Basque parliamentary election, 2012

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Basque parliamentary election, 2012
Basque Country (autonomous community)
2009 ←
21 October 2012 → Next

All 75 seats in the Basque Parliament
38 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 1,135,568 (64.0%)
Decrease0.7 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Iñigo Urkullu 2014 (cropped-2).jpg Laura Mintegi (cropped).jpg Patxi López 2012.jpg
Leader Iñigo Urkullu Laura Mintegi Patxi López
Leader since 2 December 2007 2 July 2012 23 March 2002
Last election 30 seats, 38.1% Did not stand 25 seats, 30.4%
Seats won 27 21 16
Seat change Decrease3 Increase21 Decrease9
Popular vote 384,766 277,923 212,809
Percentage 34.2% 24.7% 18.9%
Swing Decrease3.9 pp New party Decrease11.5 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Antonio Basagoiti 2012.jpg Gorka Maneiro 2011.jpg
Leader Antonio Basagoiti Gorka Maneiro
Party PP UPyD
Leader since 25 October 2008 2008
Last election 13 seats, 13.9% 1 seat, 2.1%
Seats won 10 1
Seat change Decrease3 ±0
Popular vote 130,584 21,539
Percentage 11.6% 1.9%
Swing Decrease2.3 pp Decrease0.2 pp

Elecciones CAV 2012.svg

Provinces won by EAJ-PNV (green) and EHB (light green)

Lehendakari before election

Patxi López

Elected Lehendakari

Iñigo Urkullu

Elections for the Basque Parliament were held in the Basque Country, a Spanish autonomous community, on 21 October 2012, a year earlier than required.[1] The Basque National Party defended its position as the strongest party, while the left-wing separatist Bildu coalition made significant gains in terms of its share of votes and seats. All other major parties lost votes and seats.[2]

Electoral system[edit]

The 75 members of the Basque Parliament were elected in 3 multi-member districts using the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation. Each district was entitled to 25 seats. Only lists polling above 3% of the total vote in each district (which includes blank ballots—for none of the above) were entitled to enter the seat distribution.[3]


Following the 2009 parliamentary election, Patxi López of the Basque Socialist Party (PSE-EE) became the first Lehendakari (i.e. regional president) in thirty years not to be affiliated to the Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ-PNV).

In 2011 Eusko Alkartasuna (EA), Alternatiba, other abertzale groups and independent individuals from the Basque leftist-nationalist milieu, formed a coalition named Bildu.

In the 2011 municipal elections, the EAJ-PNV came first with 30.1% of the vote, but the big winner was Bildu, which obtained 25.5% and a majority of town councillors. Among the other parties, the PSE-EE gained 16.3%, the People's Party (PP) 13.5%, and Aralar 3.0%.[4]

In late 2011 the leftist-secessionist coalition was enlarged to include other abertzale groups, including Aralar. In the 2011 general election, this new coalition, known as Amaiur, came second in the Basque Country with 24.1% of the vote, behind the EAJ-PNV, which came first with 27.4%. Among the other parties, the PSE-EE won 21.5% of the vote and the PP 17.8%.[5]

The four main groups that constituted Amaiur, namely abertzale left (former Batasuna members, led by Rufi Etxeberria), EA, Alternatiba and Aralar, announced that they would also stand as part of a joint list also in the election.[6] That list was named Euskal Herria Bildu (EHB)[7] and Laura Mintegi was chosen as candidate for Lehendakari.[8]


e • d Summary of the 21 October 2012 Basque Parliament elections results
< 2009  Flag of the Basque Country.svg  2016 >
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes % +/– Seats +/–
Basque National Party
Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea - EAJ-PNV
383,565 34.64 3.92Decrease 27 3Decrease
Basque Country Gather
Euskal Herria Bildu - EHB
276,989 25.00 15.28Increase 21 16Increase
Socialist Party of the Basque Country – Basque Country Left
Partido Socialista de Euskadi – Euskadiko Ezkerra - PSE-EE
211,939 19.13 11.57Decrease 16 9Decrease
People's Party
Partido Popular - PP
129,907 11.73 2.37Decrease 10 3Decrease
Union, Progress and Democracy
Unión, Progreso y Democracia - UPyD
21,492 1.94 0.21Decrease 1 Steady
Other parties 83.872 7.57 4.54Decrease 0 1Decrease
Blank votes 14,615 1.29 0.28Increase
Valid votes 1,122,379 99.20 7.99Increase
Invalid votes 9.106 0.80 7.99Decrease
Totals and voter turnout 1,131,485 65.83 1.15Increase 75
Electorate 1,718,696 100.00
Source: El País
Popular vote
Parliamentary seats

Opinion polls[edit]


Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. Poll results use the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. However, if such date is unknown, the date of publication will be given instead.


Opinion polls showing seat projections are displayed in the table below. The highest seat figures in each polling survey have their background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. 38 seats are required for an absolute majority in the Basque Parliament.