El Mundo (Spain)
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Front page, 1 June 2009
|Owner(s)||Unidad Editorial S.A.|
|Publisher||Pedro J. Ramírez|
|Founded||23 October 1989, as El Mundo del Siglo Veinte|
|Political alignment||Liberal, Centre-right|
|Circulation||266,294 daily (2011)|
|Sister newspapers||El Economista|
El Mundo (Spanish for "The World", full name El Mundo del Siglo Veintiuno, "The World of the 21st Century") is the second largest printed daily newspaper in Spain and the largest digital newspaper (elmundo.es) with a daily circulation topping 200,000 readers for the printed edition and 24 million unique web visitors per month for the digital one in 2009. It has its headquarters in Madrid, but maintains several news bureaus in other cities, and different editions are printed for regions such as Andalusia, Valencia, Castile and León, the Balearic Islands and Bilbao. El Mundo is considered one of the country's newspapers of record along with El País and ABC.
It first appeared on 23 October 1989, founded by Alfonso de Salas, Pedro J. Ramírez (who served as editor until 2014), Balbino Fraga and Juan González, a journalist. Editorially, it often expresses the mainstream views of the Spanish right with independent and liberal overtones. They also launched El Economista in 2006.
El Mundo has played a key role in uncovering several scandals—among them embezzlement by the commander of the Guardia Civil, and accusations of insider trading and tax fraud by the governor of the Central Bank of Spain. Investigative reporting by the staff of El Mundo also revealed connections between the terrorist Grupos Antiterroristas de Liberación (GAL) and the Socialist administration of Felipe González, revelations that contributed to his defeat in the 1996 elections.
In October 2005, El Mundo revealed that Nazi Aribert Heim (aka "Doctor Death") had been living in Spain for 20 years, probably with help from the ODESSA network, in collaboration with Otto Skorzeny, who had helped set up one of the most important ODESSA bases of operation in Spain, during the rule of the late dictator Francisco Franco.
After the 11 March 2004 Madrid train bombings, the newspapers El Mundo and La Razón, the regional television channel Telemadrid and the COPE radio network alleged that there had been inconsistencies in the explanations given by the Spanish judiciary about the bombings. Other Spanish media, such as El País, ABC and the Cadena SER radio network, accused El Mundo and the other media of manipulation over this issue. The bombings and the results of the subsequent judicial inquiry are still debated in Spain today.
- Abend, Lisa (17 October 2008). "At Last, Spain Faces Up to Franco's Guilt". Time. Retrieved 22 October 2008.
- Figures covering July 2010 to June 2011 from Spain's Oficina de Justificación de la Difusión, Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "elmundo.es launches Americas edition". Editors Weblog. 27 October 2009. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
- "Spain: Media and publishing". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
- "El Economista". Presseurope. Retrieved 6 October 2013.
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