Cabinet of Mexico

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The cabinet of Mexico is the Executive Cabinet (Spanish: Gabinete Legal) and is a part of the executive branch of the Mexican government. It consists of eighteen Secretaries of State, the head of the federal executive legal office and the Attorney General.

In addition to the legal Executive Cabinet there are other Cabinet-level administration offices that report directly to the President of the Republic (Gabinete Ampliado). Officials from the legal and extended Cabinet (Gabinete Legal y Ampliado) are subordinate to the President.

Constitutional and legal basis[edit]

The term "Cabinet" does not appear in the Constitution, where reference is made only to the Secretaries of State. Article 89 of the Constitution provides that the President of Mexico can assign and remove Secretaries of State.

Article 26 of the Organic Law of the Federal Public Administration (Ley Orgánica de la Administración Pública Federal) creates the several cabinet secretariats, and the Organic Law of the Attorney General's Office (Ley Orgánica de la Procuraduría General de la República) creates the office of the Attorney General.

The Executive Cabinet does not play a collective legislative or executive role (as do the Cabinets in parliamentary systems). The main interaction that Cabinet members have with the legislative branch are regular testimonials before Congressional committees to justify their actions, and coordinate executive and legislative policy in their respective fields of jurisdiction.

Secretary selection process[edit]

The Executive Cabinet members are appointed by the President of the Republic. Only the Attorney General needs to be approved by the Senate. (not 2014)


Cabinet Secretaries are often selected from past and current governors, senators, and other political office holders. Private citizens such as businessmen or former military officials are also common Cabinet choices.

It is not rare for a Secretary to be moved from one Secretariat to another. For example, former Secretary of Energy Fernando Canales Clariond had previously served as Secretary of Economy and former Secretary of Education Josefina Vázquez Mota has previously served as Secretary of Social Development.

Cabinet and Cabinet-level officials[edit]

Cabinet[edit]

Department Title Incumbent Image in Office since
SEGOB logo 2012.svg
Secretariat of the Interior
(Spanish: Secretaría de Gobernación)
Secretary of the Interior
(Spanish: Secretario de Gobernación)
Miguel Ángel Osorio Chong[1] December 1, 2012
SRE logo 2012.svg
Secretariat of Foreign Affairs
(Spanish: Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores)
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
(Spanish: Secretaria de Relaciones Exteriores)
José Antonio Meade Kuribreña[1] Jose-Antonio-Meade.jpg December 1, 2012
SHCP logo 2012.svg
Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit
(Spanish: Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público)
Secretary of Finance
(Spanish: Secretario de Hacienda)
Luis Videgaray Caso[1] Luis Videgaray Caso World Economic Forum 2013.jpg December 1, 2012
SEDENA logo 2012.svg
Secretariat of National Defense
(Spanish: Secretaría de la Defensa Nacional)
Secretary of Defense
(Spanish: Secretario de Defensa)
Salvador Cienfuegos Zepeda[2] December 1, 2012
SEMAR logo 2012.svg
Secretariat of Navy
(Spanish: Secretaría de Marina)
Secretary of Navy
(Spanish: Secretario de Marina)
Vidal Francisco Soberón Sanz[2] December 1, 2012
SE logo 2012.svg
Secretariat of Economy
(Spanish: Secretaría de Economia)
Secretary of Economy
(Spanish: Secretario de Economía)
Ildefonso Guajardo Villareal[3] December 1, 2012
SEDESOL logo 2012.svg
Secretariat of Social Development
(Spanish: Secretaría de Desarrollo Social)
Secretary of Social Development
(Spanish: Secretario de Desarrollo Social)
Rosario Robles Berlanga[2] Rosario robles berlanga.jpg December 1, 2012
SFP logo 2012.svg
Secretariat of Public Functions
Spanish: Secretaría de la Función Pública
Secretary of Public Functions
Spanish: Secretario de la Función Pública
Julián Alfonso Olivas December 1, 2012
SCT logo 2012.svg
Secretariat of Communications and Transportation
(Spanish: Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes)
Secretary of Communications
(Spanish: Secretario de Comunicaciones)
Gerardo Ruiz Esparza[4] December 1, 2012
STPS logo 2012.svg
Secretary of Labor and Social Security
(Spanish: Secretaría del Trabajo y Previsión Social)
Secretary of Labor
(Spanish: Secretario del Trabajo)
Alfonso Navarrete Prida[2] December 1, 2012
SEMARNAT logo 2012.svg
Secretariat of the Environment and Natural Resources
(Spanish: Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales)
Secretary of Environment
(Spanish: Secretario de Medio Ambiente)
Juan José Guerra Abud[2] December 1, 2012
SENER logo 2012.svg
Secretariat of Energy
(Spanish: Secretaría de Energía)
Secretary of Energy
(Spanish: Secretario de Energía)
Pedro Joaquín Coldwell[1] December 1, 2012
SAGARPA logo 2012.svg
Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food
(Spanish: Secretaría de Agricultura, Ganadería, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca y Alimentación)
Secretary of Agriculture
(Spanish: Secretario de Agricultura)
Enrique Martínez y Martínez[2] Enrique Martinez Martinez.jpg December 1, 2012
SEP logo 2012.svg
Secretariat of Public Education
(Spanish: Secretaría de Educación Pública)
Secretary of Education
(Spanish: Secretario de Educación)
Emilio Chuayffet Chemor[2] December 1, 2012
SSA logo 2012.svg
Secretariat of Health
(Spanish: Secretaría de Salud)
Secretary of Health
(Spanish: Secretario de Salud)
Mercedes Juan López[2] December 1, 2012
SECTUR logo 2012.svg
Secretariat of Tourism
(Spanish: Secretaría de Turismo)
Secretary of Tourism
(Spanish: Secretaria de Turismo)
Claudia Ruiz Massieu Salinas[2] CLAUDIARUIZMASSIEUSALINAS.png December 1, 2012
SEDATU logo 2013.svg
Secretariat of Agrarian Development and Urban Planning
Spanish: Secretaría de Desarrollo Agrario Territorial y Urbano
Secretary of Agrarian Development and Urban Planning
Spanish: Secretario de Desarrollo Agrario, Territorial y Urbano
Jorge Carlos Ramírez Marín[2] December 1, 2012

Cabinet-level administration offices[edit]

Some positions are not part of the legal Executive Cabinet, but have cabinet-level rank therefore their incumbents are considered members of the extended cabinet (Gabinete ampliado).

Some of the cabinet-level administration offices are:

Department Title Incumbent Image in Office since
CONACULTA.svg
National Council for Culture and Arts
(Spanish: Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las artes.)
President of the National Council for Culture and Arts
(Spanish: Presidente del Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las artes)
Rafael Tovar y Teresa March 3, 2009
DIF logo.svg
National System for Integral Family Development
(Spanish: Desarrollo Integral de la Familia)
Director of National System for Integral Family Development
(Spanish: Director del Desarrollo Integral de la Familia)
Angelica Rivera Angelica Rivera.jpg March 6, 2013
Logo inmujeres.jpg
National Institute for Women
(Spanish: Instituto Nacional para las Mujeres)
President of National Institute for Women
(Spanish: Presidente del Instituto Nacional para las Mujeres)
María del Rocio García Gaytan 2006
Front-cncfydlogo.gif
National Commission of Sport
(Spanish: CONADE)
President of CONADE
(Spanish: Presidente del CONADE)
Jesús Mena Campos 2009
Logo presidencia.png
Chief of Staff
(Spanish: Presidencia de la Republica)
Chief of Staff
(Spanish: Jefe de la Presidencia)
Aurelio Nuño Mayer[2] December 1, 2012
Estado Mayor Presidencial Mexico.svg
Presidential Chief of Security Staff
(Spanish: Estado Mayor Presidencial (EMP))
Chief of the Presidential Security Staff (EMP)
(Spanish: Jefe del Estado Mayor Presidencial (EMP))
Roberto Miranda[2] December 1, 2012
Logocdi2.gif
National Commission for the Development of Indigenous Peoples
(Spanish: Comision Nacional para el Desarrollo de los Pueblos Indigenas)
Commissioner for the Development of Indigenous Peoples
(Spanish: Comisionado para el desarrollo de pueblos indigenas.)
Luis Héctor Álvarez Luis H. Alvarez.jpg December 9, 2009

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Dave Graham (30 November 2012). "Mexico's Pena Nieto appoints top aides to major Cabinet posts". Reuters. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "El gabinete de Enrique Peña Nieto". Univision. 30 November 2012. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  3. ^ Dave Graham (30 November 2012). "Mexico's Pena Nieto picks close aides for top Cabinet jobs". Reuters. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "Gerardo Ruiz Esparza". Retrieved 20 July 2013. 

External links[edit]