|32nd Governor of Idaho|
January 1, 2007
|Preceded by||Jim Risch|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Idaho's 1st district
January 3, 2001 – January 1, 2007
|Preceded by||Helen Chenoweth-Hage|
|Succeeded by||Bill Sali|
|37th Lieutenant Governor of Idaho|
January 5, 1987 – January 3, 2001
|Preceded by||David Leroy|
|Succeeded by||Jack Riggs|
|Member of the Idaho House of Representatives
from the Canyon County district
|Born||Clement Leroy Otter
May 3, 1942
Caldwell, Idaho, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Gay Simplot (1964–1992)
Lori Easley (2006–present)
|Alma mater||College of Idaho, B.A. 1967
Boise Junior College
St. Martin's Abbey
|Service/branch||Army National Guard|
|Years of service||1968–1973|
|Unit||Idaho Army National Guard|
Clement Leroy "Butch" Otter (born May 3, 1942) is the 32nd Governor of Idaho, in office since January 2007. He is a member of the Republican Party. Otter served as Lieutenant Governor of Idaho from 1987 to 2001 and as the United States Representative for Idaho's 1st congressional district from 2001 to 2007.
Otter is the first Idahoan since statehood to win elections as both a U.S. Representative and as Governor. He is the third Catholic to serve as Governor of Idaho and the first to win election since James H. Hawley in 1910.
- 1 Early life, education, and business career (1942–1972)
- 2 Early political career (1972–1986)
- 3 Lieutenant Governor of Idaho (1986–2000)
- 4 U.S. House of Representatives (2000–2006)
- 5 Governor of Idaho (2007–present)
- 6 Personal life
- 7 Electoral history
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Early life, education, and business career (1942–1972)
Butch Otter was born into a small family of limited means. His father was a journeyman electrician and the family lived in many rural locations in the Midwest and Western United States during his youth, attending 15 different schools. He graduated from St. Teresa's Academy (now Bishop Kelly High School) in Boise in 1962.
Otter was 20 when he graduated from high school– a childhood accident involving gasoline badly burned his younger brother and forced Otter to take a year off. Otter worked throughout high school as a janitor, theater ticket taker, and lawn boy. "My dad graduated from high school. My expectations weren't built beyond being a good electrician or carpenter." Otter briefly attended St. Martin's Abbey in Lacey, Washington, with an aim to becoming a priest. He attended the school primarily because of his father's opinion that "unless you were going to be a priest, you didn't need to go beyond high school."
Deciding against the priesthood, Otter returned to Idaho and attended Boise Junior College, then earned his B.A. in political science from the College of Idaho in 1967. He was the only member of his family to graduate from college, and made the dean's list in his last term. He served in the Idaho Army National Guard's 116th Armored Cavalry from 1968–73. He received specialized training at Fort Knox. His business experience includes 30 years with Simplot International, a leading agribusiness corporation which was founded by Otter's then father-in-law, J.R. Simplot. He started at a low-level position and eventually rose to the company's presidency.
Early political career (1972–1986)
1978 gubernatorial election
In January 1977, incumbent Democrat Governor Cecil Andrus was appointed U.S. Secretary of Interior under President Jimmy Carter. Lieutenant governor John Evans, a Democrat, succeeded Andrus and Otter announced in June his intention to run for Governor of Idaho in 1978. In the six-man Republican primary in August, Otter ranked a close third with 26.0% of the vote. Allan Larsen, the House Speaker from Blackfoot, won the nomination with 28.7% of the vote, followed by Vern Ravenscroft of Tuttle, with 27.6%. The nominees of both parties were Mormon, marking the first time in state history one would be elected governor. Incumbent Evans was unopposed in the Democratic primary and won the general election in November, the third of six consecutive victories by Democrats.
After Republican Ronald Reagan was elected in 1980, he appointed Otter to the administration's Task Force on International Private Enterprise, the World Bank's Agricultural Advisory Committee, and the Center for International Private Enterprise.
Lieutenant Governor of Idaho (1986–2000)
In 1986, Otter returned to politics and was elected Lieutenant Governor of Idaho. He was reelected in 1990, 1994, and 1998. He served under three different governors, Democrat Cecil Andrus, and Republicans Phil Batt and Dirk Kempthorne. In 1991, when the Idaho Senate was evenly divided between 21 Republicans and 21 Democrats, Otter's tie-breaking votes kept the body under GOP control. Otter left the post midway through his fourth term in 2001 to take his Congressional seat. He is the longest-serving lieutenant governor in Idaho history.
U.S. House of Representatives (2000–2006)
U.S. Congresswoman Helen Chenoweth-Hage of Idaho's First Congressional District had promised to serve only three terms in the House when first elected in the Republican wave of 1994, and kept that pledge in 2000 even after calling term limits bad policy. Otter entered the Republican primary, and immediately became the favorite due to his name recognition as lieutenant governor. He won handily, and breezed to victory in November. He was re-elected in 2002 and 2004 with no substantive opposition.
In Congress, Otter was largely conservative with a slight libertarian streak, as reflected in his opposition to the Patriot Act. He was one of three Republicans (along with Bob Ney of Ohio and Ron Paul of Texas) to vote against the act in 2001. He has since stated that "much of the USA PATRIOT Act is needed to help protect us in a dangerous age of stateless zealots and mindless violence". Otter was also very critical of the Bush Administration's terrorist surveillance program concerning communications from within the United States to those outside the United States. He served as a deputy majority whip for most of his time in Congress.
Otter is pro-life and has voted to ban federal funding of abortions and opposes partial-birth abortions. He also supports parental consent laws for minors who seek an abortion. He supports a constitutional amendment defining marriage as between "one man and one woman." He has voted for establishing a nationwide AMBER alert system for missing children. He has been a strong advocate for second amendment rights and opposes federal restrictions on gun sales.
On economic issues, he has voted for a 2001 bankruptcy overhaul requiring partial debt repayment. He supports a balanced budget amendment to the US constitution and supports broad based tax cuts including eliminating the estate and marriage tax. He has voted to reduce the marriage tax by $399B over 10 years. He has supported expanding free trade agreements with nations such as Singapore and Chile. He has also voted for medical malpractice and tort reform. He has voted to allow importation of prescription drugs and has supported small business associations to reduce health insurance costs via collaborative efforts. Otter has voted to end offshore tax havens and promote tax credits for small businesses. He has voted to raise 401(k) limits & making pension plans more portable.
He has voted to build a fence along the Mexican border and has opposed granting amnesty to illegal aliens.
Otter has voted against allowing electronic surveillance without a warrant. He has supported military recruitment efforts on college campuses and has voted for adopting the recommendations of the 9/11 Commission. He opposes a time table for withdrawal from Iraq and Afghanistan.
He was elected to the leadership position of Assistant Majority Whip.
- U.S. House Committee on Resources
- U.S. House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
- U.S. House Committee on Government Reform
- U.S. House Committee on Energy and Commerce
Leadership in International Trade
Otter published an article in The Ripon Forum magazine. In the article, Otter discussed that he had led many trade missions to Asia-Pacific countries, fostering relationships with companies in Seoul, Taipei, Taiwan and Ho Chi Minh City. Otter brought a delegation to Taiwan than resulted in Idaho’s Micron Technology becoming Taiwan’s largest direct U.S. investor.
Governor of Idaho (2007–present)
On December 15 Otter announced his candidacy for the gubernatorial seat in 2006. Otter won the May Republican primary with 70% of the vote, defeating three opponents.
In the general election, he faced Democrat Jerry Brady in the November 7 general election. Brady, the former publisher of The Post Register in Idaho Falls, had ran for governor in 2002, losing to incumbent Republican Governor Dirk Kempthorne. Otter was initially considered an overwhelming favorite, given his popularity and Idaho's strong Republican lean. However, the race was far closer than expected in the last weeks of the campaign. A poll conducted for the Idaho Statesman and Boise ABC affiliate KIVI showed Otter ahead of Brady by only a single point– a statistical dead heat. According to the Statesman, it was the first time in over a decade that the governor's race has not already been decided 10 days prior to the election. State Republican Party chairman Kirk Sullivan told the paper that the race appeared to be closer than normal because of a strong national trend against the Republicans. Otter pulled away in the final week, and won the election 53%–44%, the closest gubernatorial race since 1994.
Otter has recommended an increase in Idaho state educational funding by $1.36 billion as well as expanding needs-based scholarships for college-bound students. Otter supports expanding offshore oil drilling and supports tax incentives for development of alternative fuels. He has stated that the US should set a goal of 25% renewable energy by 2025.
On January 11, 2007, Otter announced his support for a "gray wolf kill," in which all but 100 of Idaho's recently-recovered population would be eradicated, pending the forthcoming U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service removal of the wolves' federal protections under the Endangered Species Act. Otter even remarked that he would be first in line to purchase a tag to kill one of the animals. This position drew criticism from many Western environmental and animal advocate groups, including Priscilla Feral, president of Friends of Animals who called for a boycott of potatoes from Idaho.
In the Republican primary, he had five opponents file against him. He won re-nomination with just 55% of the vote. In the general election, he defeated Democratic nominee Keith Allred 59%–33%.
He was sworn into his second term on January 7, 2011. In the first State of the State in his second term, he proposed the elimination of teacher tenure, becoming one of the most aggressive governors in the country when it comes to education reform. The Stateline explained that the "Idaho plan is perhaps the most far-reaching effort to use teachers’ rights and performance as part of a bid to revamp a state’s entire educational process." Critics say that roughly 770 teaching positions would be eliminated and teacher contracts would have to be renegotiated every year, in which bargaining would cover only pay and benefits. In March 2011, Otter signed two bills into law, one limits the ability of teachers to collectively bargain and eliminates tenure for new teachers. The other allows school districts to pay teachers based on their performance.
In 1964, Otter married Gay Simplot, daughter of J. R. Simplot. After 28 years of marriage, the couple amicably divorced in 1992. On August 18, 2006, Otter married his longtime girlfriend and former Miss Idaho USA Lori Easley in Meridian.
In August 1992, Otter was pulled over on Interstate 84 near Meridian for suspicion of driving under the influence. He claimed the arresting officer observed him swerving as he was reaching for his cowboy hat, which had been blown off by the wind in his open car. Otter offered several explanations for failing the field sobriety test including: his stocking feet were stung by weeds and gravel, he had run eight miles (13 km) and his knee hurt, he was hungry, and that he had soaked his chewing tobacco in Jack Daniel's. A jury convicted Otter in March 1993 and he was sentenced to 72 hours of community service and 16 hours at an alcohol treatment program. This incident allegedly forced Otter to abandon an anticipated run for governor in 1994 and instead seek re-election for lieutenant governor.
|1986||Marjorie Ruth Moon||Butch Otter|
|1990||(unopposed)||Butch Otter (inc.)||246,132||100%|
|1994||John Peavey||191,625||47.4%||Butch Otter (inc.)||213,009||52.6%|
|1998||Sue Reents||133,688||35.6%||Butch Otter (inc.)||225,704||60.2%||Alan Stroud||American Heritage||15,769||4.2%|
|Year||Democratic||Votes||Pct||Republican||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct|
|2000||Linda Pall||84,080||31.4%||Butch Otter||173,743||64.8%||Ronald G. Wittig||Libertarian||6,093||2.3%||Kevin P. Hambsch||Reform||4,200||1.6%|
|2002||Betty Richardson||80,269||38.9%||Butch Otter (inc.)||120,743||58.6%||Steve Gothard||Libertarian||5,129||2.5%|
|2004||Naomi Preston||90,927||30.5%||Butch Otter (inc.)||207,662||69.5%|
|Year||Democratic||Votes||Pct||Republican||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct|
|2006||Jerry Brady||198,845||44.1%||Butch Otter||237,437||52.7%||Marvin Richardson||Constitution||7,309||1.6%||Steve Gothard||Libertarian||7,241||1.6%|
|2010||Keith G. Allred||148,680||32.9%||Butch Otter (inc.)||267,483||59.1%||Jana Kemp||Independent||26,655||5.9%||Ted Dunlap||Libertarian||5,867||1.3%|
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (April 2009)|
- "Simplot executive seeks GOP nod for Idaho post". Spokesman-Review. Associated Press. June 3, 1977. p. 15.
- "Idaho GOP governor vote close". Spokesman-Review. Associated Press. August 9, 1978. p. 1.
- "Larsen upsets Ravenscroft in GOP". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Associated Press. August 9, 1978. p. 1A.
- "Butch Otter on the Issues". Issues2000.org. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
- Otter, Butch (Summer 2013). "The Importance of Pacific Trade to My State". Ripon Forum. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- "Idahoans weigh in on ending wolf protections - U.S. news - Environment - msnbc.com". MSNBC. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
- ESPN Outdoors/Hunting Wolves Or Taters? August 28, 2009
- "Judge upholds provision in health care law requiring insurance". CNN. October 7, 2010.
- Associated Press. Otter and Easley Exchange Vows. August 18, 2006
- "A second chance for Lieutenant Governor". Mosow-Pullman Daily News. 11 March 1993. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- Miller, John; Associated Press (7 November 2006). "Otter will be Idaho's next governor". Spokesman Review. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- Governor C. L. “Butch” Otter official government website
- Butch Otter for Governor
- Butch Otter at DMOZ
- U.S. Representative 2001–2007
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
|Lieutenant Governor of Idaho
|Governor of Idaho
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the House of Representatives
from Idaho's 1st congressional district
|Party political offices|
|Republican nominee for Governor of Idaho
|United States order of precedence (ceremonial)|
as Vice President
|Order of Precedence of the United States
Mayor of city
in which event is held
Otherwise John Boehner
as Speaker of the House of Representatives
as Governor of Washington
|Order of Precedence of the United States
as Governor of Wyoming