|Type||Private limited company|
|Headquarters||Nottingham, United Kingdom|
|Area served||United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland|
|Key people||Simon Roberts, Managing Director, Boots UK and Ireland|
|Products||No 7 – Makeup
Soltan – Sun cream
Almus – Generic Drugs
Boots UK Limited (formerly Boots the Chemist) is a pharmacy chain in the United Kingdom and Ireland, with outlets in most high streets. In 2006 Boots merged with Alliance UniChem plc to form Alliance Boots. In 2007, Alliance Boots was bought by Kohlberg Kravis Roberts and Stefano Pessina, taking the company private, and moving its headquarters to Switzerland. In 2012, Walgreens bought a 45% stake in Alliance Boots, with a full merger to follow within three years.
1849 to 2000
Boots was established in 1849, by John Boot. After his father's death in 1860, Jesse Boot, aged 10, helped his mother run the family's herbal medicine shop in Nottingham, which became Boot and Co. Ltd in 1883, then Boots Pure Drug Company Ltd. in 1888. In 1920, Jesse Boot sold the company to the American United Drug Company. However, because of deteriorating economic circumstances in North America Boots was sold back into British hands in 1933. The grandson of the founder, John Boot, who inherited the title Baron Trent from his father, headed the company.
Boots diversified into the research and manufacturing of drugs with its development of the Ibuprofen painkiller during the 1960s. The company was awarded the Queen's Award For Technical Achievement for this in 1987. In 1994, Boots divested production to BASF and in 2006 sold the Nurofen brand to Reckitt Benckiser.
In 1968 Boots acquired the 622-strong Timothy Whites and Taylors Ltd chain. Boots expanded into Canada by purchasing the Tamblyn Drugs chain circa 1978. Most Canadian Boots stores were converted to Pharma Plus in 1989, although a handful of locations remained as late as 1993, if not later. In 1982, the company opened a new manufacturing plant in Cramlington, Northumberland. In the early 1990s, Boots began to diversify and bought Halfords, the bicycle and car parts business in 1991. It also developed the Children's World business but sold it in 1996 to Mothercare. Halfords was sold in 2002.
Boots Opticians Ltd. was formed in 1987 with the acquisition of Clement Clarke Ltd. and Curry and Paxton Ltd. Boots Opticians became the UK's second largest retail optics chain.
Boots diversified into dentistry in 1998, with a number of stores offering this service. Boots sold its Do-It-All home furnishings chain to Focus in 1998. Boots also made a venture into "Wellbeing" services offering customers treatments ranging from facials, homoeopathy, and nutritional advice to laser eye surgery and Botox but these services were abandoned in 2003, despite a launch that included a dedicated Freeview and Sky TV channel of the same name, and even redirecting web traffic from boots.com to wellbeing.com
2000 to present
In October 2005, a merger with Alliance UniChem was announced by the then Chairman, Sir Nigel Rudd. The CEO Richard Baker left, and the new group became Alliance Boots plc. The merger became effective on 31 July 2006.
In April 2007, Alliance Boots was bought for £11.1 billion by Kohlberg Kravis Roberts and Stefano Pessina, the deputy chairman of Alliance Boots, taking the company private, and beating the rival bid from Guy Hands's Terra Firma Capital Partners. In June 2008, the group headquarters were moved to Zug, Switzerland. According to John Ralfe, Boot's former head of corporate finance, "the UK has lost about £100m a year in tax as a result".
On 19 June 2012, it was announced that Walgreens (America's largest drug store retailer) would purchase a 45% stake in Alliance Boots, costing $6.7bn. The deal is a long term plan to give maximum exposure to both brands, Boots more so in America and, Walgreens more so in the UK and in China through Boots presence in the market. Both companies will then seek to complete a full merger within three years costing an extra $9.5bn.
The Boots Charitable Trust
The company funds the Boots Charitable Trust, which is an independent registered charity in the UK, administrated by Nottinghamshire Community Foundation. The trust was established in the early 1970s to fund registered charities benefiting people who live in Nottinghamshire.
The Boots Estate
The Boots Estate, located near the Nottingham suburb of Beeston, features a range of listed buildings. This includes the two principal factory buildings, D6 and D10, designed by Sir Owen Williams and built in 1932 and 1935–38 respectively. Both are Grade I listed. The former fire station, D34, is also by Williams and is Grade II listed. The headquarters office building known as D90 is Grade II* and was built to designs by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill in 1966–68. Staff have a restaurant, coffee and snack shops, newsagent, a branch of Boots the Chemist, an opticians branch and cash point situated within landscaped grounds. The grounds include the Millennium Garden which features a herb garden (with some plants that Jesse used in his original herbal remedies) in the shape of a goose foot – harking back to Jesse's original shop on Goose Gate in Nottingham.
The Boots Museum is now closed (due to cost cutting)[when?] and historical items are in storage or on display in the reception area of the D90 building.
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- "Boots Learning Store". Boots Learning Store. 4 December 1999.
- 'Interwar retail internationalization: Boots under American ownership', The International Review of Retail Distribution and Consumer Research, 7(2), 1997
- "Boots is pacesetter for drug chains in the UK". Findarticles.com.
- Boots sells Nurofen in £1.9bn deal The Telegraph
- And it's all thanks to a passion for a penny-farthing bicycle The Times
- Boots in Childrenswear pact to sell Adams range The Telegraph
- Boots sells Halfords The Guardian
- "Boots to launch dental clinics". BBC News. 10 September 1998.
- By Gilleo, Ken; 700+ words. "Boots decides that for £68m Focus can do-it-all".
- Boots ditches well being strategy The Independent
- Optical Express buys Boots laser business Optician Online
- "Boots announces £7bn merger deal". BBC News. 3 October 2005. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
- Craven, Neil (24 April 2007). "KKR Agrees to Buy Alliance Boots, Beating Guy Hands". Bloomberg. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
- Lawrence, Felicity (11 December 2010). "How Boots' Swiss move cost UK £100m a year". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
- Harry Wallop (19 June 2012). "Alliance Boots sells 45pc stake to Walgreens". The Telegraph. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
- Simon Neville (5 August 2013). "McDonald's ties nine out of 10 workers to zero-hours contracts". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 August 2013.
- "Charitable giving". Boots UK. 2012. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
- "National Heritage List for England".
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