Milwaukee Mile

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Milwaukee Mile
America's Legendary Oval
The Mile
Milwaukee Mile Logo.jpg
Location Wisconsin State Fair Park
7722 W. Greenfield Ave.
West Allis, Wisconsin
Capacity approx. 37,000
Owner State of Wisconsin
Operator Wisconsin State Fair Park
Broke ground unknown
Opened 1903
Construction cost unknown
Former names Wisconsin State Fair Park Speedway
Major events IRL IndyCar Series
Milwaukee IndyFest (2012)
Milwaukee 225 (2011)
ABC Supply Company A.J. Foyt 225 (2004–2009)
IRL Firestone Indy Lights
Milwaukee 100 (1986–2001, 2004–2009, 2011)

NASCAR Camping World Truck Series
Copart 200 (1995–2009)

NASCAR Nationwide Series
NorthernTool.com 250 (1984–1985, 1993–2009)

ASA Midwest Tour
Wisconsin All-Star 100

ASA Late Model Series
Governor's Cup 150

Mid-American Stock Car Series

Oval
Surface Asphalt
Length 1.000 mi (1.609 km)
Turns 4
Banking Turns – 9.25°
Straights – 2.5°
Infield Road Course
Surface Asphalt
Length 1.8 mi (2.9 km)
Turns 10

The Milwaukee Mile is a mile-long (1.6 km) oval race track located on the grounds of the Wisconsin State Fair Park in West Allis, Wisconsin, a suburb west of Milwaukee. Its grandstand and bleachers seat approximately 37,000 spectators. Paved in 1954, it was originally a dirt track. In addition to the asphalt-paved oval, there is a 1.8 miles (2.9 km) asphalt-paved road circuit located on the infield.

The Milwaukee Mile’s premier distinction is as the oldest operating motor speedway in the world, hosting at least one auto race every year since 1903 (except during U.S. involvement in World War II).[1] The track is located at the grounds for the Wisconsin State Fair. The track has held events sanctioned by major sanctioning bodies, such as the American Automobile Association, USAC, NASCAR, CART/Champ Car World Series, and the IndyCar Series. There have also been many races in regional series such as ARTGO.

Racers who have competed at the track are a "Who's-Who" of racing history: Barney Oldfield, Ralph DePalma, Walt Faulkner, Parnelli Jones, A.J. Foyt, Al Unser, Bobby Unser, Mario Andretti, Bobby Rahal, Jim Clark, Darrell Waltrip, Alan Kulwicki, Emerson Fittipaldi, Bobby Allison, Davey Allison, Nigel Mansell, Michael Andretti, Alex Zanardi, Harry Gant, Rusty Wallace, and Walker Evans, as well as current racing stars Danica Patrick, Dale Earnhardt, Jr., Dario Franchitti, Jeff Gordon, Tony Kanaan, Scott Dixon, Hélio Castroneves and many others.

On December 16, 2009, Wisconsin State Fair Park officials confirmed that the Milwaukee Mile would not host any NASCAR or IndyCar races in 2010.[2] NASCAR confirmed that their June Nationwide Series date would remain in Wisconsin for 2010, as they announced they would hold a race at Road America for the first time since the Grand National Series raced there in 1956.[3] NASCAR also announced on January 20, 2010 that the Milwaukee date for the Truck Series would be moved to August.[4] The track hosted two ASA Late Model Series races in 2010.[5]

IndyCar returned to the track in 2011, but The Mile was left off of the preliminary 2012 schedule after a poorly attended 2011 event that resulted in part from an inexperienced promoter. In February 2012 though, it was announced that IndyCar would return to the Mile on the weekend of June 15–16.[6] The event is being promoted by Andretti Sports Marketing, owned by former Indy driver Michael Andretti, and is being billed as Milwaukee IndyFest.[7] The event will include open-wheel racing featuring the IZOD IndyCar Series and the Firestone Indy Lights, as well as driver Q&A and autograph sessions, music (acts TBA) and other attractions.

History[edit]

Dirt track history[edit]

The track was a 1 mile (1.6 km) private horse racing track by 1876. In 1891, the site was purchased by the Agricultural Society of the State of Wisconsin to create a permanent site for the Wisconsin State Fair (which it still is).

The first motorsports event was held on September 11, 1903. William Jones of Chicago won a five lap speed contest, and set the first track record with a 72 second, 50 mph (80 km/h) lap. There were 24-hour endurance races in 1907 and 1908. Louis Disbrow won the first 100-mile (160 km) event in 1915, averaging 62.5 mph (100.6 km/h).

Barney Oldfield's success at The Mile helped make him a legend. He set the track record in 1905 and raised his speed in 1910 to 70.159 mph (112.910 km/h) in his "Blitzen Benz". In 1911, Ralph DePalma won the first Milwaukee Mile Championship Car race, four years before his Indianapolis 500 win. Oldfield drove a gold car built by Harry Miller that completely enclosed the driver (called the "Golden Submarine"), and in June 1917 he beat DePalma in a series of 10 to 25-mile (40 km) match races.

The race usually credited as being the first Champ Car[dubious ] event at the track was held on July 17, 1933. The show was rained out. Wilbur Shaw and the other drivers convinced the track promoters to run the race the following day and the term "Rain Date" was born.

Huge new grandstands were installed in the 1930s, with seating for 14,900 people. They replaced the original grandstands that were built in 1914. A roof was placed over the grandstands in 1938. These grandstands stood until new aluminum grandstands were installed in September 2002.

The 1937 Champ Car event was best known for running 96 laps (instead of 100) due to a scoring error. It was won by Rex Mays, who continued his domination throughout the 1940s by winning in 1941 and the next race (after World War II) in 1946.

The tradition of hosting the "race after the Indianapolis 500" began in 1947. In the 1969 film, "Winning", starring actor and race driver Paul Newman, the character he plays (Frank Capua) remarks, “Everybody goes to Milwaukee after Indy.”

The Milwaukee Mile held more national championship midget, stock and Indy car races than any other track in the country between 1947 and 1980.

2008 panorama with aluminum grandstands

NFL Stadium in the Middle of the Quarter Mile Oval[edit]

The infield of the quarter-mile dirt infield track at the Mile near the current media center was also the location of a football stadium, informally known as the Dairy Bowl.[8] It hosted the NFL's Green Bay Packers from 1934 through 1951, including the 1939 NFL championship game. The Packers played several games a year in Milwaukee from 1933 through 1994. The team played at Marquette Stadium in 1952, then moved to County Stadium when it opened in 1953.[9]

In 1940 and 1941, the Dairy Bowl also served as the home of the Milwaukee Chiefs of the third American Football League. The 50-yard line sat where the start-finish line is currently located.[10]

Open Wheel[edit]

In 1954 the 1-mile (1.6 km) track was paved, and an infield road course was created. The 1/4 mile dirt infield track was kept for weekly programs during the 1950s and 1960s.

In 1963 Jim Clark won the first victory for a rear-engined Indy Car in his Lotus-Ford.

In 1964 A.J. Foyt dominated in what was to be his final race in a roadster. The rear-engine began dominating races in the 1960s, replacing the front-engine roadster, but not before one unexpected race. In 1965 A.J. Foyt had to tow his front-engine backup dirt car from Springfield because his primary car and crew wouldn't make it to Milwaukee in time for qualifying. He prepared the car himself for pavement, and put the car on the pole with a speed of 107.881 mph (173.618 km/h). He led for 16 of 200 laps, and finished second.

In 1965 Gordon Johncock scored his first career Indy Car win at the Milwaukee Mile.

The track was repaved before the 1967 season. By 1967 both the 1/4 dirt track and 1/2 mile road course were closed to accommodate the pit area. Lloyd Ruby swept both USAC races held at Milwaukee in 1968, giving him three wins at the Mile including his first win there in 1961.

In the 1983 CART race, Tom Sneva finished first by 10 seconds. Post race inspection found an improper ground clearance on the side mount skirts, so second place finisher Al Unser was given the win. On appeal, the decision was overturned, and Sneva was awarded the win two weeks later. Sneva would repeat the win one year later in a new 200 kilometer race.

The last sports car race was held on the infield road course on June 16, 1984. The track had deteriorated. It was repaved before October 2004.[11]

In the 1985 CART event, Mario Andretti won the pole on his way to his fourth career track win. His son Michael won the next two races in 1986 and 1987. Milwaukee was also the site of Mario Andretti's first ever paved oval track win in Indy Car racing in 1966.

Al Unser Jr. won the 1990 CART race after Michael Andretti ran out of fuel with two laps to go. The victory was the ninth for the Unser family (father Al Unser, Sr. and uncle Bobby Unser each have four).

The 1991 CART event, however, was dominated by their archrival Andretti family. For the first time in the worldwide history of auto racing, three member of the same family finished 1–2–3. Michael Andretti won the race, second went to his cousin John, and third to his father Mario. Michael's brother Jeff finished 11th.

Milwaukee was in danger of losing its CART date in 1992. To save the date, the Fair Board hired Carl Haas to organize all track activities.

The 1992 CART event was again won by Michael Andretti. In 1993, reigning Formula One champion Nigel Mansell got his first oval track win on his way to winning the CART championship. In 2000, Juan Pablo Montoya gave Toyota its first CART win. History was made again when Ryan Hunter-Reay led all of 250 laps to the victory. The final Champ Car race was held in 2006, with eventual champion Sébastien Bourdais winning.

The Indy Racing League IndyCar Series came to the mile in 2004. Dario Franchitti won the inaugural event. His team, Andretti Autosport has won three races at The Mile with Tony Kanaan winning in 2006 and 2007. The other races have been won by Penske Racing drivers Sam Hornish Jr. in 2005 and Ryan Briscoe in 2008 and Chip Ganassi Racing driver Scott Dixon in 2009. After a one-year absence from Milwaukee, Franchitti won in the Series return to the track in 2011 for Ganassi.

NASCAR Nationwide Series/Craftsman Truck Series[edit]

NASCAR held two Nationwide Series (formerly Busch Series) stock car races at Milwaukee in 1984 and 1985. The 1984 field was full of NASCAR legends: Alan Kulwicki (2nd), Dick Trickle (3rd), Bobby Allison (4th), Davey Allison (5th), Dale Jarrett (6th), and Darrell Waltrip (25th). The 1984 race was won by Sam Ard.

On July 3, 1993, the NASCAR Nationwide Series returned to Milwaukee. The event was won by Steve Grissom. In 1996 Wisconsin native Dick Trickle was passed with four laps to go by Buckshot Jones, who nosed out Mike McLaughlin and won the race from the furthest starting spot (32nd) and by the closest margin of victory in race and NASCAR Nationwide Series history (.002 seconds). The Nationwide Series has run every year since 1993. Five drivers that won the NASCAR Nationwide Series race at Milwaukee went on to win the Busch Series championship in the same year (Steve Grissom-1993, Randy LaJoie-1997, Dale Earnhardt, Jr.-1998, Jeff Green-2000, Greg Biffle-2002). Biffle became the first repeat winner when he scored back-to-back victories in 2001 and 2002. Despite Trickle having come the closest previously, the last two NASCAR Nationwide Series races have been won by Wisconsin natives (Johnny Sauter/Necedah-2005 and Paul Menard/Eau Claire-2006). Menard also became the third driver to make the NASCAR Nationwide Series race at Milwaukee his first career NASCAR Busch Series win, joining Buckshot Jones in 1996 and Casey Atwood in 1999.

The NASCAR Camping World Truck Series (formerly Craftsman Truck Series) (CTS) began racing at Milwaukee in its inaugural season in 1995. Mike Skinner won the event. The 1996 event featured 17 lead changes. The CTS has returned every season since 1995. Ted Musgrave became the only repeat winner as he followed up victory in 2001 with a second triumph in 2004, both behind the wheel of the #1 Mopar Performance Parts Dodge for Jim Smith and Ultra Motorsports. Musgrave is also the only Wisconsin native to have won the race. Two drivers have the distinction of having won both a NASCAR Craftsman Truck Series race and a NASCAR Busch Series race at Milwaukee. Ron Hornaday won in Truck race in 1996 and the Busch race in 2004, while Greg Biffle won the Truck race in 1999 and the Busch race in 2001 and 2002.

The track was resurfaced after the 1995 season.

In 2003 temporary Musco lights were brought in for the Champ Car World Series event. The temporary lights were also used for the CTS and Busch Series events in 2005 and 2006. The following is a map of Milwaukee Mile:

Milmilelayout.PNG

Records[edit]

ARCA RE/MAX Series

Type Distance
(miles / km)
Date Driver Time Average Speed
(mph / km/h)
Qualifying
(1 lap)
1.006 / 1.619 2005 United States David Ragan 0:00:30.016 119.936 / 193.018

IndyCar Series/Champ Car World Series

Type Distance
(miles / km)
Date Driver Time Average Speed
(mph / km/h)
Qualifying (IndyCar)
(2 lap average)
1.015 / 1.633 2011 Scotland Dario Franchitti 0:00:21.3826 170.841 / 274.499
Qualifying (Champ Car)
(1 lap)
1.015 / 1998 Canada Patrick Carpentier 0:00:20.028 185.500 / 298.533
Race
(225 laps)
226.350 / 364.275 2000 Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya 1:37:38.526 142.684 / 229.628

Indy Lights

Type Distance
(miles / km)
Date Driver Time Average Speed
(mph / km/h)
Qualifying
(1 lap)
1.015 / 1.633 2011 Argentina Esteban Guerrieri 149.005 /

NASCAR Nationwide Series

Type Distance
(miles / km)
Date Driver Time Average Speed
(mph / km/h)
Qualifying
(1 lap)
1.006 / 1.619 June 25, 2005 United States Johnny Sauter 0:00:29.365 122.595 / 197.298
Race
(200 laps)
201.200 / 323.800 June 26, 2004 United States Ron Hornaday 2:26:59.??? 105.052 / 169.065

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wisc. State Fair Park http://www.milwaukeemile.com/event_planning/mile.html Feb. 22, 2013
  2. ^ Don Walker & Dave Kallman. "No major races at the Mile" Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, December 16, 2009 http://www.jsonline.com/sports/autoracing/79468997.html
  3. ^ Sporting News Wire Service. "Road America added to 2010 Nationwide schedule - Dec 21, 2009". NASCAR. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  4. ^ Official Release (2010-01-20). "Darlington added to the 2010 Truck Series schedule - Jan 20, 2010". NASCAR. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  5. ^ "2010 Schedule". Milwaukee Mile. Retrieved 31 March 2010. 
  6. ^ "IndyCar returning to Milwaukee Mile for event - ESPN". ESPN. 2012-02-10. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  7. ^ "Welcome to Milwaukee IndyFest". Milwaukeeindyfest.com. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  8. ^ Christl, Cliff. "Glory Years: Packers' 12 NFL Titles". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 2009-04-27. 
  9. ^ "Other Homes of the Packers, 1919-94". Packers.com. Retrieved November 9, 2013. 
  10. ^ "West Allis, Mile hold places in NFL history book". On Milwaukee. 
  11. ^ http://www.fairpark.homestead.com/, Retrieved July 24, 2007

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°01′N 88°01′W / 43.02°N 88.01°W / 43.02; -88.01

Preceded by
Borchert Field
Milwaukee Home of the
Green Bay Packers

1934 – 1951
Succeeded by
Marquette Stadium