Ecologist Green Party of Mexico

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Ecological Green Party of Mexico
Leader

Jorge Emilio González Martínez

[1]
Founded May 14, 1993 (1993-05-14)
Ideology Green politics[2]
Green conservatism
Political position Centre-right[3]
National affiliation Compromise for Mexico (PRI+PVEM)
International affiliation Global Greens
Continental affiliation Federation of the Green Parties of the Americas
Colours Green and Blue
Seats in the Chamber of Deputies
34 / 500
Seats in the Senate
9 / 128
Governorships
1 / 32
Website
http://www.partidoverde.org.mx/
Politics of Mexico
Political parties
Elections

The Ecological Green Party of Mexico (Spanish: Partido Verde Ecologista de México, PVEM or PVE) is one of the six political parties to have representation in the Mexican Congress. The party's congressional strength currently stands at 34 deputies (out of 500) and nine senators (out of 128).[4]

History[edit]

  PRI
  PAN
  PRD
  Convergence
  PVEM
State governments by party (2013)

Elections 2000[edit]

In the general election of 2000 it allied itself with the National Action Party (PAN) to create the "Alliance for Change" (Alianza por el Cambio). It was this PAN/PVEM alliance that carried Vicente Fox Quesada to his presidential victory. In the senatorial elections of the same date, the party won 5 out of 128 seats in the Senate of Mexico as part of the Alliance for Change.

Mid-term elections 2003[edit]

The alliance broke down one year into Fox's administration and, in the July 2003 mid-term elections and various other local elections held since 2000 (in particular, the governatorial races in the important states of México and Nuevo León), the PVEM has allied itself more frequently with the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI). In this alliance it won at the last legislative elections, 17 out of 500 seats in the Chamber of Deputies.

Over the same period the party's support has dwindled amidst accusations of corruption, nepotism, and breaches of Mexican electoral law. Since securing its registration as a political party on 9 February 1991, it has been run by a single family: its first president was Jorge González Torres (a public official and former member of the PRI), who was succeeded by his son, Jorge Emilio González Martínez (currently a senator and nicknamed El Niño Verde, or "The Green Boy"). On 3 September 2003 Mexico's top electoral court ruled that its statutes were in violation of the Constitution in that they allowed a restricted inner circle of members to select all the party's candidates and officials. Shortly after, on 10 October 2003, the Federal Electoral Institute imposed a multi-million dollar fine on the PVEM for campaign finance offenses during the 2000 presidential race.

A further scandal (one of the so-called "videoscandals") engulfed the party in the last week of February 2004 when a video was released in which Jorge Emilio González Martínez was recorded being offered – and, while his reaction is open to interpretation, certainly not vociferously rejecting – a bribe in the amount of US$2 million. According to the video, the funds were being made available by two foulmouthed businessmen in exchange for his assistance in facilitating land use permits for a real estate development near the Caribbean resort of Cancún. (The municipality of Benito Juárez, in which Cancún is located, is currently governed by a PVEM mayor.)

Elections 2006[edit]

On November 12, 2005, the PVEM formally nominated Bernardo de la Garza as its candidate to the 2006 presidential election, though he resigned on December 5 when the PVEM allied with the PRI. The candidate for both parties was Roberto Madrazo. In the 2006 legislative elections the party won 17 out of 500 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 4 out of 128 Senators.

Controversies[edit]

Pro-Death penalty campaign[edit]

In 2008, the PVEM initiated an advertising campaign in favor of introduction of the death penalty in Mexico.[5] As a consequence, the European Green Party withdrew its recognition of the PVEM as a legitimate Green party.[6]

Anti-LGBT rights stand[edit]

During an interview, PVE candidate Gamaliel Ramirez verbally attacked an openly gay candidate for Guadalajara mayor and called for criminal laws against homosexuality to be established. In the following days, Ramirez issued a written apology after the party expressed disappointment at his remarks.[7]

While the party has pledged to support LGBT rights issues, its three representatives abstained from a vote on Mexico City granting legal recognition to same-sex couples.

Accusations of corruption and nepotism[edit]

As part of the Mexcian Videoscandals, a video showing Jorge Emilio González Martínez, leader of the Party, accepting a two-million-dollar bribe to give a construction permit in an ecologically protected area, was revealed on national television. He was taped by one of his own party members, who introduced him to Carlos Ahumada, the businessman interested in the project. The three met in the PVEM headquarters. Later both sides claimed they weren't serious about the bribe, but were testing each other.

The PVEM is also widely criticized because its current leader, Jorge Emilio González Martínez, was appointed for being the son of former leader Jorge González Torres, and for supporting the political and business agenda of mexican businessman Víctor González Torres, owner of the Farmacias Similares drugstore franchise, and Emilio's uncle.[8]

Electoral history[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Election year Candidate # votes  % vote Result Note
1994 Jorge González Torres 327,313 0.93 Red XN Defeated
2000 support PAN Candidate; Coalition: Alliance for Change
2006 support PRI Candidate; Coalition: Alliance for Mexico
2012 support PRI Candidate; Coalition: Committed to Mexico

Congressional elections[edit]

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

Election year Constituency PR # of seats Position Presidency Note
votes  % votes  %
1994 470,951 1.4 479,594 1.4
0 / 500
Minority Ernesto Zedillo PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1997 1,105,688 3.8 1,116,137 3.8
8 / 500
Minority Ernesto Zedillo PRI Party (Mexico).svg
2000 see: National Action Party
17 / 500
Minority Vicente Fox PAN Party (Mexico).svg Coalition: Alliance for Change
2003 1,063,741 4.1 1,068,721 4.1
17 / 500
Minority Vicente Fox PAN Party (Mexico).svg
2006 see: Institutional Revolutionary Party
17 / 500
Minority Felipe Calderón PAN Party (Mexico).svg Coalition: Alliance for Mexico
2009 2,318,138 6.7 2,326,016 6.7
17 / 500
Minority Felipe Calderón PAN Party (Mexico).svg
2012 706,695 1.53 2,963,718 6.08
29 / 500
Minority Enrique Peña Nieto PRI Party (Mexico).svg Coalition: Committed to Mexico

Senate elections[edit]

Election year Constituency PR # of seats Position Presidency Note
votes  % votes  %
1994 438,941 1.3
0 / 128
Minority Ernesto Zedillo PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1997 1,180,04 4.0
1 / 128
Minority Ernesto Zedillo PRI Party (Mexico).svg
2000 see: National Action Party
0 / 128
Minority Vicente Fox PAN Party (Mexico).svg Coalition: Alliance for Change
2006 see: Institutional Revolutionary Party
0 / 128
Minority Felipe Calderón PAN Party (Mexico).svg Coalition: Alliance for Mexico
2012 867,056 1.9 2,881,923 6.1
4 / 128
Minority Enrique Peña Nieto PRI Party (Mexico).svg Coalition: Committed to Mexico

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.elsiglodetorreon.com.mx/noticia/54521.html
  2. ^ Haynes, Jeffrey (2005), Comparative Politics in a Globalizing World, Polity, p. 177 
  3. ^ Mexico Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic, ABC-CLIO, 2012, p. 509 
  4. ^ Seelke, Claire. "Mexico’s 2012 Elections". Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 10 December 2012. 
  5. ^ "La Plaza". Los Angeles Times. 10 December 2008. 
  6. ^ http://www.eurogreens.org/cms/default/dok/269/269932.press_release_egp_withdraws_recognition@en.htm
  7. ^ Guadalajara Reporter (May 16, 2009). "Green Party rival crossed the line, says gay candidate". Retrieved November 27, 2009. 
  8. ^ http://mexico.cnn.com/nacional/2011/03/02/la-ley-simi-y-las-farmaceuticas


References[edit]

External links[edit]