by his kinetic energy onto Groff's nose. His car was launched into the air and flipped once and a half, leaving the Connecticut native hanging upside down in the car for approximately two minutes. The rookie was flipped carefully onto his wheels and walked away unharmed.

    • Fittipaldi led the first 46 laps until Paul Tracy took it from him on the outside in Turn 3. Tracy was looking for redemption; he was now leading the race he nearly won the year before when he lost a duel with Nigel Mansell in the waning laps. Emerson soon lost second to Raul Boesel, and third to Nigel Mansell, and pitted several laps early to correct quite evident handling woes. Point leader Al Unser, Jr., who started tenth, was climbing through the field. He was in the Top 5 by Lap 50. At Lap 69 Unser was side by side with his teammate at the stripe, and at Lap 70 he passed Tracy, who then lost second to Mansell. Unser pitted at Lap 82, followed by Mario Andretti and Tracy. Mansell stayed out 4 laps longer before his first stop. Once the stops were completed, Unser led Tracy and Mansell through a large collection of lapped traffic. Mansell's bid to win died slowly after he and teammate Mario Andretti touched in Turn 1 on Lap 109. Andretti was a lap down, but the two already had some bad blood between them. Mario hit the wall, bringing out the final yellow flag, while Mansell soldiered on for nearly 20 more laps before getting fed up with the poor handling.
    • By this time, the Penske cars were alone in the lead lap. Emerson Fittipaldi pitted before the restart, knowing he likely couldn't reach the checkered flag without another stop but he could have a much shorter stop within the final laps. That was the exact scenario that played out, as Emerson gained a lead as great as 22 seconds (nearly a full lap) after teammates Unser and Tracy pitted at Lap 152. By Lap 195 Emerson's lead had gradually shrunk by several seconds as he finally came into the pits. He was in his pit box for only 5.9 seconds, but Unser led another Penske 1-2-3 sweep ahead of Tracy and Fittipaldi. All three cars were separated by approximately nine tenths of a second from each other at the chequers, thanks to heavy traffic. Raul Boesel and Michael Andretti were two laps back in fourth and fifth. Dominic Dobson surprisingly qualified and finished sixth (three laps down) for PacWest Racing, who had recently tested at Mid-Ohio with Danny Sullivan. The 1988 PPG Cup Champion was rumored to drive a third PacWest car at Vancouver. The Penske juggernaut continued to lead the championship, with Unser leading at 173 points, Fittipaldi 133 points, Tracy 107, Michael Andretti 100, Gordon 87, and Mansell 79.

Round Thirteen: Vancouver[edit]

  • Robby Gordon was on pole for the second time in his career; his first pole coming in July at Toronto. After completing 8 laps, rookie Alessandro Zampedri retired in spectacular fashion with a fire in the rear of his car. He headed for the runoff area in the Turn 5 chicane, pointing behind him to get the attention of the course marshalls. Paul Tracy and Teo Fabi had a coming together while battling in the top five. Tracy made a clean pass in the Turn 3 hairpin, and Fabi tried to get it back in Turn 5. Tracy was committed to his line into the corner, and contact ensued. This happened immediately after 7th placed Al Unser, Jr. made his first pit stop, and while only Gordon and Nigel Mansell stayed out, Unser restarted 3rd. Gordon's chance to win was soon greatly damaged when he missed Turn 10 and had to use the pitlane to rejoin the circuit. Because he clipped a wall in the incident, he suffered a puncture (just like in Toronto) and made an unscheduled green flag pit stop, dropping to 17th and handing the lead to Nigel Mansell. While Mansell established an 11 second lead, Michael Andretti passed Unser for 2nd place, recovering his position he lost in the early laps when he had a right rear puncture. Mansell and Michael pitted under yellow after Willy T. Ribbs spun and stopped precariously in Turn 8, and Unser took the lead.
  • A lap after the restart, Paul Tracy spun in front of Emerson Fittipaldi in Turn 3 immediately after taking 5th from him. On Lap 95, Tracy was "sandwiched" between the Andrettis; Mario was ahead, a lap down, and Michael was behind. Tracy slowed conservatively for the Turn 10 complex (the final set of corners) and was hit by Michael. Unser won by 2.2 seconds over Robby Gordon, Michael Andretti, Scott Goodyear, and Mauricio Gugelmin. A battle for fourth went wrong for two former World Champions, as Nigel Mansell tagged Emerson Fittipaldi in the final corner trying to outbrake him. Emerson fell to ninth in the results; resulting in a 56 point lead for Unser, who only needed a fourth place finish at Road America to win the championship. Even if Fittipaldi, the only man who could stop Unser, won all three remaining races, Unser only needed 12 more points. Unser's eighth win of the year clinched the Nation's Cup for the United States and put him at 193 points, compared to Fittipaldi's 137, Michael at 114, Tracy 107, Gordon 104, and Mansell 83.

Round Fourteen: Road America[edit]

  • The front row was all Canadian: Paul Tracy and rookie Jacques Villeneuve, equaling his best career start at Phoenix. Tracy was a carlength ahead of the rookie at the start, but Villeneuve used the slipstream to attempt and failed outside pass into Turn 1. Tracy ran away as Al Unser, Jr. was mindful of what he needed to do to win the championship, running third behind Paul and Jacques. Unser and Villeneuve swapped positions after the first round of pit stops when the latter could not find a gear when trying to launch from his pit stall. Within 20 (of 50) laps to go, Arie Luyendyk crashed in "The Kink", which is Turn 11, nearly collecting German Christian Danner driving for Project Indy. The former F3000 champion took to the grass on the outside of the turn at over 160 miles per hour, nearly losing control, but showing nice car control and was not collected.
    • On the restart Tracy was caught up by Unser, who moved to the left to pass in the outside of Turn 1, and Vileneuve who chose the opposite side. Tracy moved to the right to outbrake Unser and keep the lead, touching with Villeneuve whom he wasn't anticipating. The order was now Villeneuve, Tracy, Unser, Emerson Fittipaldi, Teo Fabi, and Mario Andretti. Tracy soon began to slow, with an engine turning sour. Unser slowly gained on Villeneuve but didn't gain enough. Villeneuve became the fourth Canadian to win an IndyCar race; the first being his uncle Jacques nine years before in this race. Unser clinched the championship ahead of Fittipaldi, Fabi, and Adrian Fernandez. The championship battle was now for second; Fittipaldi was there with 151, ahead of Michael Andretti, who suffered two right rear punctures and a broken exhaust system in 45 laps after starting 20th, at 114, Tracy 109, and Gordon 104.

Round Fifteen: Nazareth[edit]

Round Sixteen: Laguna Seca[edit]

Full Series Results[edit]

Race Results[edit]

Rnd Race Name Pole position Fastest lap Winning driver Winning team Report
1 Australia Australian FAI Indy Car Grand Prix United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United States Michael Andretti Target Chip Ganassi Racing Report
2 United States Valvoline 200 Canada Paul Tracy Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi Marlboro Team Penske Report
3 United States Toyota Grand Prix of Long Beach Canada Paul Tracy United States Al Unser, Jr. United States Al Unser, Jr. Marlboro Team Penske Report
4 United States 78th Indianapolis 500 United States Al Unser, Jr. Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi United States Al Unser, Jr. Marlboro Team Penske Report
5 United States Miller Genuine Draft 200 Brazil Raul Boesel United States Al Unser, Jr. United States Al Unser, Jr. Marlboro Team Penske Report
6 United States ITT Automotive Grand Prix of Detroit United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United States Al Unser, Jr. Canada Paul Tracy Marlboro Team Penske Report
7 United States Budweiser/G. I. Joe's 200 United States Al Unser, Jr. United States Al Unser, Jr. United States Al Unser, Jr. Marlboro Team Penske Report
8 United States Budweiser Grand Prix of Cleveland United States Al Unser, Jr. United States Al Unser, Jr. United States Al Unser, Jr. Marlboro Team Penske Report
9 Canada Molson Indy Toronto United States Robby Gordon United States Michael Andretti United States Michael Andretti Target Chip Ganassi Racing Report
10 United States Marlboro 500 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United States Al Unser, Jr. Canada Scott Goodyear Budweiser King Racing Report
11 United States Pioneer Electronics 200 United States Al Unser, Jr. United States Al Unser, Jr. United States Al Unser, Jr. Marlboro Team Penske Report
12 United States Slick 50 200 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi United States Al Unser, Jr. Marlboro Team Penske Report
13 Canada Molson Indy Vancouver United States Robby Gordon United States Robby Gordon United States Al Unser, Jr. Marlboro Team Penske Report
14 United States Texaco/Havoline 200 Canada Paul Tracy United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Canada Jacques Villeneuve Forsythe/Green Racing Report
15 United States Bosch Spark Plug Grand Prix Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi Canada Paul Tracy Marlboro Team Penske Report
16 United States Toyota Grand Prix of Monterey Canada Paul Tracy Canada Paul Tracy Canada Paul Tracy Marlboro Team Penske Report

Final driver standings[edit]

Pos Driver SUR Australia PHX United States LBH United States INDY United States MIL United States DET United States POR United States CLE United States TOR Canada MIC United States MDO United States LOU United States VAN Canada ROA United States NAZ United States LAG United States Pts
1 United States Al Unser, Jr. 14 2 1* 1 1* 10* 1* 1* 29 8 1 1 1 2 2 20 225
2 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi 2 1* 21 17* 2 2 2 20 3 10 3 3* 9 3 3 4 178
3 Canada Paul Tracy 16 23 20 23 3 1 3 3 5 16 2* 2 20 18* 1* 1* 152
4 United States Michael Andretti 1* 20 6 6 4 5 31 18 1* 22 5 5 3 17 9 28 118
5 United States Robby Gordon 23 7 3 5 6 3 4 11 6 13 4 13 2 25 23 13 104
6 Canada Jacques Villeneuve 17 25 15 2 9 7 6 4 9 20 9 26 24 1 7 3 94
7 Brazil Raul Boesel 27 8 4 21 8 28 23 6 12 9* 8 4 23 6 4 2 90
8 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell 9 3 2 22 5 21 5 2 23 26 7 18 10* 13 22 8 88
9 Italy Teo Fabi 7 26 9 7 17 4 27 9 8 4 21 20 18 4 6 5 79
10 United States Bobby Rahal 26 14 30 3 7 6 12 28 2 28 27 9 7 9 14 29 59
11 Sweden Stefan Johansson 5 4 10 15 26 22 8 5 14 14 12 23 26 8 5 12 57
12 Canada Scott Goodyear 10 11 19 30 22 11 28 14 10 1 22 11 4 7 8 27 55
13 Mexico Adrián Fernández 13 10 8 28 16 23 10 7 13 23 6 8 22 5 21 7 46
14 United States Mario Andretti 3 21 5 32 14 18 9 27 4 18 10 19 11 16 25 19 45
15 United States Jimmy Vasser 4 5 24 4 11 20 32 31 25 25 14 7 15 28 13 26 42
16 Brazil Maurício Gugelmin 6 15 7 11 15 8 30 8 20 15 25 14 5 19 10 22 39
17 Netherlands Arie Luyendyk 25 22 11 18 21 19 14 21 31 2 13 27 6 22 26 6 34
18 United States Dominic Dobson 12 24 17 29 13 25 17 25 11 3 15 6 19 11 19 10 30
19 United States Mark Smith 21 Wth 25 DNQ 24 14 16 22 30 5 20 12 8 26 12 14 17
20 United States Mike Groff 8 6 27 31 19 27 11 19 22 27 26 25 14 20 11 15 17
21 United States Scott Sharp 11 9 28 16 12 13 18 24 16 12 11 24 12 10 15 21 14
22 United States Willy T. Ribbs 18 28 18 DNQ 25 16 25 12 21 7 28 10 25 24 18 11 12
23 United States Bryan Herta 9 10 9 28 13 Wth 11
24 Italy Andrea Montermini Wth 16 7 9 10
25 Italy Alessandro Zampedri 22 22 Wth 26 7 10 17 Wth 28 23 20 16 9
26 Japan Hiro Matsushita 15 27 DNQ 14 23 DNQ 21 15 18 6 18 17 DNQ 14 16 23 8
27 United States Eddie Cheever 8 21 17 21 17 27 24 25 5
28 United States John Andretti 10 3
29 Brazil Marco Greco DNQ 16 23 27 20 24 20 26 15 11 DNQ 16 16 21 17 24 2
30 Germany Christian Danner 12 Wth 12 2
31 United States Davy Jones 19 12 14 Wth 1
32 France Franck Fréon 12 15 DNQ 29 18 1
33 United States Brian Till 19 12 1
34 United States Robbie Groff 13 13 0
35 United States Parker Johnstone 19 17 27 23 13 17 0
36 United States Buddy Lazier DNQ 13 29 DNQ 18 17 24 Wth DNS 24 DNQ DNS 27 DNQ 0
37 United States Stan Fox 13 0
38 Italy Giovanni Lavaggi DNQ 30 15 DNQ 0
39 Sweden Fredrik Ekblom 15 Wth 0
40 United States Johnny Unser DNQ DNQ DNQ 15 0
41 United States Robbie Buhl 20 16 0
42 Italy Domenico Schiattarella 26 16 Wth 0
43 United States Jeff Wood Wth 29 23 28 17 DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ 0
44 United States Jeff Andretti 17 DNQ 0
45 United States John Paul, Jr. 18 25 0
46 Canada Ross Bentley DNQ DNQ DNQ 22 29 19 19 DNQ 22 DNQ DNS DNQ DNQ 0
47 Italy Mauro Baldi 19 0
48 United States Lyn St. James 19 0
49 United States Scott Brayton 20 0
50 Canada Claude Bourbonnais 26 24 24 21 30 0
51 Australia Gary Brabham 24 0
52 Japan Hideshi Matsuda 24 0
53 United States Dennis Vitolo 26 0
54 Colombia Roberto Guerrero 33 0
United States Gary Bettenhausen DNQ 0
United States Tony Bettenhausen, Jr. Wth 0
Australia Geoff Brabham DNQ 0
United States Pancho Carter DNQ 0
United Kingdom Jim Crawford DNQ 0
United States Michael Greenfield Wth 0
France Stéphan Grégoire DNQ 0
United States David Kudrave DNQ DNQ DNQ 0
United States Rocky Moran Wth 0
Brazil Roberto Moreno DNQ 0
Finland Tero Palmroth DNQ 0
United States Johnny Parsons DNQ 0
United States Johnny Rutherford Wth 0
United Kingdom Russell Spence Wth 0
Belgium Didier Theys DNQ 0
United States Al Unser DNQ 0
Pos Driver SUR Australia PHX United States LBH United States INDY United States MIL United States DET United States POR United States CLE United States TOR Canada MIC United States MDO United States LOU United States VAN Canada ROA United States NAZ United States LAG United States Pts
Color Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green 4th & 5th place
Light Blue 6th-10th place
Dark Blue Finished
(Outside Top 10)
Purple Did not finish
Red Did not qualify
(DNQ)
Brown Withdrawn
(Wth)
Black Disqualified
(DSQ)
White Did not start
(DNS)
Blank Did not
participate
(DNP)
Not competing
In-line notation
Bold Pole position
Italics Ran fastest race lap
* Led most race laps
Rookie of the Year
Rookie

Point Scoring System:

  • Points are awarded based on each driver's resulting place (regardless of whether the car is running at the end of the race):
Position 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Points 20 16 14 12 10 8 6 5 4 3 2 1

Bonus Points:

  • 1 For Pole Position
  • 1 For Leading The Most Laps Of The Race

Nation's Cup[edit]

  • Top result per race counts towards Nation's Cup.
Pos Country SUR Australia PHX United States LBH United States INDY United States MIL United States DET United States POR United States CLE United States TOR Canada MIC United States MDO United States LOU United States VAN Canada ROA United States NAZ United States LAG United States Pts
1 United States United States 1 2 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 2 2 10 292
2 Canada Canada 10 11 15 2 3 1 3 3 5 1 2 2 4 1 1 1 225
3 Brazil Brazil 2 1 4 11 2 2 2 6 3 9 3 3 5 3 3 2 213
4 England England 9 3 2 22 5 21 5 2 23 26 7 18 10 13 22 8 88
5 Italy Italy 7 26 9 7 17 4 7 9 7 4 16 20 18 4 6 5 86
6 Sweden Sweden 5 4 10 15 26 15 8 5 14 14 12 23 26 8 5 12 57
7 Mexico Mexico 13 10 8 28 16 23 10 7 13 23 6 8 22 5 21 7 46
8 Netherlands Netherlands 25 22 11 18 21 19 14 21 31 2 13 27 6 22 26 6 34
9 Japan Japan 15 27 DNQ 14 23 DNQ 21 15 18 6 18 17 DNQ 14 16 23 8
10 Germany Germany 12 Wth 12 2
11 France France 12 DNQ 15 DNQ 29 18 1
12 Australia Australia 24 DNQ 0
13 Colombia Colombia 33 0
Belgium Belgium DNQ 0
Finland Finland DNQ 0
Scotland Scotland DNQ 0
Pos Driver SUR Australia PHX United States LBH United States INDY United States MIL United States DET United States POR United States CLE United States TOR Canada MIC United States MDO United States LOU United States VAN Canada ROA United States NAZ United States LAG United States Pts

Chassis Constructor's Cup[edit]

Pos Chassis Top Team Top Driver SUR Australia PHX United States LBH United States INDY United States MIL United States DET United States POR United States CLE United States TOR Canada MIC United States MDO United States LOU United States VAN Canada ROA United States NAZ United States LAG United States Pts
1 United States Penske PC-23/PC-22 Marlboro Team Penske Al Unser, Jr. 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 8 1 1 1 2 1 1 313
2 United Kingdom Lola T9400/T9300/T9200 Walker Racing Robby Gordon 3 3 2 5 5 3 4 2 2 1 4 4 2 6 4 2 226
3 United Kingdom Reynard 94I Target Chip Ganassi Racing Michael Andretti 1 5 6 2 4 4 6 4 1 4 5 5 3 1 6 3 208
Pos Chassis Top Team Top Driver SUR Australia PHX United States LBH United States INDY United States MIL United States DET United States POR United States CLE United States TOR Canada MIC United States MDO United States LOU United States VAN Canada ROA United States NAZ United States LAG United States Pts

Engine Manufacturer's Cup[edit]

Pos Engine Top Team Top Driver SUR Australia PHX United States LBH United States INDY United States MIL United States DET United States POR United States CLE United States TOR Canada MIC United States MDO United States LOU United States VAN Canada ROA United States NAZ United States LAG United States Pts
1 United Kingdom Ilmor D, C, A Marlboro Team Penske Al Unser, Jr. 2 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 3 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 316
2 United States Ford XB Target Chip Ganassi Racing Michael Andretti 1 3 2 2 4 3 4 2 1 1 4 4 2 1 4 2 258
3 Japan Honda Rahal Hogan Racing Bobby Rahal 8 6 27 DNQ 7 6 11 17 2 27 23 9 7 9 11 15 69
4 Germany Mercedes Marlboro Team Penske* Al Unser, Jr.* 1 22
5 United States Buick Team Menard* Eddie Cheever* 8 5
United States Chevrolet C Unknown* Stephan Gregoire* DNQ 0
United States Greenfield V8 Greenfield Industries* Johnny Parsons* DNQ 0
Pos Engine Top Team Top Driver SUR Australia PHX United States LBH United States INDY United States MIL United States DET United States POR United States CLE United States TOR Canada MIC United States MDO United States LOU United States VAN Canada ROA United States NAZ United States LAG United States Pts

References[edit]

See also[edit]