Andrea Horwath

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Andrea Horwath
MPP
Andrea Horwath.jpg
6th Leader of the Ontario New Democratic Party
Incumbent
Assumed office
March 7, 2009
Preceded by Howard Hampton
Member of Provincial Parliament
Incumbent
Assumed office
October 10, 2007
Preceded by new constituency
Constituency Hamilton Centre
In office
May 13, 2004 – October 10, 2007
Preceded by Dominic Agostino
Succeeded by constituency abolished
Constituency Hamilton East
Hamilton City Councillor
In office
1997 – c. 2004
Constituency Ward Two
Personal details
Born (1962-10-24) October 24, 1962 (age 51)
Hamilton, Ontario
Political party New Democratic Party
Alma mater McMaster University
Occupation Community development coordinator

Andrea Horwath, MPP (pronounced Horvath; born October 24, 1962) is a Canadian politician. She is the Leader of the Ontario New Democratic Party in Canada. She is a member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, representing the riding of Hamilton Centre, and was chosen as the party's leader at its 2009 leadership convention.

She is the first woman to lead the Ontario New Democratic Party, and one of only three women to serve as leader of a political party with representation in the provincial legislature (Liberals Kathleen Wynne and Lyn McLeod are the other two).

Early life, education, early career[edit]

Horwath was born and raised in Hamilton, Ontario, and has a Bachelor of Arts degree in Labour Studies from McMaster University in that city. She worked part-time as a waitress to pay her way through university. Her father Andrew, an ethnic Hungarian, had immigrated to Canada from Slovakia, and worked on the assembly line at the Ford Motor Company plant in Oakville, Ontario.[1] Her mother is of French and Irish descent.[2]

She worked closely with the Hamilton labour movement for several years, programming and providing literacy, numeracy and ESL training for workers. She subsequently got involved in the cooperative housing movement in Welland, and later became a community development coordinator for Hamilton's McQuesten Legal & Community Services, providing public legal education to groups working with tenants, injured workers and people with disabilities.

In 1996 Horwath earned a certificate of achievement in anti-racism training, and was an organizer of Hamilton's Days of Action campaign against provincial government cutbacks announced by Mike Harris. That year she received the Woman of the Year Award in Public Affairs from the Hamilton Status of Women Committee, in recognition of her work in the community. She also dedicated her time and efforts toward the field of social housing, and was subsequently awarded the Graham Emslie Award for Community Development in Housing by the Canadian Housing and Renewal Association.

She lives in Hamilton with her son Julian (born November 1992). In a March 2011 interview with the Toronto Star, she spoke publicly for the first time about the breakup of her longtime relationship with Julian's father, Hamilton businessman Ben Leonetti.[3] Horwath had met Ben Leonetti in her university years, when she was working part-time as a waitress and he was a jazz musician. The two lived together for 25 years without getting married, and split up in 2010.[4]

Early political career[edit]

In the Canadian federal election of 1997, she was the NDP candidate against incumbent Liberal Stan Keyes in the riding of Hamilton West. Although unsuccessful, her second-place finish was a significant improvement on previous NDP efforts in the riding, and gave her an increased level of prominence in the city.

City councillor[edit]

Later in 1997, she was elected to Hamilton City Council for Ward Two, outpolling two incumbents who had represented the area for more than 20 years. She emerged as a prominent voice for the political left in the city, and was re-elected to council in 2000 and 2003. During her three terms as city councillor, she chaired the solid waste management committee and the municipal non-profit housing corporation.

Provincial politics[edit]

By-election victory[edit]

Horwath was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in a 2004 by-election in the then-extant provincial riding of Hamilton East, defeating Liberal candidate Ralph Agostino to succeed the deceased Liberal member Dominic Agostino, Ralph's brother. Winning 63.6 per cent of the vote, up from the NDP's 29.4 per cent in that riding six months earlier, her landslide victory boosted the NDP's seat count over the threshold for official party status in the legislature, and helped give the federal New Democratic Party a bounce in Hamilton that would continue into the federal election shortly thereafter.

2007 election[edit]

In the 2007 election, Horwath ran in the new riding of Hamilton Centre, due to redistricting that divided her former Hamilton East riding between Hamilton Centre and the new riding of Hamilton East—Stoney Creek. Horwath's new Hamilton Centre riding included approximately half of her former riding as well as a portion of the former Hamilton West riding where she had run federally in 1997. It also included her entire former city council ward.

In the leadup to the campaign, Horwath was expected to face Hamilton West Liberal incumbent Judy Marsales. However, Marsales opted not to run for another term, and Horwath easily defeated Liberal candidate Steve Ruddick on election day.

2009 NDP leadership campaign[edit]

On November 7, 2008, Horwath officially launched her campaign to win the party's leadership. The leadership election was held March 6–8, 2009. Horwath led on the first two ballots, and won on the third ballot with 60.4% of the vote defeating Peter Tabuns, Gilles Bisson and Michael Prue.[5]

2011 election[edit]

The 2011 provincial election saw a rise in support for the NDP under Horwath's leadership. The party won more than 20% of the popular vote for the first time since 1995 and almost doubled its seats to elect 17 members of the legislature. The election also resulted in the Liberal government of Dalton McGuinty being reduced to a minority government with the NDP holding the balance of power.

In April 2012, Horwath passed a leadership review at the party's convention with 76% support.

2014 election[edit]

The NDP was able to maintain its seat count of 21 at dissolution despite the loss of three seats in Toronto, but lost the balance of power when the Liberals took a majority win in the election. Horwath has faced criticism from some party members and progressives for running a populist campaign which they described as right-wing.[6]

Awards[edit]

In March 2012, Horwath received the EVE award which is sponsored by Equal Voice, a non-profit organization focused on promoting women in politics. Past recipients have included women from every level of government.[7]

Electoral record[edit]

Hamilton West - Canadian federal election, 1997
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Stan Keyes 20,951
New Democratic Andrea Horwath 7,648
Progressive Conservative John Findlay 6,510
Reform Ken Griffith 6,285
Natural Law Brian Rickard 323
Marxist–Leninist Wendell Fields 170
Hamilton East: By-election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
New Democratic Andrea Horwath 15,185 63.6
Liberal Ralph Agostino 6,362 26.6
Progressive Conservative Tara Crugnale 1,772 7.4
Green Raymond Dartsch 448 1.9
Independent John Turmel 120 0.5
Hamilton Centre - Ontario general election, 2007
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
New Democratic Andrea Horwath 17,182 44.6
Liberal Steve Ruddick 11,042 28.7
Progressive Conservative Chris Robertson 5,711 14.8
Green Peter Ormond 3,703 9.6
Family Coalition Lynne Scime 553 1.4
Communist Bob Mann 316 0.8
Hamilton Centre - Ontario general election, 2011
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
New Democratic Andrea Horwath 20,528 61.3 +16.7
Liberal Donna Tiqui-Shebib 5,852 17.5 -11.1
Progressive Conservative Don Sheppard 4,418 13.2 -1.6
Green Peter Ormond 1,243 3.7 -5.9
Libertarian Robert Kuhlman 634 1.9
Independent Micheal Baldasaro 268 0.8
Family Coalition Steve Passmore 229 0.7 -0.9
Communist Anthony Gracey 133 0.4 -0.4
Freedom Chris Lawson 128 0.4
Reform Robert Szajkowski 75 0.2
Total valid votes 33,508 100.0

Source: "Declared Candidates," The Hamilton Spectator July 23, 2011, A6, News,
Teri Pecoskie. "Liberals give lawyer Hamilton Centre nod," The Hamilton Spectator August 22, 2011, News

Hamilton Centre - Ontario general election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
New Democratic Andrea Horwath 18,699 52.05 -9.28
Liberal Donna Tiqui-Shebib 8,450 23.52 +6.06
Progressive Conservative John Vail 5,136 14.30 +1.13
Green Peter Ormond 3,078 8.57 +4.85
Freedom Peter Melanson 331 0.92 +0.53
Communist Bob Mann 229 0.64 +0.28
Total valid votes 35,923 100.0  
New Democratic hold Swing -7.67
Source: Elections Ontario[8]

References[edit]

External links[edit]