|Founder(s)||Michael Richard Lynch
|Headquarters||Cambridge, United Kingdom
San Francisco, United States
|Key people||Robert Youngjohns (SVP & General Manager)|
|Products||Big data analytics, information governance, data protection and digital marketing|
|Autonomy Corporation headquarters at Cambridge Business Park.|
The company used a combination of technologies born out of research at the University of Cambridge. It developed a variety of enterprise search and knowledge management applications using adaptive pattern recognition techniques centered on Bayesian inference in conjunction with traditional methods.
Autonomy was acquired by Hewlett-Packard (HP) in October 2011. The following year, HP wrote off $8.8 billion of Autonomy's value, claiming that a serious accounting scandal was found at the company.
Inception and expansion: 1996–2011
Autonomy was founded in Cambridge, England by Dr. Michael Lynch, David Tabizel and Richard Gaunt in 1996 as a spin-off from Cambridge Neurodynamics, a firm specializing in computer-based finger print recognition.
In July 2007 it acquired Zantaz, an email archiving and litigation support company, for $375 million.
On 5 May 2011 the Mercedes Formula One team announced an $8 million sponsorship deal with Autonomy, and on 8 July 2010 Tottenham Hotspur FC announced a two year sponsorship deal with Autonomy for their Premier League kit. For the 2011–12 season Spurs' Premier League shirt will feature Autonomy's Augmented Reality technology Aurasma.
As a Hewlett Packard business: 2011 – Present
On 18 August 2011 Hewlett Packard announced that it would purchase Autonomy for US$42.11 per share, around $10.2 billion. The transaction was unanimously approved by the boards of directors of both HP and Autonomy and the Autonomy board recommended that its shareholders accept the offer. On 3 October 2011 HP closed the deal with over 87% of Autonomy shares acquired.
In May 2012 Mike Lynch left his role as Autonomy CEO after a significant drop in revenue in the previous quarter.
In November 2012 Hewlett-Packard announced that it was taking an $8.8 billion accounting charge after claiming “serious accounting improprieties” and “outright misrepresentations” at Autonomy. However, Mike Lynch counter-alleged that the problems were due to HP's running of Autonomy, citing "internecine warfare" within the organization.
HP Autonomy products include Intelligent Data Operating Layer (IDOL), which allows for search and processing of text taken from both structured data and unstructured human information -- including e-mail and mobile data -- whether it originates in a database, audio, video, text files or streams. The processing of such information by IDOL is referred to by Autonomy as Meaning-Based Computing.
HP Autonomy also offers cloud computing, business process management, broadcasting monitoring, legal market, records management, social media analytics, multivariate testing and other solutions.
In June 2013, HP announced the HAVEn platform for analyzing and finding meaning from big data - petabytes of structured and unstructured information. HAVEn also aims to identify information that is not needed and can be placed in low cost storage or even dumped. HAVEn uses the open source Hadoop software with technologies HP acquired from Autonomy, Vertica and ArcSight. 
The HP Autonomy business has primary offices in Cambridge, UK, and San Francisco, USA, as well as other major offices in the US, the UK, Canada, France, Japan, Australia, Singapore, Germany, and smaller offices in India and throughout Europe and Latin America.
Many of Autonomy's senior executives left after the acquisition by Hewlett-Packard, "amid accusations that HP is too bureaucratic, and counterclaims that Lynch and his team failed to deliver on revenue targets". The membership of the company's management team at any time is available on the company Web site.
- Hewlett-Packard shareholder claims company has lied about Autonomy write-off
- Security Group Seminar University of Cambridge
- The Kindness of Strangers VNU Net
- Loney, Matt (13 November 2008). ""What that £10k is worth now", 31st Dec 2001, zdnet.co.uk". News.zdnet.co.uk. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- ""Autonomy buys Verity", Information World Review". Iwr.co.uk. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- "Autonomy's Board of Directors". Autonomy.
- 22 May 2007 by Pete Cashmore View Comments (22 May 2007). "Blinkx IPO goes ahead". Mashable.com. Archived from the original on 19 May 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- "Autonomy buys Zantaz". Law.com. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- Autonomy announces an agreement to acquire Meridio Holdings Limited
- Davey, James (22 January 2009). "Autonomy to buy Interwoven for $775 mln". Reuters. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- "UBS and Goldman Sachs had access to negative Autonomy research". The Guardian. 22 November 2012. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
- "Analysts warned that UK software giant Autonomy's finances were 'questionable' three years before disastrous Hewlett Packard deal". This is Money. 21 November 2012. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
- Autonomy to Acquire CA's Information Governance Business News article from InfoGrok
- "Mercedes GP Petronas announce Autonomy sponsorship deal". Mercedes Benz.
- "Tottenham reveal new pounds 20m shirt sponsors". The Daily Mail (UK). 8 July 2010. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- "Tottenham Hotspur shirts to feature Autonomy's Aurasma". Tottenham Hotspur F.C.
- Autonomy buys Iron Mountain's digital archiving outfit Guardian, 16 May 2011
- HP to acquire Autonomy HP Newsroom, 18 August 2011
- "Hewlett-Packard completes Autonomy buyout". BBC News. 18 October 2011. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
- HP Autonomy co-founder Mike Lynch replaced Slashgear, 23 May 2012
- H.P. Takes Big Hit on ‘Accounting Improprieties’ at Autonomy NY Times, 20 November 2012
- "BBC News - Autonomy misled HP about finances, Hewlett Packard says". BBC Online. 20 November 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2012. "Computer maker Hewlett Packard has asked US and UK authorities to investigate alleged misrepresentations of Autonomy's finances before HP took over the UK software group last year."
- Mike Lynch defends Autonomy accounting methods The Telegraph, 21 November 2012
- Autonomy’s Ex-Chief: H.P.’s Claims ‘Completely and Utterly Wrong’ Dealbook, 21 November 2012
- "What is meaning-based computing". Computing.co.uk. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- Guardian newspaper: Autonomy founder Mike Lynch to leave Hewlett-Packard, 24 May 2012
- Company site
- "The Quest for Meaning" WIRED
- What Is Meaning-Based Computing?
- Michael Lynch On Meaning-Based Computing