42nd parallel north

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42°
42nd parallel north

The 42nd parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 42 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, the Mediterranean Sea, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean.

At this latitude the sun is visible for 15 hours, 15 minutes during the summer solstice and 9 hours, 7 minutes during the winter solstice.[1]

Around the world[edit]

Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastwards, the parallel 42° north passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
42°0′N 0°0′E / 42.000°N 0.000°E / 42.000; 0.000 (Prime Meridian)  Spain Passing just north of Girona
42°0′N 3°11′E / 42.000°N 3.183°E / 42.000; 3.183 (Mediterranean Sea) Mediterranean Sea
42°0′N 8°39′E / 42.000°N 8.650°E / 42.000; 8.650 (France)  France Island of Corsica
42°0′N 9°27′E / 42.000°N 9.450°E / 42.000; 9.450 (Mediterranean Sea) Mediterranean Sea Tyrrhenian Sea
42°0′N 11°58′E / 42.000°N 11.967°E / 42.000; 11.967 (Italy)  Italy Passing just north of Rome
42°0′N 15°0′E / 42.000°N 15.000°E / 42.000; 15.000 (Adriatic Sea) Mediterranean Sea Adriatic Sea
42°0′N 19°9′E / 42.000°N 19.150°E / 42.000; 19.150 (Montenegro)  Montenegro
42°0′N 19°23′E / 42.000°N 19.383°E / 42.000; 19.383 (Albania)  Albania
42°0′N 20°37′E / 42.000°N 20.617°E / 42.000; 20.617 (Serbia/Kosovo)  Kosovo or  Serbia Kosovo is a partially recognised state. Some nations consider its territory to be part of Serbia.
42°0′N 20°46′E / 42.000°N 20.767°E / 42.000; 20.767 (Macedonia)  Macedonia Passing through Skopje
42°0′N 22°52′E / 42.000°N 22.867°E / 42.000; 22.867 (Bulgaria)  Bulgaria
42°0′N 26°56′E / 42.000°N 26.933°E / 42.000; 26.933 (Turkey)  Turkey
42°0′N 27°25′E / 42.000°N 27.417°E / 42.000; 27.417 (Bulgaria)  Bulgaria
42°0′N 27°51′E / 42.000°N 27.850°E / 42.000; 27.850 (Turkey)  Turkey For about 3 km
42°0′N 27°53′E / 42.000°N 27.883°E / 42.000; 27.883 (Bulgaria)  Bulgaria
42°0′N 28°2′E / 42.000°N 28.033°E / 42.000; 28.033 (Black Sea) Black Sea
42°0′N 33°17′E / 42.000°N 33.283°E / 42.000; 33.283 (Turkey)  Turkey
42°0′N 33°34′E / 42.000°N 33.567°E / 42.000; 33.567 (Black Sea) Black Sea
42°0′N 34°52′E / 42.000°N 34.867°E / 42.000; 34.867 (Turkey)  Turkey
42°0′N 35°7′E / 42.000°N 35.117°E / 42.000; 35.117 (Black Sea) Black Sea
42°0′N 41°45′E / 42.000°N 41.750°E / 42.000; 41.750 (Georgia)  Georgia
42°0′N 46°5′E / 42.000°N 46.083°E / 42.000; 46.083 (Russia)  Russia Dagestan - For about 2 km
42°0′N 46°7′E / 42.000°N 46.117°E / 42.000; 46.117 (Georgia)  Georgia For about 3 km
42°0′N 46°9′E / 42.000°N 46.150°E / 42.000; 46.150 (Russia)  Russia Dagestan
42°0′N 48°20′E / 42.000°N 48.333°E / 42.000; 48.333 (Caspian Sea) Caspian Sea
42°0′N 52°27′E / 42.000°N 52.450°E / 42.000; 52.450 (Kazakhstan)  Kazakhstan
42°0′N 52°48′E / 42.000°N 52.800°E / 42.000; 52.800 (Turkmenistan)  Turkmenistan
42°0′N 54°51′E / 42.000°N 54.850°E / 42.000; 54.850 (Kazakhstan)  Kazakhstan
42°0′N 56°0′E / 42.000°N 56.000°E / 42.000; 56.000 (Uzbekistan)  Uzbekistan
42°0′N 57°10′E / 42.000°N 57.167°E / 42.000; 57.167 (Turkmenistan)  Turkmenistan
42°0′N 60°0′E / 42.000°N 60.000°E / 42.000; 60.000 (Uzbekistan)  Uzbekistan
42°0′N 66°0′E / 42.000°N 66.000°E / 42.000; 66.000 (Kazakhstan)  Kazakhstan
42°0′N 70°20′E / 42.000°N 70.333°E / 42.000; 70.333 (Uzbekistan)  Uzbekistan
42°0′N 70°50′E / 42.000°N 70.833°E / 42.000; 70.833 (Kyrgyzstan)  Kyrgyzstan
42°0′N 79°50′E / 42.000°N 79.833°E / 42.000; 79.833 (China)  People's Republic of China Xinjiang
Gansu
Inner Mongolia
42°0′N 103°3′E / 42.000°N 103.050°E / 42.000; 103.050 (Mongolia)  Mongolia
42°0′N 105°56′E / 42.000°N 105.933°E / 42.000; 105.933 (China)  People's Republic of China Inner Mongolia
Hebei
Inner Mongolia
Hebei
Inner Mongolia
Hebei
Inner Mongolia
Liaoning
Inner Mongolia
Liaoning
Jilin
42°0′N 128°3′E / 42.000°N 128.050°E / 42.000; 128.050 (North Korea)  North Korea Passing through Baekdu Mountain
42°0′N 128°29′E / 42.000°N 128.483°E / 42.000; 128.483 (China)  People's Republic of China Jilin (for about 8 km)
42°0′N 128°34′E / 42.000°N 128.567°E / 42.000; 128.567 (North Korea)  North Korea
42°0′N 130°2′E / 42.000°N 130.033°E / 42.000; 130.033 (Sea of Japan) Sea of Japan Passing just south of Okushiri Island,  Japan
42°0′N 140°7′E / 42.000°N 140.117°E / 42.000; 140.117 (Japan)  Japan Island of Hokkaidō
42°0′N 140°53′E / 42.000°N 140.883°E / 42.000; 140.883 (Pacific Ocean) Pacific Ocean
42°0′N 143°9′E / 42.000°N 143.150°E / 42.000; 143.150 (Japan)  Japan Island of Hokkaidō
42°0′N 143°15′E / 42.000°N 143.250°E / 42.000; 143.250 (Pacific Ocean) Pacific Ocean
42°0′N 124°13′W / 42.000°N 124.217°W / 42.000; -124.217 (United States)  United States Oregon / California border
Oregon / Nevada border
Idaho / Nevada border
Idaho / Utah border
Wyoming
Nebraska
Iowa
Illinois - passing through Chicago
42°0′N 87°39′W / 42.000°N 87.650°W / 42.000; -87.650 (Lake Michigan) Lake Michigan
42°0′N 86°33′W / 42.000°N 86.550°W / 42.000; -86.550 (United States)  United States Michigan
42°0′N 83°11′W / 42.000°N 83.183°W / 42.000; -83.183 (Lake Erie) Lake Erie
42°0′N 82°58′W / 42.000°N 82.967°W / 42.000; -82.967 (Canada)  Canada Ontario
42°0′N 82°29′W / 42.000°N 82.483°W / 42.000; -82.483 (Lake Erie) Lake Erie
42°0′N 80°26′W / 42.000°N 80.433°W / 42.000; -80.433 (United States)  United States Pennsylvania (Erie County)
New York / Pennsylvania border
New York
Connecticut - running just south of the border with Massachusetts
Rhode Island - running just south of the border with Massachusetts
Massachusetts
42°0′N 70°42′W / 42.000°N 70.700°W / 42.000; -70.700 (Cape Cod Bay) Cape Cod Bay
42°0′N 70°5′W / 42.000°N 70.083°W / 42.000; -70.083 (United States)  United States Massachusetts (Cape Cod)
42°0′N 70°2′W / 42.000°N 70.033°W / 42.000; -70.033 (Atlantic Ocean) Atlantic Ocean
42°0′N 8°53′W / 42.000°N 8.883°W / 42.000; -8.883 (Spain)  Spain
42°0′N 8°39′W / 42.000°N 8.650°W / 42.000; -8.650 (Portugal)  Portugal
42°0′N 8°7′W / 42.000°N 8.117°W / 42.000; -8.117 (Spain)  Spain

United States[edit]

The 42nd parallel north defining borders between states in the United States

The parallel 42° north forms most of the New York-Pennsylvania border, although due to imperfect surveying in 1785–1786, this boundary wanders around on both sides of the true parallel. The area around the parallel in this region is known as the Twin Tiers.

The 42nd parallel became agreed upon as the northward limit of the Spanish Empire by the Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819 with the United States, which established the parallel as the border between the Viceroyality of New Spain of the Kingdom of Spain and the western territory of the United States of America from the meridian of the headwaters of the Arkansas River west to the Pacific Ocean.[2] The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo of 1848 then ceded much of what was then northern Mexico to the United States; as a result, the northernmost U.S. states which were created from Mexican territory (California, Nevada, and Utah) have the parallel 42° north as their northern border, and the adjoining U.S. states of Oregon and Idaho have the parallel as their southern border.

The parallel passes through the states of Wyoming, Nebraska, Iowa, Illinois, Michigan, Pennsylvania, New York, Connecticut, Rhode Island and Massachusetts, and passes through (or near - within three-tenths degree of latitude) the following cities in the United States:

Canada[edit]

The parallel 42° north passes through the southern end of Lake Michigan and Lake Erie. Part of the water boundary between Canada and the United States passes south of the 42nd parallel, and the southern tip of the Canadian province of Ontario just barely goes south of it - this is located at Point Pelee and Pelee Island.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/Dur_OneYear.php
  2. ^ Nugent, Walter (2008). Habits of Empire: A History of American Expansion. Alfred A. Knopf. pp. 161, 166–167. ISBN 978-1-4000-4292-0.