Baccano!

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Baccano!
Portraits of three men and two women are arranged in an X-shape above a knife. Across the center and largest portrait, reads "Baccano!" in red text.
Cover of the first Japanese light novel volume
バッカーノ!
(Baccāno!)
Genre Crime, Fantasy, Black comedy
Light novel
Written by Ryohgo Narita
Illustrated by Katsumi Enami
Published by MediaWorks (Former)
ASCII Media Works (Current)
Demographic Male
Imprint Dengeki Bunko
Original run February 2003 – ongoing
Volumes 21 (List of volumes)
Manga
Baccano! 1931 The Grand Punk Railroad
Written by Ryohgo Narita
Illustrated by Ginyū Shijin
Published by MediaWorks
Demographic Shōnen
Magazine Dengeki Comic Gao!
Original run December 27, 2006February 27, 2008
Volumes 2
Anime television series
Directed by Takahiro Omori
Produced by Shuko Yokoyama
Written by Noboru Takagi
Music by Makoto Yoshimori
Studio Brain's Base
Licensed by
Network WOWOW
English network
Original run July 26, 2007November 1, 2007
Episodes 16 (List of episodes)
Portal icon Anime and Manga portal

Baccano! (バッカーノ! Baccano!?, Italian for "racket" or "ruckus", Italian pronunciation: [bakˈkaːno]) is a Japanese light novel series written by Ryohgo Narita and illustrated by Katsumi Enami. The series, often told from multiple points of view, is mostly set within a fictional United States during various time periods, most notably the Prohibition era. It focuses on various people, including alchemists, thieves, thugs, Mafiosi and Camorristi, who are unconnected to one another. After an immortality elixir is recreated in 1930 Manhattan, the characters begin to cross paths, setting off events that spiral further and further out of control.

The first novel was released in February 2003 under ASCII Media Works' (formerly MediaWorks) Dengeki Bunko imprint, and as of March 2013, twenty novels have been released. The novels were adapted into a sixteen episode anime television series directed by Takahiro Omori and produced by Brain's Base and Aniplex. The first thirteen episodes were aired on WOWOW from July 26, 2007, to November 1, 2007; the final three were released direct-to-DVD. The series was also adapted into a two-volume manga, an adventure video game for the Nintendo DS and two drama CDs. An additional novel was released with the first drama CD and two gaiden novels were released in parts with the DVDs of the anime adaption.

Funimation has dubbed the anime episodes in English, and has licensed them for release in the United States and Canada. The series was also licensed by Manga Entertainment for English releases in the United Kingdom, and by Madman Entertainment for releases in Australia and New Zealand. The entire English-dubbed series was streamed through Hulu during October 2009 and English-subtitled episodes continue to be streamed. Funimation streams English-subtitled and English-dubbed episodes through their website. The series has also aired in the Philippines, Hong Kong and Southeast Asia on Animax Asia.

The light novels of the series have been well received by readers and have also been awarded. The first light novel, The Rolling Bootlegs, was awarded the Gold Prize of the ninth Dengeki Novel Prize, held by ASCII Media Works in 2002, after reaching third place. The anime adaptation of the series has been popular in Japan and the United States, and has also received significant praise for its plot, characters, strong dubbing, animation and musical score.

Plot[edit]

Aboard the ship Advenna Avis in 1711, a group of alchemists summon a demon in the hopes of gaining eternal life. The demon gives them an elixir of immortality and the method of ending their existence, by "devouring" one another, and grants the summoner Maiza Avaro the formula of the elixir. Maiza and most of the alchemists decide that no one else must become immortal; only Szilard Quates opposes. That night, the alchemists begin to disappear, devoured by Szilard. Realizing the threat posed by staying together, they scatter across the globe.

In New York City during November 1930, Szilard succeeds in recreating the elixir, only to have it stolen by young thug Dallas Genoard. The elixir continually moves around the city because of Dallas, the three mafiosi Gandor brothers, the two eccentric thieves Isaac Dian and Miria Harvent and Firo Prochainezo and his Camorra family, the Martillo, all of whom do not realize what it is. Szilard makes Dallas an incomplete immortal (meaning he still ages) to retrieve the elixir. However, the Gandor, Firo Prochainezo, the Martillo, and Isaac and Miria accidentally consume the elixir. Firo falls in love with Szilard's homunculus Ennis. After she betrays Szilard by telling Firo how to devour Szilard, Firo uses the knowledge he absorbed from Szilard to save her from death. The Gandor cement Dallas to a barrel at the bottom of the Hudson River to punish him for killing Gandor members.

In late 1931, the Gandor fight the Runorata family for control of the same area. In an attempt to resolve the situation, Luck Gandor asks his adoptive brother Claire Stanfield, the legendary assassin, to travel to New York. Claire agrees to and boards the transcontinental train the Flying Pussyfoot, on which he works as a conductor. The train is hijacked by the Russo and Lemure gangs, and a battle ensues between the two gangs. Meanwhile, Jacuzzi Splot, Nice Holystone and their gang attempt to protect the passengers and fight the hijackers, while Claire assumes the identity of the Rail Tracer, a monster that eats train passengers, and slaughters much of the Russo and the Lemure. The last remaining members of the Lemure are eventually defeated by Jacuzzi's gang. The train arrives in early 1932. Meanwhile, Eve Genoard searches for Dallas, putting her at odds with Luck, who is still angry over the deaths Dallas caused, and she is caught up in the turf war. Luck secretly tells Eve where Dallas is, and with Claire's help, the turf war ends.

In 1932, Dallas is finally pulled out of the river, but shortly after, he is abducted by the Lamia, a group working for Huey Laforet. Meanwhile, Jacuzzi's operations begin to encroach on Gandor and Martillo turf. Representatives from both groups converge on Eve's home, where his gang is staying. At the same time, the Lamia arrive to enlist Jacuzzi's help; they have kidnapped Dallas to prove that immortality is possible, and convince Jacuzzi to join them. Elsewhere in New York, Mist Wall, the largest branch office of the military equipment researcher and developer Nebula, is bombed as according to Huey's plans.

The next year on Alcatraz Island, Ladd Russo, imprisoned for the slaughter aboard the Flying Pussyfoot, Firo, incarcerated for destruction of public property during the Mist Wall bombing, and Isaac, found guilty of various thefts, befriend one another and meet Huey, who was charged with treason and conspiracy years ago. Meanwhile, Christopher Shouldered, Huey's homunculus, and Graham Specter, Ladd Russo's loyal follower, cause trouble in Chicago. After, Jacuzzi and his gang return to Chicago while Ladd attempts to kill Huey.

Production[edit]

People walk through a large symmetrical room as an American flag hangs vertically at the center of the far wall.
To portray Manhattan accurately, Ito Satoshi, art director of the anime series, visited locations such as Grand Central Terminal.

Ryohgo Narita wanted to write a story set during the Prohibition and chose a light novel as the medium because not many of them had that setting. He believed that this choice would better attract the interest of the ASCII Media Works judges. After Narita saw The Untouchables, he spent about ten days working with inspirations and created Baccano! "out of [his] useless calculations." While writing the first novel The Rolling Bootlegs, he consulted many books while writing and mixed fictional elements with historical situations to create a unique plot flow. The story he originally planned was about an ancient magician who was revived during the Prohibition and began to terrorize New York City. A group of mafiosi then violently oppose the magician. However, the story became very different from the original concept. Narita never wrote a detailed outline for the novel and is relieved by that fact because it allowed the characters to "move on their own." The original stages of the series included more supernatural elements. Maiza Avaro was a hypnotist; Ennis was a succubus; Szilard was a magician. In addition, every member of the Camorra, except for Firo, did not survive. Despite the great differences between the characters' initial concepts and the result, Narita is "glad" that these ideas were not used in the finished novel.[1]

Narita did not begin work on a second novel during the six months after the publication of The Rolling Bootlegs because his chief editor asked him to write nothing until after he graduated from university. After his graduation, he was offered to publish his next book in August, and he submitted his manuscripts in late April, a bit behind original deadlines. He had written over 400 pages, making the price over ¥700, which is a high price for a novel written by a newcomer. This worried Narita because it was unlikely anyone would buy the novel. As a result, he and his chief editor decided that the novel would be released in two parts. However, Narita was still anxious about publishing such a long novel.[2] To motivate himself to write more, he would often refer back to the dialogue he had written for Ladd Russo. As with the first novel, the plot changed because of the characters' "movements", most notably Claire Stanfield. Narita noted that all of the Lemure and Russo, with the exception of a character named Neider, were originally planned to die, but Claire's presence in the novel left that concept "in ruins". In addition, Chane Laforet, who was not well liked by the author, was also supposed to die, but as time passed, Narita became attached to her and changed her fate.[3]

While creating the anime series, art director Ito Satoshi and other staff members scouted Manhattan and surrounding neighborhoods to accurately portray the area. They visited the Hell's Kitchen neighborhood, Chinatown, Little Italy, Grand Central Terminal and various locations in Brooklyn and along the East River, many of which provide the backdrop for the events in Baccano!. The staff also visited the Steamtown National Historic Site to create accurate steam locomotives.[4][5]

Tyler Walker, the ADR director of the English dub of the series, held auditions for six days, during which about 140 people came for the eighteen main roles. Walker states that this is probably the longest casting process Funimation has held. He comments that because there are a lot of characters and most of them are older men, a character type he does not work with often, choosing voice actors and familiarizing them with their characters was difficult. He asked many directors and actors for recommendations and mainly aimed to cast newcomers, as he felt Baccano! provided him a chance to discover newer talent. Walker wished to find actors who could provide the dialect and accents of the various time periods and locations, especially when casting for the characters with heavy European accents.[6]

To prepare to write the script, Walker watched various movies featuring gangsters. He attempted to take what he could from The Untouchables, especially Robert De Niro's portrayal of Al Capone. Walker watched movies created and set in the 1930s, including but not limited to The Public Enemy, Little Caesar, Once Upon a Time in America, Miller's Crossing and various movies starring James Cagney, because he believed they would give him a truer feel on how people of the era sounded and talked. He wanted to capture the lingo and rhythm. Because Baccano! is a "stylized gangster flick" and because of the nature of anime, he made the dialogue more flowery and lingo-ridden than it would have been in reality.[6]

Media[edit]

Light novels[edit]

The Baccano! light novels are written by Ryohgo Narita and illustrated by Katsumi Enami. Originally, Narita entered the first novel into ASCII Media Works' ninth Dengeki Novel Prize in 2002 and the novel won the Gold Prize, placing third.[7] The first novel was released in February 2003 under ASCII Media Works' Dengeki Bunko imprint,[8] and as of March 3, 2013, twenty novels have been released.[9][10][11][12] In addition, one novel accompanied the first drama CD, released on March 31, 2006,[13][14] and two gaiden novels were released in parts with DVDs of the anime adaption, released from October 24, 2007 to May 28, 2008.[15]

Daewon C.I. licensed the Korean-language release of the series in South Korea and releases the novels under their NT Novels imprint.[16] A Chinese-language release in Taiwan and Hong Kong is published by the Taiwan branch of Kadokawa Media under their Fantastic Novels imprint.[17]

Drama CDs[edit]

The series has been adapted into two drama CDs. The first, titled 1931 Local Chapter ・ Express Chapter (鈍行編・特急編 Donkōhen ・ Tokkyūhen?) The Grand Punk Railroad, was released March 31, 2006 by MediaWorks.[14] Named after the second and third light novels, the CD retells the events occurring aboard the Flying Pussyfoot train.[13]

The second CD, Firo Prochainezo witnesses the 53rd death of Pietro Gonzalez (フィーロ・プロシェンツォ、ピエトロ・ゴンザレスの五十三回目の死を目撃す Firo Puroshentso, Pietoro Gonzaresu no gojūsankaime no shi o mokugeki su?), was released by Movic on October 24, 2007. It follows Firo and Luck as they chase two men to a small village in Mexico and attempt to retrieve money stolen from the Martillo and Gandor families.[18]

Anime[edit]

A 16-episode anime series directed by Takahiro Omori and produced by Brain's Base, Aniplex and Movic was adapted from the light novels.[19][20][21] The episodes describe the events spanning from 1930 to 1932 in a non-linear fashion, including the recreation of the immortality elixir, the hijacking of the Flying Pussyfoot, Eve's hunt for her brother and the gang war between the Gandor and the Runorata. The first thirteen episodes aired in Japan from July 26, 2007 to November 1, 2007 on WOWOW, a Japanese pay-per-view station, and the final three were released direct-to-DVD.[21] The series made its North American television debut when it started airing on the Funimation Channel September 6, 2010.[22]

Eight DVD compilations were released by Aniplex, each containing two episodes, with the first released on October 24, 2007 and the eighth on May 28, 2008.[15] A Blu-ray Baccano! limited edition boxset was released on January 26, 2011 by Aniplex.[23] On July 21, 2008, Funimation announced that it has licensed Baccano! for a North American release.[21] Four DVD compilations were released, with the first on January 27, 2009 and the fourth on June 16, 2009.[24][25] A complete DVD collection boxset was released December 29, 2009, and re-released on December 28, 2010 as part of a lower-priced Viridian Collection.[26][27] A limited edition Blu-ray boxset was released May 17, 2011.[28] The entire English-dubbed series was streamed through Hulu during October 2009 and English-subtitled episodes continue to be streamed, and Funimation streamed subtitled and dubbed episodes through their website.[29][30][31] In Australia and New Zealand, the series is licensed by Madman Entertainment, who released the series over four DVDs between June 24, 2009 and October 21, 2009.[32][33] A boxset was released on March 17, 2010.[34] Baccano! is licensed in the United Kingdom by Manga Entertainment and was released as a complete boxset on October 11, 2010.[35][36] The series is aired in the Philippines, Hong Kong, India, Pakistan and Southeast Asia on Animax Asia.[37][38]

Soundtrack[edit]

The series' original soundtrack was released as Spiral Melodies on October 24, 2007 by Aniplex.[39] Two singles, "Gun's & Roses" by Paradise Lunch and "Calling" by Kaori Oda, were released on August 22, 2007. "Gun's and Roses" contained the opening theme, a vocal version of the opening, two songs and karaoke versions of the three tracks. The "Calling" single included the ending theme, another track and the karaoke versions of the two.[40][41]

Manga[edit]

A manga adaption titled Baccano! 1931 The Grand Punk Railroad was written by Narita and illustrated by Ginyū Shijin.[42][43] It was published in MediaWorks' Dengeki Comic Gao! magazine from December 27, 2006[44] to February 27, 2008[43] and was collected in two volumes released July 27, 2007[42] and April 26, 2008.[45] The chapters center around the hijacking of the Flying Pussyfoot train.[42][45] The Chinese-language release is published by the Taiwan branch of Kadokawa Media.[46]

Video game[edit]

On February 28, 2008, MediaWorks released an adventure game, simply titled Baccano!, for the Nintendo DS.[47] Based on the two Grand Punk Railroad light novels, the game recounts the events aboard the Flying Pussyfoot train from multiple perspectives.[48] The player's goal is to help the passengers arrive safely in New York City by selecting the correct choices. The game can conclude with one of about fifty scenarios, depending on the player's decisions.[49]

Artbook[edit]

On February 20, 2009, ASCII Media Works released an art book titled Katsumi Enami Artbook Baccano! (エナミカツミ画集バッカーノ! Enami Katsumi Gashū Baccano!?).[50] The book not only featured illustrations drawn by Enami, but also included a story titled Boy Czeslaw, Fellows of the Forest (of Buildings) (チェスワフぼうやと、(ビルの)森の仲間達 Chesuwafu Bōya to, (Biru no) Mori no Nakamatachi?).[51]

Reception[edit]

The anime adaptation of Baccano! has received universal critical acclaim. Several critics from various websites have praised the series for its plot, characters, animation, musical score and its voice acting, especially the English dubbed version.

THEM Anime Reviews gave the entire series a perfect score of 5 out of 5 stars, with reviewer Bradley Meek stating that the show was "a joy to watch" and despite the fact that "the series ends on an epilogue that feels a bit flat", it left him with "the best possible feeling: a mixture of contentment and a hunger to see more". He also praised the series for its animation which looked "great throughout, especially for a TV series" before summarizing the series as a "beautiful, confounding mess of chaos and delight".[52]

Baccano! has received significant praise from Anime News Network reviewers. Theron Martin described the anime as "sometimes humorous, occasionally brutal, and nearly always fun". He claimed that the anime's "complex plotting and voluminous casting, combined with strong dubbing, animation, and musical score, make this a must-see series for fans of American mobster stories," and concluding that "this could be one of the year's best series."[53] In his review, Carl Kimlinger claimed Baccano! to be "one of the best, and certainly the most cleverly written series in recent years" and described it as "lethally fun" before giving the series an 'A' rating for both the subbed and dubbed versions.[54]

Davey C. Jones of Active Anime praised the anime, stating that, "Like Pulp Fiction changed the way we saw movies, Baccano will be the story that will change the way we see anime,"[55] concluding that "this all over the map anime is one unique and crazy ride from start to its never ending finale" and that "Baccano offers something truly unique in anime."[56]

Daryl Surat and Mike Toole of Anime World Order Podcast consider Baccano! to be their "pick for best series of 2007 (or 2009 depending on how you want to count it)."[57] Bryce Coulter of Mania Entertainment gave the complete series a 'B' rating, stating that it is "a drastic and welcome departure from your typical anime formula and that’s what makes it so intriguing," and concluding that it has a "little bit of comedy, drama, action, and romance all swirled up into one giant ruckus of fun!"[58]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Narita, Ryohgo (February 2003). "Afterword". The Rolling Bootlegs (in Japanese). illus. Enami, Katsumi. Dengeki Bunko. pp. 312–315. ISBN 978-4-8402-2278-5. 
  2. ^ Narita, Ryohgo (September 2003). "Afterword". 1931 Local Chapter The Grand Punk Railroad (in Japanese). illus. Enami, Katsumi. Dengeki Bunko. pp. 330–333. ISBN 978-4-8402-2459-8. 
  3. ^ Narita, Ryohgo (August 2003). "Afterword". 1931 Express Chapter The Grand Punk Railroad (in Japanese). illus. Enami, Katsumi. Dengeki Bunko. pp. 226–269. ISBN 978-4-8402-2436-9. 
  4. ^ "Official Baccano! site - ニューヨークは広かった・・・・・・ロケハンレポート (New York is Wide……Location Scouting Report)". baccano.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  5. ^ "Official Baccano! site - ニューヨークは広かった・・・・・・ロケハンレポート その2 (New York is Wide……Location Scouting Report 2)". baccano.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  6. ^ a b Anime Today Talks Baccano! With FUNimation ADR Director Tyler Walker (m4a) (Podcast). The Right Stuf International. December 5, 2008. Retrieved September 30, 2009. 
  7. ^ "第9回 電撃ゲーム3大賞" (in Japanese). ASCII Media Works. Archived from the original on February 18, 2009. Retrieved October 14, 2009. 
  8. ^ "バッカーノ!―The Rolling Bootlegs (電撃文庫): 成田 良悟: 本" (in Japanese). Amazon.com. Retrieved October 14, 2009. 
  9. ^ "ASCII MediaWorks' release Calendar: June and July 2011" (in Japanese). ASCII Media Works. Archived from the original on June 27, 2011. Retrieved June 27, 2011. 
  10. ^ "バッカーノ!1931 臨時急行編―Another Junk Railroad (電撃文庫): 成田 良悟: 本". Amazon.com. Retrieved October 14, 2009. 
  11. ^ "Official Baccano! site - Release Book". baccano.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved October 14, 2009. 
  12. ^ "『バッカーノ! 1931-Winter - The Time of The Oasis』" (in Japanese). ASCII Media Works. Retrieved February 4, 2013. 
  13. ^ a b "「バッカーノ! 1931 鈍行編・特急編 The Grand Punk Railroad 」ドラマCD" (in Japanese). MediaWorks. Archived from the original on May 10, 2006. Retrieved October 14, 2009. 
  14. ^ a b "ドラマCD バッカーノ! 1931 The Grand Punk Railroad 鈍行編・特急編". suruga-ya.jp (in Japanese). Archived from the original on October 23, 2009. Retrieved October 23, 2009. 
  15. ^ a b "Official Baccano! site - Release DVD". baccano.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved October 14, 2009. 
  16. ^ "바카노! 1 The Rolling Bootlegs" (in Korean). Daewon C.I. Retrieved February 27, 2010. 
  17. ^ "BACCANO! 大騷動!The Rolling Bootlegs 成田良悟" (in Chinese). Kadokawa Media. Archived from the original on 11 February 2010. Retrieved February 27, 2010. 
  18. ^ "Official Baccano! site - Media CD". baccano.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved December 22, 2009. 
  19. ^ "Official Baccano! site - Staff&Cast". baccano.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved September 14, 2009. 
  20. ^ "FUNimation Raises a 'Ruckus'". ICv2.com. July 21, 2008. Retrieved September 20, 2009. 
  21. ^ a b c Beveridge, Chris (July 21, 2008). "FUNimation Acquires Baccano". Mania Entertainment. Retrieved September 14, 2009. 
  22. ^ "Funimation Channel Schedule: Mon 6 Sep 2010-Sun 12 Sep 2010". Funimation. Retrieved September 13, 2010. 
  23. ^ "Official Japanese Baccano! site —Blu-ray Disc Box" (in Japanese). baccano.jp. Retrieved June 27, 2011. 
  24. ^ "Baccano! Volume 4". Amazon.com. 
  25. ^ "Baccano! Volume 1". Amazon.com. 
  26. ^ "Baccano! The Complete Series Box Set". Amazon.com. Retrieved June 27, 2011. 
  27. ^ "Baccano! DVD Complete Series (Hyb) - Viridian Collection". The Right Stuf International. Retrieved June 27, 2011. 
  28. ^ "Aniplex of America Brewing Up Baccano! Blu-ray Disc Box; On tap For Release on May 17, 2011". Anime News Network. March 29, 2011. Retrieved June 27, 2011. 
  29. ^ Rojas, Justin (October 1, 2009). "Baccano Hits Hulu!". Funimation. Archived from the original on October 4, 2009. Retrieved February 26, 2010. 
  30. ^ Rojas, Justin (August 10, 2009). "More Streaming Madness!!". Funimation. Archived from the original on August 13, 2009. Retrieved February 26, 2010. 
  31. ^ Rojas, Justin (February 24, 2010). "New Streaming Videos". Funimation. Archived from the original on 26 February 2010. Retrieved February 26, 2010. 
  32. ^ "Baccano! Vol. 1". Madman Entertainment. Retrieved February 26, 2010. 
  33. ^ "Baccano! Vol. 4". Madman Entertainment. Retrieved February 26, 2010. 
  34. ^ "Baccano! Collection". Madman Entertainment. Retrieved February 26, 2010. 
  35. ^ "Durarara!!, Vampire Knight, Eden of the East, More Licensed in U.K". Anime News Network. May 29, 2010. Archived from the original on 31 May 2010. Retrieved May 31, 2010. 
  36. ^ "Baccano! The Complete Collection". Manga Entertainment. Archived from the original on 27 September 2010. Retrieved September 22, 2010. 
  37. ^ "Baccano!". Animax Asia. Archived from the original on February 26, 2010. Retrieved February 27, 2010. 
  38. ^ "Baccano! 大騷動!" (in Chinese). Animax Asia. Archived from the original on March 9, 2010. Retrieved March 9, 2010. 
  39. ^ "Baccano! Original Soundtrack Spiral Melodies" (in Japanese). Sony Music Entertainment Japan. Retrieved December 22, 2009. 
  40. ^ "Paradise Lunch Gun's & Roses" (in Japanese). Sony Music Entertainment Japan. Archived from the original on July 3, 2007. Retrieved December 22, 2009. 
  41. ^ "織田 かおり (Oda Kaori) Calling" (in Japanese). Sony Music Entertainment Japan. Archived from the original on August 26, 2007. Retrieved December 22, 2009. 
  42. ^ a b c "バッカーノ! 1931 The Grand Punk Railroad(1)" (in Japanese). ASCII Media Works. Retrieved December 23, 2009. 
  43. ^ a b "Inukami, Honoka, Baccano 1931 Manga to End in Japan". Anime News Network. January 25, 2008. Retrieved December 23, 2009. 
  44. ^ "最新雑誌情報 【2006年12月発売】 (Latest Magazine Information December 2006 Releases)" (in Japanese). MediaWorks. Archived from the original on December 30, 2006. Retrieved December 23, 2009. 
  45. ^ a b "バッカーノ! 1931 The Grand Punk Railroad(2)" (in Japanese). ASCII Media Works. Retrieved December 23, 2009. 
  46. ^ "BACCANO!大騷動! 1931 The Grand Punk Railroad 01" (in Chinese). Kadokawa Media. Archived from the original on July 27, 2011. Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  47. ^ "ニンテンドーDSソフト DS電撃文庫ADV「バッカーノ!」" (in Japanese). ASCII Media Works. Archived from the original on 5 January 2010. Retrieved December 22, 2009. 
  48. ^ "Introduction イントロダクション" (in Japanese). ASCII Media Works. Archived from the original on 29 January 2010. Retrieved December 22, 2009. 
  49. ^ "System ゲームシステム" (in Japanese). ASCII Media Works. Archived from the original on 5 January 2010. Retrieved December 22, 2009. 
  50. ^ "エナミカツミ画集 バッカーノ!" [Baccano! Katsumi Enami Artbook] (in Japanese). ASCII Media Works. Retrieved March 24, 2010. 
  51. ^ "エナミカツミ画集 『バッカーノ!』" (in Japanese). ASCII Media Works. Retrieved February 22, 2014. 
  52. ^ Meek, Bradley. "Baccano!". THEM Anime Reviews. Retrieved April 19, 2012. 
  53. ^ Theron Martin (January 30, 2009). "Review: Baccano! + Artbox: DVD 1". Anime News Network. Archived from the original on 13 April 2010. Retrieved April 15, 2010. 
  54. ^ Kimlinger, Carl. "Baccano! Blu-Ray Disc Box Limited Edition - Review". Anime News Network. Retrieved February 22, 2014. 
  55. ^ Davey C. Jones (February 21, 2009). "BACCANO! VOL. 1". Active Anime. Archived from the original on February 27, 2009. Retrieved April 15, 2010. 
  56. ^ Davey C. Jones (June 14, 2009). "BACCANO! VOL. 4 (ADVANCE REVIEW)". Active Anime. Retrieved October 5, 2011. 
  57. ^ Daryl Surat & Mike Toole. "Review: Baccano!". Anime World Order Podcast. Retrieved April 15, 2010. 
  58. ^ Bryce Coulter (March 19, 2010). "Baccano! Complete Series". Mania Entertainment. Archived from the original on 13 April 2010. Retrieved April 15, 2010. 

External links[edit]