Butterton

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Butterton
Butterton Village Ford - geograph.org.uk - 139952.jpg
Butterton Village and Ford
Butterton is located in Staffordshire
Butterton
Butterton
 Butterton shown within Staffordshire
Population 213 
OS grid reference SK073566
Civil parish Butterton
District Staffordshire Moorlands
Shire county Staffordshire
Region West Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LEEK
Police Staffordshire
Fire Staffordshire
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
List of places
UK
England
Staffordshire

Coordinates: 53°06′26″N 1°53′33″W / 53.107320°N 1.892395°W / 53.107320; -1.892395

Butterton is a small village in the Staffordshire Peak District of England (grid reference SK075565). It overlooks the Manifold Valley and Ecton Hill, which rises 1,212 feet above sea level. Butterton lies 5 miles to the east of Leek and roughly 8 miles from Alton Towers theme park. The village is just to the west of the limestone area, and so is mainly built of local sandstone. It contains a beautiful church. In the centre of Butterton there is a small ford where the Hoo Brook runs across a village street.[1]

Butterton was served by a railway station which was opened by the Leek and Manifold Valley Light Railway on 27 June 1904, whilst being entirely operated by the North Staffordshire Railway. The line closed in 1934, and the route of the railway past the station is now designated the Manifold Way, a walk and cycle-path. Butterton is one of the Thankful Villages that suffered no fatalities in the Great War of 1914-1918.

Demography[edit]

According to the 2001 census, the population of Butterton was 213, with a near equal number of males and females.[2] This was lower than in 1841, where the population was 388.[3] Nowadays most of the houses in Butterton are detached or semi-detached and owner-occupied,[4] with the largest age category being 45 to 64.[5]

History[edit]

The name ‘Buterdon’ or ‘Butterton’ comes from ‘butere’, meaning butter, and ‘dun’ meaning hill, and was given this name as the area had good pasture.[6] Butterton is also known as Butterton-in-the-Peak to differentiate it from Butterton in Trentham parish, near Newcastle-under-Lyme. In the 1850s, a small brook at the foot of the village was a sulphurous spring which was said to be beneficial in scorbutic cases.[7] Although Butterton was in Mayfield parish it was physically separated from the remainder of the parish by nine miles.[8] The parish was enlarged on 1 April 1934 by 205 acres to include part of Bradnop and Cawdry.[9] In 1966, however, the parish broke up into smaller segments, and so now Butterton is a parish of its own.[10]

Economy[edit]

Ecton Hill, near Butterton, is embedded with the remains of copper and lead mining. It was first used extensively in the mid 17th century; however, there is evidence that mining of the area took place centuries earlier.[11] As a result of the history of mining, there are numerous packhorse routes around Butterton and Ecton Hill which were used to transport copper and lead ore from Ecton to smelting works.[12] In 1881, the main employment was agriculture, with 51 out of 124 inhabitants in this sector (all males). The main employment for women was domestic service.[13]
Although Butterton is a commuter village,[14] there are a few shops, such as a butchers, a general store and a small shop and tea room.[15] There is also an old traditional pub in the centre of the village, The Black Lion Inn, which offers food and accommodation.
The first mention of a post office in the village is in 1892, when a rubber datestamp was issued.[16]

Landmarks[edit]

The Hillocks[edit]

On Ecton hills its side is the unusual copper-topped house known as The Hillocks which was built in 1933 by Arthur Ratcliffe, the MP for Leek. When first constructed the property had two storeys with a flat roof but this leaked water badly and so another storey was added.[17]

St Bartholomew's Church[edit]

See St Bartholomew's Church, Butterton

Education[edit]

The small village primary school closed in 1979, as there were too few pupils to attend. The nearest primary school today is in Warslow (3 miles away); public transport is funded by the county education committee. There is a secondary school in nearby Leek, to which transport is also provided.[18] The building of the former village primary school has now become the local village hall.

Culture and Community[edit]

The Butterton Gala takes place every August bank holiday Monday to celebrate the birth of St Bartholomew. It has been running for 100 years and is organised by the Mellor Foundation. It takes place in and around the Black Lion pub and the village hall, and all the money raised goes towards upkeep of the village hall.[19] The village also has regular events such as the Christmas Silver Band concerts, the Harvest Supper and afternoon teas in the church.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cooper, J., Dodson, J., Stewak, S., & Wilson, M. (2010). Butterton, Peak District, Derbyshire. Retrieved on 20.02.12 from http://www.peakdistrictonline.co.uk/butterton-c115.html .
  2. ^ Office for National Statistics. (2001). Parish Headcounts. Retrieved on 15.02.12 from http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=799548&c=Butterton&d=16&e=15&g=486962&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1330434210031&enc=1&dsFamilyId=779
  3. ^ Harbach, M. (2003). Butterton. Retrieved on 15.02.12 from http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/STS/Butterton/index.html
  4. ^ Office for National Statistics. (2001). Accommodation and Tenure. Retrieved on 15.02.12 from http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=799548&c=Butterton&d=16&e=15&g=486962&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1330434210031&enc=1&dsFamilyId=787
  5. ^ Office for National Statistics. (2001). People. Retrieved on 15.02.12 from http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=799548&c=Butterton&d=16&e=15&g=486962&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1330434210031&enc=1&dsFamilyId=781,
  6. ^ Mills, A. (2003). Oxford Dictionary of British Place Names. Retrieved on 14.02.12 from http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=w_B0Ouj5VC0C&pg=PT166&lpg=PT166&dq=buterdon&source=bl&ots=rVYbdLp5de&sig=qwaudvQ_t44ma9-rzdEiBKVXzrQ&hl=en&sa=X&ei=EtRMT5DtAoit8gOrpqHGAg&ved=0CDsQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=buterdon&f=false
  7. ^ Harbach, M. (2003). Butterton. Retrieved on 15.02.12 from http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/STS/Butterton/index.html.
  8. ^ Harbach, M. (2003). Butterton. Retrieved on 15.02.12 from http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/STS/Butterton/index.html
  9. ^ University of Portsmouth et al. (2009). Staffordshire Place Guide: Butterton. Retrieved on 13.02.12 from http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/place/place_page.jsp?p_id=7976&st=BUTTERTON
  10. ^ Staffordshire County Council. (2011). Butterton. Retrieved on 21.02.12 from http://www.staffordshire.gov.uk/leisure/archives/history/placeguide/SPGButterton.aspx
  11. ^ Harbach, M. (2003). Butterton. Retrieved on 15.02.12 from http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/STS/Butterton/index.html.
  12. ^ Cooper, J., Dodson, J., Stewak, S., & Wilson, M. (2010). Butterton, Peak District, Derbyshire. Retrieved on 20.02.12 from http://www.peakdistrictonline.co.uk/butterton-c115.html.
  13. ^ University of Portsmouth et al. (2009). Staffordshire Place Guide: Butterton. Retrieved on 13.02.12 from http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/data_cube_page.jsp?data_theme=T_IND&data_cube=N_OCC_ORDER1881&u_id=10275714&c_id=10001043&add=Y
  14. ^ Office for National Statistics. (2001). Work and Qualifications. Retrieved on 15.02.12 from http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=799548&c=Butterton&d=16&e=15&g=486962&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1330434210031&enc=1&dsFamilyId=783
  15. ^ BBC. (2011). Shops in Butterton. Retrieved on 20.02.12 from http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/domesday/dblock/GB-404000-354000/page/7
  16. ^ Mackay, James A., (1986) Sub Office Rubber Datestamps of England & Wales, p. 87.
  17. ^ Cooper, J., Dodson, J., Stewak, S., & Wilson, M. (2010). Butterton, Peak District, Derbyshire. Retrieved on 20.02.12 from http://www.peakdistrictonline.co.uk/butterton-c115.html
  18. ^ BBC. (2011). Closure of Buildings. Retrieved on 20.02.12 from http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/domesday/dblock/GB-404000-354000/page/2.
  19. ^ BBC. (2011). Butterton Wakes. Retrieved on 20.02.12 from http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/domesday/dblock/GB-404000-354000/page/15
  20. ^ Mursell, G. (2008). St Bartholomew's Church, Butterton. Retrieved on 28.02.12 from http://www.lichfield.anglican.org/DynamicContent/Documents/pp_alstonefield.pdf