Brooks Adams

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Brooks Adams
Brooks Adams, c. 1910.jpg
Brooks Adams, photographed in 1910.
Born Peter Chardon Brooks Adams
June 24, 1848
Quincy, Massachusetts, United States
Died February 13, 1927
Boston, United States
Occupation historian
Nationality American
Spouse Evelyn Davis

Peter Chardon Brooks Adams (June 24, 1848, Quincy, Massachusetts - February 13, 1927, Boston), was an American historian and a critic of capitalism.[1]

Career overview[edit]

He graduated from Harvard University in 1870 and studied at Harvard Law School in 1870 and 1871. Adams believed that commercial civilizations rise and fall in predictable cycles. First, masses of people draw together in large population centers and engage in commercial activities. As their desire for wealth grows, they discard spiritual and creative values. Their greed leads to distrust and dishonesty, and eventually the society crumbles. In The Law of Civilization and Decay (1895),[2] Adams noted that as new population centers emerged in the west, centers of world trade shifted from Constantinople to Venice to Amsterdam to London. He predicted in America's Economic Supremacy (1900) that New York would become the center of world trade.

Adams was a great-grandson of John Adams, a grandson of John Quincy Adams, the youngest son of U.S. diplomat Charles Francis Adams, and brother to Henry Brooks Adams, philosopher, historian, and novelist, whose theories of history were influenced by his work. His maternal grandfather was Peter Chardon Brooks, the wealthiest man in Boston at the time of his death. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1918.[3]

The 1900 US Census shows Brooks Adams as living in Quincy, Mass. The Census report also shows he married Evelyn Davis around 1890. The census does not show the couple having any children.[4]

Portraits[edit]

Works[edit]

Essays[edit]

Other[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The new international encyclopaedia". Archive.org. Retrieved 2012-11-27. 
  2. ^ Ludovici, Anthony (1944). "The Law of Civilization and Decay," The New English Weekly 25, pp. 177–178.
  3. ^ "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter A". American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 1 April 2011. 
  4. ^ Ancestry.com. 1900 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004. Original data: United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1900. T623, 1854 rolls.

Bibliography[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Aaron, Daniel. "The Unusable Man: An Essay on the Mind of Brooks Adams," The New England Quarterly 21 (1), March, 1948.
  • Anderson, Thornton. Brooks Adams, Constructive Conservative, Cornell University Press, 1951.
  • Beisner, Robert L. "Brooks Adams and Charles Francis Adams, Jr.: Historians of Massachusetts," The New England Quarterly 35 (1), March, 1962.
  • Beringause, Arthur F. Brooks Adams; a Biography, Knopf, 1955.
  • Brands, H. W. "Brooks Adams: Marx for Imperialists," in The Struggle for the Soul of Foreign Policy, Cambridge University Press, 1998.
  • Donovan, Timothy Paul. Henry Adams and Brooks Adams; the Education of Two American Historians, University of Oklahoma Press, 1991.
  • Harris, Wilhelmina S. "The Brooks Adams I Knew," Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, Third Series, Vol. 80, 1968.
  • Madison, Charles A. "Brooks Adams: Jeremian Critic of Capitalism," The Antioch Review 4 (3), Autumn, 1944.
  • Mallan, John P. "Roosevelt, Brooks Adams, and Lea: The Warrior Critique of the Business Civilization," American Quarterly 8 (3), Autumn, 1956.
  • Marotta, Gary. "The Economics of American Empire: The View of Brooks Adams and Charles Arthur Conant," The American Economist 19 (2), Fall, 1975.
  • Nagel, Paul C. "Brooks Adams after Half a Century," Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, Third Series, Vol. 90, 1978.
  • Tonsor, Stephen. "Adams, Brooks," First Principles, June 2012.
  • Whiting, John. The Economics of Human Energy in Brooks Adams, Ezra Pound, and Robert Theobald, 1971.

External links[edit]