Basque parliamentary election, 2012

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Basque parliamentary election, 2012
Basque Country (autonomous community)
2009 ←
21 October 2012
→ Next

All 75 seats of the Basque Parliament
38 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 64.0%
  First party Second party
  Iñigo Urkullu 2-2.jpg Laura Mintegi.jpg
Leader Iñigo Urkullu Laura Mintegi
Party EAJ-PNV EHB
Leader since 2008 2012
Leader's seat Biscay Biscay
Last election 30 seats, 38.6% 5 seats, 9.7%
(Aralar and EA)
Seats won 27 21
Seat change Decrease3 Increase16
Popular vote 384,766 277,923
Percentage 34.6% 25.0%
Swing Decrease4.0% Increase15.3%

  Third party Fourth party
  PatxiLópez.jpg 2007 02 Antonio Basagoiti-2.jpg
Leader Patxi López Antonio Basagoiti
Party PSE-EE PP
Leader since 2002 2008
Leader's seat Álava Biscay
Last election 25 seats, 30.7% 13 seats, 14.1%
Seats won 16 10
Seat change Decrease9 Decrease3
Popular vote 212,809 130,584
Percentage 19.1% 11.8%
Swing Decrease11.6% Decrease2.3%

Elecciones CAV 2012.svg

Provinces won by EAJ-PNV (green) and EHB (light green)

Lehendakari before election

Patxi López
PSOE

Elected Lehendakari

Iñigo Urkullu
EAJ-PNV

Elections for the Basque Parliament were held in the Basque Country, a Spanish autonomous community, on 21 October 2012, a year earlier than required.[1] The Basque National Party defended its position as the strongest party, while the left-wing separatist Bildu coalition made significant gains in terms of its share of votes and seats. All other major parties lost votes and seats.[2]

Background[edit]

Following the 2009 parliamentary election, Patxi López of the Basque Socialist Party (PSE-EE) became the first Lehendakari (i.e. regional president) in thirty years not to be affiliated to the Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ-PNV).

In 2011 Eusko Alkartasuna (EA), Alternatiba, other abertzale groups and independent individuals from the Basque leftist-nationalist milieu, formed a coalition named Bildu.

In the 2011 municipal elections, the EAJ-PNV came first with 30.1% of the vote, but the big winner was Bildu, which obtained 25.5% and a majority of town councillors. Among the other parties, the PSE-EE gained 16.3%, the People's Party (PP) 13.5%, and Aralar 3.0%.[3]

In late 2011 the leftist-secessionist coalition was enlarged to include other abertzale groups, including Aralar. In the 2011 general election, this new coalition, known as Amaiur, came second in the Basque Country with 24.1% of the vote, behind the EAJ-PNV, which came first with 27.4%. Among the other parties, the PSE-EE won 21.5% of the vote and the PP 17.8%.[4]

The four main groups that constituted Amaiur, namely abertzale left (former Batasuna members, led by Rufi Etxeberria), EA, Alternatiba and Aralar, announced that they would also stand as part of a joint list also in the election.[5] That list was named Euskal Herria Bildu (EHB)[6] and Laura Mintegi was chosen as candidate for Lehendakari.[7]

Results[edit]

e • d Summary of the 21 October 2012 Basque Parliament elections results
< 2009  Flag of the Basque Country.svg  2016 >
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes % +/– Seats +/–
Basque National Party
Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea - EAJ-PNV
383,565 34.64 3.92Decrease 27 3Decrease
Basque Country Gather
Euskal Herria Bildu - EHB
276,989 25.00 15.28Increase 21 16Increase
Socialist Party of the Basque Country – Basque Country Left
Partido Socialista de Euskadi – Euskadiko Ezkerra - PSE-EE
211,939 19.13 11.57Decrease 16 9Decrease
People's Party
Partido Popular - PP
129,907 11.73 2.37Decrease 10 3Decrease
Union, Progress and Democracy
Unión, Progreso y Democracia - UPyD
21,492 1.94 0.21Decrease 1 Steady
Other parties 83.872 7.57 4.54Decrease 0 1Decrease
Blank votes 14,615 1.29 0.28Increase
Valid votes 1,122,379 99.20 7.99Increase
Invalid votes 9.106 0.80 7.99Decrease
Totals and voter turnout 1,131,485 65.83 1.15Increase 75
Electorate 1,718,696 100.00
Source: El País

Opinion polls[edit]

Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded but both are displayed in bold. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. Poll results use the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. However, if such date is unknown, the date of publication will be given instead. Seat projections are included below the % estimation where available. "–" denotes no individual figure.

38 seats needed for a majority
Polling Firm Date Link PNV PSE–EE PP EHB IU UPyD Others / undecided Lead
Election Results October 21, 2012 HTML 34.6%
27
19.1%
16
11.8%
10
25.0%
21
2.7%
0
1.9%
1
4.9%
0
9.6%
Ipsos-Eco Consulting October 21 HTML
24–27

13–15

9–11

23–26

0–1

0–1

0
Exit polls
NC Report October 2–13 HTML 33.2%
24–27
18.9%
14–16
13.0%
10–12
26.4%
20–22
3.7%
2
2.5%
1
2.3%
0
6.8%
Aztiker October 2–11 HTML 34.7%
28
14.6%
12
10.8%
9
28.5%
24
3.2%
1
2.2%
1
6.0%
0
6.2%
Sigma Dos October 8–10 HTML 33.3%
24–26
20.2%
16–18
14.7%
12
24.5%
20
2.8%
1
2.1%
0
2.4%
0
8.8%
My Word October 3–10 PDF 32.3%
25–27
18.8%
14–15
10.5%
9–10
25.6%
23–25
1.8%
0
5.8%
1
5.2%
0
6.7%
Aztiker October 1–10 PDF 35.2%
28
14.6%
12
10.4%
8
28.3%
24
3.3%
2
2.2%
1
6.0%
0
6.9%
Aztiker September 30–October 9 PDF 34.4%
28
15.3%
12
10.8%
9
28.2%
24
3.2%
1
2.1%
1
6.0%
0
6.2%
Aztiker September 29–October 8 PDF 34.6%
27
15.3%
13
11.2%
10
27.9%
23
3.1%
1
2.0%
1
5.9%
0
6.7%
Ikerfel October 6–7 HTML 33.1%
25–27
18.5%
15–16
12.5%
10
26.3%
21
4.5%
2–3
1.9%
0–1
3.2%
0
6.8%
Aztiker September 28–October 7 PDF 32.7%
27
15.6%
13
11.5%
9
27.2%
23
3.8%
2
2.6%
1
6.6%
0
5.5%
GPSGV October 1–5 PDF
24–26

16–17

10

21–23

0–1

1

0
Aztiker September 25–October 5 PDF 32.2%
26
16.8%
13
11.8%
10
27.4%
24
3.0%
1
2.1%
1
6.7%
0
4.8%
NC Report September 25–October 4 HTML 32.1%
24–25
18.9%
14
13.3%
10–12
28.0%
21–23

3
2.8%
1

0
4.1%
Aztiker September 24–October 4 PDF 33.4%
26
14.9%
13
12.4%
11
27.2%
23
3.4%
2
2.0%
0
6.7%
0
6.2%
Gizaker October 2–3 HTML 33.9%
24–25
19.8%
16–17
14.2%
11–13
27.1%
21–22
1.9%
0
1.3%
0
1.8%
0
6.8%
Aztiker September 23–October 3 PDF 35.8%
26
15.8%
14
13.8%
11
27.4%
22
3.6%
1
1.7%
1
1.9%
0
8.4%
Aztiker September 22–October 2 PDF 35.1%
26
16.3%
14
14.1%
11
26.8%
22
3.8%
2
1.7%
0
2.2%
0
8.3%
NC Report September 30 HTML 31.5%
23–25
17.1%
14–15
13.7%
11–13
27.5%
22–24

0–1
3.1%
0

0
4.0%
CIS September 10–25 PDF 36.2%
27
17.2%
14
10.7%
9–10
25.1%
21–22
4.2%
3
2.0%
0
4.6%
0
11.1%
NC Report September 23 HTML 31.5%
23–25
18.2%
14–15
13.8%
11–13
27.7%
21–24

1–2
2.5%
0

0
3.8%
NC Report September 16 HTML 32.0%
23–26
18.6%
14–16
14.3%
11–13
26.7%
21–22

1
2.9%
1

0
5.3%
NC Report September 9 HTML 31.8% 18.9% 14.2% 26.3% 2.8% 5.5%
NC Report August 21–25 HTML 31.2%
22–25
19.0%
14–16
14.1%
11–13
26.5%
21–22
3.5%
1
3.1%
1
2.6%
0
4.7%
Sigma Dos August 22–24 HTML 33.7%
24–25
21.4%
17
12.8%
12
27.3%
21–22
2.3%
0
1.1%
0
1.4%
0
6.4%
Ikerfel June 24 HTML 34.6%
24–26
18.8%
14–17
12.1%
11–12
25.8%
19–21
4.7%
2
1.2%
0
2.8%
0
8.8%
NC Report June 21–23 HTML 30.6%
22–24
19.5%
15–16
16.7%
14
25.1%
21–22
3.8%
1–2
2.3%
0
2.0%
0
5.5%
Euskobarómetro May 8–24 HTML 32.1%
23–24
20.0%
17
14.0%
12–13
24.7%
22
3.0%
0
1.8%
0
4.4%
0
7.4%
NC Report May 7–12 HTML 29.8%
22–23
19.1%
15
16.5%
14
27.2%
22–23[a]
3.5%
1–2

0

0
2.6%
Gara April 23 HTML 29.0%
22
15.0%
12
16.0%
15
28.0%
24[a]
5.0%
2

0

0
1.0%
2012
Euskobarómetro November 25–December 19 HTML 30.7%
22–23
18.3%
16
15.4%
14
24.7%
19–22[a]
3.1%
0–3
1.8%
0
6.0%
0
6.0%
General Election
(seat extrapolation)
November 20, 2011 HTML 27.4%
(20)
21.6%
(18)
17.8%
(15)
24.1%
(20)
[b]
3.7%
(0)
1.8%
(0)
3.6%
(0)
3.3%
Juntas Generales Elec.
(seat extrapolation)
May 22, 2011 HTML 30.9%
(24)
16.8%
(13)
14.3%
(13)
28.8%
(23)
[c]
3.3%
(2)
0.8%
(0)
5.1%
(0)
2.1%
Local Elections May 22, 2011 HTML 30.1% 16.3% 13.5% 28.4%[d] 3.2% N/A 8.5% 1.7%
Gizaker January 27–29 HTML 36.7%
29–30
24.4%
20–21
12.4%
11–12
18.2%
12–14[e]

0
1.5%
1

0
12.3%
2011
Gizaker April 2 HTML
31

24

12

6[f]

1

1

0
2010
European Election
(seat extrapolation)
June 7, 2009 HTML 28.5%
(21)
27.8%
(24)
16.0%
(14)
21.6%
(16)
[g]
1.8%
(0)
1.5%
(0)
2.8%
(0)
0.7%
Election Results March 1, 2009 HTML 38.6%
30
30.7%
25
14.1%
13
9.7%
5
[h]
3.5%
1
2.1%
1
1.3%
0
7.9%
Notes
  1. ^ a b c Unspecified abertzale left coalition (including Aralar, EA and Alternatiba).
  2. ^ Data for Amaiur coalition.
  3. ^ Combined data for Bildu and Aralar, which in this election didn't stood together. Individual data is as follows:
    – Bildu: 25.3% (22 seats).
    – Aralar: 3.5%, (1 seat).
  4. ^ Combined data for Bildu and Aralar, which in this election didn't stood together. Individual data is as follows:
    – Bildu: 25.4%.
    – Aralar: 3.0%.
  5. ^ Aralar and hypothetical abertzale left party (the abertzale left wasn't legalized in the 2009 election). Individual data is as follows:
    – Abertzale left: 12.8%, 9–10 seats.
    – Aralar: 5.4%, 3–4 seats.
  6. ^ Combined data for Aralar and EA. Individual data is as follows:
    – Aralar: 5 seats.
    – EA: 1 seat.
  7. ^ Combined data for Iniciativa Internacionalista and Europe of the Peoples–Greens, which in this election didn't stood together. Individual data is as follows:
    – II-SP: 16.0% (12 seats).
    – EP-G: 5.6%, (4 seats).
  8. ^ Combined data for Aralar and EA, which in this election didn't stood together. Individual data is as follows:
    – Aralar: 6.0%, 4 seats.
    – EA: 3.7% 1 seat.

References[edit]