1st Expeditionary Force (Ottoman Empire)
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|1st Expeditionary Force
Birinci Kuvve-i Seferiye
|Active||November 1914 – 20 September 1915|
|Patron||Sultan of the Ottoman Empire|
|Engagements||Caucasus Campaign (World War I)
Battle of Dilman
Second Battle of Tortum
|Kaymakam Kâzım Karabekir Bey
Kaymakam Ali İhsân Bey
Order of Battle
In December 1914, the 1st Expeditionary Force was structured as follows:
- 1st Expeditionary Force HQ (commander: Kaymakam Kâzım Karabekir Bey)
- Erickson 2007, p. 70.
- Erickson 2007, p. 72.
- Erickson 2007, p. 71.
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