Battle of La Guaira (1812)

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Not to be confused with the Battle of La Guaira in 1743.
Battle of La Guaira
Part of the War of 1812
Battle between Saratoga and Rachel
Battle between Saratoga and Rachel
Date December 11, 1812
Location off La Guaira, Venezuela, Caribbean Sea
Result United States victory
Belligerents
 United States  United Kingdom
Commanders and leaders
US Naval Jack 15 stars.svg Charles W. Wooster United Kingdom Alexander
Strength
1 schooner 1 brig
Casualties and losses
2 wounded
1 schooner damaged
3 killed, 1 wounded, and 31 captured
1 brig captured
La Guaira War of 1812.gif

The Battle of La Guaira was a naval engagement fought in the Caribbean Sea on 11 December 1812 during the war between Britain and the United States. An American privateer captured a British letter of marque at the Spanish port of La Guaira in Venezuela.[1][2]

Battle[edit]

On 10 December while on a commerce raiding cruise, the American schooner Saratoga, of 16 guns and 140 men under Captain Charles W. Wooster anchored off La Guaira. After he arrived the American consul warned Wooster that if he remained in port, the Spanish garrison would sink his ship with their shore batteries. The Americans withdrew out of range but remained off the city. That same day the Saratoga captured a British schooner and sent her as a prize back to the United States.

On the following morning as a heavy fog cleared, the Americans spotted an incoming brig. After the engagement it turned out that she was the letter of marque Rachel, originally commanded by Captain N. Dalmahoy (or Dalmarhoy), of 2379394 tons burthen, mounting fourteen long 9-pounders with a crew of thirty-six men. She had been at sea for 57 days.[3] Dalmahoy had died two weeks before the battle so a first mate named Alexander was in charge.[1]

Immediately after spotting the British, Saratoga sailed to intercept but it took two hours for her to close to firing range.[1][2] The Spanish colonists expected the arrival of the Rachel and so hundreds of the colonists rushed to the beaches to observe the engagement. When the range closed the two vessels began tacking towards land, the Saratoga opened fire while five miles off the port, firing her starboard bow gun. The British answered with shots from their port quarter guns until both ships were side by side. For over half an hour the two vessels dueled but the fighting ended when the Rachel '​s fire weakened. After volleys of small arms fire had driven the British sailors below decks, the Americans closed in and boarded.[3] The British had two men killed, including Alexander, and two men wounded, one of whom died shortly thereafter; only two men from the Saratoga were wounded.[3]

The next day, being short of water, Wooster released twenty-seven of the prisoners and sent them into La Guaira in a longboat. He kept four of the prisoners on Rachel and two on Saratoga.[3]

Aftermath[edit]

The next day HMS Fawn, under the command of Captain Thomas Fellowes, encountered Rachel and captured her,[4] together with the 12-man prize crew of Americans. The British took the Americans on board Fawn and put a six-man prize crew on board Rachel, which they sent her into Jamaica, where the Vice admiralty court condemned her as a prize. Fawn went into La Guaira and picked up Rachel '​s crew, all of whom agreed to serve on Fawn, though some apparently deserted shortly thereafter.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Maclay (1899), pg. 446-447.
  2. ^ a b "War of 1812: UK sources for Privateers". 1812privateers.org. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d Dudley (1985), pp.623-4.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16713. p. 581. 20 March 1813.
  5. ^ 1812 Privateers[1] - accessed 19 December 2013.

References[edit]

  • Maclay, Edgar S. (1899). A history of American privateers. D. Appleton and Co. 
  • Dudley, William S. ed. (1985) The Naval War of 1812: a documentary history. (U.S. Naval Historical Center; Government Printing Office).

Coordinates: 10°36′0″N 66°55′59″W / 10.60000°N 66.93306°W / 10.60000; -66.93306