From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is a list of official and notable unofficial terms which have been used to designate the residents of specific
U.S. states and the District of Columbia.
(recommended by U.S. GPO) [1 ] Official, unofficial or informal alternates
[2 ] [3 ]
Sand Cutter [2 ] [4 ]
Arkie [5 ] [6 ]
[7 ] [8 ]
Nutmegger, Connecticotian, Connecticutensian, Connecticutian, Connetian [9 ] [10 ]
Blue Hen's Chicken, Muskrat
District of Columbia Washingtonian
Florida cracker [12 ]
Buzzard, Cracker, Goober-grabber,
Sand-hiller [13 ] [14 ]
Kama [2 ] ʻāina (native-born nonethnic Hawaiian), Hawaii Resident, Islander [2 ] [15 ]
Illinoisian, Illinoian, Sucker, Sand-hiller, Egyptian
Hoosier (official state designation), Indianian [17 ] (archaic) [2 ]
Down Easter or Downeaster,
Mainiac, [21 ] Pine Tree, Fox [22 ]
Bay Stater (official term used by state government),
Massachusite (traditional), [23 ] [24 ] Masshole (derogatory) [25 ] [26 ]
Michigander, Mashugana, Michiganer, Michiganese, Michigine, Wolverine, [27 ] [28 ] Michiganite, [29 ] [30 ] Yooper/ Troll (for residents of the Upper Peninsula and Lower Peninsula, respectively), Flatlander (for residents of the mid and southern portions of the Lower Peninsula) [31 ]
New Hampshire New Hampshirite
New Hampshireman or New Hampshirewoman
New Jersey New Jerseyan
New Mexico New Mexican
New York New Yorker
[33 ] [34 ]
North Carolina North Carolinian
Tar Heel, Tar Boiler, [35 ]
North Dakota North Dakotan
Okie, Sooner [37 ] [38 ]
Pennamite [39 ]
Rhode Island Rhode Islander
Swamp Yankee [40 ]
South Carolina South Carolinian
South Dakota South Dakotan
Volunteer, Big Bender, Butternut
Texian (Anglo-Texan - historical), [43 ] Tejano (Mexican-Texan), Texican (archaic)
West Virginia West Virginian
Cheesehead [44 ] [45 ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ (PDF). 2000. §5.23. United States Government Printing Office Style Manual
^ a b c d e f g "SHG Resources".
^ Safire, William (June 26, 1994). "On Language: Foam Fell on Alabama". The New York Times. Safire reports that after he used the word "Alabaman" in a column, he received a letter from Vic Gold that said in part, "The natives, I have learned to my sorrow, prefer Alabamian."
^ "The State of Arizona - An Introduction to the Grand Canyon State from". Netstate.Com . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ . Archived from Arkansawyer definition - Dictionary - MSN Encarta the original on 2009-10-31.
^ "Ar•kie". Dictionary.infoplease.com . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ . Colorado State University. p. 62, Writers Style Guide . Retrieved January 2, 2009. "The correct name for a person from Colorado is Coloradan (not Coloradoan)."
^ Quillen, Ed (March 18, 2007). "Coloradan or Coloradoan?". . The Denver Post
^ "The State of Connecticut - An Introduction to the Constitution State from". Netstate.Com . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ "People of Connecticut, Choose Your Moniker; Martha Stewart’s House and My Company (4 Letters)". nytimes.com . Retrieved 2013-11-09.
^ "The State of Delaware - An Introduction to the First State from". Netstate.Com . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ "‘Cracker’ Means Something Entirely Different In Florida: A Source Of ‘Pride’". Mediaite . Retrieved 18 May 2014.
^ "The Peach State is all about peanuts". American Food Roots . Retrieved 9 September 2014.
^ "The State of Georgia - An Introduction to the Peach State from". Netstate.Com . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ "The State of Hawaii - An Introduction to the Aloha State from". Netstate.Com . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ "The State of Illinois - An Introduction to the Prairie State from". Netstate.Com . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ The term Hoosier is the official state designation for a state resident, but not used by the US GPO. The term was once considered derogatory, but is now a point of pride for Hoosiers. See the Indiana Historical Bureau article entitled What is a Hoosier? for the origin of the term.
^ "The State of Iowa". Netstate.com.
^ "The State of Kansas - An Introduction to the Sunflower State from". Netstate.Com . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ Corncracker - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary
^ The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2007. New York: World Almanac Books. 2006. ISBN 978-0-88687-995-2.
^ "Mainiac". Time. June 20, 1938. (term used in reference to Maine author Kenneth Roberts)
^ "Massachusetts General Laws, Chapter 2, Section 35: Designation of citizens of commonwealth". The Commonwealth of Massachusetts . Retrieved 2008-02-29. : "Bay Staters shall be the official designation of citizens of the commonwealth."
^ . Boston: Collections Massachusetts Historical Society. 1877. p. 435.
^ Jones, Thomas (1879). DeLancey, Edward Floyd, ed. . New York: History of New York During the Revolutionary War New York Historical Society. p. 465.
^ url= http://www.masshole.com/index.shtml
^ "The State of Michigan". Netstate.com.
^ Marckwardt, Albert H. (1952). "Wolverine and Michigander". Michigan Alumnus Quarterly Review. LVIII: 203–8.
^ Sperber, Hans (February 1954). "Words and Phrases in American Politics: Michigander". American Speech 29 (1): 21–7. doi: 10.2307/453592.
^ "The State of Michigan - An Introduction to the Great Lakes State from". Netstate.Com . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ "MDE - Michigan Glossary". Michigan.gov. 2008-01-30 . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ "The State of New Hampshire - An Introduction to the Granite State from". Netstate.Com. 2009-04-13 . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ Merriam-Webster Dictionary
^ New York Knicks, What's a Knickerbocker?
^ Powell, William S. (March 1982). "What's in a Name?: Why We're All Called Tar Heels". Tar Heel (Tar Heel Magazine, Inc.). OCLC 005457348 . Retrieved 2009-07-17.
^ "The State of Ohio - An Introduction to the Buckeye State from". Netstate.Com . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ Stewart, Roy P. (December 20, 1968). "Postal Card Proves Sooners Were 'Okies' Way Back In 1907". The Daily Oklahoman. p. 9, col. 2. "Now comes Mrs. Agness Hooks of Thomas with a postal card mailed at Newcastle, Ind. in 1907, address to a Miss Agness Kirkbridge, with the salutation: 'Hello Okie — Will see you next Monday night.' Signed: Myrtle M. Pence. Mrs. Hooks says Agness Kirkbridge was an aunt of hers. The Kirkbridge family came to Oklahoma Territory in 1904 and settled south of Custer City."
^ "The State of Oklahoma - An Introduction to the Sooner State from". Netstate.Com . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ "History of". Luzerne County . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ "The Providence Journal | Rhode Island breaking news, sports, politics, business, entertainment, weather and traffic - providencejournal.com - Providence Journal". Projo.com. 2012-07-17 . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ "The State of Tennessee - An Introduction to the Volunteer State from". Netstate.Com . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ de la Teja, Jesus F. (1997). "The Colonization and Independence of Texas: A Tejano Perspective". In Rodriguez O., Jaime E.; Vincent, Kathryn. Myths, Misdeeds, and Misunderstandings: The Roots of Conflict in U.S.–Mexican Relations. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources Inc. p. 79. ISBN 0-8420-2662-2.
^ Kapler, Joseph, Jr. (Spring 2002). . On Wisconsin Icons: When You Say 'Wisconsin', What Do You Say? Wisconsin Historical Society. pp. 18–31 . Retrieved 2009-04-29.
^ . Foamation Foamation: About Us . Retrieved 2009-04-29.
External links [ edit ]