El Mundo (Spain)
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Front page, 1 June 2009
|Owner(s)||Unidad Editorial S.A.|
|Founded||23 October 1989, as El Mundo del Siglo Veinte|
|Political alignment||Liberal, Centre-right|
|Circulation||266,294 daily (2011)|
|Sister newspapers||El Economista|
El Mundo (Spanish for "The World", full name El Mundo del Siglo Veintiuno, "The World of the 21st Century") is the second largest printed daily newspaper in Spain. with a daily circulation topping 200,000 readers for the printed edition in 2009. It has its headquarters in Madrid, but maintains several news bureaus in other cities, and different editions are printed for regions such as Andalusia, Valencia, Castile and León, the Balearic Islands and Bilbao. El Mundo is considered one of the country's newspapers of record along with El País and ABC.
It is Spain's largest digital newspaper (elmundo.es) with 24 million unique web visitors per month in 2009. Many online readers are in Latin America and the website has an edition for the Americas. However, this digital expansion has done little to offset the decline in revenues from Spanish advertisers since 2008.
El Mundo was first published on 23 October 1989. Perhaps the best known of its founders was Pedro J. Ramírez, who served as editor until 2014. Ramirez had risen to prominence as a journalist during the Spanish transition to democracy. The other founders, Alfonso de Salas, Balbino Fraga and Juan González, shared with Ramírez a background in Grupo 16, the publishers of the newspaper Diario 16. Alfonso de Salas, Juan Gonzales and Gregorio Pena also launched El Economista in 2006.
El Mundo has played a key role in uncovering a number of scandals, among them embezzlement by the commander of the Guardia Civil, accusations of insider trading and tax fraud by the governor of the Central Bank of Spain and aspects of the Bárcenas affair. Investigative reporting by the staff of El Mundo also revealed connections between the terrorist Grupos Antiterroristas de Liberación (GAL) and the Socialist administration of Felipe González, revelations that contributed to his defeat in the 1996 elections.
In October 2005, El Mundo revealed that Nazi Aribert Heim (aka "Doctor Death") had been living in Spain for 20 years, probably with help from the ODESSA network, in collaboration with Otto Skorzeny, who had helped set up one of the most important ODESSA bases of operation in Spain, during the rule of the late dictator Francisco Franco.
After the 11 March 2004 Madrid train bombings, the newspapers El Mundo and La Razón, the regional television channel Telemadrid and the COPE radio network alleged that there had been inconsistencies in the explanations given by the Spanish judiciary about the bombings. Other Spanish media, such as El País, ABC and the Cadena SER radio network, accused El Mundo and the other media of manipulation over this issue. The bombings and the results of the subsequent judicial inquiry are still debated in Spain today.
- Minder, Raphael (February 2014). "Founding Editor Is Dismissed as Head of El Mundo". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
- Abend, Lisa (17 October 2008). "At Last, Spain Faces Up to Franco's Guilt". Time. Retrieved 22 October 2008.
- "elmundo.es launches Americas edition". Editors Weblog. 27 October 2009. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
- "Spain: Media and publishing". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
- Anna Galluzzi (20 September 2014). Libraries and Public Perception: A Comparative Analysis of the European Press. Elsevier Science. p. 28. ISBN 978-1-78063-425-8. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
- "El Economista". Presseurope. Retrieved 6 October 2013.
- Alan Albarran (10 September 2009). Handbook of Spanish Language Media. Routledge. p. 25. ISBN 978-1-135-85430-0. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
- Figures covering July 2010 to June 2011 from Spain's Oficina de Justificación de la Difusión, Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- Preston, Peter (2014). "All hail Pedro J Ramírez, Spain's crown prince of muckraking". The Observer. Retrieved 4 May 2014.
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